自2010年至今的四级考试中， 共出现过 次
自2010年至今的六级考试中， 共出现过 次
ADJ-GRADED 硬的;坚硬的;坚固的 Something that is hard is very firm and stiff to touch and is not easily bent, cut, or broken.
He shuffled his feet on the hard wooden floor...
Something cold and hard pressed into the back of his neck.
ADJ-GRADED 难做的;困难的 Something that is hard is very difficult to do or deal with.
It's hard to tell what effect this latest move will have...
She found it hard to accept some of the criticisms directed towards her and her work...
ADV-GRADED 努力地;使劲地 If you work hard doing something, you are very active or work intensely, with a lot of effort.
I'll work hard. I don't want to let him down...
Am I trying too hard?
ADJ-GRADED 累人的;费力的;费劲的 Hard work involves a lot of activity and effort.
Coping with three babies is very hard work...
...a hard day's work...
ADV-GRADED 仔细地;认真地 If you look, listen, or think hard, you do it carefully and with a great deal of attention.
He looked at me hard...
You had to listen hard to hear the old man breathe...
ADV-GRADED 猛力地;用力地 If you strike or take hold of something hard, you strike or take hold of it with a lot of force.
I kicked a dustbin very hard and broke my toe.
ADV-GRADED 强烈地;猛烈的;长时间地 You can use hard to indicate that something happens intensely and for a long time.
I've never seen Terry laugh so hard...
It was snowing hard by then.
ADJ-GRADED 冷酷无情的;心肠硬的 If a person or their expression is hard, they show no kindness or sympathy.
His father was a hard man...
Kate realized that the previous hard look on Maggie's face had been a mask.
ADJ-GRADED 苛刻的;严厉的;不友善的 If you are hard on someone, you treat them severely or unkindly.
Don't be so hard on him.
ADJ-GRADED 有害的;不利的 If you say that something is hard on a person or thing, you mean it affects them in a way that is likely to cause them damage or suffering.
The grey light was hard on the eyes...
These last four years have been hard on them.
ADJ-GRADED （生活、一段日子）艰难的，艰苦的 If you have a hard life or a hard period of time, your life or that period is difficult and unpleasant for you.
It had been a hard life for her...
Those were hard times.
ADJ-GRADED 非常寒冷的;凛冽的 A hard winter or a hard frost is a very cold one.
...a prolonged period of hard frost...
I am expecting a long, hard winter.
ADJ-GRADED （颜色）刺目的，晃眼的;（声音）刺耳的，难听的 Hard colours or sounds are harsh or bright and unpleasant to see or hear.
The sea was a hard blue.
ADJ （证据、资料）可靠的，确凿的 Hard evidence or facts are definitely true and do not need to be questioned.
He wanted more hard evidence...
There are probably fewer hard facts about the life of Henry Purcell than that of any other great composer since the Renaissance.
ADJ-GRADED （水质）硬的（指含钙化合物较多） Hard water contains a lot of calcium compounds that stop soap making bubbles and sometimes appear as a deposit in kettles and baths.
ADJ （毒品）毒性强的，烈性的 Hard drugs are very strong illegal drugs such as heroin or cocaine.
ADJ （语音）发硬音的 In phonetics, a hard sound is one such as 'c' or 'g' as pronounced in the words 'cat' or 'give', and not as in the words 'cinema' or 'general'.
PREP-PHRASE 离…很近的 If one thing is hard by another, it is very close to it.
Paradise Street was a short, crowded street near the railway station and hard by the factory.
PHRASE 受到不公平待遇的;委屈的 If you feel hard done by, you feel that you have not been treated fairly.
The hall porter was feeling hard done by at having to extend his shift.
PHRASE 困难的;艰难的 If you say that something is hard going, you mean it is difficult and requires a lot of effort.
The talks had been hard going at the start.
PHRASE 受到沉重打击的;受严重影响的 To be hard hit by something means to be affected very severely by it.
California's been particularly hard hit by the recession.
PHRASE 佯装不感兴趣;故意摆谱 If someone plays hard to get, they pretend not to be interested in another person or in what someone is trying to persuade them to do.
I wanted her and she was playing hard to get.
PHRASE 十分困难的;处于困境的 If someone is hard put to do something or, in British English if they are hard pushed to do something, they have great difficulty doing it.
Mr Morton is undoubtedly cleverer than Mr Kirkby, but he will be hard put to match his popularity.
PHRASE 为…而非常苦恼（或难受）；因…而沮丧 If you take something hard, you are very upset or depressed by it.
Maybe I just took it too hard.