网 络
  • 比例;
  • 规模;
  • 音阶;
  • 缩放
1. The patient rates the therapies on a scale of zero to ten.


2. The scale of migration took a quantum leap in the early 1970s.


3. Car firms are desperate to achieve economies of scale.


4. A full-scale debate is under way on what ails the industry.


5. You may feel dwarfed by the sheer scale of the place.


1. N-SING See also: full-scale; large-scale; small-scale; 大小;(尤指庞大的)规模,范围,程度 If you refer to the scale of something, you are referring to its size or extent, especially when it is very big. 
  • However, he underestimates the scale of the problem...


  • You may feel dwarfed by the sheer scale of the place...


  • The breakdown of law and order could result in killing on a massive scale...


2. N-COUNT See also: sliding scale; timescale; 等级;级别;等级体系 A scale is a set of levels or numbers which are used in a particular system of measuring things or are used when comparing things. 
  • earthquake measuring five-point-five on the Richter scale...

    里氏 5.5 级地震

  • The patient rates the therapies on a scale of zero to ten...


  • The higher up the social scale they are, the more the men have to lose.


3. N-COUNT (根据年龄、工种等核定的工资或费用)级别,标准 A pay scale or scale of fees is a list that shows how much someone should be paid, depending, for example, on their age or what work they do. 
  • ...those on the high end of the pay scale...


  • A Registered Osteopath will be pleased to tell you his scale of fees before you decide on a consultation.


4. N-COUNT See also: full-scale; large-scale; (地图、图纸、模型的)比例,比例尺 The scale of a map, plan, or model is the relationship between the size of something in the map, plan, or model and its size in the real world. 
  • The map, on a scale of 1:10,000, shows over 5,000 individual paths.

    该地图以 1:10,000 的比例尺显示了 5,000 多条不同道路。

5. ADJ (模型或复制品)按比例缩小的 A scale model or scale replica of a building or object is a model of it which is smaller than the real thing but has all the same parts and features. 
  • Franklin made his mother an intricately detailed scale model of the house.


6. N-COUNT 音阶 In music, a scale is a fixed sequence of musical notes, each one higher than the next, which begins at a particular note. 
  • ...the scale of C major.

    C 大调音阶

7. N-COUNT 鱼鳞;(爬行动物的)鳞片 The scales of a fish or reptile are the small, flat pieces of hard skin that cover its body. 
8. N-PLURAL 天平;秤;磅秤 Scales are a piece of equipment used for weighing things, for example for weighing amounts of food that you need in order to make a particular meal. 
  • ...a pair of kitchen scales.


  • ...bathroom scales...


  • I step on the scales practically every morning.


9. VERB 爬越;攀登;翻过 If you scale something such as a mountain or a wall, you climb up it or over it. 
  • In 1981, five members of a climbing party died while scaling Mount Hood.

    1981 年,一支登山队的5名队员在攀登胡德峰时遇难。

  • The men scaled a wall and climbed down scaffolding on the other side.


10. PHRASE 与…不成比例;和…不相称 If something is out of scale with the things near it, it is too big or too small in relation to them. 
  • The tower was surmounted by an enormous statue, utterly out of scale with the building.


11. PHRASE 按比例 If the different parts of a map, drawing, or model are to scale, they are the right size in relation to each other. 
  • ...a miniature garden, with little pagodas and bridges all to scale.


scale back  scale down  scale up 

1. 鱼鳞, 鳞片

  • Scales of skin peel off after scarlet fever.
  • 猩红热病愈后皮肤上的鳞屑就会脱落。

2. 鳞状物; 障眼物

  • The doctor removed the scale from his eyes.
  • 医生除去了他眼中的障眼物。
  • His explanations removed the scale from my eyes.
  • 他的解释使我看清了真相。

3. 水垢, 水锈

  • A scale of rust covered the steel plate.
  • 一层铁锈覆盖了钢板。

4. 刻度, 度数

  • This ruler has only one scale in centimeters.
  • 这把尺只有厘米刻度。

5. 比例(尺)

  • The scale of this map is an inch to a mile.
  • 这张地图的比例尺是一英寸代表一英里。

6. 规模; 程度; 范围

  • He's in business on a small scale.
  • 他做的是小本生意。

7. 等级; 级别

  • For every year you've worked here you go up another step on the salary scale.
  • 你在这儿每工作一年, 工资就会长一级。
  • His rapid ascent in the social scale was surprising.
  • 他的社会地位提高之迅速令人吃惊。

8. 天平, 磅秤

  • The butcher weighed the meat on the scales.
  • 肉贩用盘秤称肉。

9. 等级体系

10. 音阶

11. 牙垢;牙石

12. 【医学】眼翳,翳障

13. [复数] 障眼物

14. 鱼鳞铠甲;鱼鳞甲片


1. 刮去…的鳞片[鳞状物]

  • You have to scale the fish before cooking it.
  • 你在烧鱼之前得刮去鳞片。
  • The plaster is scaling off the wall.
  • 灰泥从墙上剥落。

2. 称…的重量

  • The fish scales 2 pounds.
  • 这条鱼重两磅。

3. 攀登, 爬

  • The boys soon scaled the wall.
  • 男孩很快就爬上了墙头。
  • They are determined to spare no efforts to scale the peaks in science and technology.
  • 他们决心全力攀登科技高峰。

4. 刮除牙石

5. 改变…的大小

6. 刮去…的氧化层;除去…的积垢

7. 使生鳞屑

  • to scale when suffering from scarlet
  • 患猩红热时易生鳞屑

8. 使生水垢

9. 用…打水漂

10. 生鳞片;生鳞屑


1. 刮鳞;(鳞屑)脱落;剥落

  • The bark scaled off the tree.
  • 树皮从树上脱落了。

2. 生水垢;长牙垢

  • The boiler scaled.
  • 锅炉生水垢了。

3. 称得重量为(in)

  • He bought a piece of meat scaling in four pounds.
  • 他买了一块重4磅的肉。

1. an ordered reference standard;

  • "judging on a scale of 1 to 10"

2. relative magnitude;

  • "they entertained on a grand scale"

3. the ratio between the size of something and a representation of it;

  • "the scale of the map"
  • "the scale of the model"

4. an indicator having a graduated sequence of marks

5. a specialized leaf or bract that protects a bud or catkin

6. a thin flake of dead epidermis shed from the surface of the skin

7. (music) a series of notes differing in pitch according to a specific scheme (usually within an octave)

8. a measuring instrument for weighing; shows amount of mass

9. a metal sheathing of uniform thickness (such as the shield attached to an artillery piece to protect the gunners)

10. a flattened rigid plate forming part of the body covering of many animals


1. measure by or as if by a scale;

  • "This bike scales only 25 pounds"

2. pattern, make, regulate, set, measure, or estimate according to some rate or standard

3. take by attacking with scaling ladders;

  • "The troops scaled the walls of the fort"

4. reach the highest point of;

  • "We scaled the Mont Blanc"

5. climb up by means of a ladder

6. remove the scales from;

  • "scale fish"

7. measure with or as if with scales;

  • "scale the gold"

8. size or measure according to a scale;

  • "This model must be scaled down"
体育| 动物学| 医学| 土木工程| 建筑| 昆虫学| 机械| 植物学| 水产| 法律| 测绘| 生态学| 生物学| 电力| 电工| 药学
  • 1.评分
  • 2.秤
  • 3.平衡


Space Checkout and Launch Equipment


每日一句: The greatest risk in life is to risk nothing. 人生中最大的风险是过没有任何风险的生活。 跟读
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