自2010年至今的四级考试中， 共出现过 次
自2010年至今的六级考试中， 共出现过 次
AUXILIARY VERB USES 助动词用法
AUX （在do之后、主动词的原形之前加 not，构成主动词的否定式） Do is used to form the negative of main verbs, by putting 'not' after 'do' and before the main verb in its infinitive form, that is the form without 'to'.
They don't want to work...
I did not know Jamie had a knife...
AUX （将主语置于do和主动词的原形之间，构成疑问句） Do is used to form questions, by putting the subject after 'do' and before the main verb in its infinitive form, that is the form without 'to'.
Do you like music?...
What did he say?...
AUX （用在附加疑问句中） Do is used in question tags.
You know about Andy, don't you?...
I'm sure they had some of the same questions last year, didn't they?
AUX （对含有do的陈述句或疑问句作肯定或否定回答） You use do when you are confirming or contradicting a statement containing 'do', or giving a negative or positive answer to a question.
'Did he think there was anything suspicious going on?' — 'Yes, he did.'...
'Do you have a metal detector?' — 'No, I don't.'...
AUX （用在否定句中，表示不让某人做出某种举动） Do is used with a negative to tell someone not to behave in a certain way.
Don't be silly...
Don't touch that!
AUX （在没有其他助动词时，用来强调主动词） Do is used to give emphasis to the main verb when there is no other auxiliary.
Veronica, I do understand...
You did have a tape recorder with you.
AUX （用以礼貌性地邀请或说服某人做某事） Do is used as a polite way of inviting or trying to persuade someone to do something.
Do sit down...
Do help yourself to another drink.
VERB （在进行对比、比较或说明两组事物相同时，用来代替前面的动词词组） Do can be used to refer back to another verb group when you are comparing or contrasting two things, or saying that they are the same.
I make more money than he does...
One day she will walk out, just as her own mother did...
VERB （与 so 或 nor 连用，表示两人或两组事物的情况相同） You use do after 'so' and 'nor' to say that the same statement is true for two people or groups.
You know that's true, and so do I...
We don't forget that. Nor does he...
OTHER VERB USES 其他动词用法
VERB 做，干，进行(常用于代替某个具体的动词) When you do something, you take some action or perform an activity or task. Do is often used instead of a more specific verb, to talk about a common action involving a particular thing. For example you can say 'do your teeth' instead of 'brush your teeth'.
I was trying to do some work...
After lunch Elizabeth and I did the washing up...
VERB （用来代替任何动词词组或前一个句子中的动词词组） Do can be used to stand for any verb group, or to refer back to another verb group, including one that was in a previous sentence.
What are you doing?...
So tell me what this molecule does that makes it special...
VERB （用于句首从句中 what，all等词之后，以强调句尾的信息） You can use do in a clause at the beginning of a sentence after words like 'what' and 'all', to give special emphasis to the information that comes at the end of the sentence.
All she does is complain...
What I should do is go and see her...
VERB 使用;利用 If you do a particular thing with something, you use it in that particular way.
I was allowed to do whatever I wanted with my life...
What did he do with the thirty pounds?...
VERB 解决;处理 If you do something about a problem, you take action to try to solve it.
They refuse to do anything about the real cause of crime: poverty...
Well, what are you going to do about it?...
VERB 造成，产生(好的或坏的结果或影响） If an action or event does a particular thing, such as harm or good, it has that result or effect.
A few bombs can do a lot of damage...
It'll do you good to take a rest...
VERB （在一定程度上）影响，改进 You can use do to talk about the degree to which a person, action, or event affects or improves a particular situation.
The current reforms will do much to create these conditions...
They did everything they could to help us...
VERB 对…有极坏影响 You can talk about what someone or something does to a person to mean that they have a very harmful effect on them.
I saw what the liquor was doing to her...
You overlook the pressure you're under and what it does to you.
VERB 从事(工作或职业) If you ask someone what they do, you want to know what their job or profession is.
What does your father do?...
He knew what he wanted to do from the age of 14.
VERB 忙着做;计划做 If you are doing something, you are busy or active in some way, or have planned an activity for some time in the future.
Are you doing anything tomorrow night?...
'What are you doing for Christmas?' Ella asked. 'We're going to Aunt Molly's.'...
VERB 进展;表现 If you say that someone or something does well or badly, you are talking about how successful or unsuccessful they are.
Connie did well at school and graduated with honours...
Out-of-town superstores are doing well...
VERB 提供(服务);出售(产品) If a person or organization does a particular service or product, they provide that service or sell that product.
They provide design services and do printing and packaging...
They do a good range of herbal tea.
VERB 能达到(…速度) You can use do when referring to the speed or rate that something or someone achieves or is able to achieve.
They were doing 70 miles an hour.
他们的速度达到了每小时 70 英里。
His catamaran will do 37 knots.
他的双体船的速度可以达到 37 节。
VERB 攻读;研究;学习 If you do a subject, author, or book, you study them at school or college.
I'd like to do maths at university.
So you did 'Macbeth' in the first year?' — 'No, in the first year we did 'Julius Caesar'.'
VERB 模仿;扮演 If you do a particular person, accent, or role, you imitate that person or accent, or act that role.
Gina does accents extremely well.
VERB 能（或不能）做某事 You can use do to say that you are able or unable to behave in a particular way.
'Can't you be nicer to your sister?' — 'Nice? I don't do nice'.
VERB 吸(毒) If someone does drugs, they take illegal drugs.
I don't do drugs.
I saw him doing ecstasy in the toilets.
VERB 适合;足够 If you say that something will do or will do you, you mean that there is enough of it or that it is of good enough quality to meet your requirements or to satisfy you.
Anything to create a scene and attract attention will do...
We need a win — a draw won't do at all...
PHRASE 需要;渴望得到 If you say that you could do with something, you mean that you need it or would benefit from it.
I could do with a cup of tea...
The range could do with being extended.
PHRASE 放在何处 You can ask someone what they did with something as another way of asking them where they put it.
What did you do with that notebook?
PHRASE 为何出现在某个地方 If you ask what someone or something is doing in a particular place, you are asking why they are there.
'Dr Campbell,' he said, clearly surprised. 'What are you doing here?'
What was he doing in Hyde Park at that time of the morning?
CONVENTION (对小孩子所说的话)行啦，够啦 If you say that will do to a child, you are telling them to stop behaving in the way that they are.
PHRASE 与…有关；关于 If you say that one thing has something to do with or is something to do with another thing, you mean that the two things are connected or that the first thing is about the second thing.
Mr Butterfield denies having anything to do with the episode...
They were shouting at each other. It was something to do with money...
NOUN USES 名词用法
N-COUNT 宴会;社交聚会;社交活动 A do is a party, dinner party, or other social event.
A friend of his is having a do in Stoke...
They always have all-night dos there.
PHRASE 注意事项;规矩 If someone tells you the dos and don'ts of a particular situation, they advise you what you should and should not do in that situation.
Please advise me on the most suitable colour print film and some dos and don'ts.