英 [ ˈəʊnli ] 美 [ ˈoʊnli ]

考研 / CET6 / CET4 /

  • adj.

    唯一的; 仅有的; 最好的,最适当的

  • adv.

    只,仅仅; 结果却,不料

  • conj.

    但是,可是; 要不是

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  • 双语例句
  • 权威例句
  • 句式用法
1.

His house was the only settled home I had as a child.

他的房子是我儿时唯一固定的家。

2.

The arteries are diseased and a transplant is the only hope.

动脉已经发生病变,移植是唯一的希望。

3.

The crowd in Robinson's Coffee-House was thinning, but only by degrees.

鲁宾逊咖啡屋里的人正在变少,但也只是渐少而已。

1.

Only the Rockers' aren't exactly meat-and-two-veg greasers.

来自BBC

2.

It is the only species in the genus Chelonia.

来自BBC

3.

It's like old-school soul only with up-to-date instruments.

来自BBC

1.

Practice is the only way to learn a language well.

学好一门语言的唯一途径就是实践。

来自《权威词典》

2.

She's the only woman for the job.

她是最适合做这一工作的人。

来自《权威词典》

3.

They were the only two men at that time.

当时就只有他们两人。

来自《权威词典》

  • 柯林斯高阶英汉双解学习词典
1

ADV (表示比较而言唯一真实、恰当或必要的情况)只,只有 You use only to indicate the one thing that is true, appropriate, or necessary in a particular situation, in contrast to all the other things that are not true, appropriate, or necessary.

ADV with group

Only the President could authorize the use of the atomic bomb...

只有总统才能授权使用原子弹。

...the guidance and discipline that can be provided only by a strong male...

只有强有力的男性才能给予的指导和训练

Only here were the police visible in any strength at all...

只有在这里才能看到廖廖几个警察。

44-year-old woman seeks caring, honest male of similar age for friendship and fun. Genuine replies only...

44岁女士寻觅年龄相仿、体贴诚实的男士为友,共享快乐。非诚勿扰。

A business can only be built and expanded on a sound financial base...

企业只有具备了稳固的经济基础才能立足和发展。

It's true that I seem to have forgotten you, but it only seems that way.

我看起来好像确实是把你忘记了,但那只是看起来而已。

2

ADV (引出发生的必要条件)只有…(才) You use only to introduce the thing which must happen before the thing mentioned in the main part of the sentence can happen.

ADV cl/prep

The lawyer is paid only if he wins...

只有官司赢了才支付律师费。

The Bank of England insists that it will cut interest rates only when it is ready...

英格兰银行坚持只有条件成熟才会降息。

Dark matter gives out no light and is detectable only because of its gravitational effect on visible matter.

暗物质不发光,它之所以能被发现,只是因为它对可见物质产生引力作用。

3

ADJ 唯一的;仅有的 If you talk about the only person or thing involved in a particular situation, you mean there are no others involved in it.

det ADJ

She was the only woman in Shell's legal department...

她是壳牌公司法律事务部唯一的女性。

My cat Gustaf was the only thing I had—the only company.

我的猫古斯塔夫是我所有的一切——我唯一的伴侣。

That left Mr Dertliev as the only candidate.

那使得德尔特利耶夫先生成为唯一的候选人。

4

ADJ (孩子)独生的,仅有的 An only child is a child who has no brothers or sisters.

ADJ n

Usage Note用法说明

When only is used as an adverb, its position in the sentence depends on the word or phrase it applies to. If only applies to the subject of a clause, you put it in front of the subject. Only strong characters can make such decisions. Otherwise, you normally put it in front of the verb, after the first auxiliary, or after the verb be. I only want my son back, that is all.. He had only agreed to see me because we had met before... I was only able to wash four times in 66 days. However, some people think it is more correct to put only directly in front of the word or phrase it applies to. This is the best position if you want to be quite clear or emphatic. It applies only to passengers carrying British passports... She'd done it only because it was necessary. For extra emphasis, you can put only after the word or phrase it applies to. The event will be for women only... I'll say this once and once only.

only 用作副词时,其在句中的位置取决于它所修饰的单词或短语。若 only 修饰句子的主语,则置于主语前,如:Only strong characters can make such decisions(只有坚强的人才能作出这样的决定)。除去此种情况之外,only 通常置于动词前、第一个助动词或 be 动词之后,如:I only want my son back, that is all(我只想要回我儿子,仅此而已),He had only agreed to see me because we had met before(他同意见我只是因为我们以前见过面),I was only able to wash four times in 66 days(我66天才做到洗了4次澡)。但有人认为将 only 直接置于它所修饰的单词或短语之前更恰当,这样可以表达得更清楚或更具强调意味:It applies only to passengers carrying British passports(这仅适于持英国护照的乘客),She'd done it only because it was necessary(只是出于必要她才这样做的)。若要进一步加强语气,可将only置于它所修饰的单词或短语之后:The event will be for women only(该活动仅限女性参加),I'll say this once and once only(这件事我就说一次,而且仅此一次。)

5

ADV (尤用于想要纠正错误观点时)只不过,仅…而已 You use only to indicate that something is no more important, interesting, or difficult, for example, than you say it is, especially when you want to correct a wrong idea that someone may get or has already got.

ADV group

At the moment it is only a theory...

眼下这只不过是个推测而已。

'I'm only a sergeant,' said Clements...

“我只是一名中士,”克莱门茨说道。

Don't get defensive, Charlie. I was only joking.

别那么大戒心,查利,我只是开个玩笑罢了。

6

ADV (强调数量少或时间短)才,仅仅 You use only to emphasize how small an amount is or how short a length of time is.

ADV n/adv emphasis

Child car seats only cost about £10 a week to hire.

儿童汽车坐椅一周的租金才10英镑。

...spacecraft guidance systems weighing only a few grams...

仅有几克重的宇宙飞船导航系统

My father allowed me only a sip or two of wine with each meal...

我父亲每餐只许我喝一两口酒。

I've only recently met him.

我最近才认识他。

7

ADV (强调是其中的一小部分,而非全部)只,仅仅 You use only to emphasize that you are talking about a small part of an amount or group, not the whole of it.

ADV n emphasis

These are only a few of the possibilities...

这些仅仅是其中几种可能。

Only a minority of the people supported the Revolution.

只有少数人支持这场革命。

8

ADV (用于 can 或 could 之后,强调除此以外别无可为)只(能) Only is used after 'can' or 'could' to emphasize that it is impossible to do anything except the rather inadequate or limited action that is mentioned.

modal ADV inf emphasis

For a moment I could say nothing. I could only stand and look...

我有那么一会儿一句话都说不出来,只能站在那里看着。

The police can only guess at the scale of the problem.

警方只能猜测问题的严重性。

9

ADV (强调希望或愿望)唯有,非常 You can use only in the expressions I only wish or I only hope in order to emphasize what you are hoping or wishing.

ADV before v emphasis

I only wish he were here now that things are getting better for me...

现在我的境况好转了,我真希望他能在这里。

We can only hope that the elephants can recover.

我们唯有希望这些大象能够康复。

10

CONJ-SUBORD (用于表示稍加改动或限定)只是,不过 Only can be used to add a comment which slightly changes or limits what you have just said.

INFORMAL 非正式

It's just as dramatic as a film, only it's real...

这就像电影一样充满戏剧性,不过这是真实发生的。

It's a bit like my house, only nicer...

这有点像我的房子,只是更为漂亮。

Drop in and see me when you're ready. Only don't take too long about it.

方便的时候来我这里坐坐,只是别让我等太久。

11

CONJ-SUBORD (用于含有 would 的从句后,引出未做某事的原因)要不是,若非 Only can be used after a clause with 'would' to indicate why something is not done.

SPOKEN 口语

I'd invite you to come with me, only it's such a long way...

要不是路太远,我一定会邀你一同前往。

I'd be quite happy to go. Only I don't know what my kids would say about living there.

我是很乐意去的,只是不知道孩子们会不会喜欢住在那里。

12

ADV (用于不定式前)不料,结果却 You can use only before an infinitive to introduce an event which happens immediately after one you have just mentioned, and which is rather surprising or unfortunate.

ADV to-inf

Ryle tried the Embassy, only to be told that Hugh was in a meeting...

赖尔试着找了大使馆,却被告知休正在开会。

He raced through the living room, only to find the front door closed.

他飞快地跑过起居室,却发现前门锁上了。

13

ADV (强调行动或行为恰当)完全,真正 You can use only to emphasize how appropriate a certain course of action or type of behaviour is.

usu ADV adj emphasis

It's only fair to let her know that you intend to apply...

告诉她你打算申请,这才算公平嘛。

She appeared to have changed considerably, which was only to be expected.

她看起来变化很大,不过这完全是在意料之中的。

14

ADV (用于动词前,表示结果令人遗憾或不受欢迎)愈加,只(会) You can use only in front of a verb to indicate that the result of something is unfortunate or undesirable and is likely to make the situation worse rather than better.

ADV before v

The embargo would only hurt innocent civilians...

禁运只会殃及无辜的百姓。

She says that legalising prostitution will only cause problems.

她说卖淫合法化只会引发问题。

15

PHRASE 只要(做…)即可 If you say you only have to or have only to do one thing in order to achieve or prove a second thing, you are emphasizing how easily the second thing can be achieved or proved.

V inflects emphasis

Any time you want a babysitter, dear, you only have to ask...

亲爱的,你什么时候需要人帮忙照看孩子,只要开口说一声就行。

We have only to read the labels to know what ingredients are in foods.

我们只要看一下标签即可知道食品的成分。

16

PHRASE 刚才;刚刚 You can say that something has only just happened when you want to emphasize that it happened a very short time ago.

PHR before v emphasis

I've only just arrived...

我刚到。

The signs of an economic revival are only just beginning...

经济复苏的迹象刚刚开始显现。

You're only just back from leave.

你才刚休假回来。

17

PHRASE 仅仅;勉强 You use only just to emphasize that something is true, but by such a small degree that it is almost not true at all.

usu PHR before v emphasis

For centuries farmers there have only just managed to survive...

几个世纪以来,那里的农民只能勉强维持生计。

I am old enough to remember the Blitz, but only just...

伦敦空袭那阵我已开始记事,但也只是仅仅有些模糊的印象。

'I think we could agree on that one.' — 'Only just.'

“我想在那一点上我们是一致的。”——“勉强算是吧。”

18

PHRASE 太;极 You can use only too to emphasize that something is true or exists to a much greater extent than you would expect or like.

PHR adv/adj emphasis

I know only too well that plans can easily go wrong...

计划很容易出岔子,我太清楚这点了。

When the new baby comes along it is only too easy to shut out the others.

新生儿出世后,其他孩子极容易受到冷落。

19

PHRASE (强调乐意)极,非常 You can say that you are only too happy to do something to emphasize how willing you are to do it.

PHR adj emphasis

I'll be only too pleased to help them out with any queries.

我非常乐意为他们答疑解惑。

  • 英汉双向大词典
A

adj.

1

惟一的, 仅有的

The only French city she enjoyed was Paris.

巴黎是她惟一喜欢的法国城市。

They were the only two men at that time.

当时就只有他们两人。

Practice is the only way to learn a language well.

学好一门语言的惟一途径就是实践。

2

最好的, 独一无二的;最适当的

She's the only woman for the job.

她是最适合做这一工作的人。

Only children are sometimes spoilt.

独生子女有时被宠坏了。

3

(同类中)较少的

4

(子女)独生的

B

adv.

1

只有, 才

Only the lawyer can understand this agreement.

只有那律师才懂得这份协议。

They reached the company out of breath only to be told they were fired.

他们上气不接下气地赶到公司, 不料却被告知他们被开除了。

I rushed to the door, only to discover that it was locked and barred.

我冲到门边, 却发现门已被锁死了。

Sap passes right through the aphides' bodies, only getting a little thicker and sweeter.

汁液直接流过蚜虫的身体, 结果只是变得更稠、更甜。

Only in this way can we wipe out the enemy troops.

只有这样我们才能消灭敌军。

If you give her money, she'll only waste it.

如果你把这笔钱给她, 她只会把它浪费掉。

You'll only tell Father, won't you?

你只会把这件事告诉爸爸, 不是吗?

2

仅在…情况下(或地点等)

3

只不过,仅…而已

4

只有,仅,刚刚

5

(直到)…才,(只是)…才

6

仅此而已,只能

7

(用于说明事情的恶果)只会,愈加

8

不料,竟然

9

反而;结果却

10

作为惟一

C

conj.

1

〈非正〉 只是, 但是,不过,可是

You may use these tools, only you must replace it after use.

这些工具你可以使用, 不过你用完之后得重新放好。

  • 英英释义
A

Adjective

1

1. being the only one; single and isolated from others;

  • " "the lone doctor in the entire county" "
  • " "a lonesome pine" "
  • " "an only child" "
  • " "the sole heir" "
  • " "the sole example" "
  • " "a solitary instance of cowardice" "
  • " "a solitary speck in the sky" "
2

2. exclusive of anyone or anything else;

  • " "she alone believed him" "
  • " "cannot live by bread alone" "
  • " "I'll have this car and this car only" "
B

Adverb

1

1. and nothing more;

  • " "I was merely asking" "
  • " "it is simply a matter of time" "
  • " "just a scratch" "
  • " "he was only a child" "
  • " "hopes that last but a moment" "
2

2. without any others being included or involved;

  • " "was entirely to blame" "
  • " "a school devoted entirely to the needs of problem children" "
  • " "he works for Mr. Smith exclusively" "
  • " "did it solely for money" "
  • " "the burden of proof rests on the prosecution alone" "
  • " "a privilege granted only to him" "
3

3. with nevertheless the final result;

  • " "He arrived only to find his wife dead" "
  • " "We won only to lose again in the next round" "
4

4. in the final outcome;

  • " "These news will only make you more upset" "
5

5. except that;

  • " "It was the same story; only this time she came out better" "
6

6. never except when;

  • " "call me only if your cold gets worse" "
7

7. as recently as;

  • " "I spoke to him only an hour ago" "
  • 词组搭配

常用词组

A

only just

1

by a very small margin; almost not 仅仅;勉强

the building survived the earthquake, but only just.

这座建筑虽然在经历过地震后没有倒,但也摇摇欲坠仅此而已了。

B

only too ——

1

used to emphasize that something is the case to an extreme or regrettable extent 太,极度;到令人遗憾的地步

you should be only too glad to be rid of him.

你应该非常高兴可以摆脱他了。

they found that the rumour was only too true.

他们发现这个谣言太接近事实了。

  • 词根词缀

词根: one =one,表示"一"

A

adj.

1

lone 孤独的, 独立的

l+one一→adj.孤独的, 独立的

2

lonely 孤独的,寂寞的

lone[adj.孤独的, 独立的]+ly表形容词→adj.孤独的,寂寞的

3

only 唯一的, 单独的

one一+ly表形容词→adj.唯一的, 单独的

4

someone 有人, 某人

some某些+one一→adj.有人, 某人

B

conj.

1

once 一旦

one一+ce→once一次→一旦

C

n.

1

loneliness 孤独, 寂寞

lonely孤独的,寂寞的+ness表名词→n.孤独, 寂寞

D

n.&adv.

1

once 一次, 从前, 曾经

one一+ce→once一次→一旦

E

num.

1

one

one一→num.一 pron.一[个,只……]

F

pron.

1

everyone 每人,人人,各人

every每+one一→pron.每人,人人,各人

2

one 一[个,只……]

one一→num.一 pron.一[个,只……]

3

oneself 自己, 亲自

one一+self自己→pron.自己, 亲自

  • 同反义词
A

adv.

1

正好,恰好

2. 

  • 同义词辨析
1

only, single, sole, unique, alone 这些形容词均可表示"唯一的"之意。

  • only: 普通用词,常可与sole换用,但侧重仅限于指定的人或物,而不需要更多。
  • single: 语气较强,强调仅此一个,再无第二个。
  • sole: 语气强于only,指仅有一个或一群,只考虑这一个或这一群。
  • unique: 非正式用词,侧重在一类中唯一无可匹敌、无与伦比的特征。
  • alone: 着重专指某人或某物,而不是别的。
  • 常用俚语
1

one and only

a.心上人,未婚妻,恋人

My one and only!What am I going to do if you turn me down when I'm so crazy over you?

我的心上人啊!我对你如此痴情,你要是不肯嫁给我,叫我如何是好?

  • 网络释义

常用词组

1

人教版七年级上册英语单词表 ... play sports 参加体育运动或比赛 only adv. 只;仅仅 every adj. 每一;每个.

http://word.langfly.com/a/20120318/214932.shtml - 基于12673个网页

2

唯一

孕酮很低怎么办? - 2012年9月妈妈帮 - 妈妈帮 ... #14 only 唯一.

http://www.mmbang.com/bang/47/2114 - 基于7810个网页

3

仅仅

人教版七年级上册英语单词表 ... play sports 参加体育运动或比赛 only adv. 只;仅仅 every adj. 每一;每个.

http://word.langfly.com/a/20120318/214932.shtml - 基于5778个网页

4

只有

只字的解释---在线新华字典 ... 只要〖 solongas〗 只有〖 only〗 只争旦夕〖 seizeeveryminute〗.

http://xh.5156edu.com/html3/5376.html - 基于4021个网页

相关词条

1

Invitation only

绝命派对

2009年 《绝命派对(Invitation only)》(Invitation Only) 饰演陈建纬  2009年 《阳阳》(Yang Yang) 饰演黄绍恩  2009年《夏天协奏曲》 (Sum…

http://baike.baidu.com/search/word?word=%E7%BB%9D%E5%91%BD%E6%B4%BE%E5%AF%B9 - 基于5115个网页

2

if only

但愿

字典中庶字的解释 ... (3) 幸而,幸得[ luckily] (5) 但愿,希冀[ if only] 庻 sh&#249.

http://www.zdic.net/zd/zi/ZdicE5ZdicBAZdicB6.htm - 基于2472个网页

3

only you

只有你

奥斯卡金曲_百度百科 ... 《Now And Forever》 现在和永远 《Only You》 只有你(only you) 《Over The Rainbow》 跨越彩虹.

http://baike.baidu.com/search/word?word=%E5%8F%AA%E6%9C%89%E4%BD%A0 - 基于8141个网页

只有您

电视剧歌曲大全(电视剧主题曲,片尾曲,插曲) ... 《On Call 36 小时》 《Only You 只有您》 《OCN 《有一天》》.

http://music.tvyugao.com - 基于5294个网页

4

only love

只有爱

求奥斯卡经典好听歌曲_百度知道 ... 《You Must Love Me》 你一定要爱我 《only love》 只有爱 《30 Minutes》 分钟.

http://zhidao.baidu.com/question/285096981.html - 基于3376个网页

  • 更多资料

语源

Old English ānlic (adjective) (see one, -ly)

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