only

生词本
去背诵
[ˈəʊnli]
[ˈoʊnli]

adj.

adv.

conj.

网 络
  • 只;
  • 唯一;
  • 仅仅;
  • 只有
1. His house was the only settled home I had as a child.
他的房子是我儿时唯一固定的家。

来自柯林斯例句

2. The arteries are diseased and a transplant is the only hope.
动脉已经发生病变,移植是唯一的希望。

来自柯林斯例句

3. The crowd in Robinson's Coffee-House was thinning, but only by degrees.
鲁宾逊咖啡屋里的人正在变少,但也只是渐少而已。

来自柯林斯例句

4. They have only a vague idea of the amount of water available.
他们只是大概知道可用水的总量。

来自柯林斯例句

5. We were in the same college, which was male-only at that time.
我们那时在同一所学院,当时只招男生。

来自柯林斯例句

查看更多例句>>
In written English, only is usually placed immediately before the word it qualifies. In spoken English, however, you can use stress to indicate what only qualifies, so its position is not so important. 在书面英语中,only 通常直接置于被修饰词之前。但在口语中,由于可通过重读指示修饰对象,故其位置并不太重要。
1. ADV (表示比较而言唯一真实、恰当或必要的情况)只,只有 You use only to indicate the one thing that is true, appropriate, or necessary in a particular situation, in contrast to all the other things that are not true, appropriate, or necessary. 
  • Only the President could authorize the use of the atomic bomb...

    只有总统才能授权使用原子弹。

  • ...the guidance and discipline that can be provided only by a strong male...

    只有强有力的男性才能给予的指导和训练

  • Only here were the police visible in any strength at all...

    只有在这里才能看到廖廖几个警察。

2. ADV (引出发生的必要条件)只有…(才) You use only to introduce the thing which must happen before the thing mentioned in the main part of the sentence can happen. 
  • The lawyer is paid only if he wins...

    只有官司赢了才支付律师费。

  • The Bank of England insists that it will cut interest rates only when it is ready...

    英格兰银行坚持只有条件成熟才会降息。

  • Dark matter gives out no light and is detectable only because of its gravitational effect on visible matter.

    暗物质不发光,它之所以能被发现,只是因为它对可见物质产生引力作用。

3. ADJ 唯一的;仅有的 If you talk about the only person or thing involved in a particular situation, you mean there are no others involved in it. 
  • She was the only woman in Shell's legal department...

    她是壳牌公司法律事务部唯一的女性。

  • My cat Gustaf was the only thing I had—the only company.

    我的猫古斯塔夫是我所有的一切——我唯一的伴侣。

  • That left Mr Dertliev as the only candidate.

    那使得德尔特利耶夫先生成为唯一的候选人。

4. ADJ (孩子)独生的,仅有的 An only child is a child who has no brothers or sisters. 
Usage Note :

When only is used as an adverb, its position in the sentence depends on the word or phrase it applies to. If only applies to the subject of a clause, you put it in front of the subject. Only strong characters can make such decisions. Otherwise, you normally put it in front of the verb, after the first auxiliary, or after the verb be. I only want my son back, that is all.. He had only agreed to see me because we had met before... I was only able to wash four times in 66 days. However, some people think it is more correct to put only directly in front of the word or phrase it applies to. This is the best position if you want to be quite clear or emphatic. It applies only to passengers carrying British passports... She'd done it only because it was necessary. For extra emphasis, you can put only after the word or phrase it applies to. The event will be for women only... I'll say this once and once only.

only 用作副词时,其在句中的位置取决于它所修饰的单词或短语。若 only 修饰句子的主语,则置于主语前,如:Only strong characters can make such decisions(只有坚强的人才能作出这样的决定)。除去此种情况之外,only 通常置于动词前、第一个助动词或 be 动词之后,如:I only want my son back, that is all(我只想要回我儿子,仅此而已),He had only agreed to see me because we had met before(他同意见我只是因为我们以前见过面),I was only able to wash four times in 66 days(我66天才做到洗了4次澡)。但有人认为将 only 直接置于它所修饰的单词或短语之前更恰当,这样可以表达得更清楚或更具强调意味:It applies only to passengers carrying British passports(这仅适于持英国护照的乘客),She'd done it only because it was necessary(只是出于必要她才这样做的)。若要进一步加强语气,可将only置于它所修饰的单词或短语之后:The event will be for women only(该活动仅限女性参加),I'll say this once and once only(这件事我就说一次,而且仅此一次。)

5. ADV (尤用于想要纠正错误观点时)只不过,仅…而已 You use only to indicate that something is no more important, interesting, or difficult, for example, than you say it is, especially when you want to correct a wrong idea that someone may get or has already got. 
  • At the moment it is only a theory...

    眼下这只不过是个推测而已。

  • 'I'm only a sergeant,' said Clements...

    “我只是一名中士,”克莱门茨说道。

  • Don't get defensive, Charlie. I was only joking.

    别那么大戒心,查利,我只是开个玩笑罢了。

6. ADV (强调数量少或时间短)才,仅仅 You use only to emphasize how small an amount is or how short a length of time is. 
  • Child car seats only cost about £10 a week to hire.

    儿童汽车坐椅一周的租金才10英镑。

  • ...spacecraft guidance systems weighing only a few grams...

    仅有几克重的宇宙飞船导航系统

  • My father allowed me only a sip or two of wine with each meal...

    我父亲每餐只许我喝一两口酒。

7. ADV (强调是其中的一小部分,而非全部)只,仅仅 You use only to emphasize that you are talking about a small part of an amount or group, not the whole of it. 
  • These are only a few of the possibilities...

    这些仅仅是其中几种可能。

  • Only a minority of the people supported the Revolution.

    只有少数人支持这场革命。

8. ADV (用于 can 或 could 之后,强调除此以外别无可为)只(能) Only is used after 'can' or 'could' to emphasize that it is impossible to do anything except the rather inadequate or limited action that is mentioned. 
  • For a moment I could say nothing. I could only stand and look...

    我有那么一会儿一句话都说不出来,只能站在那里看着。

  • The police can only guess at the scale of the problem.

    警方只能猜测问题的严重性。

9. ADV (强调希望或愿望)唯有,非常 You can use only in the expressions I only wish or I only hope in order to emphasize what you are hoping or wishing. 
  • I only wish he were here now that things are getting better for me...

    现在我的境况好转了,我真希望他能在这里。

  • We can only hope that the elephants can recover.

    我们唯有希望这些大象能够康复。

10. CONJ-SUBORD (用于表示稍加改动或限定)只是,不过 Only can be used to add a comment which slightly changes or limits what you have just said. 
  • It's just as dramatic as a film, only it's real...

    这就像电影一样充满戏剧性,不过这是真实发生的。

  • It's a bit like my house, only nicer...

    这有点像我的房子,只是更为漂亮。

  • Drop in and see me when you're ready. Only don't take too long about it.

    方便的时候来我这里坐坐,只是别让我等太久。

11. CONJ-SUBORD (用于含有 would 的从句后,引出未做某事的原因)要不是,若非 Only can be used after a clause with 'would' to indicate why something is not done. 
  • I'd invite you to come with me, only it's such a long way...

    要不是路太远,我一定会邀你一同前往。

  • I'd be quite happy to go. Only I don't know what my kids would say about living there.

    我是很乐意去的,只是不知道孩子们会不会喜欢住在那里。

12. ADV (用于不定式前)不料,结果却 You can use only before an infinitive to introduce an event which happens immediately after one you have just mentioned, and which is rather surprising or unfortunate. 
  • Ryle tried the Embassy, only to be told that Hugh was in a meeting...

    赖尔试着找了大使馆,却被告知休正在开会。

  • He raced through the living room, only to find the front door closed.

    他飞快地跑过起居室,却发现前门锁上了。

13. ADV (强调行动或行为恰当)完全,真正 You can use only to emphasize how appropriate a certain course of action or type of behaviour is. 
  • It's only fair to let her know that you intend to apply...

    告诉她你打算申请,这才算公平嘛。

  • She appeared to have changed considerably, which was only to be expected.

    她看起来变化很大,不过这完全是在意料之中的。

14. ADV (用于动词前,表示结果令人遗憾或不受欢迎)愈加,只(会) You can use only in front of a verb to indicate that the result of something is unfortunate or undesirable and is likely to make the situation worse rather than better. 
  • The embargo would only hurt innocent civilians...

    禁运只会殃及无辜的百姓。

  • She says that legalising prostitution will only cause problems.

    她说卖淫合法化只会引发问题。

15. PHRASE 只要(做…)即可 If you say you only have to or have only to do one thing in order to achieve or prove a second thing, you are emphasizing how easily the second thing can be achieved or proved. 
  • Any time you want a babysitter, dear, you only have to ask...

    亲爱的,你什么时候需要人帮忙照看孩子,只要开口说一声就行。

  • We have only to read the labels to know what ingredients are in foods.

    我们只要看一下标签即可知道食品的成分。

16. PHRASE 刚才;刚刚 You can say that something has only just happened when you want to emphasize that it happened a very short time ago. 
  • I've only just arrived...

    我刚到。

  • The signs of an economic revival are only just beginning...

    经济复苏的迹象刚刚开始显现。

  • You're only just back from leave.

    你才刚休假回来。

17. PHRASE 仅仅;勉强 You use only just to emphasize that something is true, but by such a small degree that it is almost not true at all. 
  • For centuries farmers there have only just managed to survive...

    几个世纪以来,那里的农民只能勉强维持生计。

  • I am old enough to remember the Blitz, but only just...

    伦敦空袭那阵我已开始记事,但也只是仅仅有些模糊的印象。

  • 'I think we could agree on that one.' — 'Only just.'

    “我想在那一点上我们是一致的。”——“勉强算是吧。”

18. PHRASE 太;极 You can use only too to emphasize that something is true or exists to a much greater extent than you would expect or like. 
  • I know only too well that plans can easily go wrong...

    计划很容易出岔子,我太清楚这点了。

  • When the new baby comes along it is only too easy to shut out the others.

    新生儿出世后,其他孩子极容易受到冷落。

19. PHRASE (强调乐意)极,非常 You can say that you are only too happy to do something to emphasize how willing you are to do it. 
  • I'll be only too pleased to help them out with any queries.

    我非常乐意为他们答疑解惑。

20.   if only→see: if;  not only→see: not;  the one and only→see: one
adj.

1. 惟一的, 仅有的

  • The only French city she enjoyed was Paris.
  • 巴黎是她惟一喜欢的法国城市。
  • They were the only two men at that time.
  • 当时就只有他们两人。
  • Practice is the only way to learn a language well.
  • 学好一门语言的惟一途径就是实践。

2. 最好的, 独一无二的;最适当的

  • She's the only woman for the job.
  • 她是最适合做这一工作的人。
  • Only children are sometimes spoilt.
  • 独生子女有时被宠坏了。

3. (同类中)较少的

4. (子女)独生的

adv.

1. 只有, 才

  • Only the lawyer can understand this agreement.
  • 只有那律师才懂得这份协议。
  • They reached the company out of breath only to be told they were fired.
  • 他们上气不接下气地赶到公司, 不料却被告知他们被开除了。
  • I rushed to the door, only to discover that it was locked and barred.
  • 我冲到门边, 却发现门已被锁死了。
  • Sap passes right through the aphides' bodies, only getting a little thicker and sweeter.
  • 汁液直接流过蚜虫的身体, 结果只是变得更稠、更甜。
  • Only in this way can we wipe out the enemy troops.
  • 只有这样我们才能消灭敌军。
  • If you give her money, she'll only waste it.
  • 如果你把这笔钱给她, 她只会把它浪费掉。
  • You'll only tell Father, won't you?
  • 你只会把这件事告诉爸爸, 不是吗?

2. 仅在…情况下(或地点等)

3. 只不过,仅…而已

4. 只有,仅,刚刚

5. (直到)…才,(只是)…才

6. 仅此而已,只能

7. (用于说明事情的恶果)只会,愈加

8. 不料,竟然

9. 反而;结果却

10. 作为惟一

conj.

1. 〈非正〉 只是, 但是,不过,可是

  • You may use these tools, only you must replace it after use.
  • 这些工具你可以使用, 不过你用完之后得重新放好。
Adjective

1. being the only one; single and isolated from others;

  • "the lone doctor in the entire county"
  • "a lonesome pine"
  • "an only child"
  • "the sole heir"
  • "the sole example"
  • "a solitary instance of cowardice"
  • "a solitary speck in the sky"

2. exclusive of anyone or anything else;

  • "she alone believed him"
  • "cannot live by bread alone"
  • "I'll have this car and this car only"
Adverb

1. and nothing more;

  • "I was merely asking"
  • "it is simply a matter of time"
  • "just a scratch"
  • "he was only a child"
  • "hopes that last but a moment"

2. without any others being included or involved;

  • "was entirely to blame"
  • "a school devoted entirely to the needs of problem children"
  • "he works for Mr. Smith exclusively"
  • "did it solely for money"
  • "the burden of proof rests on the prosecution alone"
  • "a privilege granted only to him"

3. with nevertheless the final result;

  • "He arrived only to find his wife dead"
  • "We won only to lose again in the next round"

4. in the final outcome;

  • "These news will only make you more upset"

5. except that;

  • "It was the same story; only this time she came out better"

6. never except when;

  • "call me only if your cold gets worse"

7. as recently as;

  • "I spoke to him only an hour ago"

相关词条

每日一句: The dream was always running ahead of me. To catch up, to live for a moment in unison with it, that was the miracle. 梦想总是跑在我前面。努力追寻它们,为了那一瞬间的同步,这就是动人的生命奇迹。(Anais Nin) 跟读
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