网 络
  • 索赔;
  • 要求;
  • 声称;
  • 索取
1. VERB 声称;断言 If you say that someone claims that something is true, you mean they say that it is true but you are not sure whether or not they are telling the truth. 
  • He claimed that it was all a conspiracy against him...


  • A man claiming to be a journalist threatened to reveal details about her private life...


  • 'I had never received one single complaint against me,' claimed the humiliated doctor...


2. N-COUNT 声称;断言 A claim is something which someone says which they cannot prove and which may be false. 
  • He repeated his claim that the people of Trinidad and Tobago backed his action...


  • He rejected claims that he had affairs with six women.


3. VERB 声称(负有责任或享有功劳) If you say that someone claims responsibility or credit for something, you mean they say that they are responsible for it, but you are not sure whether or not they are telling the truth. 
  • An underground organisation has claimed responsibility for the bomb explosion...


  • He was too modest to claim the credit.


4. VERB 索取,索要(有权拥有的东西) If you claim something, you try to get it because you think you have a right to it. 
  • Now they are returning to claim what was theirs.


5. N-COUNT 主张;要求 A claim is a demand for something that you think you have a right to. 
  • Rival claims to Macedonian territory caused conflict in the Balkans.


6. VERB 取得,获得,赢得(纪录、冠军或奖励) If someone claims a record, title, or prize, they gain or win it. 
  • Zhuang claimed the record in 54.64 seconds...


  • Steffi Graf claimed a fourth Wimbledon title in 1992.


7. N-COUNT 权利;要求权 If you have a claim on someone or their attention, you have the right to demand things from them or to demand their attention. 
  • She'd no claims on him now...


  • He was surrounded by people, all with claims on his attention.


8. VERB 需要,要求(花时间或精力) If something or someone claims your attention, they need you to spend your time and effort on them. 
  • There is already a long list of people claiming her attention.


9. VERB 索要,索取,申领(钱) If you claim money from the government, an insurance company, or another organization, you officially apply to them for it, because you think you are entitled to it according to their rules. 
  • Some 25 per cent of the people who are entitled to claim State benefits do not do so...


  • John had taken out redundancy insurance but when he tried to claim, he was refused payment...


  • They intend to claim for damages against the three doctors.


  • Claim is also a noun.
    • ...the office which has been dealing with their claim for benefit...


    • Last time we made a claim on our insurance they paid up really quickly.


10. VERB (向雇主)索要,索取,讨要(钱、福利) If you claim money or other benefits from your employers, you demand them because you think you deserve or need them. 
  • The union claimed a pay rise worth four times the rate of inflation.


  • Claim is also a noun.
    • They are making substantial claims for improved working conditions...


    • Electricity workers have voted for industrial action in pursuit of a pay claim.


11. VERB (战争、疾病、事故)夺去(生命),导致(死亡) If you say that a war, disease, or accident claims someone's life, you mean that they are killed in it or by it. 
  • The civil war claimed the life of a U.N. interpreter yesterday...


  • Heart disease is the biggest killer, claiming 180,000 lives a year.


12. See also: no claims;  
13. PHRASE 成名之举;成名之作 Someone's claim to fame is something quite important or interesting that they have done or that is connected with them. 
  • Barbara Follett's greatest claim to fame is that she taught Labour MPs how to look good on television.


14. PHRASE 声称拥有 If you lay claim to something you do not have, you say that it belongs to you. 
  • Five Asian countries lay claim to the islands.


15.   to stake a claim→see: stake

1. 声称, 断言

  • They claim to have discovered a cure for the disease.
  • 他们声称已经发现了治疗此病的一种药物。
  • He claimed himself to be engineer.
  • 他声称自己是工程师。
  • A small terrorist group has claimed responsibility for the bombing in London.
  • 一小撮恐怖分子已经声称伦敦的爆炸事件是他们干的。

2. (灾难等)使失踪或死亡

  • The flood claimed hundreds of lives.
  • 水灾夺走了数百人的生命。

3. 需要, 值得

  • There are several matters that claim my attention.
  • 有几件事值得我注意。

4. 引起注意

5. 获得;赢得;取得

6. 夺走;夺去(生命)

7. 要求(应得权利);要求给予

  • Every citizen may claim the protection of the law.
  • 每个公民都可以要求受到法律的保护。

8. 要求承认(权利、所有权等);声称有权,拥有;索取,认领

  • Does anyone claim this luggage?
  • 有人认领这件行李吗?
vt. & vi.

1. 对…提出要求, 索取

  • I claim payment from my friend.
  • 我要求我的朋友付款。

1. 主张, 断言

  • His claim to own the house is valid.
  • 他主张对此屋的所有权有效。

2. (根据权利而提出的)要求

  • You have no claim on my sympathies.
  • 你无权要求得到我的支持。

3. (尤指对财产、土地等要求拥有的) (应得的)权利;所有权,要求权

4. (尤指向公司、政府等)(根据保险政策、赔偿法等)要求的付款;索款、索赔

5. 所要求的东西

6. 专利申请


1. an assertion of a right (as to money or property);

  • "his claim asked for damages"

2. an assertion that something is true or factual;

  • "his claim that he was innocent"
  • "evidence contradicted the government's claims"

3. demand for something as rightful or due;

  • "they struck in support of their claim for a shorter work day"

4. an informal right to something;

  • "his claim on her attentions"
  • "his title to fame"

5. an established or recognized right;

  • "a strong legal claim to the property"
  • "he had no documents confirming his title to his father's estate"
  • "he staked his claim"

6. a demand especially in the phrase "the call of duty"


1. assert or affirm strongly; state to be true or existing;

  • "He claimed that he killed the burglar"

2. demand as being one's due or property; assert one's right or title to;

  • "He claimed his suitcases at the airline counter"
  • "Mr. Smith claims special tax exemptions because he is a foreign resident"

3. ask for legally or make a legal claim to, as of debts, for example;

  • "They claimed on the maximum allowable amount"

4. lay claim to; as of an idea;

  • "She took credit for the whole idea"

5. take as an undesirable consequence of some event or state of affairs;

  • "the accident claimed three lives"
  • "The hard work took its toll on her"
水利| 法律
  • 1.索赔
  • 2.在工程承包合同执行过程中,由于合同当事人双方的某一方负责的原因给另一方造成经济损失或工期延误,通过合法程序向对方要求补偿或赔偿的活动。


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每日一句: Good luck is another name for tenacity of purpose. 好运不过是坚持不懈的结果。(Ralph Waldo Emerson) 跟读
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