翻译
  • 简明词典(词霸)
  • 柯林斯词典
  • 牛津词典
  • culture

    高中/CET4/CET6/考研/TOEFL/IELTS

    • [ˈkʌltʃə(r)]
    • [ˈkʌltʃər]

    释义

    • 常用
    • 高考讲解
    • n.
      文化; [生物学](微生物等的)培养; 修养; 养殖;
    • vt.
      培植,培养;
  • 词态变化

    • 复数: cultures;
    • 第三人称单数: cultures;
    • 过去式: cultured;
    • 过去分词: cultured;
    • 现在分词: culturing;
  • 实用场景例句

    • 全部
    • 文化
    • 培养
    • 修养
    • 养殖
    • 培植

    vestigial traces of an earlier culture

    早期文化的遗迹

    ——《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》

    Glasgow has broadened its appeal since taking on the mantle of European City of Culture in 1990.

    自从1990年荣获“欧洲文化之都”的光荣称号以来,格拉斯哥的魅力大增。

    ——柯林斯例句

    He's right on the mark about movies being out of step with American culture.

    他认为电影正在偏离美国文化的看法完全正确。

    ——柯林斯例句

    My mother was ahead of her time. She surrounded me with culture and art.

    我母亲思想前卫,给予了我文化和艺术的熏陶。

    ——柯林斯例句

    In social politics, too, the city's contribution to 20th century thought and culture was no less portentous.

    同样从社会政治学上看,城市对20世纪思想、文化的贡献也意义重大。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Kitchell says the city was a microcosm of all American culture during the '60s.

    基切尔说这个城市曾经是20世纪60年代整个美国文化的缩影。

    ——柯林斯例句

    The intellectual and moral potential of the world's culture must be put at the service of politics.

    世界文化潜在的知识和道德力量一定要为政治所用。

    ——柯林斯例句

    They promote social integration and assimilation of minority ethnic groups into the culture.

    他们提倡社会融合,促进少数民族群体融入社会文化。

    ——柯林斯例句

    His work offers an insight into an alien culture.

    他的作品能让人们对一种异域文化产生较深入的了解。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Callum, recently arrived in Glasgow, is jobless, homeless, friendless, and suffering from culture shock.

    卡勒姆初到格拉斯哥,没有工作,无家可归,无人倾诉,在文化冲击中挣扎。

    ——柯林斯例句

    It placed reggae music firmly in the mainstream of world culture.

    它使得雷鬼音乐在世界主流文化中占据了不可动摇的一席之地。

    ——柯林斯例句

    If you had never seen a telly ad, you would be all at sea with popular culture.

    如果你从没看过电视广告,你就搞不懂什么是大众文化。

    ——柯林斯例句

    I feel this signals the degradation of American culture.

    我觉得这标志了美国文化的没落。

    ——柯林斯例句

    This is a culture of cholera germs.

    这是培养出的霍乱菌.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    She is a woman of culture and taste.

    她是一个有修养、有风度的女人.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    I love the national culture very much.

    我非常喜欢民族文化.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Every culture is an accretion.

    每一种文化都是长期积淀的结果.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    He proposed half a dozen accords in such areas as culture, post and communications.

    他就文化 、 邮电和通讯领域提出了六项建议.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    They adopted western culture, institutions, and even clothing.

    他们接受了西方的文化 、 习俗甚至服饰.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Silkworm culture is practised in order to get silk.

    养蚕是为了得到蚕丝.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    The belief that one should work hard is ingrained in our culture.

    人人都应该努力工作这个信念在我们的文化中根深蒂固.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Paris is a good city for people who are interested in culture.

    对于修养心性有兴趣的人来说,巴黎是个好城市.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Social anthropology is centrally concerned with the diversity of culture.

    社会人类学主要关于文化多样性.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Culture is superorganic and superindividual.

    文化是超乎形体和个人的.

    ——《现代英汉综合大词典》

    We shall take our place in the world as a nation with an advanced culture.

    我们将以一个具有高度文化的民族出现于世界.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    China needs to assimilate a good deal of foreign progressive culture, but she must not swallow anything and everything uncritically.

    中国需要大量吸收外国的进步文化, 但决不能无批判地兼收并蓄.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    I have levied on many writers for my essential conception of American culture.

    我从许多作家的作品中获得有关美国文化的基本概念.

    ——《现代英汉综合大词典》

    Through the medium of the Syrians Greek culture penetrated Persia.

    通过叙利亚人作媒介,希腊文化渗透到波斯.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    The exhibition was sponsored by the Society of Culture.

    这个展览会是由文化学会主办的.

    ——《现代英汉综合大词典》

    收起实用场景例句
  • 真题例句

    • 全部
    • 四级
    • 六级
    • 高考
    • 考研

    Teamwork is most effective when team members share the same culture.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    Teams work best if their members have a strong common culture.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    So it's no surprise that cultures around the world celebrate spring by honoring the egg.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    Modern techniques for producing and shipping food led to greater variety and quantity, including a tremendous increase in the amount of animal protein and dairy products available, making us more vigorous than our ancestorsYet plenty has been lost too, even in cultures that still live to eat.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    It was characteristic of the agrarian culture.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    Her biggest concern is the emphasis American culture places on thinness and the negative ways this affects girls today.

    出自-2016年6月听力原文

    The researchers argue that task-based organizing tends to be undervalued and under-supported in the business culture.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    If the most health-conscious among us have such deep swings in our shut-eye levels throughout the year, how much sleep are the rest of us losing? They are culture-related.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    Everybody sleeps, but what people stay up late to catch—or wake up early in order not to miss—varies by culture.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    Even as a satire ( ' , 讽刺 ), it seems disgusting and shocking in America with its child-centered culture.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    I like going to newplaces, eating new foods, and experiencing new cultures.

    出自-2015年12月听力原文

    Thus was born the idea of the Grand Tour, a practice which introduced Englishmen, Germans, Scandinavians, and also Americans to the art and culture of France and Italy for the next 300 years.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    The lack of a research culture.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    Last year, the Royal Society in London said in its report that scientists need to shift away from a research culture where data is viewed as a private preserve.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    What you must understand is that those supplements, especially in some eastern cultures, are part of a medical practice tradition.

    出自-2016年6月听力原文

    For better or worse, batteries make possible our mobile-first lifestyles, our screen culture, our increasingly globalized world.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    There wasn't really a college-bound culture at my high school,she said.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    A nurse who understands the healing (治愈) value of silence can use this understanding to assist in the care of patients from their own and from other cultures.

    2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    An endless number of books and movies qualify as love stories in popular culture.

    2015年高考英语上海卷 完形填空 原文

    But as the 200th anniversary of his birth approaches, it is possible—and important for our own culture—to understand how he made himself a lasting one.

    2018年高考英语浙江卷 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

    But it's also that he rewrote the culture of literature and put himself at the center.

    2018年高考英语浙江卷 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

    Chinese culture fueling international fashion trends.

    2019年高考英语全国卷3 阅读理解 阅读B 选项

    Depending on which role you choose, you could help to increase a community's access to safe drinking water, or help to protect valuable local cultures.

    2019年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

    Different cultures have different ways of managing people.

    2016年高考英语上海卷 完形填空 原文

    Documenting the Thangmi language and culture is just a starting point for Turin, who seeks to include other languages and oral traditions across the himalayan reaches of India, Nepal, Bhutan, and China.

    2014年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    Don't handle it too lightly, as people can be offered, especially if your error suggests a misunderstanding of their culture.

    2017年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

    For western designers, China and its rich culture have long been an inspiration for western creativity.

    2019年高考英语全国卷3 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    Great artists are skilled at combining various cultures.

    2015年高考英语重庆卷 阅读理解 阅读E 选项

    His recently published book, a Grammar of Thangmi with an ethnolinguistic introduction to the speakers and their culture, grows out of his experience living, working, and raising a family in a village in Nepal.

    2014年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    If you come to visit China, you will experience a culture of amazing depth and variety.

    2015年高考英语安徽卷 单项填空 原文

    In an effort to prevent language loss, scholars from a number of organizations—UNESCO and national geographic among them—have for many years been documenting dying languages and the cultures they reflect.

    2014年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    In many cultures, round foods such as grapes, bread, and moon cakes are eaten at welcome celebrations to represent family unity.

    2015年高考英语安徽卷 阅读理解 阅读E 原文

    In much of asia, especially the so-called "rice bowl" cultures of China, japan, korea, and vietnam, food is usually eaten with chopsticks.

    2016年高考英语全国卷3 语法填空 原文

    In still another use, persons in Asian cultures may view silence as a sign of respect, particularly to an elder or a person in authority.

    2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    In these cultures, silence is a call for reflection.

    2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    In this way, arts and culture also serve as a public good.

    2018年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 填空题 原文

    Li Drake has her children study Chinese because she wants them to learn about the Chinese culture.

    2014年高考英语全国卷2 阅读理解 阅读C 题设

    Many cultures also celebrate birthdays and marriages with cakes that are cut and shared among the guests.

    2015年高考英语安徽卷 阅读理解 阅读E 原文

    Many cultures have ceremonies to celebrate the birth of a child, and food can play a significant role.

    2015年高考英语安徽卷 阅读理解 阅读E 原文

    Mountains are regarded as spiritual places by many cultures.

    2019年高考英语全国卷I 完形填空 原文

    Nutrition is necessary for life, so it is not surprising that food is such an important part of different cultures around the world.

    2015年高考英语安徽卷 阅读理解 阅读E 原文

    Other cultures may use silence in other ways, particularly when dealing with conflicts among people or in relationships of people with different amounts of power.

    2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    Such a view, however, fails to explain the ability of some works of art to excite the human mind across cultures and through centuries.

    2015年高考英语重庆卷 阅读理解 阅读E 原文

    The car shaped some of the most lasting aspects of American culture: the roadside diner, the billboard, the motel, even the hamburger.

    2018年高考英语浙江卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    The foods we eat—and when and how we eat them—are often unique to a particular culture or may even differ between rural and urban areas within one country.

    2015年高考英语安徽卷 阅读理解 阅读E 原文

    The governments argue that this will help foreigners better join the society and promote understanding across cultures.

    2017年高考英语浙江卷(6月) 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    The study suggests that the cultures we grow up in influence the basic processes by which we see world around us.

    2016年高考英语浙江卷(6月) 单项选择 原文

    Therefore, when a person from one of these cultures is speaking and suddenly stops, what Maybe implied is that the person wants the listener to consider what has been said before continuing.

    2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    They make businesses work better and they are a part of the corporate culture we live in.

    2015年高考英语上海卷 选词填空 原文

    To learn more about Chinese culture, Jack has decided to take Chinese folk music as an elective course.

    2015年高考英语福建卷 单项填空 原文

    Unesco united nations educational, scientific and cultural organization recently set April 30 as a day to raise awareness of Jazz music, its significance, and its potential as a unifying voice across cultures.

    2017年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    Unlike authoritarian management, some cultures, particularly in asia, are well known for the consultative nature of decision-making—all members of the department or work group are asked to contribute to this process.

    2016年高考英语上海卷 完形填空 原文

    We may think we're a culture that gets rid of our worn technology at the first sight of something shiny and new.

    2018年高考英语全国卷I 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    Thus, in his view, diverse aspects of culture, such as the structure of families, forms of marriage, categories of kinship, ownership of property, forms of government, technology, and systems of food production, all changed as societies evolved.

    出自-2009年考研阅读原文

    Supporters of the theory viewed culture as a collection of integrated parts that work together to keep a society functioning.

    出自-2009年考研阅读原文

    Some attributed virtually every important cultural achievement to the inventions of a few, especially gifted peoples that, according to diffusionists, then spread to other cultures.

    出自-2009年考研阅读原文

    In the early 1900s in North America, German-born American anthropologist Franz Boas developed a new theory of culture known as historical particularism.

    出自-2009年考研阅读原文

    In order to study particular cultures as completely as possible, he became skilled in linguistics, the study of languages, and in physical anthropology, the study of human biology and anatomy.

    出自-2009年考研阅读原文

    In his work, he attempted to show how all aspects of culture changed together in the evolution of societies.

    出自-2009年考研阅读原文

    Historical particularism, which emphasized the uniqueness of all cultures, gave new direction to anthropology.

    出自-2009年考研阅读原文

    Historical particularism became a dominant approach to the study of culture in American anthropology, largely through the influence of many students of Boas.

    出自-2009年考研阅读原文

    But in keeping with our examination of southern intellectual life, we may consider the original Puritans as carriers of European culture adjusting to New world circumstances.

    出自-2009年考研阅读原文

    But a number of anthropologists in the early 1900s also rejected the particularist theory of culture in favor of diffusionism.

    出自-2009年考研阅读原文

    Boas felt that the culture of any society must be understood as the result of a unique history and not as one of many cultures belonging to a broader evolutionary stage or type of culture.

    出自-2009年考研阅读原文

    An interest in the relationship between the function of society and culture became a major theme in European, and especially British, anthropology.

    出自-2009年考研阅读原文

    Also in the early 1900s, French sociologist Emile Durkheim developed a theory of culture that would greatly influence anthropology.

    出自-2009年考研阅读原文

    The computer is the 21st century's culture machine.

    出自-2012年考研阅读原文

    One reason for the persistence of this pyramid of production is that for the past half-century, much of the world's media culture has been defined by a single medium - television - and television is defined by downloading.

    出自-2012年考研阅读原文

    Of course, it is precisely these superfluous things that define human culture and ultimately what it is to be human.

    出自-2012年考研阅读原文

    John Donahue at Harvard’s Kennedy School points out that the norms of culture in Western civil services suit those who want to stay put but is bad for high achievers.

    出自-2012年考研阅读原文

    For all the possibilities of our new culture machines, most people are still stuck in download mode.

    出自-2012年考研阅读原文

    Downloading and consuming culture requires great skills, but failing to move beyond downloading is to strip oneself of a defining constituent of humanity.

    出自-2012年考研阅读原文

    It is fair to criticize and question the mechanism—that is the culture of research, after all—but it is the prize-givers’ money to do with as they please.

    出自-2014年考研阅读原文

    He was searching for tiny engraved seals attributed to the ancient Mycenaean culture that dominated Greece from the 1400s to 1200s BC.

    出自-2014年考研阅读原文

    It allows us to see the beauty that surrounds us each moment in nature,in culture,in the flow of our daily lives.

    出自-2016年考研翻译原文

    The French measures, however, rely too much on severe punishment to change a culture that still regards beauty as skin-deep – and bone-showing.

    出自-2016年考研阅读原文

    Complex international, economic, technological and culture change could start to diminish the leading position of English as the language of the world market, and UK interests which enjoy advantage from the breath of English usage would consequently face new pressures.

    出自-2017年考研翻译原文

    Hawaiian culture is not a relic of the past; it is a living culture undergoing a renaissance today.

    出自-2017年考研阅读原文

    Calls to disassemble all telescopes on Mauna Kea or to ban future development there ignore the reality that astronomy and Hawaiian culture both seek to answer big questions about who we are, where we come from and where we are going.

    出自-2017年考研阅读原文

    收起真题例句
  • 英英释义

    Noun

    • 1. a particular society at a particular time and place;

      "early Mayan civilization"

    • 2. the tastes in art and manners that are favored by a social group
    • 3. all the knowledge and values shared by a society
    • 4. (biology) the growing of microorganisms in a nutrient medium (such as gelatin or agar);

      "the culture of cells in a Petri dish"

    • 5. (bacteriology) the product of cultivating micro-organisms in a nutrient medium
    • 6. a highly developed state of perfection; having a flawless or impeccable quality;

      "they performed with great polish"

      "I admired the exquisite refinement of his prose"

      "almost an inspiration which gives to all work that finish which is almost art"--Joseph Conrad

    • 7. the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization;

      "the developing drug culture"

      "the reason that the agency is doomed to inaction has something to do with the FBI culture"

    • 8. the raising of plants or animals;

      "the culture of oysters"

    收起英英释义
  • 词根词缀

    词根: cult

    =till,表示"耕种,培养"

    • adj.

      arboricultural 培植树木的

      arboriculture[[n.树木的培植]]男→adj.培植树木的

      incult 没有开垦的, 没有耕种的, 没有教养的

      in无+cult耕种→无耕种的

      occult 秘密的,不公开的

      oc向内+cult教派→在教派内不让别人知道

    • n.

      agriculture 农业

      agri农业+culture培养,文化→引申为养殖业→农业

      aquiculture [生物]水产养殖

      aqui水+culture[n.文化,文明;修养;耕种;栽培,培育]→n.[生物]水产养殖

      arboriculture 树木的培植

      arbori=arbor+culture[n.文化,文明;修养;耕种;栽培,培育]→n.树木的培植

      cult 宗派,崇拜

      cult耕种,培养→培养[感情]→崇拜,引申为教派

      cultivation 耕作,培养

      cultivate[v.耕作,栽培,养殖;培养,教养,磨炼]+ion动作或状态→n.耕作,培养

      culture 文化,文明;修养;耕种;栽培,培育

      cult耕种,培养+ure表名词→培养出的[东西]→人类文化

      floriculture 花艺, 栽培花卉

      flori=flor花+culture[n.文化,文明;修养;耕种;栽培,培育]→n.花艺, 栽培花卉

      pisciculture 养鱼学, 养鱼业

      pisci鱼+culture[n.文化,文明;修养;耕种;栽培,培育]→n.养鱼学, 养鱼业

    • v.

      cultivate 耕作,栽培,养殖;培养,教养,磨炼

      cult耕种,培养+ivate表动词→v.耕作,栽培,养殖;培养,教养,磨炼

  • 同义词辨析

    civilization, culture

    这两个名词均含"文化,文明"之意。

    • civilization: 指广义的文化,标志人类发展开化的进程。强调物质方面的文明。
    • culture: 侧重指精神方面,即多由科技、文化等所体现的人类智力开发的程度。
  • 同义词

    n.教养,修养

    advancementelevationtrainingmannersgooderuditionbreedinggentilityrefinementcourtlinessdevelopmenturbanitygracecivilityaccomplishmentenlightenmentimprovementattainmenteducationcultivationpolish

    n.文化,文明

    civilizationlifestylefolkwaysconventionartsthemorescustoms

    n.耕作,栽培

    farmingagriculturetillagetillingaquacultureaquiculturehydroponicstilthhusbandrygeoponics

    v.培养,使...有教养

    fertilizeworkmanurecultivatelandfarmthecompostdelve

    其他释义

    tribescholarshiplearning

  • 行业词典

    • 公路科技

      地物   

    • 农学

      栽培   

    • 医学

      [拉 cultura]培养法:在促生长的特殊培养基中繁殖微生物或活组织细胞的方法   培养物:微生物或其他活细胞生长物   培养:在促生长的特殊培养基中繁殖微生物或活组织细胞。另见culture medium   

    • 法律

      文化   

    • 生物学

      培养物   

    • 航天

      培养基   

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