自2010年至今的四级考试中， 共出现过 次
自2010年至今的六级考试中， 共出现过 次
ADJECTIVE AND ADVERB USES 形容词和副词用法
ADJ-GRADED 短暂的;短促的;短期的 If something is short or lasts for a short time, it does not last very long.
The announcement was made a short time ago...
How could you do it in such a short period of time?...
ADJ-GRADED 似乎过得很快的;短暂的 If you talk about a short hour, day, or year, you mean that it seems to have passed very quickly or will seem to pass very quickly.
For a few short weeks there was peace...
Only five short years later, your money will have grown by $94,000.
仅短短 5 年时间后，你的钱就会增多 94,000 美元。
ADJ-GRADED (演讲、信件、书等)短的，简短的 A short speech, letter, or book does not have many words or pages in it.
They were performing a short extract from Shakespeare's Two Gentlemen of Verona...
This is a short note to say thank you.
ADJ-GRADED 矮的;个子矮的 Someone who is short is not as tall as most people are.
I'm tall and thin and he's short and fat.
...a short, elderly woman with grey hair...
ADJ-GRADED (距离、长度等)短的，不长的，不远的 Something that is short measures only a small amount from one end to the other.
The city centre and shops are only a short distance away...
A short flight of steps led to a grand doorway...
ADJ-GRADED 短缺的;不足的 If you are short of something or if it is short, you do not have enough of it. If you are running short of something or if it is running short, you do not have much of it left.
Her father's illness left the family short of money...
Government forces are running short of ammunition and fuel...
ADJ 少于;不及;未达到 If someone or something is or stops short of a place, they have not quite reached it. If they are or fall short of an amount, they have not quite achieved it.
He stopped a hundred yards short of the building...
他在离大楼 100 码处停下了。
So what happens if the Socialists top the poll but fall short of an absolute majority?...
PREP-PHRASE 除…之外;没有;如果不 Short of a particular thing means except for that thing or without actually doing that thing.
Short of climbing railings four metres high, there was no way into the garden from this road...
除非爬过 4 米高的栏杆，否则从这条路没办法进到园子里。
They have no means, short of civil war, to enforce their will upon the minorities.
ADV 终止;中断;打断 If something is cut short or stops short, it is stopped before people expect it to or before it has finished.
His glittering career was cut short by a heart attack...
Jackson cut short his trip to Africa...
ADJ 简略的;缩写的;简称的 If a name or abbreviation is short for another name, it is the short version of that name.
Her friend Kes (short for Kesewa) was in tears...
'O.O.B.E.' is short for 'Out Of Body Experience'.
O.O.B.E. 是 Out Of Body Experience (身外体验)的缩略形式。
ADJ-GRADED 暴躁的;易怒的 If you have a short temper, you get angry very easily.
...an awkward, self-conscious woman with a short temper.
ADJ-GRADED 说话简短粗暴的;简慢无礼的 If you are short with someone, you speak briefly and rather rudely to them, because you are impatient or angry.
She seemed nervous or tense, and she was definitely short with me.
PHRASE (尤指在一时找不到厕所的情况下)内急，突然感觉要上厕所 If you are caught short or are taken short, you feel a sudden strong need to urinate, especially when you cannot easily find a toilet.
PHRASE 作为简称;作为缩写 If a person or thing is called something for short, that is the short version of their name.
Opposite me was a woman called Jasminder (Jazzy for short)...
This condition is called seasonal affective disorder, or SAD for short.
PHRASE 缺乏(尤指食物) If you go short of something, especially food, you do not have as much of it as you want or need.
Some people may manage their finances badly and therefore have to go short of essentials.
PHRASE 总之;简而言之 You use in short when you have been giving a lot of details and you want to give a conclusion or summary.
Try tennis, badminton or windsurfing. In short, anything challenging...
She was surrounded by doctors, lawyers, housewives — people, in short, like herself.
PHRASE 可以说是;简直;无异于 You use nothing short of or little short of to emphasize how great or extreme something is. For example, if you say that something is nothing short of a miracle or nothing short of disastrous, you are emphasizing that it is a miracle or it is disastrous.
The results are nothing short of magnificent...
His last visit to Washington was little short of a fiasco.
PHRASE 冒傻气的;不聪明的;愚蠢的;不理智的 If you say that someone is, for example, several cards short of a full deck or one sandwich short of a picnic, you think they are stupid, foolish, or crazy.
PHRASE 缺乏，缺少(某种优良品质) If someone or something is short on a particular good quality, they do not have as much of it as you think they should have.
He was very short on enthusiasm...
The proposals were short on detail.
PHRASE 险些(做…)；差点没(做…) If someone stops short of doing something, they come close to doing it but do not actually do it.
He stopped short of explicitly criticizing the government...
The resolution stopped short of an outright declaration of independence.
PHRASE (因雇主付不起全工时工钱而出现的)短工时，开工不足 If workers are put on short time, they are asked to work fewer hours than the normal working week, because their employer can not afford to pay them a full time wage.
Workers across the country have been put on short time because of the slump in demand...
Most manufacturers have had to introduce short-time working.
PHRASE 使突然终止;使突然中断 If something pulls you up short or brings you up short, it makes you suddenly stop what you are doing.
The name on the gate pulled me up short.
PHRASE 干净利落地处理(或打败);迅速解决 If you make short work of someone or something, you deal with them or defeat them very quickly.
Agassi made short work of his opponent.
NOUN USES 名词用法
N-PLURAL 短裤 Shorts are trousers with very short legs, that people wear in hot weather or for taking part in sports.
...two women in bright cotton shorts and tee shirts.
N-PLURAL (男式)内裤，衬裤 Shorts are men's underpants with short legs.
N-COUNT 少量烈酒(如威士忌、杜松子酒、伏特加等) A short is a small amount of a strong alcoholic drink such as whisky, gin, or vodka, rather than a weaker alcoholic drink that you can drink in larger quantities.
N-COUNT (尤指正片放映前的)电影短片 A short is a short film, especially one that is shown before the main film at the cinema.