英 [ faɪl ] 美 [ faɪl ]

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  • vt.

    提出(离婚诉讼或其他讼案); 把…归档; 用锉锉; 发稿,寄给报社

  • vi.

    发送(报道给报社); 排成一行行走; 提出申请

  • n.

    文件(夹); 档案; 纵列; 锉刀

  • 变形

    复数: files 过去式: filed 过去分词: filed 现在分词: filing 第三人称单数: files


FILE
  • abbr.

    Feature Identification and Location Experiment 特征识别和定位实验(摄像机) Fellow of the Institute of Legal Executives 法律执行人员协会会员

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  • 双语例句
  • 权威例句
  • 句式用法
1.

Substantial numbers of rank and file members ignored their union's advice.

有相当一部分普通员工不理睬工会的建议。

2.

I looked your address up in the personnel file.

我在人事档案里找到了你的地址。

3.

We were walking in single file to the lake.

我们正排成一列朝湖边走去。

1.

It should be easy for customers to file complaints.

来自WSJ

2.

Online documents wallet Never leave a file behind again.

来自THETIMES

3.

For all files in a zip file click here.

来自ENGADGET

1.

Adoption papers were duly filed in May 1974.

有关收养的文件在1974年5月就已归档好。

来自《权威词典》

2.

She was filing her nails.

她在锉指甲。

来自《权威词典》

3.

It was announced the Vice Director had filed his resignation.

已公布副局长书面提出辞呈。

来自《权威词典》

  • 柯林斯高阶英汉双解学习词典
1

N-COUNT 文件箱;文件夹 A file is a box or a folded piece of heavy paper or plastic in which letters or documents are kept.

He sat behind a table on which were half a dozen files.

他坐在一张放有6个文件夹的桌子后面。

...a file of insurance papers.

一夹子保险文件

2

N-COUNT 档案;卷宗 A file is a collection of information about a particular person or thing.

oft N of/on n

There was stuff in that file that was private between me and Dr Denny...

那份档案的有些内容是只应我和丹尼医生知道的。

We already have files on people's tax details, mortgages and poll tax...

我们已经建立了人们纳税详情、抵押贷款以及人头税的档案。

You must record and keep a file of all expenses.

必须对所有花费进行记录并存档。

3

VERB 把(文件等)归档 If you file a document, you put it in the correct file.

V n

A secretary can file papers as efficiently as a floppy disk can store them...

秘书归档文件时可以像软盘存储一样高效。

They are all filed alphabetically under author.

这些都是按照作者姓名的字母顺序归档的。

4

N-COUNT (计算机的)文件 In computing, a file is a set of related data that has its own name.

5

VERB 提起(诉讼);提出(投诉、请求等) If you file a formal or legal accusation, complaint, or request, you make it officially.

V n V for n

A number of them have filed formal complaints against the police...

他们中的许多人都对警方提出了正式控告。

I filed for divorce on the grounds of adultery a few months later.

几个月后我以通奸为由提起了离婚诉讼。

6

VERB 发送,送交(新闻报道等) When someone files a report or a news story, they send or give it to their employer.

V n

Catherine Bond filed that report for the BBC from Nairobi...

凯瑟琳·邦德从内罗毕向英国广播公司发送了那篇报道。

He had to rush back to the office and file a housing story before the secretaries went home.

他不得不冲回办公室,赶在秘书们回家之前提交一篇有关住房的新闻报道。

7

VERB 排成纵列行进 When a group of people files somewhere, they walk one behind the other in a line.

V prep/adv

She paused as the group of children filed out of the house...

那群孩子从房子里鱼贯而出时,她停了下来。

Slowly, people filed into the room and sat down.

人们排成一列缓慢地依次走进房间,并坐了下来。

8

N-COUNT 锉刀 A file is a hand tool which is used for rubbing hard objects to make them smooth, shape them, or cut through them.

9

VERB (用锉刀)锉 If you file an object, you smooth it, shape it, or cut it with a file.

V n

Manicurists are skilled at shaping and filing nails.

美甲师修锉指甲的手艺娴熟。

10

PHRASE 记录(或保存)在档的 Something that is on file or on someone's files is recorded or kept in a file or in a collection of information.

v-link PHR

His fingerprints were on file in Washington...

他的指纹已在华盛顿记录在档。

We'll keep your details on file...

我们会把有关你的详细信息记录在档。

It is one of the most desperate cases on her files.

这是她记录的档案中最严重的案例之一。

11

PHRASE 成纵队;成单列 A group of people who are walking or standing in single file are in a line, one behind the other.

PHR after v

We were walking in single file to the lake.

我们正排成一列朝湖边走去。

12

PHRASAL VERB 把(文件等)归档 If you file away a document, you put it in the correct file.

V P n (not pron) Also V n P

When at home, most evenings would be spent reading, cutting up and filing away his photographs...

晚上在家时,经常都是在看书或剪切和归类他的照片。

The details are filed away by his three secretaries for future reference.

他的3个秘书已经把详细情况归档备查。

  • 英汉双向大词典
A

vt.

1

把…归档

2

提交(申请等), 呈递

They filed an application to have their case heard early.

他们申请早日审理他们的案子。

3

用锉锉

She was filing her nails.

她在锉指甲。

He filed the wood smooth.

他把木头锉光滑。

4

用电话(或电报)向报社发送(新闻稿子);为(电台)录制(新闻节目)

He files his story from New York.

他从纽约发出这条消息。

5

呈请把(法律文件)备案

6

提出(离婚诉讼或其他讼案)

7

使完美,使精练;修整

It's a prose style with all the ineptitudes filed away.

这是一篇将所有拙劣之处修整过的散文体。

8

(法院或其它行政机关)定案; 做出决定(定案即把案件归档之意)

B

vi.

1

排成纵队前进

2

提起(诉讼);提出(申请);送交(备案)

3

发送(报道给报社)

4

排成一行行走

5

锉平;锉去;锉薄;锉光滑

C

n.

1

文件夹, 公文箱

Fran came in holding a blue file.

弗兰拿着一个蓝色的文件夹进来了。

2

卷宗, 文件; 计算机文件

Put this letter in the main file.

将这函件放入文卷总档中。

I can't access the file on your company because I've forgotten the code.

我无法读取贵公司的文件, 因为我把计算机的密码忘了。

3

纵列

The soldiers were walking in single file.

战士们排成一列纵队前进。

4

锉;锉刀

5

排成一行的人(或物)

  • 英英释义
A

Noun

1

1. a set of related records (either written or electronic) kept together

2

2. a line of persons or things ranged one behind the other

3

3. office furniture consisting of a container for keeping papers in order

4

4. a steel hand tool with small sharp teeth on some or all of its surfaces; used for smoothing wood or metal

B

Verb

1

1. record in a public office or in a court of law;

  • " "file for divorce" "
  • " "file a complaint" "
2

2. smooth with a file;

  • " "file one's fingernails" "
3

3. proceed in line;

  • " "The students filed into the classroom" "
4

4. file a formal charge against;

  • " "The suspect was charged with murdering his wife" "
5

5. place in a container for keeping records;

  • " "File these bills, please" "
  • 行业释义
  • 体育
  • 医学
  • 昆虫学
  • 机械
  • 法律
  • 1.直行
  • 2.纵队
  • 1.锉:有细锯齿状面的外科或牙科器械,用以磨掉过多的硬物如骨,或用于牙修复物,或用以磨平粗糙的表面
  • 1.音锉
  • 2.銼弦
  • 1.锉刀
  • 2.用以锉削的工具。
  • 1.呈递
  • 2.案卷
  • 词组搭配

常用词组

A

file something away/off

1

remove something by grinding it off with a file 把…锉掉

the engine numbers were filed away.

发动机号码被锉掉了。

B

on file

1

In or as if in a file for easy reference 存档:为了便于查考在或好象是在档案中

We will keep your résumé on file.

我们将把你的简历存入档案

  • 词根词缀

词根: fil 1. =thread,表示"线条"; 2. =to fill,表示"填满,充满,注满"

A

adj.

1

filar 丝的, 丝状的

fil线条+ar……的→adj.丝的, 丝状的

B

n.

1

filament 细丝;长丝;灯丝

fila=fil线条+ment物→n.细丝;长丝;灯丝

2

file 锉刀;文件,档案

fil线条+e→用线穿成的一叠纸→档案

3

profile 侧面像;轮廓

pro前面+fil线条+e→前面的线条

C

v.

1

file

fil线条+e→用线穿成的一叠纸→档案

2

fulfill 履行,实现

fulfil[v.履行,实现,完成[计划等]]→v.履行,实现

  • 同义词辨析
1

row, queue, line, rank, file 这些名词均含"列,队,排"之意。

  • row: 指单独的一列,也可指平行的数行中的一行,而不论是横或纵。
  • queue: 指人们为做某事而有顺序排成的队,在等的过程中不断向前移动。
  • line: 指人或物排成的行列。
  • rank:rank和file常为军事用语,前者指肩并肩排列整齐的士兵横排,后者指纵队。
  • 常用俚语
1

file

a.扒手,橇手,狡猾的人

a deep file

老奸巨滑的家伙

b.废纸篓

2

rank and file

a.(政党、组织等的)普通成员,基层

The rank and file will vote on it tomorrow.

普通成员明天将对其进行投票表决。

  • 网络释义

常用词组

1

文件

文件的上传,主要分为三部分内容,第一就是节点(node)的建立,第二就是文件(file)的存储,最后就是节点与文件的关联。  接下来 …

http://li387-30.members.linode.com/zh-hans/articles/alfresco?page=1 - 基于51470个网页

2

档案

档案编码结构订定后,可以同时实施在档案架的实体档案(File)编码,以及电脑主机内的电子档案(Directory)编码。之后并应订定档案 …

http://www.arch.net.tw/modern/month/337/337-2.htm - 基于16688个网页

3

锉刀

锉字的解释---在线新华字典 ... 锉 cuò 锉刀〖 file〗 锉工〖 filer〗.

http://xh.5156edu.com/html3/14606.html - 基于2572个网页

4

案卷

建设工程文件归档整理规范_百度百科 ... 2.0.10 建设工程档案( project archive) 2.0.11 案卷( file) 2.0.12 立卷( filing).

http://baike.baidu.com/search/word?word=%E6%A1%88%E5%8D%B7 - 基于1944个网页

相关词条

1

zone file

区域文件

区域文件中存储的停息用于将 2、区域文件(Zone file)。 区域文件( FQDN 解析为 IP,或将 IP 解析为 FQDN。每一个 zone 都有 …

http://wenku.baidu.com/view/e2bb77f4f61fb7360b4c6578.html - 基于8524个网页

2

file system

文件系统

电脑常用英语单词 ... file attribute 文件属性 file system 文件系统 FORM 格式.

http://word.langfly.com/a/20120319/211427.shtml - 基于10554个网页

3

file recovery

文件恢复

... 数据恢复\文件恢复 FinalData,%OPDir%\ 数据恢复\文件恢复 FILERECOVERY,%OPDir%\ 资源\网络浏览\启用 IE6,%OPDir%\XP.

http://bbs.wuyou.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=116230 - 基于7042个网页

4

file transfer

文件传输

项目管理术语英汉对照表 - MBA智库百科 ... File 文件 File Transfer 文件传输 Filter 过滤器.

http://wiki.mbalib.com/wiki/%E9%A1%B9%E7%9B%AE%E7%AE%A1%E7%90%86%E6%9C%AF%E8%AF%AD%E8%8B%B1%E6%B1%89%E5%AF%B9%E7%85%A7%E8%A1%A8 - 基于11688个网页

  • 更多资料

语源

late Middle English (as a verb meaning 'string documents on a thread or wire to keep them in order'): from French filer 'to string', fil 'a thread', both from Latin filum 'a thread'. Compare with file
late 16th cent.: from French file, from filer 'to string'
Old English fīl, of West Germanic origin; related to Dutch vijl and German Feile

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