自2010年至今的四级考试中， 共出现过 次
自2010年至今的六级考试中， 共出现过 次
PHYSICALLY TOUCHING, SUPPORT-ING, OR CONTAINING 身体接触;支承;容纳
VERB 拿着;握住;托住 When you hold something, you carry or support it, using your hands or your arms.
Hold the knife at an angle...
She is holding her journal and a pen...
N-UNCOUNT （紧紧的）拿，握 Hold is used in expressions such as grab hold of ,catch hold of, and get hold of, to indicate that you close your hand tightly around something, for example to stop something moving or falling.
I was woken up by someone grabbing hold of my sleeping bag...
A doctor and a nurse caught hold of his arms...
VERB （通常为表示喜爱或安慰而）拥抱，抱住 When you hold someone, you put your arms round them, usually because you want to show them how much you like them or because you want to comfort them.
If only he would hold her close to him.
VERB 用力使（某人）不得动弹 If you hold someone in a particular position, you use force to keep them in that position and stop them from moving.
He then held the man in an armlock until police arrived...
I'd got two nurses holding me down.
N-COUNT （使某人不得动弹的）抓住，夹住 A hold is a particular way of keeping someone in a position using your own hands, arms, or legs.
...use of an unauthorized hold on a handcuffed suspect.
VERB （常指疼伤痛而）按住，捂住 When you hold a part of your body, you put your hand on or against it, often because it hurts.
Soon she was crying bitterly about the pain and was holding her throat.
VERB 使（身体部位）保持（某种姿势） When you hold a part of your body in a particular position, you put it into that position and keep it there.
Hold your hands in front of your face...
He walked at a rapid pace with his back straight and his head held erect.
VERB 把…固定住 If one thing holds another in a particular position, it keeps it in that position.
...the wooden wedge which held the heavy door open...
They used steel pins to hold everything in place.
VERB 存放;盛放;装 If one thing is used to hold another, it is used to store it.
Two knife racks hold her favourite knives.
...the large cardboard and wooden cases used to hold my new appliances.
N-COUNT （船、飞机等的）货舱，行李舱 In a ship or aeroplane, a hold is a place where cargo or luggage is stored.
A fire had been reported in the cargo hold.
VERB 储备;储存 If a place holds something, it keeps it available for reference or for future use.
The Small Firms Service holds an enormous amount of information on any business problem...
We have reviewed the data that we hold for the area.
VERB 容纳得下 If something holds a particular amount of something, it can contain that amount.
The small bottles don't seem to hold much...
One CD-ROM disk can hold over 100,000 pages of text.
VERB 大量喝（酒）而不醉 If you can hold your drink, you are able to drink large quantities of alcohol without becoming ill or getting drunk.
...but you had to be able to hold your liquor.
VERB （车辆）抓（地） If a vehicle holds the road well, it remains in close contact with the road and can be controlled safely and easily.
I thought the car held the road really well.
HAVING OR DOING 拥有；做
VERB 持有，怀有（观点、信念等） Hold is used with words and expressions indicating an opinion or belief, to show that someone has a particular opinion or believes that something is true.
He held firm opinions which usually conflicted with my own...
He holds certain expectations about the teacher's role...
VERB 带给人，使人感到（害怕、神秘等） Hold is used with words such as 'fear' or 'mystery' to indicate someone's feelings towards something, as if those feelings were a characteristic of the thing itself.
Death doesn't hold any fear for me...
It held more mystery than even the darkest jungle...
VERB 担任（职务）;掌握（权力）;负有（责任） Hold is used with nouns such as 'office', 'power', and 'responsibility' to indicate that someone has a particular position of power or authority.
She has never held ministerial office...
I'd seen it before in people who held immense power.
VERB 持有（许可、票证等）;拥有（学位等） Hold is used with nouns such as 'permit', 'degree', or 'ticket' to indicate that someone has a particular document that allows them to do something.
Applicants should normally hold a good Honours degree...
He did not hold a firearm certificate...
VERB 举行（聚会、会议、会谈、选举、审判等） Hold is used with nouns such as 'party', 'meeting', 'talks', 'election', and 'trial' to indicate that people are organizing a particular activity.
The country will hold democratic elections within a year...
The German sports federation said it would hold an investigation.
V-RECIP 进行（谈话、采访、会商等） Hold is used with nouns such as 'conversation', 'interview', and 'talks' to indicate that two or more people meet and discuss something.
The Prime Minister, is holding consultations with his colleagues to finalise the deal...
The engineer and his son held frequent consultations concerning technical problems...
VERB 持有（股份、股票等） Hold is used with nouns such as 'shares' and 'stock' to indicate that someone owns a particular proportion of a business.
The group said it continues to hold 1,774,687 Vons shares...
The Fisher family holds 40% of the stock.
VERB 占有（领先地位、优势等） Hold is used with words such as 'lead' or 'advantage' to indicate that someone is winning or doing well in a contest.
He continued to hold a lead in Angola's presidential race...
Mestel holds a slight advantage.
VERB 吸引住（注意力）;保持（兴趣） Hold is used with nouns such as 'attention' or 'interest' to indicate that what you do or say keeps someone interested or listening to you.
If you want to hold someone's attention, look them directly in the eye but don't stare...
Couldn't I hold Philippe's interest?
VERB 认定（…负有责任）;归（咎）于 If you hold someone responsible, liable, or accountable for something, you will blame them if anything goes wrong.
It's impossible to hold any individual responsible.
...shareholders who want to hold corporate directors more accountable for their actions.
CONTROLLING OR REMAINING 控制；保持
VERB 关押;扣留 If someone holds you in a place, they keep you there as a prisoner and do not allow you to leave.
The inside of a van was as good a place as any to hold a kidnap victim...
Somebody is holding your wife hostage...
VERB （军队、暴乱人群等）占据，控制 If people such as an army or a violent crowd hold a place, they control it by using force.
Demonstrators have been holding the square since Sunday.
N-SING （因握有某人把柄或掌握权力而形成的）控制力，支配力 If you have a hold over someone, you have power or control over them, for example because you know something about them you can use to threaten them or because you are in a position of authority.
It's always useful to have a hold over a fellow like Carl May...
He had ordered his officers to keep an exceptionally firm hold over their men...
VERB （接电话时让对方）稍等，不要挂断 If you ask someone to hold, or to hold the line, when you are answering a telephone call, you are asking them to wait for a short time, for example so that you can find the person they want to speak to.
Could you hold the line and I'll just get my pen...
A telephone operator asked him to hold.
VERB 代接（电话）并向受话人转告通话内容 If you hold telephone calls for someone, you do not allow people who phone to speak to that person, but take messages instead.
He tells his secretary to hold his calls.
V-ERG （使）保持（在一定价值或水平） If something holds at a particular value or level, or is held there, it is kept at that value or level.
OPEC production is holding at around 21.5 million barrels a day...
They were expecting the jobless rate to hold steady...
VERB 持续发出（声音、音符） If you hold a sound or musical note, you continue making it.
...a voice which hit and held every note with perfect ease and clarity.
VERB 延迟;推迟 If you hold something such as a train, a lift, or an elevator, you delay it.
A London Underground spokesman defended the decision to hold the train until police arrived.
VERB （提议、邀请等）有效 If an offer or invitation still holds, it is still available for you to accept.
Does your offer still hold?
VERB （好形势）保持不变，持续 If a good situation holds, it continues and does not get worse or fail.
Our luck couldn't hold for ever...
Would the weather hold?...
VERB （论点、理论等）站得住脚，成立 If an argument or theory holds, it is true or valid, even after close examination.
Today, most people think that argument no longer holds...
The theory could still hold.
VERB （在重压下）保持不倒，支撑住 If part of a structure holds, it does not fall or break although there is a lot of force or pressure on it.
How long would the roof hold?
VERB （法规等）适用，有效 If laws or rules hold, they exist and remain in force.
These laws also hold for universities.
VERB 坚持（观点或信念） If you say that you hold to a particular opinion or belief, you are stating firmly that you continue to have that opinion or belief.
I hold to my belief that people should be allowed to have private lives...
Would you still hold to that view?
VERB 遵守，恪守（承诺或高尚的行为准则） If you hold to a promise or to high standards of behaviour, you keep that promise or continue to behave according to those standards.
Will the President be able to hold to this commit-ment?...
Not all men are as honorable or hold to the same standards as Sam.
VERB 使遵守，使恪守（承诺或高尚的行为准则） If someone or something holds you to a promise or to high standards of behaviour, they make you keep that promise or those standards.
I would say it's almost time to hold him to that promise...
Don't hold me to that...
PHRASE （尤指当众）滔滔不绝地说 If you hold forth on a subject, you speak confidently and for a long time about it, especially to a group of people.
Barry was holding forth on politics.
PHRASE （通常指好不容易）得到，获得 If you get hold of an object or information, you obtain it, usually after some difficulty.
It is hard to get hold of guns in this country.
PHRASE 领会;弄懂 If you get hold of a fact or a subject, you learn about it and understand it well.
He first had to get hold of some basic facts.
PHRASE 设法和…取得联络 If you get hold of someone, you manage to contact them.
The only electrician we could get hold of was miles away.
CONVENTION 停下;慢着 If you say 'Hold it', you are telling someone to stop what they are doing and to wait.
Hold it! Don't move!
PHRASE 延迟;暂缓;搁置 If you put something on hold, you decide not to do it, deal with it, or change it now, but to leave it until later.
He put his retirement on hold until he had found a solution...
He described their foreign policy as on hold.
PHRASE （面对攻击、反对等）顶住，坚持住 If you hold your own, you are able to resist someone who is attacking or opposing you.
The Frenchman held his own against the challenger.
PHRASE 与…相匹敌;不比…逊色 If you can do something well enough to hold your own, you do not appear foolish when you are compared with someone who is generally thought to be very good at it.
She can hold her own against almost any player.
PHRASE 不动 If you hold still, you do not move.
Can't you hold still for a second?
PHRASE 完全控制;彻底影响 If something takes hold, it gains complete control or influence over a person or thing.
She felt a strange excitement taking hold of her...
She was determined not to let the illness take hold again.
PHRASE 抓紧;抓牢;扶好（以站稳） If you hold tight, you put your hand round or against something in order to prevent yourself from falling over. A bus driver might say 'Hold tight!' to you if you are standing on a bus when it is about to move.
He held tight to the rope...
Climb on to my back and hold tight.
PHRASE 暂不行动 If you hold tight, you do not immediately start a course of action that you have been planning or thinking about.
The unions have circulated their branches, urging members to hold tight until a national deal is struck.