英 [ tɒp ] 美 [ tɑ:p ]

考研 / CET6 / CET4 /

  • n.

    顶,顶部; (箱子)盖,(书页等的)上栏; 首席; 陀螺

  • adj.

    最高的; 顶上的; 头等的; 最大的

  • vt.

    形成顶部; 达到…的顶端; 处于…的最前头; 领导

  • vi.

    总结; 超越; 高耸; 结束

  • 变形

    复数: tops 过去式: topped 过去分词: topped 现在分词: topping 第三人称单数: tops


TOP
  • abbr.

    Take-off Position 发射阵地 (跑道)起飞位置 Take -off Position 发射阵地

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  • 双语例句
  • 权威例句
  • 句式用法
1.

Many of the clothes come from the world's top fashion houses.

这些服装中有很多出自世界顶级时装设计公司。

2.

He sees himself going right to the top of the tree.

他预见自己在同行中将无人可及。

3.

I pried the top off a can of chilli.

我揭开一罐辣椒的盖子。

1.

For the filling, top and tail the leeks.

来自BBC

2.

Top of page Where can I buy BBC products?

来自BBC

3.

Ellie Goulding came top of last year's list.

来自BBC

1.

The light on top of the police car was flashing.

警车上部的灯在闪耀。

来自《权威词典》

2.

She feared for the little boy when she saw him at the top of the tree.

她看到那小男孩在树顶上时,着实替他捏了一把汗。

来自《权威词典》

3.

He sits at the top of the table.

他坐上席。

来自《权威词典》

  • 柯林斯高阶英汉双解学习词典
1

N-COUNT 顶;顶端;顶部 The top of something is its highest point or part.

usu the N in sing v-link ADJ

I waited at the top of the stairs.

我在楼梯顶端等着。

...the picture at the top of the page...

书页天头的图片

Bake the biscuits for 20-25 minutes, until the tops are lightly browned.

把饼干烤 20 到 25 分钟,直到表面略呈棕色。

2

ADJ 最高的;最上面的;最上层的 The top thing or layer in a series of things or layers is the highest one.

ADJ n

I can't reach the top shelf...

我够不着最上面的架子。

Our new flat was on the top floor...

我们的新公寓在顶层。

A plastic surgeon can remove the top layer of skin.

整形外科医生可以除去最表层的皮肤。

3

N-COUNT (瓶、罐、管等的)盖,帽,塞 The top of something such as a bottle, jar, or tube is a cap, lid, or other device that fits or screws onto one end of it.

...the plastic tops from aerosol containers.

喷雾剂容器的塑料盖子

...a bottle top.

瓶塞

4

N-SING 另一端;另一头 The top of a street, garden, bed, or table is the end of it that is farthest away from where you usually enter it or from where you are.

the N mainly BRIT 主英

...a little shop at the top of the street...

在街道那头的小店

He moved to the empty chair at the top of the table.

他挪到桌子另一端的空椅子上坐下。

5

N-COUNT 上衣 A top is a piece of clothing that you wear on the upper half of your body, for example a blouse or shirt.

INFORMAL 非正式

Look at my new top.

看看我的新上衣。

6

ADJ 最高(级别或量度)的 You can use top to indicate that something or someone is at the highest level of a scale or measurement.

ADJ n

The vehicles have a top speed of 80 kilometres per hour.

这些车辆最高时速为 80 公里。

...a top-ranking Saudi officer.

最高级别的沙特阿拉伯军官

7

ADJ 最优良的 You can use top to say that you think something is excellent.

ADJ n mainly BRIT 主英 INFORMAL 非正式

For $50, the guests got three courses of top nosh, fizz, wine, and beer.

花 50 美元,客人们就尝到了三道美味菜肴,还有汽水、葡萄酒和啤酒。

8

N-SING 最高层;最高地位(或职位) The top of an organization or career structure is the highest level in it.

the N

We started from the bottom and we had to work our way up to the top.

我们从最底层开始,是一步一步奋斗到最高层的。

...his dramatic rise to the top of the military hierarchy.

他戏剧性地晋升至最高军阶

…the man at the top.

地位最高的人

9

ADJ 最重要的;最著名的 You can use top to describe the most important or famous people or things in a particular area of work or activity.

ADJ n

So you want to be a top model…

这么说,你想成为超级名模喽。

The President met this afternoon with his top military advisers...

总统今天下午会见了他最得力的军事顾问。

Those are some of the top stories in the news.

以上是一些要闻。

10

N-SING (排名)首位;(位居)第一 If someone is at the top of a table or league or is the top of the table or league, their performance is better than that of all the other people involved.

the N

The United States will be at the top of the medal table...

美国将在奖牌榜上位列第一。

Labour was top of the poll with forty-six percent.

工党以 46% 的得票数高居首位。

11

ADJ 最要紧的;最优先的 You can use top to indicate that something is the first thing you are going to do, because you consider it to be the most important.

oft ADJ of n

Cleaning up the water supply is their top priority...

清洁供水系统是他们的当务之急。

On arrival, a six-course meal was top of the agenda.

他们到达之后要做的第一件事是吃一顿六道菜的大餐。

12

ADJ 次数最多的 You can use top to indicate that someone does a particular thing more times than anyone else or that something is chosen more times than anything else.

ADJ n

He was Italy's top scorer during the World Cup matches...

他是世界杯比赛期间意大利队进球最多的球员。

Management consultancy was the top choice of career among 11,500 students in a survey this year…

在今年一项对 11,500 名学生进行的调查中,管理顾问是首选职业。

13

VERB 为…之首;居…之冠 To top a list means to be mentioned or chosen more times than anyone or anything else.

V n JOURNALISM 新闻

It was the first time a Japanese manufacturer had topped the list for imported vehicles...

这是日本制造商初次占据进口车排行的首位。

So what happens if the Socialists top the poll but fall short of an absolute majority?

那么如果社会党人得票居首却达不到绝对多数会怎么样?

14

VERB 高过;超过;多于 If something tops a particular amount, it is larger than that amount.

V n JOURNALISM 新闻

Imports topped £10 billion last month...

上个月进口总额超过了 100 亿英镑。

These five schools are in the state's top 5% in achievement scores, one school topping the score for the whole state.

这 5 所学校的成绩在该州居前 5%,其中一所的成绩高于全州所有其他学校。

15

VERB 覆盖;放在…的上面 If something is topped with something, it has that thing as its highest part.

be V-ed with/by n V n with n Also V n

The holiest of their chapels are topped with gilded roofs...

他们最神圣的教堂屋顶镀了金。

To serve, top the fish with the cooked leeks.

上菜时,把炒好的韭葱覆在鱼上。

-topped

    ...the glass-topped table.

    玻璃面餐桌

16

VERB 胜过;压倒 If you top a story, remark, or action, you follow it with a better or more impressive one.

V n

How are you going to top that?

你怎样超过那个?

17

ADV 至多;最多 You can use tops after mentioning a quantity, to say that it is the maximum possible.

num ADV INFORMAL 非正式

The publisher expected the book to sell 1,500 copies, tops...

出版商预计该书至多能卖出 1,500 本。

Be here in half an hour, tops.

最晚半个小时以后到这里。

18

PHRASE 绝好;最出色;无可匹敌 If you say that something is tops or is the tops, you mean that it is better or more successful than anything else.

V inflects INFORMAL 非正式

Majorca and Ibiza are tops for holiday bargain-hunters in June…

对于实惠型度假者来说,马略卡岛与伊维萨岛是 6 月份的绝好选择。

The United States was tops in finance and services…

美国在金融业与服务业方面无可匹敌。

I thought it was the tops so I bought it.

我认为再找不到比它更好的,所以就买下了。

19

PHRASE 大发脾气;勃然大怒 If someone blows their top, they become very angry about something.

V inflects INFORMAL 非正式

He blew his top after airport officials refused to let him on a plane.

机场工作人员拒绝让他登机之后,他勃然大怒。

20

PHRASE 出人头地;拔得头筹;占得上风 If a person, organization, or country comes out on top, they are more successful than the others that they have been competing with.

V inflects

The only way to come out on top is to adopt a different approach.

脱颖而出的唯一途径就是采用一种不同的方法。

21

PHRASE 最高价格 If someone pays top dollar for something, they pay the highest possible price for it.

v PHR INFORMAL 非正式

People will always pay top dollar for something exclusive.

人们总是会为绝无仅有的东西付出高价。

…a club frequented by top-dollar models and their movie star companions.

身价最高的模特与她们的影星同伴经常光顾的俱乐部

22

PHRASE 从上到下;彻底地 If you say that you clean, tidy, or examine something from top to bottom, you are emphasizing that you do it completely and thoroughly.

PHR after v emphasis

She would clean the house from top to bottom.

她会把房子彻底打扫一下。

23

PHRASE 从头到脚;全身;完全 You can use from top to toe to emphasize that the whole of someone's body is covered or dressed in a particular thing or type of clothing.

PHR after v emphasis

They were sensibly dressed from top to toe in rain gear.

他们从头到脚都用雨具捂得严严实实,非常明智。

24

PHRASE 使愁苦;使沮丧 When something gets on top of you, it makes you feel unhappy or depressed because it is very difficult or worrying, or because it involves more work than you can manage.

V inflects

Things have been getting on top of me lately.

最近事情太多,压得我透不过气来。

25

PHRASE 不加思索地;来不及思索地 If you say something off the top of your head, you say it without thinking about it much before you speak, especially because you do not have enough time.

PHR after v

It was the best I could think of off the top of my head.

这是我一时所能想到的最好的办法。

26

PHRASE 在上面;在顶上 If one thing is on top of another, it is placed over it or on its highest part.

v-link PHR

...the vacuum flask that was resting on top of the stove.

放在炉子上的保温瓶

…the fairy on top of the Christmas tree…

圣诞树顶上的仙子

Place the sliced pork fillet on top and pour a little sauce over it.

把切成片的猪肉里脊放在上面,再往上浇点调味汁。

27

PHRASE 另外;加之;除…之外(还) You can use on top or on top of to indicate that a particular problem exists in addition to a number of other problems.

A stepfamily faces all the problems that a normal family has, with a set of additional problems on top…

再婚家庭会面临正常家庭的所有问题,外加一堆额外难题。

An extra 700 jobs are being cut on top of the 2,000 that were lost last year.

除了去年被裁掉的 2,000 个职位,还有700个岗位在裁撤中。

28

PHRASE 处于最高职位 You say that someone is on top when they have reached the most important position in an organization or business.

usu v-link PHR

How does he stay on top, 17 years after becoming foreign minister?

他是怎样在成为外交大臣以后的17年间保住最高职位的?

29

PHRASE 完全控制;完全掌握 If you are on top of or get on top of something that you are doing, you are dealing with it successfully.

V inflects

...the government's inability to get on top of the situation.

政府无力掌控局势

30

PHRASE 非常幸福;心满意足 If you say that you feel on top of the world, you are emphasizing that you feel extremely happy and healthy.

usu v-link PHR emphasis

Two months before she gave birth to Jason she left work feeling on top of the world.

生贾森前的两个月,她辞工回家,感觉无比幸福。

31

PHRASE 盖上 If one thing is over the top of another, it is placed over it so that it is completely covering it.

PHR after v

I have overcome this problem by placing a sheet of polythene over the top of the container...

我在容器上盖了一片聚乙烯塑料薄膜,解决了这个问题。

Stir the sauce and pour it over the top.

搅拌调味汁,把它浇在上面。

32

PHRASE 夸张的;言过其实的 You describe something as over the top when you think that it is exaggerated, and therefore unacceptable.

usu v-link PHR mainly BRIT 主英 INFORMAL 非正式

The special effects are a bit over the top but I enjoyed it.

特效有点夸张,但是我喜欢。

33

PHRASE 除去…的两端 If you top and tail fruit or vegetables such as French beans, you cut off the tops and the bottoms of them when you are preparing them to be eaten.

Vs inflect BRIT 英

34

PHRASE (某行业中的)最高地位;事业的最高峰 If you say that someone is at the top of the tree, you mean that they have reached the highest level in their career or profession.

usu prep PHR BRIT 英

He sees himself going right to the top of the tree.

他预见自己在同行中将无人可及。

35

PHRASE 声嘶力竭地;极大声地 If you say something at the top of your voice, you say it very loudly.

PHR after v

'Stephen!' shouted Marcia at the top of her voice.

“斯蒂芬!”马西娅放声大喊。

  • 英汉双向大词典
A

n.

1

顶, 顶部

When you reach the top of the hill, bear to the right.

当你到达山顶时, 向右转。

2

上部, 上端

She feared for the little boy when she saw him at the top of the tree.

她看到那个小男孩在树顶上时, 着实替他捏了一把汗。

3

首位, 最高位, 精华;(职业等的)最高地位,居领袖地位的人,身居要职的人,首脑;最重要的人;最优秀的人

He is at the top of his class.

他是班上最优秀的学生。

4

(箱子)盖,顶盖;(车辆的)敞篷,车篷;车盖

That top belongs to this box.

那个盖子是这个盒子的。

5

陀螺

6

(书页等的)上栏;书顶

7

(新闻广播、报刊等中的)头条位置

8

(乐曲等的)起头,开端

B

adj.

1

顶的,顶上的,最上面的;最高的, 最优良的

There was a fire in the top story of the building.

大楼的顶层着火了。

She is top in French.

她的法语学得最好。

2

头等的;最大的;第一流的

3

主要的;最重要的;第一位的

C

vt.

1

给…加顶; 给…盖盖子

He is going to top the barn tomorrow.

他打算明天给粮仓封顶。

2

达到…的顶端

A church tops the hill.

山顶有一座教堂。

3

超过;胜过; 高过;升到…之上;高于

He tops the rest in scholarship.

他的学识超过其他人。

4

领导,率领;作为…的首领

5

上升到…的顶点,到达…的顶部;高达

At last, we topped the mountain.

我们终于爬到了山顶上。

6

截去(植物)顶端;为…打尖

D

vi.

1

高耸

2

超越;高出

3

结束,完成,完结

  • 英英释义
A

Noun

1

1. the upper part of anything;

  • " "the mower cuts off the tops of the grass" "
  • " "the title should be written at the top of the first page" "
2

2. the highest or uppermost side of anything;

  • " "put your books on top of the desk" "
  • " "only the top side of the box was painted" "
3

3. the top point of a mountain or hill;

  • " "the view from the peak was magnificent" "
  • " "they clambered to the summit of Monadnock" "
4

4. the first half of an inning; while the visiting team is at bat;

  • " "a relief pitcher took over in the top of the fifth" "
5

5. the highest level or degree attainable;

  • " "his landscapes were deemed the acme of beauty" "
  • " "the artist's gifts are at their acme" "
  • " "at the height of her career" "
  • " "the peak of perfection" "
  • " "summer was at its peak" "
  • " "...catapulted Einstein to the pinnacle of fame" "
  • " "the summit of his ambition" "
  • " "so many highest superlatives achieved by man" "
  • " "at the top of his profession" "
6

6. the greatest possible intensity;

  • " "he screamed at the top of his lungs" "
7

7. platform surrounding the head of a lower mast

8

8. a conical child's plaything tapering to a steel point on which it can be made to spin;

  • " "he got a bright red top and string for his birthday" "
9

9. covering for a hole (especially a hole in the top of a container);

  • " "he removed the top of the carton" "
  • " "he couldn't get the top off of the bottle" "
  • " "put the cover back on the kettle" "
10

10. a garment (especially for women) that extends from the shoulders to the waist or hips;

  • " "he stared as she buttoned her top" "
11

11. a canvas tent to house the audience at a circus performance;

  • " "he was afraid of a fire in the circus tent" "
  • " "they had the big top up in less than an hour" "
B

Verb

1

1. go beyond;

  • " "She exceeded our expectations" "
  • " "She topped her performance of last year" "
2

2. pass by, over, or under without making contact;

  • " "the balloon cleared the tree tops" "
3

3. be at the top of or constitute the top or highest point;

  • " "A star tops the Christmas Tree" "
4

4. be ahead of others; be the first;

  • " "she topped her class every year" "
5

5. provide with a top;

  • " "the towers were topped with conical roofs" "
6

6. reach or ascend the top of;

  • " "The hikers topped the mountain just before noon" "
7

7. strike (the top part of a ball in golf, baseball, or pool) giving it a forward spin

8

8. cut the top off;

  • " "top trees and bushes" "
9

9. be the culminating event;

  • " "The speech crowned the meeting" "
10

10. finish up or conclude;

  • " "They topped off their dinner with a cognac" "
  • " "top the evening with champagne" "
C

Adjective

1

1. situated at the top or highest position;

  • " "the top shelf" "
2

2. not to be surpassed;

  • " "his top effort" "
  • 行业释义
  • 体育
  • 力学
  • 土木工程
  • 物理学
  • 1.顶峰
  • 1.陀螺
  • 1.逆筑法
  • 2.top-down construction method
  • 1.陀螺
  • 词组搭配

常用词组

A

from top to bottom

1

completely; thoroughly 从上到下,完全地;彻底地

we searched the place from top to bottom.

我们彻底地搜查过这个地方。

B

from top to toe

1

completely; all over 完全地;从头到脚,全身地

she seemed to glow from top to toe.

她似乎浑身兴奋得发红。

C

from the top

1

(informal)from the beginning (非正式)从头,从开始

they rehearsed Act One from the top.

他们从头开始排演第一幕。

D

get on top of

1

cause (someone) to feel overwhelmed and depressed by their inability to cope 因无能为力而使(某人)感到挫败和沮丧

things had got on top of me.

形势令我消沉。

E

off the top of one's head

1

things had got on top of me.

形势令我消沉。

F

on top of

1

on the highest point or uppermost surface of 在最高处,在顶端,在最上面

a town perched on top of a hill.

一座山顶城市。

2

in command or control of 掌握(或控制)着

he couldn't &B{get on top of} his work.

他无法胜任自己的工作。

3

in addition to 另外

on top of everything else he's a brilliant linguist.

另外,他还是个出色的语言学家。

G

on top of the world

1

(informal)happy and elated (非正式)非常幸福,兴高采烈

H

top and tail Brit. 英

1

remove the top and bottom of (a fruit or vegetable) while preparing it as food 去除(水果,蔬菜)两端以食用

2

wash the face and bottom of (a baby or small child) (给婴、幼儿)洗脸和屁股

I

top dollar

1

(N. Amer. informal)a very high price (北美,非正式)很高的价钱

I pay top dollar for my materials.

我为我的材料花了高价。

J

top of the morning

1

(Irish)used as a friendly morning greeting (爱尔兰)[用作问候语]早上好

K

the top of the tree

1

the highest level of a profession or career (同行中的)最高地位;事业的最高峰

L

top ten (或 twenty 等)

1

the first ten (or twenty etc.) records in the pop music charts (流行音乐排行榜的)前十(或二十等)名

M

to top it all

1

as a culminating, typically unpleasant, event or action in a series (尤指一系列不好的事情中)最后地,更糟糕的是,加之,更有甚者

N

up top

  • 同义词辨析
1

sumit, climax, peak, top 这些名词均含"顶点"之意。

  • sumit: 书面用词,指山的最顶峰部分,也指通过努力可以达到的最高水平,还指最重要的,国家间的首脑最高级会谈。
  • climax: 指戏剧等的高潮,也指事
  • peak:物发展中的极点,因此多含其后由盛而衰的意味。
  • top: 指山峰的全部或上部。
  • : 普通用词,可指包括人或物或其它任何的最高点或顶点。
  • 缩略语
  • 未分类
  • 1. termination of pregnancy 妊娠终止
  • 2. temporarily out of print 暂时已绝版,已售完
  • 3. topographer 地志学者,地形学者,地形学专家
  • 4. topographic(al) 地形(学)的
  • 5. topography 地形学,地形,地势
  • 6. topoisomerase 拓扑异构酶
  • 7. torque oil pressure 扭矩油压
  • 常用俚语
1

come out on top

a.占上风,取胜

Who came out on top in the poll?

这次民意测验中淮占了上风?

  • 百科

T代表时间,O代表场合,P代表地点。“TOP”原则要求穿戴与不同的时间、地点、场合相适应。不同的场合有不同的着装,这是一条必须遵守的原则。

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  • 网络释义

常用词组

1

顶部

首页-Modilk Style Shop-- 淘宝网 ... 长裤 TROUSERS TOP / 顶部 PANTS / 底部.

http://modilk.taobao.com - 基于203600个网页

2

上衣

首页-mrmika MR.MIKA mrmika-淘宝网 ... POST 邮费补差 【TOP 上衣】 【OUT 外套】.

http://mrmika.taobao.com - 基于66492个网页

3

突破

突破(TOP)基准至强系列插座 8联(过载保护+防雷击+双动门+超能夜光显示)TZ-Y/TZ-C0721K8 突破保镖插座,中国航天指定产 …

http://sale.jd.com/p21541.html - 基于24176个网页

4

顶端

对于中文"顶端"(Top)、"文本上方"(TextTop)方式是指图像顶端和文字行最高字符的顶端对齐。 "中间"(Middle)方式是指图像的中间线和 …

http://www.wzsky.net/html/Website/htmlcss/93909.html - 基于17412个网页

相关词条

1

top power

源动力

旅行包 【行情价格评价正品行货】 ... 悠客 NEWCOM 源动力 TOP Power 哈迪森 HARRYSON.

http://list.jd.com/1672-2577-2588.html - 基于7177个网页

2

top gun

壮志凌云

在壮志凌云(top gun)中,Maverick用机炮索敌时, 准星光标在平显上来回移动.机炮若是固定,光标也应固定呀,怎会随敌机来回移动呢?战 …

http://iask.sina.com.cn/b/2298735.html - 基于22176个网页

3

top girl

时尚女孩

现在《时尚女孩》(top girl)能为你做这一切!精心打扮自己,去商城、去美容中心、去约会吧!

http://a.shouyou.com/news/01312013/090539249_5.shtml - 基于5879个网页

4

top land

天坡伦

户外服装 【行情价格评价正品行货】 ... rbzsoe 瑞速 topland/ 天坡伦 NIKKO/ 日高.

http://list.jd.com/1318-2628-2690.html - 基于14620个网页

  • 更多资料

语源

late Old English topp (noun), of Germanic origin; related to Dutch top 'summit, crest'
late Old English, of unknown origin

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