- 简明词典（词霸）
- 柯林斯词典
- 牛津词典

- 释义
- 词态变化
- 实用场景例句
- 真题例句
- 英英释义
- 词根词缀
- 同义词辨析
- 同义词
- 反义词
- 行业词典

# assumption

高中/CET4/CET6/考研/GRE/TOEFL/IELTS

- 英[əˈsʌmpʃn]
- 美[əˈsʌmpʃn]

### 释义

- 常用
- 高考讲解

*n.*假定，假设; 承担; 想当然; 采取

### 词态变化

- 复数: assumptions;

### 实用场景例句

- 全部
- 假定
- 假设
- 承担
- 想当然
- 采取

The

**assumption**was that you would pass out and avoid all of the hassle.假定您将运出,避免所有的麻烦.

——期刊摘选

Clara's conceited

**assumption**of a universal interest in her dull children was ridiculous Arnold Bennett.“克拉尔自负地认为人们都十分喜欢她的几个死板的孩子真是可笑”(阿诺德·贝内特).

——期刊摘选

The

**assumption**of the recumbent position is associated with shoulder pain.采取卧位和肩痛有关.

——辞典例句

The thesis improves the mortality table

**assumption**, amends the**assumption**of retired population , wage and contribution.然后分章节针对各处进行了修改.修改之处有死亡率假设 、 退休人口假设、缴费工资假设等等.

——期刊摘选

The segregation model of endosperm characteristics was illustrated under the

**assumption**of no dosage effect.文中曾就无基因剂量效应的前提下,例释胚乳性状的分离模式.

——期刊摘选

There is an unspoken

**assumption**that the networks are safe from deliberate human sabotage.有一个潜假设,即网络是安全的从人类的蓄意破坏.

——期刊摘选

The connection between the

**assumption**and the question or alleged consequent is remote.这种假设与问题或被断言的结果之间远远联系不上.

——辞典例句

The classical fish population dynamic models were largely on the basis of stable population behavior

**assumption**.经典的鱼类种群动态模型是以稳定的种群行为为基础的.

——期刊摘选

His

**assumption**of office was welcomed by everyone.他的到职为大家所欢迎.

——《现代汉英综合大词典》

It rendered this

**assumption**infirm.它使这个假定基础不稳.

——辞典例句

The

**assumption**that such violence afflicts only the poor or deserving is both fatuous and misguided.认为家庭暴力只会发生在穷人中的看法是愚昧和错误的.

——期刊摘选

We mistook

**assumption**that the price would fall.我们错误地认为价格会下降.

——《简明英汉词典》

His

**assumption**proved to be wrong.他的设想证明是错误的.

——《现代汉英综合大词典》

I would question the validity of that

**assumption**.我会质疑那个假设的正当性.

——《简明英汉词典》

The new governor's

**assumption**of office will take place next Tuesday.新州长将于下星期二到任就职.

——《现代汉英综合大词典》

Your

**assumption**is wrong.你的假定是错的.

——《现代英汉综合大词典》

This is an invalid

**assumption**.这是一个无根据的假设.

——《简明英汉词典》

His

**assumption**of power was welcomed by everyone.他掌权为大家所欢迎.

——《现代英汉综合大词典》

The hostress bustled about with an

**assumption**of authority.女主人摆出一副权威的样子忙来忙去.

——《现代英汉综合大词典》

Implicit in his speech was the

**assumption**that they were guilty.他话语中的言外之意是设定他们有罪。

——《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》

Traditional economic analysis is premised on the

**assumption**that more is better.传统的经济分析是以多多益善的设想为依据的。

——《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》

The underlying

**assumption**is that the amount of money available is limited.隐含的假定是，可用的资金有限。

——《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》

We are working on the

**assumption**that it was a gas explosion.我们假设这是一场燃气爆炸事故。

——柯林斯例句

The only safe

**assumption**is that the world's financial markets will have to find solutions themselves.唯一可以断定的是世界金融市场将不得不自己寻找出路。

——柯林斯例句

The government have retained the support which greeted their

**assumption**of power last March.自从在刚过去的三月掌权以来，政府的支持率依旧未减。

——柯林斯例句

Put your best foot forward and work on the

**assumption**that there is an acceptable solution to every problem you are likely to face.要尽力而为，要相信你可能遇到的每一个问题都会有一个适当的解决方案。

——柯林斯例句

Dr Subroto questioned the scientific

**assumption**on which the global warming theory is based.苏布罗托博士质疑全球变暖理论所依据的科学假设。

——柯林斯例句

They have taken a wrong turning in their

**assumption**that all men and women think alike.他们错误地设想所有男女均见解一致。

——柯林斯例句

收起实用场景例句### 真题例句

- 全部
- 四级
- 六级
- 高考
- 考研

A reasonable

**assumption**—don't families struggle to avoid nursing homes and suffer real guilt if they can't? In the initial results, assisted living residents did paint the most positive picture.出自-2016年6月阅读原文

The

**assumption**is that children shouldn't chat in the classroom because it hinders hard work; instead, they should learn to delay gratification ( ' , 快乐 ) so that they can pursue abstract goals, like going to college.出自-2015年12月阅读原文

They are based on wrong

**assumptions**.出自-2013年6月阅读原文

**Assumptions**about genetic differences between people of different races could be particularly dangerous in a medical setting.出自-2016年12月阅读原文

It IS a false

**assumption**that lessons should be made easier to learn.出自-2013年12月阅读原文

For all of these reasons, some colleges like Hartwick are rethinking the old way of doing things and questioning decades-old

**assumptions**about what a college degree means.出自-2012年6月阅读原文

A thoughtful official passed on some of the copies to the park authorities on the

**assumption**that they might make a nice blow-up for one of the visitors' centers.2019年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

An

**assumption**behind UK insurance for driverless cars, introduced earlier this year, insists that a human "be watchful and monitoring the road" at every moment.2017年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

When serious illness visits your household, it's not just your daily routine and your

**assumptions**about the future that are no longer familiar.2015年高考英语浙江卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

Allen‘s contribution was to take an

**assumption**we all share-that because we are not robots we therefore control our thoughts-and reveal its erroneous nature.出自-2011年考研翻译原文

On the

**assumption**that they will become relevant later, you make a mental note of discourse entities as well as possible links between them.出自-2015年考研阅读原文

California has asked the justices to refrain from a sweeping ruling particularly one that upsets the old

**assumption**that authorities may search through the possessions of suspects at the time of their arrest.出自-2015年考研阅读原文

收起真题例句### 英英释义

#### Noun

##### 1. a statement that is assumed to be true and from which a conclusion can be drawn;

"on the

**assumption**that he has been injured we can infer that he will not to play"##### 2. a hypothesis that is taken for granted;

"any society is built upon certain

**assumptions**"##### 3. the act of taking possession of or power over something;

"his

**assumption**of office coincided with the trouble in Cuba""the Nazi

**assumption**of power in 1934""he acquired all the company's assets for ten million dollars and the

**assumption**of the company's debts"##### 4. audacious (even arrogant) behavior that you have no right to;

"he despised them for their presumptuousness"

##### 5. the act of assuming or taking for granted;

"your

**assumption**that I would agree was unwarranted"

收起英英释义### 词根词缀

词根: sumpt

=take,表示"拿,取"

#### adj.

##### sumptuous 奢侈的,华丽的

sumpt拿,取+uous多……的→[把钱]拿出去→奢侈的

#### n.

##### assumption 假定,设想;采取;承担;推测;假装

as加强动作+sumpt拿,取+ion表名词→拿住→认为是……[假定]

##### consumption 消费, 消费量

con共同+sumpt拿,取+ion表名词→全拿完→消耗

##### presumption 假定,冒昧

pre预先+sumpt拿,取+ion表名词→预先拿→假定

### 同义词辨析

##### hypothesis, assumption, presumption, supposition

这些名词均有"假设，假想"之意。

##### hypothesis： 书面用词，指有待作进一步检验或证实的假设。

##### assumption： 侧重主观推测或主观设想。

##### presumption： 着重指以可能性为依据的假设。

##### supposition可与assumption换用，还可表某种试探性的主观看法或建议。

### 同义词

expectationpropositionrobberyconclusionspeculationprospectaccessionthesis

### 反义词

*n.*假定;假装conclusion

其他释义conclusion

### 行业词典

##### 计算机

假设，假定