翻译
  • 简明词典(词霸)
  • 柯林斯词典
  • 牛津词典
  • affect

    高中/CET4/CET6/考研/TOEFL/IELTS

    • [əˈfekt]
    • [əˈfekt]

    释义

    • 常用
    • 高考讲解
    • vt.
      影响; 假装; 感动; (疾病)侵袭
  • 词态变化

    • 第三人称单数: affects;
    • 过去式: affected;
    • 过去分词: affected;
    • 现在分词: affecting;
  • 实用场景例句

    • 全部
    • 影响
    • 假装
    • 感动
    • 侵袭
    • 感情
    • 情感
    • 心情

    But sooner rather than later, this aerial vehicle technology will affect all of our lives.

    但是不久以后, 这种空中运载器技术就将影响到我们生活的方方面面.

    ——期刊摘选

    Anorexia nervosa, a form of starvation, may affect adolescent girls.

    神经性厌食症是饥饿的一种形式, 它对少女有影响.

    ——期刊摘选

    How could blood flow affect brain activity?

    血流怎样能影响脑的活性 呢 ?

    ——期刊摘选

    Urban passenger transport system is an important factor to affect urban transportation efficiency.

    城市客运交通体系是影响城市交通运输效率的一个至关重要的因素.

    ——期刊摘选

    Installation of Motorola's Mobile Phone Tools may affect the performance of this driver.

    安装摩托罗拉手机工具可能会影响这个驱动的表现.

    ——期刊摘选

    With the development of Chinese rural tourism, some problems arises which will affect the sustainable development.

    随着我国乡村旅游的蓬勃发展, 一些影响其可持续发展的问题也逐渐显现出来.

    ——期刊摘选

    Different loss allocation methods affect price in electric market.

    电力市场环境下,不同的网损分摊方法对交易电价有一定影响.

    ——期刊摘选

    This guarantee does not affect your statutory rights.

    这项保证不会影响你的法定权利.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    The factors which affect rock type are random and fuzzy.

    影响围岩类别的因素有很多,并且具有高度的随机性和模糊性.

    ——期刊摘选

    This article will affect my thinking.

    这篇文章将会影响我的思想.

    ——《现代英汉综合大词典》

    The contract will affect our national prestige in the world.

    这一合同将会影响我国的国际声望.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    A bad home environment can affect a child's healthy growth.

    不良的家庭环境能影响儿童的健康成长.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    The male menopause is said to affect men who are approaching middle age.

    据说步入中年的男人会经历男性更年期.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Don't let this trifling matter affect our good relationship.

    别为小事伤了和气.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    How will these changes affect us?

    这些变化对我们会有什么影响?

    ——《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》

    This may affect your entitlement to compensation.

    这可能影响你索赔的权利。

    ——《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》

    They will affect generations of Britons still unborn.

    他们将会影响还未出世的好几代英国人。

    ——柯林斯例句

    These are genetic disorders that only affect males normally. They are things like muscular dystrophy and haemophilia.

    这些遗传病通常只发生在男性身上,如肌肉萎缩、血友病等。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Poor housing and family stress can affect both physical and mental health.

    住房条件差、家庭压力大会影响身心两方面的健康。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Even in the artificial environment of an office, our body rhythms continue to affect us.

    即使是在办公室这样的非自然环境中,我们的人体生物钟依然影响着我们。

    ——柯林斯例句

    This will negatively affect the result over the first half of the year.

    这将对上半年的结果产生不利影响。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Scientists call this the "it won't affect me" syndrome.

    科学家把这种现象称为“我无所谓”的典型表现。

    ——柯林斯例句

    It doesn't affect my judgement one jot.

    这丝毫不会影响我的判断。

    ——柯林斯例句

    I had to make important decisions that would affect me for the rest of my life.

    我不得不作出将影响我后半生的重大决定。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Restoring ties with Israel would not affect Bulgaria's traditional friendships with other countries.

    和以色列恢复关系不会影响保加利亚和其他国家的传统友谊。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Price changes must not adversely affect the living standards of the people.

    物价变化一定不能给人们的生活水准带来负面影响。

    ——柯林斯例句

    I was frankly astonished at the degree to which different singers can affect the interpretation of a song.

    说实话,不同歌手对一首歌曲有如此不同的诠释让我感到惊讶。

    ——柯林斯例句

    收起实用场景例句
  • 真题例句

    • 全部
    • 四级
    • 六级
    • 高考
    • 考研

    The report says America's urbanization will continue to be the most significant issue affecting the industry, as cities across the country imitate the walkability and transit-oriented development making cities like New York and San Francisco so successful.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    Another issue affecting real estate in the coming year will be America's failing infrastructure.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    to see whether people's personality affects their life span to find out if one's lifestyle has any effect on their health to investigate the role of exercise in living a long lifeto examine all the factors contributing to longevity They have a good understanding of evolution.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    Mothers' negative personality characteristics may affect their children's life spans.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    Her biggest concern is the emphasis American culture places on thinness and the negative ways this affects girls today.

    出自-2016年6月听力原文

    We validated these expectations in a study in which two other psychologists and I monitored 373 students for two years during the transition to junior high school, when the work gets more difficult and the grading -102- more strict, to determine how their mind-sets might affect their math grades.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    It is a chief factor affecting students' learning.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    It affects models' health and safety.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    They can affect a person's ability to get a job and qualification for benefits.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    They affect people's health.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    Even simple visual cues, like plate size and fighting, have been shown to affect portion size and consumption.

    出自-2013年12月阅读原文

    Eating distractions often affect our food digestion

    出自-2013年12月阅读原文

    What is said to be a factor affecting our appetite and food intake?

    出自-2013年12月阅读原文

    What did Steve Jobs do that most deeply affected people's way of life?

    出自-2012年12月阅读原文

    But a lapse (缺失) of integrity also affects our relationships with others.

    出自-2011年12月阅读原文

    Global temperatures affect the rate of economic development.

    出自-2011年6月阅读原文

    Along with the deaths, the report said that the lives of 325 million people, primarily in poor countries, were being seriously affected by climate change.

    出自-2011年6月阅读原文

    The effects are complex, affected by socio-economic factors, health-service provision, emotional support and other more physiological (生理的) mechanisms.

    出自-2010年12月阅读原文

    According to Professor Maressa Orzack, Internet use would be considered excessive if it seriously affected family relationships

    出自-2010年6月阅读原文

    it seriously affected family relationships

    出自-2010年6月阅读原文

    It mix all the decisions that affect the school,including rules, the timetable and accepting or rejecting new students and teachers

    出自-2012年12月听力原文

    Improve the welfare of affected workers.

    出自-2011年6月听力原文

    Writing in the journal, the scientists describe how the storks from Germany were clearly affected by the presence of waste sites, with four out of six birds that survived for at least five months overwintering on rubbish dumps in northern Morocco, instead of migrating to the Sahel.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    The company had previously announced the planned closures, but had not said which locations would be affected.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    Ms.Lareau doesn't believe participating in fewer after-class activities will negatively affect children's development.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    Migrating birds affect ecosystems both at home and at their winter destinations, and disrupting the traditional routes could have unexpected side effects.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    It will slash staffing at its fleet of 770 stores, a move affecting some 3,000 employees.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    The protection and improvement of the human environment is a major issue which affects the well-being of peoples and economic development throughout the world, read the final declaration from this gathering, the first of a sequence which would lead to the Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit in 1992 and the World Development Summit in Johannesburg three years ago.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    Farmers and consumers may be affected by harmful bacteria.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    And the World Resources Institute ( ' , WRI) in its World Resources 2005 report, issued at the end of August, produced several such examples from Africa and Asia; it also demonstrated that environmental degradation affects the poor more than the rich, as poorer people derive a much higher proportion of their income directly from the natural resources around them.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    And on reflection, this is not surprising; the single word environment has so many dimensions, and there are so many other factors affecting wealth—such as the oil deposits—that teasing out a simple economy-environment relationship would be almost impossible.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    They are free from the greenhouse effects affecting forced riders.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    People physically fit enough to survive over 100 years ultimately give in to diseases such as Alzheimer’s, which affects the mind and cognitive function.

    出自-2016年12月听力原文

    In ponds closest to the colony, the result showed there were far more pollutants than the ponds less affected by the birds.

    出自-2016年12月听力原文

    Despite mournful polar bears and charts showing carbon emissions soaring, most people find it hard to believe that global warming will affect them personally.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    Despite clear signs of global warming it is not easy for most people to believe climate change will affect their own lives.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    At the Exploratorium in San Francisco, we recently studied how learning to ask good questions can affect the quality of people's scientific inquiry.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    Women's working time is influenced by the number and age of their children, but men's working time is not affected by these factors.

    出自-2014年6月阅读原文

    A supervisor's action toward a poorly performing worker can affect the attitudes of other employees.

    出自-2013年12月阅读原文

    Newsweek ranked 165 countries, looking at five areas that affect women's lives; treatment under the law, workforce participation, political power, and access to education and health care

    出自-2013年12月阅读原文

    The "energy crisis" of 1973-1974 in the United States demonstrated how the price of oil can affect US government policies and the energy-using .

    出自-2013年6月阅读原文

    It has affected house owners more than stock holders.

    出自-2013年6月阅读原文

    How did the economic crisis affect Americans?

    出自-2012年12月阅读原文

    Automation isn't just affecting factory workers, either.

    出自-2012年12月阅读原文

    How did Sears' goal-setting affect its employees?

    出自-2012年6月阅读原文

    Even for those most acutely affected – say, low-skilled workers, or California residents – the impact isn't all that dramatic.

    出自-2011年6月阅读原文

    the proposed reforms will affect too many people's interests

    出自-2010年12月阅读原文

    How Obama's agenda is going to affect the life of Americans.

    出自-2010年6月阅读原文

    Lingering racism If the Obama effect is positive for African Americans, how is it affecting their white compatriots (同胞)

    出自-2010年6月阅读原文

    They want to know if the economic crisis would affect our ability to carry out the deal we signed last November.

    出自-2013年12月听力原文

    Two strains of the disease, with almost identical symptoms, affected humans-Ebola-Zaire and Ebola-Sudan.

    出自-2013年6月听力原文

    What does the speaker seem to believe about those affected by alcoholism

    出自-2013年6月听力原文

    Another way in which meat production affects the environment is through the use of water and land.

    出自-2013年6月听力原文

    One of the most common dangers to climbers is altitude sickness, which can affect even very experienced climbers.

    出自-2012年12月听力原文

    The number of people in the lineup, and whether it is a live lineup or a photograph, may also affect a witness's decision.

    出自-2012年6月听力原文

    They may affect the results of experiments.

    出自-2011年12月听力原文

    Communications with others not only affects our sense of identity but also directly influences our physical and emotional well-being.

    出自-2010年6月听力原文

    According to some researchers, we can use firewalls to avoid robots' affecting the world.

    2017年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读D 题设

    David Dominoni, of Glasgow university, said that light from street lamps, takeaway signs and homes is affecting the birds' biological clocks, leading to them being wide awake when they should be asleep.

    2015年高考英语四川卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    From the experience, I learned a lot about how the attitude of the leader can affect the members of a team.

    2018年高考英语天津卷 完形填空 原文

    How are cafes affected by French lifestyle changes?

    2015年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读D 题设

    How robocalls are affecting the world of technology.

    2019年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读C 选项

    If a basketball star is, for example, trying to gain a high personal point total, he may take a shot himself when it would be better to pass the ball to a teammate, affecting the team's performance.

    2019年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 七选五 原文

    It is important to pay your electricity bill on time, as late payments may affect your credit.

    2016年高考英语浙江卷(6月) 单项选择 原文

    It is obvious that the way much coffee is grown affects many aspects many aspects of life, from the local environment to the global ecology.

    2015年高考英语陕西卷 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    It was a change that took place without being noticed though it was of the extreme importance, a spiritual change which affected the whole state.

    2015年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    It will affect tourism in dartmoor.

    2015年高考英语湖北卷 阅读理解 阅读A 选项

    It's surprising how much simple movements of the body can affect the way we think.

    2017年高考英语浙江卷(11月) 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    On a local level, the damage of the forest required by full-sun fields affects the area's birds and animals.

    2015年高考英语陕西卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    Technological change is everywhere and affects every aspect of life, mostly for the better.

    2015年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    The people's hearing might be affected.

    2015年高考英语四川卷 阅读理解 阅读D 选项

    The researchers call the effect "Enclothed Cognition, " suggesting that all manner of different clothes probably affect our cognition in many different ways.

    2017年高考英语浙江卷(11月) 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    The writer mentions birds and frogs to show how light pollution affects animals.

    2015年高考英语浙江卷 阅读理解 阅读C 题设

    These actions have greatly affected the ecological balance.

    2019年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    They are affected by certain body chemicals.

    2017年高考英语浙江卷(6月) 阅读理解 阅读B 选项

    This affects their nervous systems and ability to produce baby birds, and can lead to kidney failures and death.

    2016年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    To be punctual one has to have self-discipline, and the lack of it affects others.

    2015年高考英语陕西卷 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    Traditional wisdom also has it that heavy television-watching lowers IQ scores and affects school performance.

    2015年高考英语广东卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    Warming changes key characteristics of the ocean and can affect phytoplankton growth, since they need not only sunlight and carbon dioxide to grow, but also nutrients.

    2019年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    Welch examined a sick boy, Billy, and knew he had diphtheria, a deadly infectious disease mainly affecting children.

    2016年高考英语北京卷 完形填空 原文

    When I was 50, my weight problem began to affect me seriously.

    2017年高考英语天津卷 完形填空 原文

    Wherever human light spills into the natural world, some aspect or life is affected.

    2015年高考英语浙江卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    If people in the network just two degrees removed from the initial influential prove resistant,for example from the initial influential prove resistant,for example the cascade of change won’t propagate very far or affect many people.

    出自-2010年考研阅读原文

    For a social epidemic to occur,however,each person so affected,must then influence his or her own acquaintances,who must in turn influence theirs,and so on;and just how many others pay attention to each of these people has little to do with the initial influential.

    出自-2010年考研阅读原文

    In the 2006 film version of The Devil Wears Prada ,Miranda Priestly, played by Meryl Streep, scolds her unattractive assistant for imagining that high fashion doesn’t affect her, Priestly explains how the deep blue color of the assistant’s sweater descended over the years from fashion shows to departments stores and to the bargain bin in which the poor girl doubtless found her garment.

    出自-2013年考研阅读原文

    He was not interested in daily politics, but concerned with questions of moral behavior and the larger questions of right and wrong affecting the entire society.

    出自-2014年考研翻译原文

    Previous studies on CSR have had trouble differentiating these effects because consumers can be affected by all three.

    出自-2016年考研阅读原文

    收起真题例句
  • 英英释义

    Noun

    • 1. the conscious subjective aspect of feeling or emotion

    Verb

    • 1. have an effect upon;

      "Will the new rules affect me?"

    • 2. act physically on; have an effect upon
    • 3. connect closely and often incriminatingly;

      "This new ruling affects your business"

    • 4. make believe with the intent to deceive;

      "He feigned that he was ill"

      "He shammed a headache"

    • 5. have an emotional or cognitive impact upon;

      "This child impressed me as unusually mature"

      "This behavior struck me as odd"

    收起英英释义
  • 词根词缀

    词根: fect

    =do,make 表示"做,制作"

    • adj.

      affected 受到影响的,不自然的,假装的

      affect[v.影响;[疾病]侵袭;感动 n.情感,感情]+ed……的→被影响的

      affectionate 挚爱的,充满感情的

      affection[n.爱,喜爱;爱慕之情;感情;疾病,不适]+ate……的→adj.挚爱的,充满感情的

      affective 情感的,表达感情的

      affect情感+ive……的→adj.情感的,表达感情的

      effective 有效的,生效的;被实施的;给人深刻印象

      effect[n.结果;效果;影响;印象 v.招致;实现;达到]+ive……的→adj.有效的,生效的;被实施的;给人深刻印象

      infectious 传染的,传染性的,有感染力的

      infect传染+ious……的→adj.传染的,传染性的,有感染力的

      perfect 完善的;完全的;[语法]完成的

      per全部+fect做,制作→全部做完→完善的

      disaffected [政治上]不满的,叛离的

      disaffect[v.使不满意,使疏远]+ed……的→adj.[政治上]不满的,叛离的

    • n.

      affect 情感,感情

      af使+fect做,制作→使……做→影响

      affection 爱,喜爱;爱慕之情;感情;疾病,不适

      affect[v.影响;[疾病]侵袭;感动 n.情感,感情]+ion表名词→n.爱,喜爱;爱慕之情;感情;疾病,不适

      confect 西点,糖果

      con共同+fect做,制作→很多[果子,甜品]加在一起做→调制[出糖果]

      confection 甜食,糖果

      confect[v.调制,n.西点,糖果]+ion某种物→n.甜食,糖果

      confectionery 糖果制造人, 糖果店

      confection[n.甜食,糖果]+ery场所→n.糖果制造人, 糖果店

      defect 过失;缺点;不足

      de坏+fect做,制作→做坏了→缺陷

      defection 脱党,变节

      de坏+fect做+ion表名词→做坏事

      affectation 做作,虚假

      affect感动+ation表名词→做出的感动→做作

      effect 结果;效果;影响;印象

      ef出+fect做,制作→做出来→出效果

      infection 感染,传染;传染病

      infect[v.传染,感染;影响[思想等]]+ion状态→n.感染,传染;传染病

      perfection 尽善尽美,完美

      perfect[adj.完善的;完全的;[语法]完成的 v.使完美]+ion表名词→n.尽善尽美,完美

    • v.

      affect 影响;[疾病]侵袭;感动

      af使+fect做,制作→使……做→影响

      confect 调制,

      con共同+fect做,制作→很多[果子,甜品]加在一起做→调制[出糖果]

      disaffect 使不满意,使疏远

      dis分开+affect感情→感情分开→疏远

      effect 招致;实现;达到

      ef出+fect做,制作→做出来→出效果

      effectuate 实行,完成

      effect[n.结果;效果;影响;印象 v.招致;实现;达到]+u+ate表动词→v.实行,完成

      infect 传染,感染;影响[思想等]

      in进入+fect做,制作→做进去→传染进去

      perfect 使完美

      per全部+fect做,制作→全部做完→完善的

  • 同义词辨析

    affect, influence, impress

    这些动词均含"影响"之意。

    • affect:作主语通常是物而不是人,指一物对另一物产生的消极影响。
    • influence:侧重在思想、性格、行为等方面所产生的潜移默化的影响,也可指自然力的影响。
    • impress:强调影响既深刻又持久。
  • 同义词

    influencemoveswaypersuade

  • 行业词典

    • 医学

      情感,感情:与意念有关的心绪的外露,或对事物的精神表现   参见mood   

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