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  • 通过;
  • 穿过;
  • 透过;
  • 经过

In addition to the uses shown below, through is used in phrasal verbs such as ‘see through’, ‘think through’, and ‘win through’.

除下列用法外,through 还可用于 see through,think through,win through 等动词短语中。

The preposition is pronounced /θruː/. In other cases, through is pronounced /'θruː/. 介词读作 /θruː/,其他情况下在句中作重读。
1. PREP 穿过,通过(洞、口子、管道等);从…的一端到另一端 To move through something such as a hole, opening, or pipe means to move directly from one side or end of it to the other. 
  • The theatre was evacuated when rain poured through the roof at the Liverpool Playhouse...


  • Go straight through that door under the EXIT sign...


  • Visitors enter through a side entrance...


  • Through is also an adverb.
    • He went straight through to the kitchen and took a can of beer from the fridge...


    • She opened the door and stood back to allow the man to pass through.


2. PREP (切)开;(割)断;(凿)穿 To cut through something means to cut it in two pieces or to make a hole in it. 
  • Use a proper fish knife and fork if possible as they are designed to cut through the flesh but not the bones...


  • Rabbits still manage to find a way in. I am sure that some have even taken to gnawing through the metal.


  • Through is also an adverb.
    • Score lightly at first and then repeat, scoring deeper each time until the board is cut through.


3. PREP 穿过,通过(城市、地区、国家);遍及 To go through a town, area, or country means to travel across it or in it. 
  • Go up to Ramsgate, cross into France, go through Andorra and into Spain.


  • ...travelling through pathless woods...


  • The couple set off in August from Morocco, drove through the Sahara, visited Nigeria and were heading for Zimbabwe.

    那对夫妇 8 月从摩洛哥出发,驱车穿过撒哈拉大沙漠,游览了尼日利亚,正向津巴布韦进发。

  • Through is also an adverb.
    • Few know that the tribe was just passing through.


4. PREP 在…之间;在…之中 If you move through a group of things or a mass of something, it is on either side of you or all around you. 
  • We made our way through the crowd to the river...


  • Sybil's fingers ran through the water...


  • Nancy kept running, plunging through the sand...


  • Through is also an adverb.
    • He pushed his way through to the edge of the crowd where he waited.


5. PREP 跨越(障碍等) To get through a barrier or obstacle means to get from one side of it to the other. 
  • Allow twenty-five minutes to get through Passport Control and Customs...

    留出 25 分钟过护照检查处和海关。

  • He was one of the last of the crowd to pass through the barrier...


  • Traders generally travel safely through the border.


  • Through is also an adverb.
    • ...a maze of concrete and steel barriers, designed to prevent vehicles driving straight through.


6. PREP 闯过,硬闯(红灯) If a driver goes through a red light, they keep driving even though they should stop. 
  • He was killed at a road junction by a van driver who went through a red light...


  • We drove through red traffic lights, the horn blaring.


7. PREP 穿过,通过(某物内部) If something goes into an object and comes out of the other side, you can say that it passes through the object. 
  • The ends of the net pass through a wooden bar at each end...


  • Zita was herself unconventional, keeping a safety-pin stuck through her ear lobe.


  • Through is also an adverb.
    • I bored a hole so that the fixing bolt would pass through.


8. PREP 通过,经过(系统) To go through a system means to move around it or to pass from one end of it to the other. 
  • ...electric currents travelling through copper wires...


  • What a lot of cards you've got through the post!


  • ...a child's successful passage through the education system.


  • Through is also an adverb.
    • It is also expected to consider a resolution which would allow food to go through immediately with fewer restrictions.


9. PREP 透过,通过(…感知) If you see, hear, or feel something through a particular thing, that thing is between you and the thing you can see, hear, or feel. 
  • Alice gazed pensively through the wet glass...


  • They could hear music pulsing through the walls of the house...


  • I am sure I can feel a vibration through the soles of my feet.


10. PREP (感觉、态度、品质)遍布,遍及,贯穿 If something such as a feeling, attitude, or quality, happens through an area, organization, or a person's body, it happens everywhere in it or affects all of it. 
  • An atmosphere of anticipation vibrated through the crowd...


  • The melody that ran through his brain was composed of bad notes...


  • What was going through his mind when he spoke those amazing words?...


11. PREP 自始至终;从头到尾 If something happens or exists through a period of time, it happens or exists from the beginning until the end. 
  • We're playing in New Zealand, Australia and Japan through November...

    整个 11 月,我们都在新西兰、澳大利亚和日本巡回演出。

  • Saga features trips for older people at home and abroad all through the year...


  • She kept quiet all through breakfast.


  • Through is also an adverb.
    • We've got a tough programme, hard work right through to the summer...


    • He worked right through.


12. PREP 直至;一直到 If something happens from a particular period of time through another, it starts at the first period and continues until the end of the second period. 
  • Monday through Sunday from 7:00 am to 10:00 pm...

    开放时间:周一到周日,每天早晨 7: 00 到晚上 10: 00

  • During her busy season (March through June), she often completes as many as fifty paintings a week.

    她忙的时候(从 3 月一直到 6 月),常常一个星期完成多达 50 幅画作。

in BRIT, use 英国英语用 to
13. PREP 经历;度过 If you go through a particular experience or event, you experience it, and if you behave in a particular way through it, you behave in that way while it is happening. 
  • Men go through a change of life emotionally just like women.


  • ...a humorous woman who had lived through two world wars in Paris...


  • Why was I putting myself through all this misery?...


14. ADJ 完成的;结束的;(与…)关系了结的 If you are through with something or if it is through, you have finished doing it and will never do it again. If you are through with someone, you do not want to have anything to do with them again. 
  • I'm through with the explaining...


  • Training as a marriage counsellor would guarantee her some employment once her schooling was through...


  • They were through. They wanted out. Forever...


15. PREP 进行到一半/一直到底 You use through in expressions such as half-way through and all the way through to indicate to what extent an action or task is completed. 
  • A thirty-nine-year-old competitor collapsed half-way through the marathon and died shortly afterwards.

    一名 39 岁的马拉松参赛者跑到一半时瘫倒在地,没过多久就死了。

  • Through is also an adverb.
    • Stir the pork about until it turns white all the way through.


16. PREP 因为;由于 If something happens because of something else, you can say that it happens through it. 
  • They are understood to have retired through age or ill health...


  • The thought of someone suffering through a mistake of mine makes me shiver.


17. PREP 通过;凭借;依靠 You use through when stating the means by which a particular thing is achieved. 
  • Those who seek to grab power through violence deserve punishment...


  • You simply can't get a ticket through official channels.


18. PREP 经过;经由 If you do something through someone else, they take the necessary action for you. 
  • Do I need to go through my doctor or can I make an appointment direct?...


  • Speaking through an interpreter, he called for some new thinking from the West.


19. ADV (提议、观点)获得通过,得到批准 If something such as a proposal or idea goes through, it is accepted by people in authority and is made legal or official. 
  • It is possible that the present Governor General will be made interim President, if the proposals go through...


  • The secretary of state during the Nixon-Ford transition did not wish to push the proposals through.


  • Through is also a preposition.
    • They want to get the plan through Congress as quickly as possible.


20. PREP 通过(考试);(在比赛中)胜出 If someone gets through an examination or a round of a competition, they succeed or win. 
  • She was bright, learned languages quickly, and sailed through her exams...


  • All the seeded players got through the first round.


  • Through is also an adverb.
    • Nigeria also go through from that group.


21. ADV (电话)接通,打通 When you get through while making a telephone call, the call is connected and you can speak to the person you are phoning. 
  • He may find the line cut on the telephone so that he can't get through...


  • Smith tried to get through to Frank at Warm Springs the next morning.


22. PREP 彻底地(查看或检查) If you look or go through a lot of things, you look at them or deal with them one after the other. 
  • Let's go through the numbers together and see if a workable deal is possible...


  • When you have finished your list of personal preferences, go through it again...


  • David ran through the agreement with Guy, point by point...


23. PREP 从头到尾(阅读) If you read through something, you read it from beginning to end. 
  • She read through pages and pages of the music I had brought her...


  • I only had time to skim through the script before I flew over here.


  • Through is also an adverb.
    • He read the article straight through, looking for any scrap of information that might have passed him by.


24. ADJ (火车)直达的 A through train goes directly to a particular place, so that the people who want to go there do not have to change trains. 
  • ...Britain's longest through train journey, 685 miles.

    英国行程最远的直达列车路线——685 英里

25. ADV (湿)透 If you say that someone or something is wet through, you are emphasizing how wet they are. 
  • I returned to the inn cold and wet, soaked through by the drizzling rain...


  • She went on crying, and cried and cried until the pillow was wet through.


26. PHRASE 彻底;完全 Through and through means completely and to the greatest extent possible. 
  • I've gotten my feet thoroughly soaked and feel frozen through and through...


  • People assume they know me through and through the moment we meet.



1. (表示位置)在…之中; 在…各处; 遍及

  • The earth moves through space.
  • 地球在太空中运行。

2. (表示时间)在…期间; 从…开头到结尾

  • Tom bore up bravely through his father's illness.
  • 在他父亲生病期间, 汤姆表现得很坚强勇敢。

3. (表示方向)从…的一端到另一端; 经过

  • He went through the forest the next day.
  • 次日他穿过了森林。

4. (表示状态)经历着; 度过

  • He has decided to prolong his visit through the weekend.
  • 他已决定把他的访问延长到过完周末。

5. (表示方式)凭借; 用

  • I learnt of the position through a newspaper advertisement.
  • 我是从报纸广告上得悉有此职位的。

6. (表示原因)因为, 由于

  • It was through him that I missed my train.
  • 就是因为他, 我才误了火车。

7. (表示让步)尽管有(反对、抗议等)的声音; 顶着

  • The politician struggled to speak through the shouts of the crowd.
  • 尽管人群中不断有叫喊声, 那位政客仍然坚持讲下去。

8. 透过…看到;隔着…听到

9. 通过(障碍、阶段或测试);穿过

10. 直至,一直到(所指时间包括在内)

11. 冲过,突破;越过…的限制


1. 通过, 过去

  • Can I get through by this road?
  • 我可以从这条路过去吗?

2. 进行到底

  • I'm counting on you to help me through!
  • 我正指望你帮忙帮到底呢!

3. 从一端到另一端;通过

4. 自始至终;从头至尾

5. 直达;径直

6. (电话)接通着

7. (用于形容词后)完全,彻底

8. 遍及;完全地,彻头彻尾地 [亦作 through and through]

9. 出来,出现


1. (交通旅行)直达的,直通的,联运的,全程的

2. (火车)直达的,直通的

3. (道路或路线)直通的

4. (使用)完成,结束;(关系)了结,断绝

5. 穿过的;有洞的

6. 完蛋了的;智穷计尽的

7. (桥梁桁架)下承(式)的,穿过(式)的


1. having finished or arrived at completion;

  • "certain to make history before he's done"
  • "it's a done deed"
  • "after the treatment, the patient is through except for follow-up"
  • "almost through with his studies"

2. of a route or journey etc.; continuing without requiring stops or changes;

  • "a through street"
  • "a through bus"
  • "through traffic"

1. from one end or side to the other;

  • "jealousy pierced her through"

2. from beginning to end;

  • "read this book through"

3. over the whole distance;

  • "this bus goes through to New York"

4. to completion;

  • "think this through very carefully!"

5. in diameter;

  • "this cylinder measures 15 inches through"

6. throughout the entire extent;

  • "got soaked through in the rain"
  • "I'm frozen through"
  • "a letter shot through with the writer's personality"
  • "knew him through and through"
  • "boards rotten through and through"
  • 1.球穿网
  • 2.穿网而过


每日一句: Everybody does stupid things, it shouldn't cost them everything they want in life. 人人都会犯傻,不该因此剥夺他们全部的生活。《豪斯医生》 跟读
  • (请在下面补充描述)