自2010年至今的四级考试中， 共出现过 次
自2010年至今的六级考试中， 共出现过 次
POSITION OR MOVEMENT 方位;移动
PREP 在…里;在…之内 Someone or something that is in something else is enclosed by it or surrounded by it. If you put something in a container, you move it so that it is enclosed by the container.
He was in his car.
...clothes hanging in the wardrobe...
PREP 在(某处) If something happens in a place, it happens there.
We spent a few days in a hotel...
He had intended to take a holiday in America...
ADV 在家;在办公室 If you are in, you are present at your home or place of work.
My flatmate was in at the time...
He has had to be in every day.
ADV 进;入 When someone comes in, they enter a room or building.
She looked up anxiously as he came in...
They shook hands and went in.
ADV (火车)进站;(轮船、飞机)抵港 If a train, boat, or plane has come in or is in, it has arrived at a station, port, or airport.
We'd be watching every plane coming in from Melbourne...
Look. The train's in. We'll have to run for it now.
ADV (潮)在上涨 When the sea or tide comes in, the sea moves towards the shore rather than away from it.
She thought of the tide rushing in, covering the wet sand...
If the tide was in they went swimming.
PREP 在(橱窗)里面 Something that is in a window, especially a shop window, is just behind the window so that you can see it from outside.
The light in the window went out...
There was a camera for sale in the window.
PREP 在(镜子)之中 When you see something in a mirror, the mirror shows an image of it.
I couldn't bear to see my reflection in the mirror...
He caught sight of his hair in a mirror.
PREP 穿着;戴着 If you are dressed in a piece of clothing, you are wearing it.
He was a big man, smartly dressed in a suit and tie.
...three women in black.
PREP (包裹)在…之中;(覆盖)在…之下 Something that is covered or wrapped in something else has that thing over or round its surface.
His legs were covered in mud.
...carrots wrapped in newspaper.
PREP (裂缝或洞)在…表面上 If there is something such as a crack or hole in something, there is a crack or hole on its surface.
There was a deep crack in the ceiling above him.
...an unsightly hole in the garden.
INCLUSION OR INVOLVEMENT 包含;参与
PREP 在(书、电影、戏剧、图片)之中 If something is in a book, film, play, or picture, you can read it or see it there.
Don't stick too precisely to what it says in the book.
...one of the funniest scenes in the film.
PREP 参加(演出、比赛等) If you are in something such as a play or a race, you are one of the people taking part.
Alf offered her a part in the play he was directing...
The Princess had been invited to ride in a charity race...
PREP 在(团体、收藏)当中 Something that is in a group or collection is a member of it or part of it.
The New England team are the worst in the league.
...the most spectacular painting in the collection.
PREP 在(学科、活动领域)方面 You use in to specify a general subject or field of activity.
...those working in the defence industry.
...future developments in medicine.
TIME AND NUMBERS 时间;数字
PREP 在(特定年、月等);在…期间 If something happens in a particular year, month, or other period of time, it happens during that time.
...that early spring day in April 1949...
Export orders improved in the last month...
PREP 在(某一情形、形势)之中 If something happens in a particular situation, it happens while that situation is going on.
His father had been badly wounded in the last war.
...issues you struggle with in your daily life.
PREP 花费…时间 If you do something in a particular period of time, that is how long it takes you to do it.
He walked two hundred and sixty miles in eight days.
PREP 在(一段时间)之后 If something will happen in a particular length of time, it will happen after that length of time.
I'll have some breakfast ready in a few minutes...
They'll be back in six months.
PREP 在(某一年龄段)之中 You use in to indicate roughly how old someone is. For example, if someone is in their fifties, they are between 50 and 59 years old.
...young people in their twenties.
...Molly, a tall woman in her early sixties.
PREP 以(或按)…的数量 You use in to indicate roughly how many people or things do something.
...men who came there in droves...
The children were assembled in hundreds...
PREP (表示比率、比例、概率)在…之中 You use in to express a ratio, proportion, or probability.
Last year, one in five boys left school without a qualification...
He was told that he had a one in 500 chance of survival.
STATES AND QUALITIES 状态;特性
PREP (表示目前状态、形势)处于…中 If something or someone is in a particular state or situation, that is their present state or situation.
The economy was in trouble...
Dave was in a hurry to get back to work...
PREP 带着，充满(某种情感或愿望) You use in to indicate the feeling or desire which someone has when they do something, or which causes them to do it.
Simpson looked at them in surprise...
Chris was weeping in anger and grief...
PREP (性格、能力)在…身上 If a particular quality or ability is in you, you naturally have it.
Violence is not in his nature...
I couldn't find it in me to embrace him.
PREP (特定品质)在…之中 You use in when saying that someone or something has a particular quality.
He had all the qualities I was looking for in a partner...
'I don't agree,' she said, surprised at the strength in her own voice...
PREP 以…方式(表达) You use in to indicate how someone is expressing something.
Information is given to the patient verbally and in writing.
...lessons in languages other than Spanish.
PREP (表示排列或形状)成一排/呈球形 You use in in expressions such as in a row or in a ball to describe the arrangement or shape of something.
The cards need to be laid out in two rows...
Her ear, shoulder and hip are in a straight line...
PREP 以(…颜色)的 If something is in a particular colour, it has that colour.
...white flowers edged in pink...
He saw something written in black on the gravestones.
PREP 在(某一特征、方面)上 You use in to specify which feature or aspect of something you are talking about.
The movie is nearly two hours in length...
The oil is green in colour...
OTHER USES AND PHRASES 其他用法和短语
ADJ 时髦的;流行的;受欢迎的 If you say that something is in, or is the in thing, you mean it is fashionable or popular.
A few years ago jogging was the in thing...
It is the 'in' place to go for a quick drink after work.
PREP (与现在分词连用)在…过程中 You use in with a present participle to indicate that when you do something, something else happens as a result.
In working with others, you find out more about yourself.
PHRASE 肯定会经历;注定遭受 If you say that someone is in for a shock or a surprise, you mean that they are going to experience it.
You might be in for a shock at the sheer hard work involved...
When you venture outside, you are in for a surprise.
PHRASE 对…怀有仇恨;伺机报复… If someone has it in for you, they dislike you and try to cause problems for you.
The other kids had it in for me.
PREP-PHRASE 卷入;参与 If you are in on something, you are involved in it or know about it.
I don't know. I wasn't in on that particular argument...
I'm going to let you in on a little secret.
PHRASE 与…友好相处;深得…的欢心 If you are in with a person or group, they like you and accept you, and are likely to help you.
PHR-CONJ-SUBORD 因为;原因是 You use in that to introduce an explanation of a statement you have just made.
I'm lucky in that I've got four sisters.
PHRASE 复杂详情;底细 The ins and outs of a situation are all the detailed points and facts about it.
...the ins and outs of high finance...
Dietary experts can advise on the ins and outs of dieting.