自2010年至今的四级考试中， 共出现过 次
自2010年至今的六级考试中， 共出现过 次
AUXILIARY VERB USES 助动词用法
AUX (have 和 has 与过去分词连用构成动词的现在完成时) You use the forms have and has with a past participle to form the present perfect tense of verbs.
Alex has already gone...
I've just seen a play that I can highly recommend...
AUX (had 与过去分词连用构成动词的过去完成时) You use the form had with a past participle to form the past perfect tense of verbs.
When I met her, she had just returned from a job interview...
By Friday at 5:30 p.m., I still hadn't heard from Lund...
AUX (用于附加疑问句中) Have is used in question tags.
You haven't sent her away, have you?...
It's happened, hasn't it?...
AUX (用于对带有 have,has 或 had 的句子作肯定或否定回答) You use have when you are confirming or contradicting a statement containing 'have', 'has', or 'had', or answering a question.
'You'd never seen the Marilyn Monroe film?' — 'No I hadn't.'...
'Have you been to York before?' — 'Yes we have.'
AUX （having 和过去分词连用，所引导的分句中提到的动作发生在另一个动作开始之前） The form having with a past participle can be used to introduce a clause in which you mention an action which had already happened before another action began.
He arrived in San Francisco, having left New Jersey on January 19th...
Having been told by his doctor that he was overweight, he's eating all the fibre and fruit he can.
USED WITH NOUNS DESCRIBING ACTIONS 与描述动作的名词连用
VERB （have 后接名词代替该名词作动词的用法，描述某一动作或事件） You can use have followed by a noun to talk about an action or event, when it would be possible to use the same word as a verb. For example, you can say 'I had a look at the photos' instead of 'I looked at the photos.'
I went out and had a walk around...
She rested for a while, then had a wash and changed her clothes...
VERB （在英语口语或书面语中，have可以和很多名词连用以代替某个具体的动词，描述某一动作或事件） In normal spoken or written English, people use have with a wide range of nouns to talk about actions and events, often instead of a more specific verb. For example people are more likely to say 'we had ice cream' or 'he's had a shock' than 'we ate ice cream', or 'he's suffered a shock'.
Come and have a meal with us tonight...
We will be having a meeting to decide what to do...
OTHER VERB USES AND PHRASES 其他动词用法和短语
VERB 有;拥有 You use have to say that someone or something owns a particular thing, or when you are mentioning one of their qualities or characteristics.
Oscar had a new bicycle...
I want to have my own business...
VERB 有…要（做）；必须（做） If you have something to do, you are responsible for doing it or must do it.
He had plenty of work to do...
I have some important calls to make.
VERB （用于代替 there is, 表示某事物存在或发生了某事） You can use have instead of 'there is' to say that something exists or happens. For example, you can say 'you have no alternative' instead of 'there is no alternative', or 'he had a good view from his window' instead of 'there was a good view from his window'.
He had two tenants living with him...
We haven't any shops on the island...
VERB （使）保持;（使）处于 If you have something such as a part of your body in a particular position or state, it is in that position or state.
Mary had her eyes closed...
They had the curtains open...
VERB 请人做;让人做 If you have something done, someone does it for you or you arrange for it to be done.
I had your rooms cleaned and aired...
They had him killed...
VERB 遭遇（不愉快的事） If someone has something unpleasant happen to them, it happens to them.
We had our money stolen...
The dance hall once even had its roof blown off in World War II.
VERB 劝说;让;命令 If you have someone do something, you persuade, cause, or order them to do it.
If you happen to talk to him, have him call me...
The bridge is not as impressive as some guides would have you believe...
VERB 抓住（某人身体的某部位） If someone has you by a part of your body, they are holding you there and they are trying to hurt you or force you to go somewhere.
When the police came, Larry had him by the ear and was beating his head against the pavement.
VERB （从某人那里）得到 If you have something from someone, they give it to you.
You can have my ticket...
Can I have your name please?...
VERB 患有（疾病、残疾） If you have an illness or disability, you suffer from it.
I had a headache...
He might be having a heart attack...
VERB 生（孩子）/怀（孩子） If a woman has a baby, she gives birth to it. If she is having a baby, she is pregnant.
My wife has just had a baby boy...
She's having another baby.
VERB 不允许;不容忍 You can use have in expressions such as 'I won't have it' or 'I'm not having that', to mean that you will not allow or put up with something.
She wanted to be alone. They wouldn't have it...
I'm not having any of that nonsense...
PHRASE 根据谣传/传说 You can use has it in expressions such as 'rumour has it that' or 'as legend has it' when you are quoting something that you have heard, but you do not necessarily think it is true.
Rumour has it that tickets were being sold for £300...
He could not possibly have been poisoned as popular legend has it.
PHRASE 跟…过不去;总想找…的茬儿 If someone has it in for you, they do not like you and they want to make life difficult for you.
He's always had it in for the Dawkins family.
PHRASE 深藏不露;有两下子 If you have it in you, you have abilities and skills which you do not usually use and which only show themselves in a difficult situation.
'You were brilliant!' he said. 'I didn't know you had it in you.'
He has it in him to succeed.
PHR-RECIP 和…发生性关系 To have it off with someone or have it away with someone means to have sex with them.
He reckons she's having it off with the gardener.
PHRASE 捉弄;戏弄 If you are having someone on, you are pretending that something is true when it is not true, for example as a joke or in order to tease them.
Malone's eyes widened. 'You're having me on, Liam.'
PHRASE 和…讲个明白;和…争论出个结果 If you have it out or have things out with someone, you discuss a problem or disagreement very openly with them, even if it means having an argument, because you think this is the best way to solve the problem.
Why not have it out with your critic, discuss the whole thing face to face?
MODAL PHRASES 情态动词短语
PHR-MODAL 需要;必须;不得不 You use have to when you are saying that something is necessary or required, or must happen. If you do not have to do something, it is not necessary or required.
He had to go to Germany...
We'll have to find a taxi...
PHR-MODAL 肯定;一定 You can use have to in order to say that you feel certain that something is true or will happen.
There has to be some kind of way out...
That has to be the biggest lie ever told.