英 [ ˈsʌfə(r) ] 美 [ ˈsʌfɚ ]

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  • vi.

    受痛苦; 受损害; 变糟; 变差

  • vt.

    忍受; 容忍; 容许; 遭受

  • 变形

    过去式: suffered 过去分词: suffered 现在分词: suffering 第三人称单数: suffers

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  • 双语例句
  • 权威例句
  • 句式用法
1.

Those who suffer from narcissism become self-absorbed or chronic show-offs.

被自恋症折磨的人会变得只专注于自己的事情,或者不断地自我炫耀。

2.

If climate changes continue, we will suffer the consequences.

如果气候变化继续下去,我们将自食其果。

3.

Of course, the British will suffer such daily stresses patiently.

当然,英国人将会耐心地承受这些日常压力。

1.

So why do some suffer and others do not?

来自VOA

2.

Joe and Johnny both suffer from male pattern baldness.

来自THETIMES

3.

We are not the only place to suffer theft.

来自THETIMES

1.

The great majority of the women there suffered in the same way.

那儿大多数妇女都受过同样的苦。

来自《权威词典》

2.

His business suffered greatly during the war.

战争期间他的业务受到巨大的损失。

来自《权威词典》

3.

He was afraid his reputation would suffer because of that.

他担心,他的声誉会因此受到损害。

来自《权威词典》

  • 柯林斯高阶英汉双解学习词典
1

VERB 遭受,经受(疼痛);感到(痛苦) If you suffer pain, you feel it in your body or in your mind.

V n V

Within a few days she had become seriously ill, suffering great pain and discomfort...

几天的时间,她就病得很严重了,疼痛难忍,周身不舒服。

Can you assure me that my father is not suffering?

你能保证我父亲不会受罪吗?

2

VERB (因疾病或处于其他不利境地而)受苦,受难,受折磨 If you suffer from an illness or from some other bad condition, you are badly affected by it.

V from n

He was eventually diagnosed as suffering from terminal cancer...

他最终被诊断出患了晚期癌症。

I realized he was suffering from shock.

我意识到他休克了。

3

VERB 遭遇,遭受,蒙受(不好的事) If you suffer something bad, you are in a situation in which something painful, harmful, or very unpleasant happens to you.

V n

The peace process has suffered a serious blow now...

现在和平进程遭到重创。

Romania suffered another setback in its efforts to obtain financial support for its reforms.

罗马尼亚在为其改革努力寻求经济援助时再次受挫。

4

VERB 受挫;遭受打击 If you suffer, you are badly affected by an event or situation.

V V from n

There are few who have not suffered...

谁都会经受挫折。

It is obvious that Syria will suffer most from this change of heart.

很明显,这一态度的转变对叙利亚的影响最大。

5

VERB (因不够关注或处于不利境况而)失利,失败,不成功 If something suffers, it does not succeed because it has not been given enough attention or is in a bad situation.

V

I'm not surprised that your studies are suffering...

你的功课变得越来越差,我并不感到奇怪。

Without a major boost in tourism, the economy will suffer even further.

旅游业如果没有大的起色,经济状况会每况愈下。

6

PHRASE 迁就笨人;容忍愚蠢者 If you do not suffer fools gladly, you are not patient with people who you think are stupid.

V inflects

She doesn't suffer fools gladly and, in her view, most people are fools.

她不愿与笨人为伍,而在她看来,大多数人都是笨人。

  • 英汉双向大词典
A

vi.

1

受痛苦; 受损害; (因疾病、痛苦、悲伤等)受苦, 受难, 受折磨

I'll make you suffer for this insolence.

我会因你无礼而使你受苦的。

She suffered greatly as a child.

她童年深受苦难。

2

变糟, 变差

B

vt.

1

忍受, 容忍

He could not suffer criticism.

他不能忍受别人批评他。

2

容许, 允许

He suffered nobody to touch his flower.

他不允许任何人碰他的花。

The prisoner was not suffered to say a word.

该囚犯被禁止发言。

3

遭受, 蒙受

He suffered the humiliation of being forced to resign.

他蒙受了被迫辞职的羞辱。

  • 英英释义
A

Verb

1

1. undergo or be subjected to;

  • " "He suffered the penalty" "
  • " "Many saints suffered martyrdom" "
2

2. undergo (as of injuries and illnesses);

  • " "She suffered a fracture in the accident" "
  • " "He had an insulin shock after eating three candy bars" "
  • " "She got a bruise on her leg" "
  • " "He got his arm broken in the scuffle" "
3

3. endure (emotional pain);

  • " "Every time her husband gets drunk, she suffers" "
4

4. put up with something or somebody unpleasant;

  • " "I cannot bear his constant criticism" "
  • " "The new secretary had to endure a lot of unprofessional remarks" "
  • " "he learned to tolerate the heat" "
  • " "She stuck out two years in a miserable marriage" "
5

5. get worse;

  • " "His grades suffered" "
6

6. feel pain or be in pain

7

7. feel physical pain;

  • " "Were you hurting after the accident?" "
8

8. undergo or suffer;

  • " "meet a violent death" "
  • " "suffer a terrible fate" "
9

9. feel unwell or uncomfortable;

  • " "She is suffering from the hot weather" "
10

10. be given to;

  • " "She suffers from a tendency to talk too much" "
11

11. be set at a disadvantage;

  • " "This author really suffers in translation" "
  • 词组搭配

常用词组

A

not suffer fools gladly

1

be impatient or intolerant towards people one regards as foolish or unintelligent 对蠢人没有耐心,无法忍受蠢人

  • 词根词缀

词根: fer =bring/carry,表示"带来,拿来"

A

adj.

1

aquiferous 含水的, 蓄水的

aqui水+fer带来,拿来+ous……的→带来水的

2

different 不同的

differ[v.不同]+ent表形容词→adj.不同的

3

fertile 肥沃的,富饶的;能繁殖的

fert=fer带来,拿来+ile能……的→能带来粮食→肥沃的

4

floriferous 有花的,开花的,多花的,花盛开的

flori=flor花+fer带来,拿来+ous……的→带来花→有花的

5

indifferent 冷漠的

in不+different不同的→同与不同的"事不关已" →冷漠的

6

inferable 能推理的, 能推论的

infer[v.推论,推断]+able能……的→adj.能推理的, 能推论的

7

inferential 推论性的

infer[v.推论,推断]+ent+ial……的→adj.推论性的

8

odoriferous 有香味的,芳香的

odori=odor气味+fer带来,拿来+ous……的→带来气味的

9

referable 可归[起]因于……的, 可归入……的; 与……有关的

refer[v.参考,查询;提到,引用,涉及;提交,上呈]+able能……的→能提到的,能找到原因的→可归于……

10

sufferable 可容忍的,可忍耐的

suffer[v.受苦]+able能……的→adj.可容忍的,可忍耐的

11

transferable 可转让的

transfer[n.&v.转移;转换;转让;过户;迁移;改乘]+able能……的→adj.可转让的

B

n.

1

aquifer 含水土层, 蓄水层

aqui水+fer带来,拿来→n.含水土层, 蓄水层

2

conference [正式]会议;讨论,商谈

confer[v.商讨;授予,颁给[勋衔,学位等]]+ence表名词→n.[正式]会议;讨论,商谈

3

conferment 给予, 商量, 授予

con共同+fer带来,拿来+ment表名词→共同带来东西→给予[奖品等]

4

conifer 针叶树

coni松果+fer带来,拿来→带来松果的树→针叶树

5

coniferous 针叶树的,松类的,结球果的

conifer[n.针叶树]+ous……的→n.针叶树的,松类的,结球果的

6

deference 敬意,尊重

defer敬从+ence表名词→n.敬意,尊重

7

deferment 推迟;延迟

defer推迟+ment表名词→n.推迟;延迟

8

difference 不同

differ[v.不同]+ence表名词→n.不同

9

ferry 摆渡;渡船;渡口

fer带来,拿来+ry状态,性质→带来带去

10

fertility 肥沃,丰饶

fertile[adj.肥沃的,富饶的;能繁殖的]+ity表名词→n.肥沃,丰饶

11

fertilizer [fertiliser]肥料

fertilize[v.使受精;施肥于,使肥沃]+er表名词→n.[fertiliser]肥料

12

offer 出价,提议,意图

of一再+fer带来,拿来→一再带来→提供

13

offering 报盘,提供的货物

offer[v.提供,提议,出现 n.出价,提议,意图]+ing表名词→n.报盘,提供的货物

14

preference [for,to]偏爱,喜爱;优惠;优先选择

prefer[v.[to]更喜欢,宁愿]+ence表名词→n.[for,to]偏爱,喜爱;优惠;优先选择

15

proffer 提议,建议

pro向前+ffer=fer带来,拿来→带到前面去→贡献出来

16

referee [足球等]裁判员

refer[v.参考,查询;提到,引用,涉及;提交,上呈]+ee人→被双方提及的人→裁判

17

reference 提及,涉及;参考,参考书目;证明书[人]

refer[v.参考,查询;提到,引用,涉及;提交,上呈]+ence表名词→n.提及,涉及;参考,参考书目;证明书[人]

18

referendum 公民投票,居民投票

refer[v.参考,查询;提到,引用,涉及;提交,上呈]+endum表名词→提出[候选人]→选举

C

n.&v.

1

transfer 转移;转换;转让;过户;迁移;改乘

trans变换,交换+fer带→转移过去→转学,转移

D

v.

1

confer 商讨;授予,颁给[勋衔,学位等]

con共同+fer带来,拿来→共同带来观点

2

defer 敬从

de加强+fer带来,拿来→一再带来敬意

3

differ 不同

dif不同+fer带来→带来不同→不同

4

differentiate 区分,区别;[使]不同

different[adj.不同的]+iate做→v.区分,区别;[使]不同

5

ferry 摆渡;渡运[人,车或物等]

fer带来,拿来+ry状态,性质→带来带去

6

fertilize 使受精;施肥于,使肥沃

fertile[adj.肥沃的,富饶的;能繁殖的]+ize表动词→v.使受精;施肥于,使肥沃

7

infer 推论,推断

in进入+fer带来,拿来→带来[意义]→推断

8

offer 提供,提议,出现

of一再+fer带来,拿来→一再带来→提供

9

prefer [to]更喜欢,宁愿

pre先+fer带来→预先就带来→更喜欢

10

proffer 献出,赠送

pro向前+ffer=fer带来,拿来→带到前面去→贡献出来

11

refer 参考,查询;提到,引用,涉及;提交,上呈

re向后+fer带来,拿来→向后回过头来[看]已经带来的→参考,查询

12

suffer 受苦

suf下面+fer带→带到下面去→受苦

前缀: suf- 等在同辅音词根前表示"在下面;随后"

A

adj.

1

sufficient 足够的

suf在下面;随后+fici做+ent……的→在下面先做好,用的时候→足够的

B

n.

1

suffix 后缀

suf在下面;随后+fix固定→在后面固定→后缀

C

v.

1

suffer 受苦

suf在下面;随后+fer带→带到下面去→受苦

2

suffocate 窒息

suf在下面;随后+foc喉咙+ate表动词→把[手]放喉咙下→窒息

3

suffuse 弥漫,染遍

suf在下面;随后+fuse流→流下去→流遍,染遍

  • 同反义词
A

vt.

1

忍受,遭受;经历

2. 

  • 同义词辨析
1

stand, bear, endure, tolerate, suffer, abide, withstand 这些动词均含"忍受"之意。

  • stand: 口语用词,常可与bear换用,但前者侧重指经受得起,后者强调容忍,是普通用语。
  • bear: 书面用词,指长时间忍受痛苦和不幸,着重体力或意志力的坚强不屈服。
  • endure: 指以自我克制的态度,对待令人反感或厌恶的东西,含默认宽容意味。
  • tolerate: 通常指非自愿或被迫忍受各种痛苦、困难或不快,强调受到苦难。
  • suffer: 指忍受长期的痛苦或折磨,强调耐心和屈从。多用于否定句和疑问句中。
  • abide: 指因具有一定实力、权力或能力而能忍受某种情况。
2

undergo, experience, sustain, suffer 这些动词均有"经历,经受,遭受"之意。

  • undergo: 多指经受艰难、痛苦、不愉快或危险等事。
  • experience: 指亲身经受或体验某事。
  • sustain: 指遭受痛苦或承受负担。
  • suffer:suffer常可与sustain通用,尤指受到损害或伤害。
  • 网络释义

常用词组

1

遭受

人教版高一英语单词表_百度文库 ... settle 安家.定居.停留 suffer vt & 遭受;忍受经历 suffer from 遭受.患病.

http://wenku.baidu.com/view/c3f30e21af45b307e8719799.html - 基于4166个网页

2

忍受

高中新课标英语单词大全_百度文库 ... partner 伙伴;合作者;合伙人 suffer 遭受;忍受;经历 suffer from 遭受;患病.

http://wenku.baidu.com/view/d2d51713f18583d0496459e0.html - 基于1732个网页

3

受苦

英语词根词缀记忆大全 ... sufficient 足够的 suffer 受苦 suffix 后缀.

http://www.douban.com/group/topic/4824898 - 基于1602个网页

4

受痛苦

suffer和suffer from的区别 ... suffer from1. 患有(疾病等) suffer vi. 受痛苦;受损害 vt. 遭受;忍受.

http://www.tesoon.com/ask/htm/13/60198.htm - 基于245个网页

相关词条

1

sufferings

疾苦

字典中瘵字的解释 ... (1) 病。多指痨病[ disease] (3) 疾苦;困顿[ sufferings] ◎ 瘵 zhai.

http://www.zdic.net/zd/zi/ZdicE7Zdic98ZdicB5.htm - 基于164个网页

2

suffering

痛苦

英语词根词缀记... ... pass+ive→ 无感情的) "184.path=feeling,suffering,illness, 表示“感情,痛苦,病”" (path+exit→ 动感情的).

http://www.douban.com/group/topic/4824898 - 基于3326个网页

苦难

高中英语新课程标准词汇表 ... suffer vi. 受苦,遭受 suffering n. 痛苦,苦难 sugar n. 糖.

http://www.douban.com/group/topic/5295583 - 基于1712个网页

3

sufferer

患者

常春藤解析英语【45】No Sweat 让人尴尬的『水手』 ... 22. gland n. 腺体 23. sufferer n. 受苦者;患者 no sweat 没问题,小意思.

http://www.360abc.com/article/5301.html - 基于178个网页

  • 更多资料

语源

Middle English: from Anglo-Norman French suffrir, from Latin sufferre, from sub- 'from below' + ferre 'to bear'

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