英 [ fɜ:m ] 美 [ fɜ:rm ]

考研 / CET6 / CET4 / TOEFL /

  • adj.

    坚固的,坚牢的; 坚定的,坚决的; 严格的; 确定的

  • vt.& vi.

    使坚固; 使坚实

  • n.

    商号,商行; 公司; 企业; 工作集体

  • adv.

    坚定地,稳固地

  • vt.

    使坚定,使牢固

  • vi.

    变坚实,变稳固

  • 变形

    复数: firms 过去式: firmed 过去分词: firmed 现在分词: firming 第三人称单数: firms 比较级: firmer 最高级: firmest


FIRM
  • abbr.

    frustrated internal reflection modulator 受抑内反射调制器

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  • 双语例句
  • 权威例句
  • 句式用法
1.

Choose a soft, medium or firm mattress to suit their individual needs.

针对他们各人不同的需要挑选柔软、软硬适中或者坚硬的床垫。

2.

An oil executive swindled £50,000 out of his firm.

一名石油公司主管从其公司骗取了5万英镑。

3.

"But Peter, it's not that simple," Goldstone countered in a firm voice.

“但是,彼得,事情并非那么简单,”戈德斯通语气坚决地驳斥道。

1.

Spray infested areas with a firm jet of water.

来自BBC

2.

The US technology firm has appealed against that decision.

来自BBC

3.

They'll feel firm to the touch when cooked.

来自BBC

1.

He expressed firm support for their cause.

他对他们的事业表示坚决的支持。

来自《权威词典》

2.

They have taken firm possession of the enemy position.

他们已牢牢地占领了敌人的阵地。

来自《权威词典》

3.

The runner has firm muscles.

那个赛跑运动员有一身结实的肌肉。

来自《权威词典》

  • 柯林斯高阶英汉双解学习词典
1

N-COUNT 商号;商行;公司 A firm is an organization which sells or produces something or which provides a service which people pay for.

The firm's employees were expecting large bonuses.

这家公司的雇员期待着发放大笔奖金。

...a firm of heating engineers.

供暖工程公司

2

ADJ-GRADED 坚固的;坚硬的;结实的 If something is firm, it does not change much in shape when it is pressed but is not completely hard.

Fruit should be firm and in excellent condition...

水果应该硬实完好。

Choose a soft, medium or firm mattress to suit their individual needs.

针对他们各人不同的需要挑选柔软、软硬适中或者坚硬的床垫。

firmness

    Vegetables should retain some firmness and should not be soggy and waterlogged.

    蔬菜应保持一定的硬挺度,不应潮乎乎的浸透了水。

3

ADJ-GRADED 稳固的;牢固的 If something is firm, it does not shake or move when you put weight or pressure on it, because it is strongly made or securely fastened.

If you have to climb up, use a firm platform or a sturdy ladder.

如果非要爬上去,就踩在一个稳固的台子上或者找把结实的梯子。

firmly

    The front door is locked and all the windows are firmly shut.

    前门锁上了,所有窗户都关严了。

4

ADJ-GRADED (抓握或动作)强有力的,使上劲的 If someone's grip is firm or if they perform a physical action in a firm way, they do it with quite a lot of force or pressure but also in a controlled way.

The quick handshake was firm and cool...

短暂的握手有力沉稳。

He managed to grasp the metal, get a firm grip of it and heave his body upwards.

他设法牢牢抓住了那个金属物,把整个身子往上提。

firmly

    he held me firmly by the elbow and led me to my aisle seat.

    他紧紧抓住我的胳膊肘,把我领到靠过道的座位上。

firmness

    Tim stretched out a hand in apology and was comforted by the firmness with which Marc gripped it.

    蒂姆伸出手来表示道歉,而马克紧紧地握住了它,这令蒂姆安下了心。

5

ADJ-GRADED (人)坚定的,坚决的,强势的 If you describe someone as firm, you mean they behave in a way that shows that they are not going to change their mind, or that they are the person who is in control.

oft ADJ with n

She had to be firm with him. 'I don't want to see you again.'...

她不得不对他狠下心来:“我不想再见到你。”

Perhaps they need the guiding hand of a firm father figure.

也许他们需要一个父亲般严格的指引者。

firmly

    'A good night's sleep is what you want,' he said firmly.

    “你现在需要好好睡一晚上,”他不容分辩地说。

firmness

    ...a manner that combines friendliness with compassion and firmness.

    兼具友善、怜悯与坚定的态度

6

ADJ-GRADED (决定或意见)确定的,不会更改的 A firm decision or opinion is definite and unlikely to change.

usu ADJ n

He made a firm decision to leave Fort Multry by boat...

他打定主意乘船离开穆尔特里堡。

It is my firm belief that an effective partnership approach between police and the public is absolutely necessary.

我坚信警民之间进行有效合作是绝对必要的。

firmly

    Political values and opinions are firmly held, and can be slow to change...

    政治价值观和政见根深蒂固,要改变可能得花上很长时间。

    He is firmly convinced that it is vital to do this.

    他坚信做这件事至关重要。

firmness

    What's impressed me has been his considerable firmness of purpose.

    令我印象深刻的是他对目标的坚定不移。

7

ADJ-GRADED (证据或信息)确切的,确实的,确凿的 Firm evidence or information is based on facts and so is likely to be true.

ADJ n

This man may have killed others but unfortunately we have no firm evidence...

这名男子可能还杀害过其他人,只可惜我们没有确凿的证据。

There's unlikely to be firm news about the convoy's progress for some time.

一段时间内都不大可能会有关于车队行进情况的确切消息。

8

ADJ-GRADED (控制、基础、位置等)坚实的,不可动摇的 You use firm to describe control or a basis or position when it is strong and unlikely to be ended or removed.

usu ADJ n

Although the Yakutians are a minority, they have firm control of the territory...

尽管雅库特人是少数民族,但他们却牢牢地掌控着这块版图。

The company, a household name in the States, has a firm foothold in the British market.

这家美国国内家喻户晓的公司在英国市场上站稳了脚跟。

firmly

    This tradition is also firmly rooted in the past...

    这个传统同样深深地植根于过去。

    It placed reggae music firmly in the mainstream of world culture.

    它使得雷鬼音乐在世界主流文化中占据了不可动摇的一席之地。

9

ADJ-GRADED 忠实的;忠贞的;牢靠的 If people are firm friends, they have been close friends for a long time and their friendship is likely to continue.

ADJ n

The couple met about two years ago and soon became firm friends.

这对夫妇大约两年前相遇,很快就成了知交。

10

ADJ-GRADED (价格、价值、货币等)坚挺的,稳定的,居高不下的 If a price, value, or currency is firm, it is not decreasing in value or amount.

Cotton prices remain firm and demand is strong...

棉花价格始终保持坚挺,需求旺盛。

The shares held firm at 280p...

股价稳稳地维持在280便士。

Firm prices and stability will allow both producers and consumers to plan confidently.

价格的居高不下和市场的稳定将使制造商与消费者都能满怀信心地制订计划。

firmness

    ...the firmness of the dollar against other currencies.

    美元对其他货币的坚挺

11

VERB (在植物周围)压,培(土) If you firm soil around a plant, you press it so that it is fairly solid rather than loose.

V n prep/adv

Firm more soil over the roots and water thoroughly.

在根上再多培些土,用水浇透。

12

PHRASE 坚定不移;坚持己见;拒不让步 If someone stands firm, they refuse to change their mind about something.

V inflects

The council is standing firm against the barrage of protest...

委员会面对接二连三的抗议拒不让步。

The President has appealed to his European partners to stand firm on the issue.

总统已经呼吁其欧洲伙伴在此问题上站稳立场。

13

PHRASAL VERB-ERG (使)更坚固;(使)更坚硬;(使)更结实 If you firm up something or if it firms up, it becomes firmer and more solid.

V P n (not pron) V n P V P

This treatment helps tone the body, firm up muscles and tighten the skin...

该治疗有助于强身健体、紧致皮肤。

I now go swimming five times a week, which helps firm me up...

我现在每周游5次泳,这对强身健体很有益处。

The mixture will seem too wet at this stage, but it will firm up when chilled.

混合物在此阶段看起来会非常湿,但冷却后就会坚硬起来。

14

PHRASAL VERB-ERG (使)更明确;(使)更强化;(使)确切 If you firm something up or if it firms up, it becomes clearer, stronger, or more definite.

V P n (not pron) V P Also V n P

Looking to the future, the Government will firm up their plans for a cleaner, greener, safer Britain...

展望未来,政府将更加明确其计划,建设一个更清洁、更环保、更安全的英国。

The ground rules have been firmed up...

基本原则已得到进一步强化。

At least the bank situation had firmed up.

至少银行的形势已经更加明朗了。

15

PHRASAL VERB 使(价格、价值等)保持坚挺(或稳定) If a financial institution firms up the price or value of something, they take action to protect and maintain its price or value.

V P n (not pron)

OPEC has agreed to freeze its global oil production slightly in order to firm up crude prices.

石油输出国组织已同意对全球石油生产稍加冻结,以稳定原油价格。

  • 英汉双向大词典
A

adj.

1

结实的, 坚硬的, 牢固的

The runner has firm muscles.

那个赛跑运动员有一身结实的肌肉。

His muscles are very firm.

他的肌肉很结实。

This wet ground is not firm enough to walk on.

这块湿地不够坚实, 不能在上面走。

2

坚定不移的, 矢志不渝的

Our offer was met with a firm refusal.

我们的报价被坚决拒绝。

3

强有力的; 坚信

He kept a firm hold on my arm as he helped me over the fence.

他有力地拉着我的手臂, 帮我越过栅栏。

I'm a firm believer in always telling the truth.

我坚信应该总说真话。

4

( 行为、处境或理解)牢牢控制的;严格的;掌握的

5

( 货币等)坚挺的

6

( 股票、物价等)坚挺;稳步上涨

7

始终如一的,永恒不变的;坚贞的;坚定的,坚强的;不屈不挠的

8

肯定的,断定的;最终的;严格的;(法律上)正式签订的

B

vt. & vi.

1

(使)坚硬[稳固]

The jelly firmed quickly.

果冻迅速坚硬起来。

He reshuffled the cabinet to firm his government.

他重新改组内阁以强化其政府。

C

n.

1

公司, 商行

The firm has agreed to give me a two weeks' holiday.

公司已经同意给我两个星期的假。

2

(价格稳定的)市场

3

【商业】实盘

4

工作小组(尤指若干医生及其助手们组成的小组)

5

球迷帮(一帮衣着时髦、鲁莽无知、常使用暴力的英国足球迷)

D

adv.

1

坚定地;稳固地

E

vt.

1

加强;进一步确定(或证实) (常与 up 连用)

F

vi.

1

(物价等)回升

After a long decline, prices are firming again.

在长期跌落之后,物价又开始回升。

  • 英英释义
A

Noun

1

1. members of a business organization that owns or operates one or more establishments;

  • " "he worked for a brokerage house" "
B

Verb

1

1. become taut or tauter;

  • " "Yur muscles will firm when you exercise regularly" "
  • " "the rope tautened" "
2

2. make taut or tauter;

  • " "tauten a rope" "
C

Adjective

1

1. marked by firm determination or resolution; not shakable;

  • " "firm convictions" "
  • " "a firm mouth" "
  • " "steadfast resolve" "
  • " "a man of unbendable perseverence" "
  • " "unwavering loyalty" "
2

2. not soft or yielding to pressure;

  • " "a firm mattress" "
  • " "the snow was firm underfoot" "
  • " "solid ground" "
3

3. strong and sure;

  • " "a firm grasp" "
  • " "gave a strong pull on the rope" "
4

4. not subject to revision or change;

  • " "a firm contract" "
  • " "a firm offer" "
5

5. (of especially a person's physical features) not shaking or trembling;

  • " "his voice was firm and confident" "
  • " "a firm step" "
6

6. not liable to fluctuate or especially to fall;

  • " "stocks are still firm" "
7

7. securely established;

  • " "an established reputation" "
  • " "holds a firm position as the country's leading poet" "
8

8. marked by the tone and resiliency of healthy tissue;

  • " "firm muscles" "
9

9. pleasingly firm and fresh and making a crunching noise when chewed;

  • " "crisp carrot and celery sticks" "
  • " "a firm apple" "
  • " "crunchy lettuce" "
10

10. securely fixed in place;

  • " "the post was still firm after being hit by the car" "
11

11. unwavering in devotion to friend or vow or cause;

  • " "a firm ally" "
  • " "loyal supporters" "
  • " "the true-hearted soldier...of Tippecanoe"- Campaign song for William Henry Harrison "
  • " "fast friends" "
D

Adverb

1

1. with resolute determination;

  • " "we firmly believed it" "
  • " "you must stand firm" "
  • 行业释义
  • 法律
  • 1.企业
  • 2.公司
  • 词组搭配

常用词组

A

be on firm ground

1

be sure of one's facts or secure in one's position, especially in a discussion (尤指讨论中)理直气壮

B

a firm hand

1

strict discipline or control 严格的约束(或管制);铁腕

  • 词根词缀

词根: firm =firm,表示"坚定"

A

adj.

1

affirmative 赞成的,肯定的

affirm[v.肯定]+ative……的→adj.赞成的,肯定的

2

confirmed 坚固的;习惯的,积习的

confirm[v.坚定;证实]+ed……的→adj.坚固的;习惯的,积习的

3

firm 坚定的,坚决的

firm坚定→adj.坚定的,坚决的

4

infirm 弱的,虚弱的,柔弱的

in不+firm坚定→adj.弱的,虚弱的,柔弱的

B

n.

1

infirmary 医院,疗养院;医务室

infirm虚弱的+ary场所→虚弱人呆的地方

C

v.

1

affirm 肯定

af一再+firm坚定→肯定

2

confirm 坚定;证实

con全部+firm坚定→v.坚定;证实

  • 同义词辨析
1

company, corporation, firm 这些名词均可表示"公司"之意。

  • company: 多指生产或销售产品的公司、商号,也可指经办服务性项目的公司。
  • corporation: 多指一个人拥有或多人联办的大公司,也指在其它地区或国家拥有分公司的公司。
  • firm: 含义广泛,可指公司、商行或商号。规模可大可小,经营、管理的人员可多可少。
2

firm, stable, steady 这些形容词都有"稳固的"之意。

  • firm: 指牢固不可动摇或意志、信仰的坚定。
  • stable: 多指根基牢固,平衡良好,也指性格或位置等的稳定,不可移动或改变。
  • steady: 指保持平衡不动摇。用于有形物时,指没有根基的稳固,也指动中的稳。
3

firm, hard, solid 这些形容词都可表示"坚定的,结实的"之意。

  • firm: 侧重指质地坚硬、不易切割或有弹性,一旦变形会很快恢复原形。
  • hard: 侧重有抗拒压力或拉力的性质,但不一定有弹性。
  • solid: 着重质地紧密、坚实和无间隙,含有在外部压力下仍可保持原有形状的意味。
  • 网络释义

常用词组

1

公司

九年级英语单词表 ... provide 提供 firm 公司 spot 地点;现场.

http://word.langfly.com/a/20120320/200425.shtml - 基于22936个网页

2

商行

新概念2册第4课课文_百度知道 ... receive v. 接受,收到 firm n. 商行,公司 different adj. 不同的.

http://zhidao.baidu.com/question/65246838.html - 基于2990个网页

3

坚定

英语词根词缀记忆大全 ... (ac+custom 习俗→习惯习俗) (af+firm 坚定→肯定) (ap+pal 白色→[脸]变白→受惊).

http://www.douban.com/group/topic/4824898 - 基于2518个网页

4

商号

财务分析词汇中的英文对照,谢谢_百度知道 ... fire risk 火险 firm 商号;事务所 firm market 市况坚挺.

http://zhidao.baidu.com/question/30401259.html - 基于1910个网页

相关词条

1

firm price

实价

商贸日常英语 - 豆丁网 ... 帄价||相当价格 fair price 实价||固定价格 firm price 发行价格 issue price.

http://www.docin.com/p-95798329.html - 基于970个网页

2

brokerage firm

经纪行

国贸名词 ... broker 经纪 brokerage firm 经纪行 budget 预算.

http://tradeknow.m.oeeee.com/blog/archive/2007/11/8/310848.html - 基于819个网页

3

firming lotion

紧肤水

joannaland的博客 - joannaland - 网易博客 ... I feel light-headed. 我觉得头晕。 紧肤水: firming lotion 保湿: moisturizer.

http://joannaland.blog.163.com - 基于1478个网页

4

firm offer

实盘

外贸英语词汇英汉全对照 [南方网教育频道] ... 电复 cable reply 实盘 firm offer 递盘 bid;bidding.

http://www.southcn.com/edu/english/200512261117.htm - 基于2313个网页

  • 更多资料

语源

Middle English: from Old French ferme, from Latin firmus
late 16th cent.: from Spanish and Italian firma, from medieval Latin, from Latin firmare 'fix, settle' (in late Latin 'confirm by signature'), from firmus 'firm'; compare with farm. The word originally denoted one's autograph or signature; later (mid 18th cent.) the name under which the business of a firm was transacted, hence the firm itself (late 18th cent.)

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