翻译
  • 简明词典(词霸)
  • 柯林斯词典
  • 牛津词典
  • base

    高中/CET4/CET6/考研/GRE

    • [beɪs]
    • [beɪs]

    释义

    • 常用
    • 高考讲解
    • n.
      基础; 基地; 根据; 基数(如十进制的10 和二进制的2);
    • vt.
      基于; 把…建立在; 把…放在或设在(基地); 把…置于底座(或基座)上;
    • adj.
      卑鄙的; 低级的; 贱的,劣的; 庶生的;

    大小写变形:BASEBase

  • 词态变化

    • 复数: bases;
    • 第三人称单数: bases;
    • 过去式: based;
    • 过去分词: based;
    • 现在分词: basing;
    • 比较级: baser;
    • 最高级: basest;
    • 副词: basely;
  • 实用场景例句

    • 全部
    • 基础
    • 基地
    • 根据
    • 基数
    • 基于
    • 卑鄙的
    • 低级的
    • 贱的
    • 劣的

    He's gone AWOL from his base.

    他从基地开了小差。

    ——《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》

    We need to appeal to a wider customer base.

    我们需要吸引更广泛的客户。

    ——《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》

    There was a cycle path running along this side of the wall, right at its base.

    在墙的这边,沿着墙根有一条自行车道。

    ——柯林斯例句

    He returned to Chicago, and made it his base for the rest of his life.

    他回到了芝加哥,在那里度过了余生。

    ——柯林斯例句

    He was determined to give his family a secure and solid base.

    他决定给家人一个牢固坚实的生活基础。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Bank base rates have fallen from 10 per cent to 6 per cent — a decrease of 40 per cent.

    银行的基本利率已从10%降到了6%,降幅高达40%。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Enviros Consulting has a client base of more than 2,000 organisations worldwide.

    EnvirosConsulting公司在全世界拥有逾2,000家组织机构的客户群。

    ——柯林斯例句

    The day dawned sunless and with a low cloud base.

    黎明时分天气阴沉,云幕低垂。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Line the base of the dish with greaseproof paper and lightly grease the sides.

    在餐盘底部垫一层防油纸,再在里侧涂少许的油。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Sailors at a naval base had mutinied against their officers.

    某海军基地的士兵不服从军官领导,发生了兵变。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Three insulating panels had come adrift from the base of the vehicle.

    车子底盘的3块隔热板已经脱落了。

    ——柯林斯例句

    At first base he led the league 21 times in fielding.

    他在一垒防守方面21次位居联盟第一。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Brick rubble is useful as the base for paths and patios.

    碎砖石可以用来铺路基和庭院地基。

    ——柯林斯例句

    The historic feeling of the town makes it a pleasant place to base oneself for summer vacations.

    该镇的历史气息让它成为人们夏季度假的好去处。

    ——柯林斯例句

    There was no strong organizational base on which to build.

    缺乏一个坚实的组织基础。

    ——柯林斯例句

    A herd of goats was nibbling the turf around the base of the tower.

    一群山羊在啃塔基四周的草皮。

    ——柯林斯例句

    The transmitters will send a signal automatically to a local base station.

    发射台会自动将信号发射到地方基站。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Although it is not in his power to do so, he said he would rebuild the Air Base.

    虽然这超出了他的能力范围,他还是说他会重建空军基地。

    ——柯林斯例句

    If the child sees the word "hear", we should show him that this is the base word in "hearing" and "hears".

    如果孩子看到hear这个词,我们就应该告诉他这是hearing和hears的词干。

    ——柯林斯例句

    The lamp stands on a circular base.

    这盏台灯是装在圆形底座上的.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    You can put a lot of different pizza toppings on a pizza base.

    你可以在比萨饼底衬上加不同的顶配料.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    We must base ourselves on the interests of the people.

    我们一定要从人民的利益出发.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    The newlyweds decided to conduct family planning for lack of a sound economic base.

    那对新婚夫妇因缺乏坚实的经济基础决定实行计划生育.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    The base angles of an isosceles triangle are equal.

    等腰三角形的底角相等.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    He cut down the tree close at the base.

    他在近根处将树砍倒.

    ——《现代英汉综合大词典》

    The enemy base became a sheet of flames.

    敌人的基地成了一片火海.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    Two battalions were disposed for an attack on the air base.

    配置两个营的兵力进攻空军基地.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    The motives are base.

    动机卑鄙.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    收起实用场景例句
  • 真题例句

    • 全部
    • 四级
    • 六级
    • 高考
    • 考研

    But a new report by Deloitte, Global Human Capital Trends, based on a survey of more than 7,000 executives in over 130 countries, suggests that the fashion for teamwork has reached a new high.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    We thought we would see differences based on the housing types, said the lead author of the study, Julie Robison, an associate professor of medicine at the university.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    This is especially interesting when you consider that younger people are generally more interested in travelrelated technologies than older onesWhen it comes to driverless cars, differences in attitude are more pronounced based on factors not related to age.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    Soupios says that it is based on Plato's observation that the unexamined life is not worth living.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    Soupios say following the 10 Golden Rules based on ancient wisdom can guide us to the path of the good life where we stop living as onlookers and become engaged and happier human beings.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    It was based on concepts developed at Vanderbilt University's Peabody College by Susan Gray, the legendary pioneer in early childhood education research.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    Based on what is emerging from some of this research, that might have been as rational a way as any to reach a decision.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    Then students select adviser based on shared academic interests.

    出自-2016年6月听力原文

    In other departments, a new student is assigned a faculty adviser based on some system of distribution of the  departments advising load.

    出自-2016年6月听力原文

    And based on past experiences, it takes four to five years after economic recovery for unemployment to return to pre-crisis levels.

    出自-2016年6月听力原文

    That approach will eliminate most cord-cutting concerns—but what about their wireless equivalent, jamming? With the right device tuned to the right frequency, what's to stop a thief from jamming your setup and blocking that alert signal from ever reaching the base station?Jamming concerns are nothing new, and they're not unique to security systems.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    Seventy percent of girls aged 10 to 18 report that they define perfect body image based on what they see in magazines.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    If they detect something wrong while the system is armed, they'll transmit a wireless alert signal to a base station that will then raise the alarm.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    System institutions are operating very efficiently based on this analysis, raising the question of the value of pursuing a broad scale outsourcing initiative.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    Only about 50 students are invited based on their performance on written tests and at the USA Math Olympiad.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    Her 1919 work, Household Engineering: Scientific Management in the Home, was based on detailed observation of a housewife's daily routine.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    Turkey and Iran have announced plans to build bases, too.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    The large base he leads resembles a snowed-in college campus on holiday break, with the capacity to sleep more than 10 times the 13 people who were staying on through the Antarctic winter.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    South Korea, which operates state-of-the-art bases here, is increasing its fishing of krill ( ' , 磷虾), found in abundance in the Southern Ocean, while Russia recently frustrated efforts to create one of the world's largest ocean sanctuaries here.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    South Korea opened its second Antarctic research base in 2014, describing it as a way to test robots developed by Korean researchers for use in extreme conditions.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    Our modern workplaces also operate based on outdated time constraints.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    On a glacier-filled island with fjords ( ' , 峡湾) and elephant seals, Russia has built Antarctica's first Orthodox church on a hill overlooking its research base.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    Not to be outdone, India's futuristic new Bharathi base, built on stills ( ' , 桩子) using 134 interlocking shipping containers, resembles a spaceship.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    Ning Xu, 53, the chief of the Chinese base, said over tea during a fierce blizzard ( ' , 暴风雪) in late November.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    Less than an hour away by snowmobile, Chinese labourers have updated the Great Wall Station, a vital part of China's plan to operate five bases on Antarctica, complete with an indoor badminton court and sleeping quarters for 150 people.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    If you make clinical predictions based on somebody's race, you're going to be wrong a good chunk of the time, Yudell told Live Science.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    Colombia said this year that it planned to join other South American nations with bases in Antarctica.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    China's newly renovated Great Wall Station on King George Island makes the Russian and Chilean bases here seem outdated.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    Brazil opened a research station in 1984, but it was largely destroyed by a fire that killed two members of the navy in 2012, the same year that a diesel-laden Brazilian barge sank near the base.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    Bearded Russian priests offer regular services at the Orthodox church for the 16 or so Russian speakers who spend the winter at the base, largely polar scientists in fields like glaciology and meteorology.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    At least three Russian stations are already operating in Antarctica, part of its effort to challenge the dominance of the American GPS, and new stations are planned for sites like the Russian base, in the shadow of the Orthodox Church of the Holy Trinity.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    As if that were not enough, a Brazilian C-130 Hercules military transport plane has remained stranded near the runway of Chile's air base here since it crash-landed in 2014.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    117 With Russia's help, Belarus is preparing to build its first Antarctic base.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    Its sheer rock sides sweep up from a broad base until they cut off abruptly at the flat summit.

    出自-2016年12月听力原文

    It is based on racial roots.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    Inequality itself is not a particularly strong predictor of economic mobility, as sociologist Scott Winship noted in a recent article based on his analysis of this data.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    In the extreme, some critics have said that making treatment decisions based on cost is a form of rationing.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    Based on my analyses of the data, of the factors that Chetty has highlighted, the following three seem to be most predictive of upward mobility in a given community:1.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    As such, the first writing was based on the way people talk,with short sentences.

    出自-2014年6月阅读原文

    In 2010,the Institution of Mechanical Engineers identified three principal emerging population groups across the world, based on characteristics associated with their current and projected stage of economic development.

    出自-2013年12月阅读原文

    Democrats and Republicans can and will take sides on a number of issues, but a more crucial concern is that both are basing major policy decisions on guesstimates rather than looking at the vast wealth of raw data with a critical eye and an open mind.

    出自-2013年6月阅读原文

    There is another survey, sometimes referred to as the "payroll survey," that assesses 400000 businesses based on their reported payrolls.

    出自-2013年6月阅读原文

    Its conclusion is not based on solid scientific evidence.

    出自-2012年6月阅读原文

    based businesses, large and small, figure out how to get a piece of growing global demand?

    出自-2011年12月阅读原文

    More and more scholarships are based on merit, not need.

    出自-2011年6月阅读原文

    Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard

    出自-2013年12月听力原文

    Questions 29 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.

    出自-2011年6月听力原文

    Based on answers to questions regarding their job hunting strategies and career decisions, he divided the students into two groups: maximizers, who consider every possible option, and satisficers, who look until they find an option that is good enough

    出自-2011年6月听力原文

    A lot of business is still done over the phone, and much of it is based on trust and existing relationships.

    2019年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    As we move away from an industrial-based economy to a knowledge-based one, office designers have come up with alternatives to the traditional work environments of the past.

    2015年高考英语上海卷 选词填空 原文

    At the base is a rainforest.

    2019年高考英语全国卷I 完形填空 原文

    Based upon their expressed thoughts and actual "musicking" behaviours, this text examines the songs they sing, the rhythms....

    2016年高考英语浙江卷(6月) 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    Data collected from the device could be used to recognize different participants based on how they typed, with very low error rates.

    2019年高考英语全国卷I 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    Further, Dallas arts and arts-based businesses produce $298 for every dollar the city spends on arts programming and facilities.

    2018年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 填空题 原文

    Governments' incentive to require producers to take responsibility for the packaging they produce is usually based on money.

    2015年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    It can also speak different languages and make recommendations for different items based on what the customer is shopping for.

    2015年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    Many western companies have tried to imitate such asian ways of doing things, which are based on general agreement.

    2016年高考英语上海卷 完形填空 原文

    Prinstein examined the two types of popularity in 235 adolescents, scoring the least liked, the most liked and the highest in status based on student surveys.

    2019年高考英语全国卷I 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    Robins are singing all night--as well as during the day, British-based researchers say.

    2015年高考英语四川卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    Scientists have built an early-warning system based on mathematical models.

    2019年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    Several safari camps operate as the base for this adventure, providing unique rides twice a day to explore deep into the delta.

    2015年高考英语重庆卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    So it was a great honour to be invited backstage at the not-for-profit panda base, where ticket money helps pay for research.

    2016年高考英语全国卷1 语法填空 原文

    The dog had initially been knocked unconscious but had survived by drinking water from a fresh scream at the base of the cliff.

    2015年高考英语陕西卷 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    The research group produced two reports based on the survey, but neither contained any useful suggestions.

    2015年高考英语福建卷 单项填空 原文

    The robot doesn't just deliver general answers to questions; it responds based on what it learns about each individual in the household.

    2015年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    This opens the way for all sorts of clothes-based experiments.

    2017年高考英语浙江卷(11月) 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    This suggests that British attitudes towards accent have deep roots and are based on class prejudice.

    2015年高考英语广东卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    When combined with berries of slices of other fruits, frozen bananas make an excellent base for thick, cooling fruit shakes and low fat "ice cream".

    2018年高考英语全国卷2 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    When planning Encyclopaedia Britannica, I had to create a table of contents based on the topics of its articles.

    2016年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    To sum up: a system of conservation based solely on economic self-interest is hopelessly lopsided It tends to ignore, and thus eventually to eliminate, many elements in the land community that lack commercial value, but that are essential to its healthy functioning.

    出自-2010年考研翻译原文

    One basic weakness in a conservation system based wholly on economic motives is that most members of the land community have no economic value.

    出自-2010年考研翻译原文

    The functioning of the market is based on flexible trends dominated by potential buyers.

    出自-2010年考研阅读原文

    In all, the study concludes that whereas prosecutors should only evaluate a case based on its merits, they do seem to be influenced by a company’s record in CSR.

    出自-2016年考研阅读原文

    According to research from Princeton University, people assess your competence, trustworthiness, and likeability in just a tenth of a second, solely based on the way you look.

    出自-2016年考研阅读原文

    收起真题例句
  • 英英释义

    Noun

    • 1. any of various water-soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water;

      "bases include oxides and hydroxides of metals and ammonia"

    • 2. installation from which a military force initiates operations;

      "the attack wiped out our forward bases"

    • 3. lowest support of a structure;

      "it was built on a base of solid rock"

      "he stood at the foot of the tower"

    • 4. place that runner must touch before scoring;

      "he scrambled to get back to the bag"

    • 5. (numeration system) the positive integer that is equivalent to one in the next higher counting place;

      "10 is the radix of the decimal system"

    • 6. the bottom or lowest part;

      "the base of the mountain"

    • 7. (anatomy) the part of an organ nearest its point of attachment;

      "the base of the skull"

    • 8. a lower limit;

      "the government established a wage floor"

    • 9. the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained;

      "the whole argument rested on a basis of conjecture"

    • 10. a support or foundation;

      "the base of the lamp"

    • 11. the bottom side of a geometric figure from which the altitude can be constructed;

      "the base of the triangle"

    • 12. the most important or necessary part of something;

      "the basis of this drink is orange juice"

    • 13. the place where you are stationed and from which missions start and end
    • 14. (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed;

      "thematic vowels are part of the stem"

    • 15. the stock of basic facilities and capital equipment needed for the functioning of a country or area;

      "the industrial base of Japan"

    • 16. the principal ingredient of a mixture;

      "glycerinated gelatin is used as a base for many ointments"

      "he told the painter that he wanted a yellow base with just a hint of green"

      "everything she cooked seemed to have rice as the base"

    • 17. a flat bottom on which something is intended to sit;

      "a tub should sit on its own base"

    • 18. (electronics) the part of a transistor that separates the emitter from the collector

    Verb

    • 1. use as a basis for; found on;

      "base a claim on some observation"

    • 2. use (purified cocaine) by burning it and inhaling the fumes
    • 3. assign to a station

    Adjective

    • 1. serving as or forming a base;

      "the painter applied a base coat followed by two finishing coats"

    • 2. (used of metals) consisting of or alloyed with inferior metal;

      "base coins of aluminum"

      "a base metal"

    • 3. of low birth or station (`base' is archaic in this sense);

      "baseborn wretches with dirty faces"

      "of humble (or lowly) birth"

    • 4. not adhering to ethical or moral principles;

      "base and unpatriotic motives"

      "a base, degrading way of life"

      "cheating is dishonorable"

      "they considered colonialism immoral"

      "unethical practices in handling public funds"

    • 5. having or showing an ignoble lack of honor or morality;

      "that liberal obedience without which your army would be a base rabble"- Edmund Burke

      "taking a mean advantage"

      "chok'd with ambition of the meaner sort"- Shakespeare

      "something essentially vulgar and meanspirited in politics"

    • 6. illegitimate
    • 7. debased; not genuine;

      "an attempt to eliminate the base coinage"

    收起英英释义
  • 词根词缀

    词根: base

    =low/foundation,表示"低下,基础"

    • adj.

      baseborn 出生低微的

      base低下,基础+born出生→adj.出生低微的

      debased 贬低的;品质恶劣的

      debase降低+ed……的→adj.贬低的;品质恶劣的

      base 低下的

      base低下,基础→adj.低下的

    • n.

      baseball 垒球

      base低下,基础+ball球→建立基础打球→垒球

      basement 地下室

      base低下,基础+ment具体物→n.地下室

      baseness 卑鄙, 下贱

      base低下的+ness表名词→n.卑鄙, 下贱

      subbase 基层;基地

      sub下+base低下,基础→地基下的地基

    • v.

      abase 降低;贬低[自己]

      a使+base低→使自己低→降低

      debase 降低

      de使+base低→使……降低

  • 词组搭配

    get to first base

    [usu. with negative](informal, chiefly N. Amer.)achieve the first step towards one's objective

    (非正式, 主 北美)迈出第一步

    touch base (with)

    (informal, chiefly N. Amer.)briefly make or renew contact (with)

    (非正式, 主 北美)(与…)联系,恢复联系

    off base

    Badly mistaken.

    犯大错误的

    收起词组搭配
  • 同义词辨析

    base, basis, foundation, ground

    这些名词均含有"基础"之意。

    • base: 侧重指构成或支撑某一具体物体的基础,也可指军事基地或用作比喻意义。
    • basis: 主要用作抽象或引申意义。
    • foundation: 用于具体意义时,侧重指坚固结实的建筑物的基础或地基;用作比喻意义时,与basis基本相同。
    • ground: 含义与basis和foundation接近。一般指某种决定、论点或关系的基础,也可指某种原因的基础。
  • 同义词

    stationbottomsettlelowfoundgroundworkheadquartersfoundationestablishcowardlyfixselfishinferiormeanset

  • 反义词

    virtuouspeakclassicalnobleproud

  • 行业词典

    • 体育

         

    • 化学

         

    • 医学

      基底:任何东西的最低部分或基础部分   另见basis   基质:化合物的主要部分   碱(旧名盐基):在化学中,指盐的非酸部分   与酸结合形成盐类的物质   在水溶液中离解放出氢氧离子的物质   其分子或离子能与质子(氢离子)结合的物质   能供给一对电子(对酸)以形成共价键的物质。基托:一种可摘假体,既可支持义齿和支托,又接受基座组织的支持   

    • 土木工程

      基本热源, base-load heat source   

    • 建筑

      地基   

    • 机械

      安装面, 刀柄或刀孔上的一个表面,它平行或垂直于刀具的基面,供刀具在制造、刃磨及测量时作安装或定位用。   底座, 用于支承和连接若干部件的基础零件。   

    • 煤炭

      底座, 支架接触底板的承载构件。   

    • 物理学

      底心格, base-centered lattice   

    • 电子学

      基极   

    • 电工

      管座   

    • 自动化

      基座   

    • 航天

      基座   

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