翻译
  • 简明词典(词霸)
  • 柯林斯词典
  • 牛津词典
  • absence

    高中/CET4/CET6/考研/TOEFL

    • [ˈæbsəns]
    • [ˈæbsəns]

    释义

    • 常用
    • 高考讲解
    • n.
      缺席,不在; 缺乏,不存在
  • 词态变化

    • 复数: absences;
  • 实用场景例句

    • 全部
    • 缺席
    • 缺勤
    • 缺乏
    • 缺少
    • 心不在焉

    Do you have valid reasons for your absence?

    你的缺席有正当理由 吗 ?

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    He was desperately eager to be back after more than a week's absence from school.

    他一个多星期没有到学校,回校之心甚切.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    In its absence China would retrogress into division and chaos, and modernization would become impossible.

    动摇了中国就要倒退到分裂和混乱, 就不可能实现现代化.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    The team was crippled by his absence.

    他的缺席使这支球队的实力削弱.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    He took my place during my absence.

    在我缺勤期间他代替了我.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    Everyone remarked loudly on his absence.

    大家大声地议论他的缺席.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    John will act as a deputy for me during my absence.

    我离开期间,约翰将代理我的职务.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    It's good to take up the threads of our old friendship after such a long absence.

    时隔这么久之后重新恢复我们的老交情,这很好.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    A major problem is the absence of water.

    主要的问题是缺水.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    His absence caused me much trouble.

    他的缺席给我带来了许多麻烦.

    ——《现代英汉综合大词典》

    Work has piled up during his absence.

    在他离开期间工作堆积起来了.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    She called in your absence.

    你不在时她来过.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    My absence had gone unnoticed.

    我的缺席未能引起人家注意.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Original mail returned in the absence of the addressee.

    收信人不在,原件退回.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    I found a refreshing absence of industrial sprawl.

    我发现了一处全无杂乱工业区踪影的、令人心旷神怡的地方.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Darkness is the absence of light.

    黑暗就是缺乏光亮.

    ——《现代英汉综合大词典》

    He excused his absence by saying that he was ill.

    他说他生病了,为他缺席开脱.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Her absence of mind during driving nearly caused an accident.

    她驾车时心不在焉,几乎肇祸.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    The ostensible reason for his absence was illness.

    他假托生病缺勤。

    ——《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》

    There has been much gossip about the possible reasons for his absence.

    关于他缺席的原因有很多传言。

    ——柯林斯例句

    A role as senior diplomat would be a good alibi for his absence.

    高级外交官的角色将是他缺席的上佳托词。

    ——柯林斯例句

    The official reason given for the President's absence was sickness.

    对外公布的总统未到场原因是身体有恙。

    ——柯林斯例句

    A complete absence of national border controls is as utopian today as the vision of world government.

    在今天,完全取消国家边界控制的观点与建立一个世界政府的想法一样不切实际。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Wabel's victory was in no way devalued by the absence of series leader Tom Fisher.

    瓦贝尔的胜利绝没有因系列赛领先者汤姆·费希尔的缺阵而失色。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Everyone understood how hard it was to get back into the swing of things after such a long absence.

    每个人都知道这么长时间不在,再重新完全融入进来有多难。

    ——柯林斯例句

    He has been placed on a paid leave of absence while investigations are made.

    调查进行期间,单位给他放了带薪假。

    ——柯林斯例句

    They both smiled; neither seemed likely to be aware of my absence for long.

    他俩都笑了,看来两人都未意识到我已离开很长时间了。

    ——柯林斯例句

    David is now living in Beirut again after an enforced absence.

    戴维在被迫离开后,现在又回到了贝鲁特生活。

    ——柯林斯例句

    The competition has been thrown wide open by the absence of the world champion.

    由于世界冠军缺阵,这场比赛变得胜负难定。

    ——柯林斯例句

    收起实用场景例句
  • 真题例句

    • 全部
    • 四级
    • 六级
    • 高考
    • 考研

    In the absence of societal pressures to maintain pair-bonds, O'Sullivan suggests that romantic love has increasingly come to be seen as the factor that should determine who we stay with and for how long.

    出自-2013年6月阅读原文

    Far from the traditional image of a culture of aggressive masculinity (阳刚), the absence of girls gives boys the chance to develop without pressure to conform to a stereotype.

    出自-2011年12月阅读原文

    Researchers at Duke University scrutinized more than 160 published studies and found an absence of strong evidence that any of these approaches can make a big difference.

    出自-2016年6月听力原文

    The absence of rigorous discipline.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    Much of the concern among politicians about the state of American universities today is focused on the absence of "real world" education—which means preparation for professional and scientific careers.

    出自-2010年12月阅读原文

    Its clean air, attractive parks, and the absence of any industry, make this an ideal spot for people looking for a quiet life.

    出自-2012年6月听力原文

    Barrett wanted to find out if the absence of physical currency does indeed cause a person to spend more, so she decided to conduct an experiment a few months ago.

    2017年6月六级真题(第二套)听力 Section C

    Dehl and her fellow researchers wanted to find out if that was true, so they embarked on a series of nine experiments in the lab and in the field testing people's enjoyment in the presence or absence of a camera.

    2018年6月六级真题(第二套)阅读 Section C

    In the absence of wolves, coyote populations also grew quickly.

    2017年高考英语全国卷3 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    My mother will be living alone most of the time for three years in my absence.

    2017年高考英语浙江卷(11月) 听力 原文

    We have no land ethic yet, but we have at least drawn nearer the point of admitting that birds should continue as a matter of intrinsic right,regardless of the presence or absence of economic advantage to us.

    出自-2010年考研翻译原文

    This same absence of moral purpose was wounding companies such as News International ,shield thought ,making it more likely that it would lose its way as it had with widespread illegal telephone hacking.

    出自-2015年考研阅读原文

    Driving her point home, she continued: “It’s increasingly apparent that the absence of purpose, of a moral language within government, media or business could become one of the most dangerous foals for capitalism and freedom“.

    出自-2015年考研阅读原文

    But the epidemic is "moderate" in severity, according to Margaret Chan, the organization's director general, with the overwhelming majority of patients experiencing only mild symptoms and a full recovery, often in the absence of any medical treatment.

    2010年考研真题(英语二)完形填空 Section Ⅰ

    In the absence of work, a society designed with other ends in mind could yield strikingly different circumstances for the future of labor and leisure.

    2017年考研真题(英语二)完形填空 Section Ⅰ

    Restrictions that keep highly polluting cars out of certain areas - city centers, school streets", even individual roads - are a response to the absence of a larger effort to properly enforce existing regulations and require auto companies to bring their

    2020年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ

    This same absence of moral purpose was wounding companies such as News International, she thought, making it more likely that it would lose its way as it had with widespread illegal telephone hacking.

    2015年考研真题(英语一)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ

    收起真题例句
  • 英英释义

    Noun

    • 1. the state of being absent;

      "he was surprised by the absence of any explanation"

    • 2. failure to be present
    • 3. the time interval during which something or somebody is away;

      "he visited during my absence"

    • 4. epilepsy characterized by paroxysmal attacks of brief clouding of consciousness (a possible other abnormalities)
    收起英英释义
  • 词组搭配

    in the absence of sth

    缺乏某物

    in sb's absence

    某人不在时

    In his absence I looked to see what was on his desk.

    他不在时,我看了看他桌上有什么东西。

    absence makes the heart grow fonder

    (proverb)you feel more affection for those you love when parted from them

    (谚)小别胜新婚

    absence of mind

    failure to concentrate on or remember what one is doing

    走神,心不在焉

    收起词组搭配
  • 同义词辨析

    lack, want, absence, shortage, scarcity

    这些名词均含"缺乏,不足"之意。

    • lack: 普通用词,指部分或完全的不足。
    • want: 指完全或短缺某物,侧重缺少之物是必需的东西。使用范围比lack窄些。
    • absence: 指某物根本不存在或完全短缺,或某人虽存在,但未到现场。
    • shortage: 指不足,但侧重达不到规定的,需要的或已知应有的数量。
    • scarcity: 指产量不足或缺乏某物难以应付或满足需要。
  • 同义词

    n.缺少,贫乏,空缺

    wantvacancyvacuumnegationvacuitydefaultpaucitydestitutionlackdeficiencydearthemptinessprivationunavailabilityvoidneedscarcity

    n.缺席,不露面

    nonattendancenonresidencenonappearance

    其他释义

    faminepovertyshortage

  • 反义词

    n.缺席;缺乏

    presence

    其他释义

    attendancepresence

  • 行业词典

    • 医学

      失神:见epilepsy项下的petit mal epilepsy   

    • 法律

      失踪   

    • 药学

      缺失   又称 :缺失(loss)   

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