file

生词本
去背诵
[faɪl]
[faɪl]

vt.

vi.

n.

网 络
  • 文件;
  • 档案;
  • 文件的;
  • 文件中
1. Substantial numbers of rank and file members ignored their union's advice.
有相当一部分普通员工不理睬工会的建议。

来自柯林斯例句

2. I looked your address up in the personnel file.
我在人事档案里找到了你的地址。

来自柯林斯例句

3. We were walking in single file to the lake.
我们正排成一列朝湖边走去。

来自柯林斯例句

4. There was widespread support for him among the rank and file.
那些普通职员们都普遍支持他。

来自柯林斯例句

5. The FBI kept a voluminous file on Pablo Picasso.
联邦调查局保存了有关巴勃罗·毕加索的大量档案。

来自柯林斯例句

查看更多例句>>
1. N-COUNT 文件箱;文件夹 A file is a box or a folded piece of heavy paper or plastic in which letters or documents are kept. 
  • He sat behind a table on which were half a dozen files.

    他坐在一张放有6个文件夹的桌子后面。

  • ...a file of insurance papers.

    一夹子保险文件

2. N-COUNT 档案;卷宗 A file is a collection of information about a particular person or thing. 
  • There was stuff in that file that was private between me and Dr Denny...

    那份档案的有些内容是只应我和丹尼医生知道的。

  • We already have files on people's tax details, mortgages and poll tax...

    我们已经建立了人们纳税详情、抵押贷款以及人头税的档案。

  • You must record and keep a file of all expenses.

    必须对所有花费进行记录并存档。

3. VERB 把(文件等)归档 If you file a document, you put it in the correct file. 
  • A secretary can file papers as efficiently as a floppy disk can store them...

    秘书归档文件时可以像软盘存储一样高效。

  • They are all filed alphabetically under author.

    这些都是按照作者姓名的字母顺序归档的。

4. N-COUNT (计算机的)文件 In computing, a file is a set of related data that has its own name. 
5. VERB 提起(诉讼);提出(投诉、请求等) If you file a formal or legal accusation, complaint, or request, you make it officially. 
  • A number of them have filed formal complaints against the police...

    他们中的许多人都对警方提出了正式控告。

  • I filed for divorce on the grounds of adultery a few months later.

    几个月后我以通奸为由提起了离婚诉讼。

6. VERB 发送,送交(新闻报道等) When someone files a report or a news story, they send or give it to their employer. 
  • Catherine Bond filed that report for the BBC from Nairobi...

    凯瑟琳·邦德从内罗毕向英国广播公司发送了那篇报道。

  • He had to rush back to the office and file a housing story before the secretaries went home.

    他不得不冲回办公室,赶在秘书们回家之前提交一篇有关住房的新闻报道。

7. VERB 排成纵列行进 When a group of people files somewhere, they walk one behind the other in a line. 
  • She paused as the group of children filed out of the house...

    那群孩子从房子里鱼贯而出时,她停了下来。

  • Slowly, people filed into the room and sat down.

    人们排成一列缓慢地依次走进房间,并坐了下来。

8. N-COUNT 锉刀 A file is a hand tool which is used for rubbing hard objects to make them smooth, shape them, or cut through them. 
9. VERB See also: nail file; rank and file; (用锉刀)锉 If you file an object, you smooth it, shape it, or cut it with a file. 
  • Manicurists are skilled at shaping and filing nails.

    美甲师修锉指甲的手艺娴熟。

10. PHRASE 记录(或保存)在档的 Something that is on file or on someone's files is recorded or kept in a file or in a collection of information. 
  • His fingerprints were on file in Washington...

    他的指纹已在华盛顿记录在档。

  • We'll keep your details on file...

    我们会把有关你的详细信息记录在档。

  • It is one of the most desperate cases on her files.

    这是她记录的档案中最严重的案例之一。

11. PHRASE 成纵队;成单列 A group of people who are walking or standing in single file are in a line, one behind the other. 
  • We were walking in single file to the lake.

    我们正排成一列朝湖边走去。

12. PHRASAL VERB 把(文件等)归档 If you file away a document, you put it in the correct file. 
  • When at home, most evenings would be spent reading, cutting up and filing away his photographs...

    晚上在家时,经常都是在看书或剪切和归类他的照片。

  • The details are filed away by his three secretaries for future reference.

    他的3个秘书已经把详细情况归档备查。

相关词组:
file away 
vt.

1. 把…归档

2. 提交(申请等), 呈递

  • They filed an application to have their case heard early.
  • 他们申请早日审理他们的案子。

3. 用锉锉

  • She was filing her nails.
  • 她在锉指甲。
  • He filed the wood smooth.
  • 他把木头锉光滑。

4. 用电话(或电报)向报社发送(新闻稿子);为(电台)录制(新闻节目)

  • He files his story from New York.
  • 他从纽约发出这条消息。

5. 呈请把(法律文件)备案

6. 提出(离婚诉讼或其他讼案)

7. 使完美,使精练;修整

  • It's a prose style with all the ineptitudes filed away.
  • 这是一篇将所有拙劣之处修整过的散文体。

8. (法院或其它行政机关)定案; 做出决定(定案即把案件归档之意)

vi.

1. 排成纵队前进

2. 提起(诉讼);提出(申请);送交(备案)

3. 发送(报道给报社)

4. 排成一行行走

5. 锉平;锉去;锉薄;锉光滑

n.

1. 文件夹, 公文箱

  • Fran came in holding a blue file.
  • 弗兰拿着一个蓝色的文件夹进来了。

2. 卷宗, 文件; 计算机文件

  • Put this letter in the main file.
  • 将这函件放入文卷总档中。
  • I can't access the file on your company because I've forgotten the code.
  • 我无法读取贵公司的文件, 因为我把计算机的密码忘了。

3. 纵列

  • The soldiers were walking in single file.
  • 战士们排成一列纵队前进。

4. 锉;锉刀

5. 排成一行的人(或物)

Noun

1. a set of related records (either written or electronic) kept together

2. a line of persons or things ranged one behind the other

3. office furniture consisting of a container for keeping papers in order

4. a steel hand tool with small sharp teeth on some or all of its surfaces; used for smoothing wood or metal

Verb

1. record in a public office or in a court of law;

  • "file for divorce"
  • "file a complaint"

2. smooth with a file;

  • "file one's fingernails"

3. proceed in line;

  • "The students filed into the classroom"

4. file a formal charge against;

  • "The suspect was charged with murdering his wife"

5. place in a container for keeping records;

  • "File these bills, please"
体育| 医学| 昆虫学| 机械| 法律
  • 1.直行
  • 2. 纵队

FILE的全称:

未分类的(7)
Feature Identification and Landmark Experiment (NASA)
特征识别和标志性的实验(NASA)
Free Internet Lexicon and Encyclopedia
免费的网络词汇和百科全书
Friends of Immigration Law Enforcement
朋友的移民执法
Filenet Corporation
Filenet有限公司
Folder of Information and Life Experiences
文件夹的信息和生活经验
Feature Identification and Location Experiment
特征识别和定位实验(摄像机)
Fellow of the Institute of Legal Executives
法律执行人员协会会员

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