自2010年至今的四级考试中， 共出现过 次
自2010年至今的六级考试中， 共出现过 次
USED WITH NOUNS DESCRIBING ACTIONS 与描述动作的名词连用
VERB （后接名词，用于描述动作或事件） You can use take followed by a noun to talk about an action or event, when it would also be possible to use the verb that is related to that noun. For example, you can say 'she took a shower' instead of 'she showered'.
She was too tired to take a shower...
Betty took a photograph of us...
VERB （与一系列名词连用，代替意义更为具体的动词） In ordinary spoken or written English, people use take with a range of nouns instead of using a more specific verb. For example people often say 'he took control' or 'she took a positive attitude' instead of 'he assumed control' or 'she adopted a positive attitude'.
The Patriotic Front took power after a three-month civil war...
经过 3 个月内战，爱国阵线夺取了政权。
I felt it was important for women to join and take a leading role...
OTHER USES 其他用法
VERB 拿;取 If you take something, you reach out for it and hold it.
Here, let me take your coat...
Colette took her by the shoulders and shook her...
VERB 随身带;携带 If you take something with you when you go somewhere, you carry it or have it with you.
Mark often took his books to Bess's house to study...
I'll take these papers home and read them...
VERB 运送;带领;通向 If a person, vehicle, or path takes someone somewhere, they transport or lead them there.
She took me to a Mexican restaurant...
The school bus takes them to school and brings them back...
VERB (工作、兴趣等)使…去，使…前往 If something such as a job or interest takes you to a place, it is the reason for you going there.
He was a poor student from Madras whose genius took him to Cambridge...
My work takes me abroad a lot.
VERB 请教（问题等）；洽谈(生意等) If you take something such as your problems or your business to someone, you go to that person when you have problems you want to discuss or things you want to buy.
You need to take your problems to a trained counsellor...
In a true market, the customer can take business elsewhere.
VERB 使…达到(一定水平、程度或状态) If one thing takes another to a particular level, condition, or state, it causes it to reach that level or condition.
A combination of talent, hard work and good looks have taken her to the top...
The managing director had given himself a pay rise of 20%, taking his salary to £20,000...
经理给自己加了 20%的薪，使他的薪水达到了 2 万英镑。
VERB 拿掉;去掉;拿开 If you take something from a place, you remove it from there.
He took a handkerchief from his pocket and lightly wiped his mouth...
Opening a drawer, she took out a letter.
VERB 偷走;(擅自)拿走 If you take something from someone who owns it, you steal it or go away with it without their permission.
He has taken my money, and I have no chance of getting it back...
The burglars took just about anything they could carry.
VERB (军队、政党)攻占，夺取，赢得，俘虏 If an army or political party takes something or someone, they win them from their enemy or opponent.
A Serb army unit took the town...
Marines went in, taking 15 prisoners...
海军陆战队士兵攻了进去，俘获 15 人。
VERB 减去;减 If you take one number or amount from another, you subtract it or deduct it.
Take off the price of the house, that's another hundred thousand.
减去房价，又是 10 万。
VERB 忍受;忍耐;接受;经受 If you cannot take something difficult, painful, or annoying, you cannot tolerate it without becoming upset, ill, or angry.
Don't ever ask me to look after those kids again. I just can't take it!...
Harry's rudeness to everyone was becoming hard to take.
VERB (尤指在战争中)蒙受，遭受(损害、损失) If you take something such as damage or loss, you suffer it, especially in war or in a battle.
They have taken heavy casualties.
VERB 花费，占用(时间) If something takes a certain amount of time, that amount of time is needed in order to do it.
Since the roads are very bad, the journey took us a long time...
I had heard an appeal could take years...
VERB 需要，要求(某种素质或某物) If something takes a particular quality or thing, that quality or thing is needed in order to do it.
At one time, walking across the room took all her strength...
We want to get married and start a family and all. But that takes money...
VERB 接受;采纳 If you take something that is given or offered to you, you agree to accept it.
When I took the job I thought I could change the system, but it's hard...
His sons took his advice.
VERB (从…中)获取，感到 If you take a feeling such as pleasure, pride, or delight in a particular thing or activity, the thing or activity gives you that feeling.
They take great pride in their heritage...
The government will take comfort from the latest opinion poll.
VERB (商店、饭店、剧院等)收入，赚取 If a shop, restaurant, theatre, or other business takes a certain amount of money, they get that amount from people buying goods or services.
The firm took £100,000 in bookings.
这家公司在票务预订方面的收入达到 10 万英镑。
N-SING (商业机构的)收入，获利 You can use take to refer to the amount of money that a business such as a store or theatre gets from selling its goods or tickets during a particular period.
It added another $11.8 million to the take, for a grand total of $43 million.
这就又增加了1,180万美元的收入，总计为 4,300 万美元。
VERB 赢得，摘得(奖项或奖牌) If you take a prize or medal, you win it.
'Poison' took first prize at the 1991 Sundance Film Festival...
《毒药》在 1991 年的圣丹斯电影节上获得一等奖。
Christie took the gold medal in the 100 metres.
克里斯蒂在 100 米赛中夺得金牌。
VERB 承担，承受，接受(责备、责任或功劳) If you take the blame, responsibility, or credit for something, you agree to accept it.
His brother Raoul did it, but Leonel took the blame and kept his mouth shut...
She's reluctant to take all the credit.
VERB 接受，接纳(病人或顾客) If you take patients or clients, you accept them as your patients or clients.
Some universities would be forced to take more students than they wanted...
They were told that Dr Albright wasn't taking any new patients.
VERB 接听(电话) If you take a telephone call, you speak to someone who is telephoning you.
Douglas telephoned Catherine at her office. She refused to take his calls.
VERB (以特定方式)看待，对待 If you take something in a particular way, you react in the way mentioned to a situation or to someone's beliefs or behaviour.
Unfortunately, no one took my messages seriously...
Her husband had taken the news badly...
VERB 以…(为例);拿…(来说) You use take when you are discussing or explaining a particular question, in order to introduce an example or to say how the question is being considered.
There's confusion and resentment, and it's almost never expressed out in the open. Take this office, for example...
You can attack this problem from many angles, but let's take one thing at a time...
VERB 理解;明白;同意 If you take someone's meaning or point, you understand and accept what they are saying.
They've turned sensible, if you take my meaning...
'I'm not saying it's right, I'm just saying that's what happens.' — 'I take your point.'
VERB 把…错当成;误以为 If you take someone for something, you believe wrongly that they are that thing.
She had taken him for a journalist...
Do you take me for an idiot?...
VERB 选择要;选择购买 If you take something from among a number of things, you choose to have or buy it.
'I'll take the grilled tuna,' Mary Ann told the waiter.
VERB 走，沿着(道路或路线) If you take a road or route, you choose to travel along it.
From Wrexham centre take the Chester Road to the outskirts of town...
He had to take a different route home...
VERB (短期)租赁，租住 If you take a house or flat, you rent it, usually for only a short time.
My wife and I have taken the cottage for a month.
VERB 购买,订阅(报纸等) If you take something such as a newspaper, you buy it or have it delivered to your home on a regular basis.
Before the Chronicle I used to take the Guardian.
VERB 乘坐;搭乘 If you take a car, train, bus, or plane, you use it to go from one place to another.
It's the other end of the High Street. We'll take the car, shall we?...
She took the train to New York every weekend...
VERB 学习，选修(课程) If you take a subject or course at school or university, you choose to study it.
Students are allowed to take European history and American history.
VERB 参加(考试) If you take a test or examination, you do it in order to obtain a qualification.
She took her driving test in Greenford...
She travelled to India after taking her A levels.
VERB 教…(课程);给…讲授(课程) If you take someone for a subject, you give them lessons in that subject.
The teacher who took us for economics was Miss Humphrey.
VERB 服用，使用(毒品、药物) If someone takes drugs, pills, or other medicines, they take them into their body, for example by swallowing them.
She's been taking sleeping pills...
I have never taken illegal drugs.
VERB 吃;喝 If you take food or drink, you eat or drink it.
She made a habit of coming in to take tea with Nanny Crabtree...
If you don't take milk, cheese or yoghurt, other sources of calcium are important.
VERB 记(笔记);写(书信) If you take a note or a letter, you write down something you want to remember or the words that someone says.
She sat expressionless, carefully taking notes...
Take a letter, Miss Singleton.
VERB 测量;度量 If you take a particular measurement, you use special equipment to find out what something measures.
By drilling, geologists can take measurements at various depths...
If he feels hotter than normal, take his temperature.
VERB 能容纳;装得下 If a place or container takes a particular amount or number, there is enough space for that amount or number.
The place could just about take 2,000 people.
那地方只能容纳大约 2,000 人。
VERB 穿(特定尺码的鞋或衣物) If you take a particular size in shoes or clothes, that size fits you.
47 per cent of women in the UK take a size 16 or above.
VERB (药物)起作用，生效;(染料)着色 If something such as a drug or a dye takes, it has the effect or result that is intended.
If the cortisone doesn't take, I may have to have surgery.
N-COUNT (一次拍摄的)场景，镜头 A take is a short piece of action which is filmed in one continuous process for a cinema or television film.
She couldn't get it right — she never knew the lines and we had to do several takes.
N-SING 态度;理解;看法 Someone's take on a particular situation or fact is their attitude to it or their interpretation of it.
What's your take on the new government? Do you think it can work?...
That sort of thing gives you a different take on who you are.
PHRASE 我自认为;我以为;我猜测 You can say 'I take it' to check with someone that what you believe to be the case or what you understand them to mean is in fact the case, or is in fact what they mean.
I take it you're a friend of the Kellings, Mr Burr...
I take it that neither of you reads 'The Times'...
PHRASE 相信我;我敢保证 You can say 'take it from me' to tell someone that you are absolutely sure that what you are saying is correct, and that they should believe you.
Take it from me — this is the greatest achievement by any Formula One driver ever.
CONVENTION 接不接受随你，要就要不要拉倒(不容讨价还价) If you say to someone 'take it or leave it', you are telling them that they can accept something or not accept it, but that you are not prepared to discuss any other alternatives.
A 72-hour week, 12 hours a day, six days a week, take it or leave it.
一星期 6 天，一天 12 小时，总共 72 小时，愿不愿意随你的便。
PHRASE 忍受，甘受，屈从于(侮辱或攻击) If someone takes an insult or attack lying down, they accept it without protesting.
The government is not taking such criticism lying down.
PHRASE 使费尽力气;使精疲力竭 If something takes a lot out of you or takes it out of you, it requires a lot of energy or effort and makes you feel very tired and weak afterwards.
He looked tired, as if the argument had taken a lot out of him...
Having loads of children takes it out of you.
PHRASE 使忘却烦恼;使心情好 If something takes you out of yourself, it makes you feel better and so you forget all your worries and unhappiness.
Donating time and energy to others can take you out of yourself.
PHRASE 休息 5 分钟/休息 10 分钟 If someone tells you to take five or to take ten, they are telling you to have a five or ten minute break from what you are doing.