翻译
  • 简明词典(词霸)
  • 柯林斯词典
  • 牛津词典
  • abandon

    高中/CET4/CET6/考研/GRE/TOEFL/IELTS

    • [əˈbændən]
    • [əˈbændən]

    释义

    • vt.
      放弃,抛弃; 离弃,丢弃; 使屈从; 停止进行,终止;
    • n.
      放任,放纵; 完全屈从于压制;

    大小写变形:Abandon

  • 词态变化

    • 第三人称单数: abandons;
    • 过去式: abandoned;
    • 过去分词: abandoned;
    • 现在分词: abandoning;
  • 实用场景例句

    • 全部
    • 放弃
    • 抛弃
    • 离弃
    • 丢弃
    • 终止
    • 放纵

    The captain gave the order to abandon ship.

    船长下令弃船。

    ——《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》

    Abandon hope all ye who enter here.

    汝等进入此地,须弃绝希望。

    ——柯林斯例句

    We should not yet abandon this option for the disposal of highly radioactive waste.

    我们还不能放弃选择这种方式来处理高辐射废料。

    ——柯林斯例句

    It would be irresponsible of me not to advise my company to abandon this project.

    若我不建议公司放弃这个项目,那我就是不负责任。

    ——柯林斯例句

    He has spent money with gay abandon.

    他肆意挥霍钱财。

    ——柯林斯例句

    I decided not to abandon John when he was in such a desperate position.

    我决定不在约翰走投无路的时候抛弃他。

    ——柯林斯例句

    The officers and crew prepared to abandon ship in an orderly fashion.

    全体船员秩序井然地准备弃船。

    ——柯林斯例句

    The market might abandon the stock, and knock down its price.

    市场可能会抛售该股票,从而令其股价下跌。

    ——柯林斯例句

    It did not persuade them to abandon the war but it did force them to reappraise their strategy.

    那并没有说服他们放弃战争,但的确迫使他们重新评估了自己的战略。

    ——柯林斯例句

    The scheme's investors, fearful of bankruptcy, decided to abandon the project.

    因为担心破产,该计划的投资者决定放弃这个项目。

    ——柯林斯例句

    We are scared to abandon ourselves to our feelings in case we seem weak or out of control.

    我们不敢放纵自己的情感,以免显得太过软弱或缺乏自制。

    ——柯林斯例句

    The storm got worse and worse. Finally, I was obliged to abandon the car and continue on foot.

    暴风雨愈发猛烈,我最终不得不弃车步行。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Their decision to abandon the trip was made because of financial constraints.

    他们决定放弃这次出游是因为财力有限。

    ——柯林斯例句

    People were shouting and cheering with abandon.

    人们兴高采烈,纵情欢呼.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    We will never abandon our principles.

    我们应该坚持原则.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Each side declared that it would never abandon its principle.

    各方都说绝不放弃自己的原则.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    We had to abandon our abortive attempts.

    我们的尝试没有成功,不得不放弃.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    After careful deliberation, it was agreed to abandon the project.

    经过慎重考虑, 大家同意放弃这个项目.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    They abandon themselves to drinking.

    他们沉湎于饮酒.

    ——《现代英汉综合大词典》

    The girls jumped up and down and waved their arms with abandon.

    那些女孩子跳上跳下尽情地挥舞着手臂.

    ——《现代英汉综合大词典》

    Do not abandon yourself to despair.

    不要悲观失望.

    ——《现代英汉综合大词典》

    Finding himself under fire from all quarters, he had no alternative but to abandon his scheme for the time being.

    在这四面楚歌的情况下, 他没有别的办法,只好暂时放弃他的计划.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    What does the abandon ship alarm signal sound like?

    如何描述弃船员讯号的响声?

    ——期刊摘选

    They appealed to him to abandon the idea.

    他们请求他放弃这个想法.

    ——期刊摘选

    Abandon harsh words, and speak pleasantly instead.

    不讲粗话, 说话和气.

    ——期刊摘选

    The alarm was an abandon drill.

    刚才的警报是弃船演习.

    ——期刊摘选

    She danced with abandon.

    她沉湎在舞蹈中.

    ——期刊摘选

    收起实用场景例句
  • 真题例句

    • 全部
    • 四级
    • 考研

    Companies are abandoning conventional functional departments and organising employees into crossdisciplinary teams that focus on particular products, problems or customers.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    By contrast, a Danish tax on foods high in fats was abandoned a year after its introduction, amid claims that consumers were avoiding it by crossing the border to Germany to satisfy their desire for cheaper, fattier fare.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    The most successful monarchies strive to abandon or hide their old aristocratic ways.

    出自-2015年考研阅读原文

    收起真题例句
  • 英英释义

    Noun

    • 1. the trait of lacking restraint or control; freedom from inhibition or worry;

      "she danced with abandon"

    • 2. a feeling of extreme emotional intensity;

      "the wildness of his anger"

    Verb

    • 1. forsake, leave behind;

      "We abandoned the old car in the empty parking lot"

    • 2. stop maintaining or insisting on; of ideas, claims, etc.;

      "He abandoned the thought of asking for her hand in marriage"

      "Both sides have to give up some calims in these negociations"

    • 3. give up with the intent of never claiming again;

      "Abandon your life to God"

      "She gave up her children to her ex-husband when she moved to Tahiti"

      "We gave the drowning victim up for dead"

    • 4. leave behind empty; move out of;

      "You must vacate your office by tonight"

    • 5. leave someone who needs or counts on you; leave in the lurch;

      "The mother deserted her children"

    收起英英释义
  • 词根词缀

    词根: ban

    =prohibit,表示"禁止"

    • n.

      ban 禁止,禁令

      ban禁止→v.取缔,查禁;[from]禁止 n.禁止,禁令

    • v.

      abandon 离弃,丢弃;遗弃,抛弃;放弃

      a不+ban禁止+don→不禁止,随他去→放弃

      ban 取缔,查禁;[from]禁止

      ban禁止→v.取缔,查禁;[from]禁止 n.禁止,禁令

      banish 放逐,摒弃

      ban禁止+ish表动词→禁止入境→驱逐

  • 词组搭配

    abandon ship

    leave a ship because it is sinking

    弃船

    收起词组搭配
  • 同义词辨析

    abandon, desert, forsake, leave, give up

    这些动词或词组均含"抛弃,放弃"之意

    • abandon:强调永远或完全放弃或抛弃人或事物等,这可能是被迫的,也可能是自愿的。
    • desert:着重指违背法律责任和义务,或自己的信仰与誓言的行为,多含非难的意味。
    • forsake:侧重断绝感情上的依恋,自愿抛弃所喜欢的人或物。也指抛弃信仰或改掉恶习。
    • leave:普通用词,指舍弃某事或某一职业,或终止同一某人的关系,但不涉及动机与果。
    • give up:普通用语,侧重指没有希望或因外界压力而放弃。
  • 同义词

    vt.放弃,中止;离开

    quitdesertforsakeentirelywithdrawleaveupgivediscontinueceasesurrenderdepartevacuatediscardrelinquishundone

    其他释义

    quitabdicatesurrenderrelinquishcedeceasedesistforsakediscontinuedepartrenouncedropleavewithdrawdiscardfreedomevacuatedesertresign

  • 反义词

    vt.丢弃;遗弃;放弃

    maintainconserveretain

    其他释义

    assumemaintainprotectgrasppreserveacquireattemptconserveretainachievesupport

  • 行业词典

    • 体育

      弃权   退场   

    • 法律

      背弃   

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