extract

生词本
去背诵
['ekstrækt]
[ɪkˈstrækt]

vt.

[ˈekstrækt]

n.

网 络
  • 提取物;
  • 拔牙;
  • 取出;
  • 浸膏
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1. The following extract is taken from her new novel.
下面一段摘自她的新小说。

来自《权威词典》

2. Add a teaspoon of vanilla extract to the juice.
在果汁中加一茶匙香草香精。

来自《简明英汉词典》

3. The article was a choice extract from her writings.
这篇文章是从她的著作中摘录出来的精粹。

来自《简明英汉词典》

4. We can extract oil from shale.
我们可以从页岩中提取石油。

来自《简明英汉词典》

5. Mother flavours her custards with lemon extract.
母亲用柠檬汁给蛋糕加香味。

来自《简明英汉词典》

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The verb is pronounced /ɪk'strækt/. The noun is pronounced /'ekstrækt/. 动词读作 /ɪk'strækt/,名词读作 /'ekstrækt/。
1. VERB 提取;提炼;挖掘 To extract a substance means to obtain it from something else, for example by using industrial or chemical processes. 
  • ...the traditional method of pick and shovel to extract coal...

    用镐和铲挖煤的传统方法

  • Citric acid can be extracted from the juice of oranges, lemons, limes or grapefruit.

    柠檬酸可以从橙汁、柠檬汁、酸橙汁或者柚子汁中提取。

  • ...looking at the differences in the extracted DNA.

    查看提取出来的DNA之间的差别

extraction
  • Petroleum engineers plan and manage the extraction of oil.

    石油工程师规划并管理石油的提炼。

2. VERB 取出;抽出 If you extract something from a place, you take it out or pull it out. 
  • He extracted a small notebook from his hip pocket...

    他从屁股兜里摸出一个小笔记本。

  • Patterson went straight to the liquor cabinet and extracted a bottle of Scotch...

    帕特森径直走到酒柜前,取出一瓶苏格兰威士忌。

  • She reached into the wardrobe and extracted another tracksuit.

    她伸手又从衣橱里取出一件运动服。

3. VERB 拔(牙) When a dentist extracts a tooth, they remove it from the patient's mouth. 
  • A dentist may decide to extract the tooth to prevent recurrent trouble...

    牙医可能会决定拔掉那颗牙,以免反复发作。

  • She is to go and have a tooth extracted at 3 o'clock today.

    她今天3点要去拔颗牙。

extraction
  • In those days, dentistry was basic. Extractions were carried out without anaesthetic.

    那时候,牙科学刚起步,拔牙都不打麻药。

4. VERB 攫取;榨取 If you say that someone extracts something, you disapprove of them because they take it for themselves to gain an advantage. 
  • ...the capitalist system, which extracts huge profits from arms production at the tax-payers' expense...

    牺牲纳税人利益、从武器生产中攫取巨额利润的资本主义制度

  • He sought to extract the maximum political advantage from the cut in interest rates...

    他试图从降息中牟取最大的政治好处。

  • His development policies have extracted cash from the city centre.

    他的发展政策已经从市中心榨取了收益。

5. VERB 设法得到;探出 If you extract information or a response from someone, you get it from them with difficulty, because they are unwilling to say or do what you want. 
  • He made the mistake of trying to extract further information from our director...

    他犯了个错误,不该试图从我们的主管那里打探更多的信息。

  • He used her cash card, and the PIN number he had extracted from her, to take £500 from cashpoints.

    他套出了她的现金卡密码,然后用她的卡从自动提款机中取走了500英镑。

6. VERB 摘录;提取 If you extract a particular piece of information, you obtain it from a larger amount or source of information. 
  • I've simply extracted a few figures...

    我只是提取了一些数据。

  • Britain's trade figures can no longer be extracted from export-and-import documentation at ports.

    英国的贸易数据现在不能再从各港口的进出口单证中提取了。

  • ...files of data extracted from the departmental archives.

    从部门档案中提取的数据文件

7. V-PASSIVE (从书中)摘录,节选 If part of a book or text is extracted from a particular book, it is printed or published. 
  • This material has been extracted from 'Collins Good Wood Handbook'.

    这些材料摘自《柯林斯优秀木材手册》。

8. N-COUNT 摘录;选段;引文 An extract from a book or piece of writing is a small part of it that is printed or published separately. 
  • Read this extract from an information booklet about the work of an airline cabin crew.

    看看这段从有关航空公司乘务人员工作的信息手册中摘录的文字。

9. N-MASS 提取物;精华;汁 An extract is a substance that has been obtained from something else, for example by means of a chemical or industrial process. 
  • Blend in the lemon extract, lemon peel and walnuts.

    调入柠檬汁、柠檬皮和核桃。

  • ...fragrances taken from plant extracts.

    从植物提取物中获取的香水

10. See also: yeast extract;  
vt.

1. (费力地)拔出, 抽出

  • The dentist extracted her wisdom tooth.
  • 牙医拔掉了她的智牙。

2. 提取, 榨出, 提炼

  • We can extract oil from shale.
  • 我们可以从页岩中提取石油。

3. 索取,设法得到(不愿提供的信息、钱财等)

4. 选取;摘录;选录

5. 获得,得到(某种感觉或品质)

6. 引申出(原理、原则、解释等),引得,引出(真理等),演绎,推断出(原理等),推导出

  • She extracted a completely personal meaning from what was said.
  • 她从所说的话里引申出一个完全是个人的意思。

7. 设法从…得到(乐趣、舒适等)

  • She extracted satisfaction from the success of her daughter.
  • 她从女儿的成功中得到满足。

8. (从书中)抄录,摘抄,摘录,摘取;摘要发表,摘录发表,选载(一篇文章等)

9. (从书、小册子等中)选取,选录(章节、语录、例子等),节录,引语,引用,引证

10. 索得(允准、许诺等);逼取(金钱、情报等),设法得到(情报等)

n.

1. ˈekstrækt

2. 摘录, 引用; 选录; 选曲; 节录

  • The article was a choice extract from her writings.
  • 这篇文章是从她的著作中摘录出来的精粹。

3. 提炼物, 浓缩物, 精, 汁

  • Add a teaspoon of vanilla extract to the juice.
  • 在果汁中加一茶匙香草香精。
Noun

1. a solution obtained by steeping or soaking a substance (usually in water)

2. a passage selected from a larger work;

  • "he presented excerpts from William James' philosophical writings"
Verb

1. draw or pull out, usually with some force or effort; also used in an abstract sense;

  • "pull weeds"
  • "extract a bad tooth"
  • "take out a splinter"
  • "extract information from the telegram"

2. get despite difficulties or obstacles;

  • "I extracted a promise from the Dean for two ne positions"

3. deduce (a principle) or construe (a meaning);

  • "We drew out some interesting linguistic data from the native informant"

4. extract by the process of distillation;

  • "distill the essence of this compound"

5. separate (a metal) from an ore

6. obtain from a substance, as by mechanical action;

  • "Italians express coffee rather than filter it"

7. take out of a literary work in order to cite or copy

8. calculate the root of a number

体育| 医学| 水产| 法律| 药学
  • 1.拔牙

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