网 络
  • 知道;
  • 了解;
  • 认识;
  • 了如指掌
1. VERB 知道;知悉;了解 If you know a fact, a piece of information, or an answer, you have it correctly in your mind. 
  • I don't know the name of the place...


  • I know that you led a rifle platoon during the Second World War...


  • 'People like doing things for nothing.' — 'I know they do.'...


2. VERB 熟识;认识 If you know someone, you are familiar with them because you have met them and talked to them before. 
  • Gifford was a friend. I'd known him for nine years...


  • Do you two know each other?...


  • He doesn't know anybody in London.


3. VERB 听说过;略有耳闻 If you say that you know of something, you mean that you have heard about it but you do not necessarily have a lot of information about it. 
  • We know of the incident but have no further details...


  • The president admitted that he did not know of any rebels having surrendered so far...


  • I know of no one who would want to murder Albert.


4. VERB 了解,掌握(某一学科) If you know about a subject, you have studied it or taken an interest in it, and understand part or all of it. 
  • Hire someone with experience, someone who knows about real estate...


  • She didn't know anything about music but she liked to sing.


5. VERB 学会,掌握(语言) If you know a language, you have learned it and can understand it. 
  • It helps to know French and Creole if you want to understand some of the lyrics...


  • Rachel already knows as many words in German as she does in English...


  • Her new classmates knew no Latin.


6. VERB 熟悉;了解 If you know something such as a place, a work of art, or an idea, you have visited it, seen it, read it, or heard about it, and so you are familiar with it. 
  • No matter how well you know Paris, it is easy to get lost...


  • I don't know the play, I've just come to see it.


7. VERB 会;能 If you know how to do something, you have the necessary skills and knowledge to do it. 
  • The health authorities now know how to deal with the disease...


  • We know what to do to make it work.


8. VERB 意识到;觉察到 You can say that someone knows that something is happening when they become aware of it. 
  • Then I saw a gun under the hall table so I knew that something was wrong...


  • The first I knew about it was when I woke up in the ambulance.


9. VERB 认出;辨认出 If you know something or someone, you recognize them when you see them or hear them. 
  • Would she know you if she saw you on the street?...


  • I thought I knew the voice.


10. VERB 称为;叫做 If someone or something is known as a particular name, they are called by that name. 
  • The disease is more commonly known as Mad Cow Disease...


  • He was born as John Birks Gillespie, but everyone knew him as Dizzy...


  • He was the only boy in the school who was known by his Christian name and not his surname.


11. VERB 认为…是;把…看作是 If you know someone or something as a person or thing that has particular qualities, you consider that they have those qualities. 
  • Lots of people know her as a very kind woman...


  • We know them as inaccurate and misleading property descriptions...


  • Kemp knew him for a meticulous officer.


12. VERB (因某工作或角色)认识 If you know someone as a person with a particular job or role, you are familiar with them in that job or role, rather than in any other. 
  • Most of us know her as the woman who used to present the television news...


  • The soldiers — all of whom we knew as neighbours — stood around pointing guns at us.


13. See also: knowing; known;  
14. PHRASE 现行的;我们熟悉的;我们熟知的 If you talk about a thing or system as we know it, you are referring to the form in which it exists now and which is familiar to most people. 
  • He planned to end the welfare system as we know it.


  • ...those values of our culture that are essential to civilisation as we know it.


15. PHRASE (花时间)了解 If you get to know someone, you find out what they are like by spending time with them. 
  • The new neighbours were getting to know each other...


  • I'd really like to see you again and get to know you better.


16. PHRASE 谁知道;天晓得 People use expressions such as goodness knows ,Heaven knows, and God knows when they do not know something and want to suggest that nobody could possibly know it. 
  • 'Who's he?' — 'God knows.'


  • Old Gunga spoke God knows how many languages...


  • Heaven only knows what his mother would have said.


17. CONVENTION (表示同意)我理解,我有同感,我知道 You say 'I know' to show that you agree with what has just been said. 
  • 'This country is so awful.' — 'I know, I know.'


18. CONVENTION (表示接受)我知道 You say 'I know' to show that you accept that something is true, but think that it is not very important or relevant. 
  • 'There are trains straight from Cambridge.' — 'I know, but it's no quicker.'


19. PHRASE (表示同情和理解)我理解,我知道 You use 'I know' to express sympathy and understanding towards someone. 
  • I'm sorry, George. I know how you feel...


  • I know what you're going through.


20. PHRASE 不知道,不认为(表示不完全同意或不认为是真的) You can use I don't know to indicate that you do not completely agree with something or do not really think that it is true. 
  • 'He should quite simply resign.' — 'I don't know about that.'


  • I don't know that it's made the decision any easier.


21. PHRASE 我不知道你(们)怎么想(表示将表达自己想法并想知道他人的看法) You can say 'I don't know about you' to indicate that you are going to give your own opinion about something and you want to find out if someone else feels the same. 
  • I don't know about the rest of you, but I'm hungry...


  • I don't know about you, but I've had just about enough of this.


22. PHRASE (表示批评某人的行为)真想不到,真不知道 You use I don't know in expressions which indicate criticism of someone's behaviour. For example, if you say that you do not know how someone can do something, you mean that you cannot understand or accept them doing it. 
  • I don't know how he could do this to his own daughter...


  • I don't know how you can say that...


  • I don't know what those folk think they are playing at.


23. PHRASE 我要是知道就好了;我根本不知道 People sometimes use expressions such as I'm blessed if I know or damned if I know to emphasize the fact that they do not know something. 
  • 'What was that all about?' — 'Damned if I know.'


  • I'm damned if I know what plans he has in that direction.


24. PHRASE 知情;(尤指)熟悉内幕,掌握内情 If you are in the know about something, especially something that is not known about or understood by many people, you have information about it. 
  • It was gratifying to be in the know about important people...


  • He takes crucial decisions without consulting people in the know.


25. CONVENTION (表示所说的话对方理解)你是知道的,你知道我的意思 You can use expressions such as you know what I mean and if you know what I mean to suggest that the person listening to you understands what you are trying to say, and so you do not have to explain any more. 
  • None of us stayed long. I mean, the atmosphere wasn't — well, you know what I mean...


  • She was a bit stuck up, know what I mean?


26. CONVENTION (指可能会发生好事)很难说,很难预料 You say 'You never know' or 'One never knows' to indicate that it is not definite or certain what will happen in the future, and to suggest that there is some hope that things will turn out well. 
  • You never know, I might get lucky...


  • There might be an even bigger one — I doubt it, but you never know.


27. CONVENTION 据我所知没有 You say 'Not that I know of' when someone has asked you whether or not something is true and you think the answer is 'no' but you cannot be sure because you do not know all the facts. 
  • 'Is he married?' — 'Not that I know of.'


28. PHRASE 我怎么知道;我不知道 You can say 'How was I to know?', or in British English 'I wasn't to know', to mean that you cannot be blamed or criticized for something you did, because you did not have enough information to realize that it was wrong. 
  • How was I to know you'd return so suddenly?...


  • You weren't to know — in fact, I think I'm the only person who does know.


29. PHRASE (某人)知道什么,懂什么(表示其没有资格评论) You can use expressions such as What does she know? and What do they know? when you think that someone has no right to comment on a situation because they do not understand it. 
  • Don't listen to him, what does he know?...


  • I always felt his attitude was, 'What do you know about it?'


30. EXCLAM (表示惊讶)你看怪不怪,真没想到 People sometimes say 'What do you know!' when they are very surprised about something. 
  • Well, what do you know!


31. CONVENTION (加强语气或引起注意)你要知道 You use you know to emphasize or to draw attention to what you are saying. 
  • The conditions in there are awful, you know...


  • You know, it does worry me.


32. CONVENTION (表示不确定要说的话或考虑接着说什么)你知道 People use you know when they are uncertain about what they are saying or what they are going to say next. 
  • He's generous and, you know, very nice, very polite...


  • I thought I'd, you know, have a chat with you.


33. CONVENTION (表示进一步解释)你是知道的,你难道不知道 You use you know when you are trying to explain more clearly what you mean, by referring to something that the person you are talking to knows about. 
  • Wear the white dress, you know, the one with all the black embroidery.


34. PHRASE (加强语气)你不知道,你都想不到 You can say 'You don't know' in order to emphasize how strongly you feel about the remark you are going to make. 
  • You don't know how good it is to speak to somebody from home.


35.   to know something backwards→see: backwards;  to know best→see: best;  to know better→see: better;  to know no bounds→see: bound;  to know what side your bread is buttered on→see: butter;  to know something for a fact→see: fact;  as far as I know→see: far;  not to know the first thing about something→see: first;  to know full well→see: full;  to let someone know→see: let;  not to know the meaning of the word→see: meaning;  to know your own mind→see: mind;  for reasons best known to oneself→see: reason;  to know the ropes→see: rope
vt. & vi.

1. 知道, 懂得, 知悉, 了解

  • I honestly don't know.
  • 我真的不知道。
  • He knows English and French.
  • 他懂英文和法文。
  • I know he is always shooting off his mouth.
  • 我知道他说话老是漏嘴。
  • He knew where she was hiding.
  • 他知道她藏在哪里。

2. 看到过;听到过;经历过


1. 认识, 了解, 熟悉

  • I got to know him in the autumn of 1963.
  • 我是在1963年秋天认识他的。

2. 认识到;懂得;意识到

3. 确信;确知;肯定

4. 把…看作是;认为…是

5. 将…称为;把…叫做

6. 能认出;能辨认出

7. 能区分;能分辨

8. 学会;掌握

9. 亲身体验;亲身经历


1. 习语 in the know: 知情;熟悉内幕;掌握内情


1. be cognizant or aware of a fact or a specific piece of information; possess knowledge or information about;

  • "I know that the President lied to the people"
  • "I want to know who is winning the game!"
  • "I know it's time"

2. know how to do or perform something;

  • "She knows how to knit"
  • "Does your husband know how to cook?"

3. be aware of the truth of something; have a belief or faith in something; regard as true beyond any doubt;

  • "I know that I left the key on the table"
  • "Galileo knew that the earth moves around the sun"

4. be familiar or acquainted with a person or an object;

  • "She doesn't know this composer"
  • "Do you know my sister?"
  • "We know this movie"
  • "I know him under a different name"
  • "This flower is known as a Peruvian Lily"

5. have firsthand knowledge of states, situations, emotions, or sensations;

  • "I know the feeling!"
  • "have you ever known hunger?"
  • "I have lived a kind of hell when I was a drug addict"
  • "The holocaust survivors have lived a nightmare"
  • "I lived through two divorces"

6. accept (someone) to be what is claimed or accept his power and authority;

  • "The Crown Prince was acknowledged as the true heir to the throne"
  • "We do not recognize your gods"

7. have fixed in the mind;

  • "I know Latin"
  • "This student knows her irregular verbs"
  • "Do you know the poem well enough to recite it?"

8. have sexual intercourse with;

  • "This student sleeps with everyone in her dorm"
  • "Adam knew Eve"
  • "Were you ever intimate with this man?"

9. know the nature or character of;

  • "we all knew her as a big show-off"

10. be able to distinguish, recognize as being different;

  • "The child knows right from wrong"

11. perceive as familiar;

  • "I know this voice!"
  • 1.诀窍
  • 2.know-how


每日一句: The past cannot be changed. The future is yet in your power. 过去无法改变,未来仍可掌控。(Mary Pickford) 跟读
  • (请在下面补充描述)