翻译
  • 简明词典(词霸)
  • 柯林斯词典
  • 牛津词典
  • burden

    高中/CET4/CET6

    • [ˈbɜːdn]
    • [ˈbɜːrdn]

    释义

    • 常用
    • 高考讲解
    • n.
      负担,包袱; 责任,义务; 载货量; (诗歌,发言等的)重点;
    • vt.
      使烦恼,劳累; 向(车,船等)上装货;

    大小写变形:Burden

  • 词态变化

    • 复数: burdens;
    • 第三人称单数: burdens;
    • 过去式: burdened;
    • 过去分词: burdened;
    • 现在分词: burdening;
  • 实用场景例句

    • 全部
    • 负担
    • 包袱
    • 责任
    • 义务
    • 重点

    I wouldn't call it a burden; I call it a responsibility.

    我不觉得这是负担;我觉得它是一种责任。

    ——柯林斯例句

    In sharing this secret you lighten your burden.

    和别人分享这个秘密可以减轻自己的负担。

    ——柯林斯例句

    The developing countries bear the burden of an enormous external debt.

    发展中国家背负着巨额外债。

    ——柯林斯例句

    The burden of proof is on the prosecution.

    起诉方有举证的责任。

    ——柯林斯例句

    I fervently hope he recognizes and understands the burden that's on his shoulders.

    我热诚地希望他能认识到并懂得自己肩负的重任。

    ——柯林斯例句

    A vastly disproportionate burden falls on women for child care.

    照料孩子的重担落在了女性身上。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Some would argue this was no burden in fact, and that she should count her blessings.

    有些人可能会说这事实上算不上什么负担,她应该想想自己有多幸运。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Her death will be an impossible burden on Paul.

    她的去世将给保罗带来难以承受的打击。

    ——柯林斯例句

    It is still labouring under the debt burden that it was encumbered with in the 1980s.

    它现在仍旧被20世纪80年代就深受其累的债务压得喘不过气。

    ——柯林斯例句

    His business empire collapsed under a massive burden of debt.

    他的商业帝国无力承担沉重的债务负担而垮掉了。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Bookshelves groan under the burden of books on threats to the environment.

    书架上摆满了有关环境威胁的书,不堪重负。

    ——柯林斯例句

    There was an extraordinary feeling of hope and relief, as if a great burden had been cast off.

    有种充满希望和解脱的奇妙感觉,好似卸下了一副千斤重担。

    ——柯林斯例句

    The burden of his complaint was that quality was very poor.

    他投诉的要点是品质非常差.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    It will relieve her of a tremendous burden.

    这将给她解决一个巨大的负担.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    The burden fell on the eldest son.

    担子落在了长子身上.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    A camel can bear burden.

    骆驼能驮重.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    The administrative burden must be lifted from local government.

    必须解除地方政府的行政负担.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    His invalid father is becoming a burden.

    他父亲体弱多病,对他来说渐渐成了累赘.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    The burden of proof lay on the plaintiff to prove negligence.

    证明对方犯有疏忽罪的举证责任落在原告身上.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    His illness placed an intolerable burden on his family.

    他的病给家庭带来了无法承受的负担.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    She was glad to be relieved of this burden.

    她很高兴卸掉了这个包袱.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Three helping one another bear the burden of six.

    三人互相帮忙,能挑得起六个人的担子.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    He staggered underneath a burden.

    他在重负下摇摇晃晃.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Why do you burden yourself with your sister's dog?

    你何必自找麻烦为你姐姐的狗所累 呢 ?

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    The people groan under the burden of taxes.

    人民在重税下痛苦呻吟.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    Too much praise is a burden.

    太多的赞扬是一种负担.

    ——《现代英汉综合大词典》

    Can I ease you of your burden?

    我能减轻你的负担 吗 ?

    ——《现代英汉综合大词典》

    收起实用场景例句
  • 真题例句

    • 全部
    • 四级
    • 六级
    • 高考
    • 考研

    It adds to the burden of their memory.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    The evening meal carries the full burden that used to be spread over two meals, says Counihan.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    It adds to the burden of ordinary customers.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    most probably refers to something that brings someone a financial burden.

    出自-2010年12月阅读原文

    brings someone a financial burden

    出自-2010年12月阅读原文

    They help relieve people of their life's burdens.

    出自-2010年12月阅读原文

    It will add to the family's financial burden.

    出自-2010年6月听力原文

    it is unfair to those climate-vulnerable nationsit aims to keep temperature rise below 2 ℃ onlyit is beneficial to only fewer than 4% of countriesit burdens developed countries with the sole responsibilityThey needn't worry about the food and water they consume.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    In other words, a few countries are benefiting enormously from the consumption of fossil fuels, while at the same time contributing disproportionately to the global burden of climate change.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    Few students are willing to bear the burden of debt incurred at university.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    They typically carry financial burdens that outweigh those of their peers, are more likely to work while attending school, and often require significant academic remediation ( ' , 补习 ).

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    First generation college students tend to have much heavier financial burdens than their peers.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    Teachers consider learning two languages to be too43for children from poor families, believing that the children are already burdened by their home situations.

    出自-2013年12月阅读原文

    What worried them most, in other words, was the fiscal (财政的) burden of immigration.

    出自-2011年6月阅读原文

    That conclusion was reinforced by another finding: that their opposition appeared to soften when that fiscal burden decreased, as occurred with welfare reform in the 1990s, which curbed immigrants' access to certain benefits

    出自-2011年6月阅读原文

    Obama's success isn't all good news for black Americans As Erin White watched the election results head towards victory for Barack Obama, she felt a burden lifting from her shoulders

    出自-2010年6月阅读原文

    In her book No Exit: What Parents Owe Their Children and What Society Owes Parents, she argues that parents are burdened in many ways in their lives: there is "no exit" when it comes to children.

    出自-2010年6月阅读原文

    But after all, those years, I found that dance was gradually becoming something that felt like more of a burden than a joy.

    2018年高考英语全国卷2 听力 原文

    By opening a novel, I can leave behind my burdens and enter into a wonderful and mysterious world where I am now a new character.

    2019年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    Cooking is a burden for many people.

    2014年高考英语全国卷2 阅读理解 七选五 选项

    If men insisted on being free from the burden of self-dependence and responsibility for the common good, they would cease to be free.

    2015年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    Let cooking and living simply be a joy rather than a burden.

    2014年高考英语全国卷2 阅读理解 七选五 选项

    The more fat you take in before bedtime, the greater burden you will put on your body at night.

    2016年高考英语四川卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    Within a short time, however, the burden of caring for the animal is handed over to the parents.

    2014年高考英语全国卷1 完形填空 原文

    The latter step would largely offset the financial burden of annually pre-funding retiree health care, thus addressing a long-standing complaint by the USPS and its union.

    出自-2018年考研阅读原文

    收起真题例句
  • 英英释义

    Noun

    • 1. an onerous or difficult concern;

      "the burden of responsibility"

      "that's a load off my mind"

    • 2. weight to be borne or conveyed
    • 3. the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work
    • 4. the central idea that is expanded in a document or discourse

    Verb

    • 1. weight down with a load
    • 2. impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to;

      "He charged her with cleaning up all the files over the weekend"

    收起英英释义
  • 词根词缀

    词根: burd

    表示"承担"

    • n.

      burden 担子, 负担

      burd承担+en→n.担子, 负担 v.负担

    • v.

      burden 负担

      burd承担+en→n.担子, 负担 v.负担

  • 词组搭配

    burden of proof

    the obligation to prove one's assertion

    举证责任

    收起词组搭配
  • 同义词辨析

    burden, cargo, load

    这些名词均有"负担,负荷"之意。

    • burden: 指沉重、令人不快的负担;指精神负担时常有不堪忍受的意味。
    • cargo: 指用轮船、车辆或飞机长距离运载的货物。
    • load: 普通用词,含义广泛,指人、畜、车、船等负载的东西,指精神负担时,可与burden换用,但无感情色彩。
  • 同义词

    chargeloadtask

  • 反义词

    reducelighten

  • 行业词典

    • 土木工程

      抵抗线   

    • 法律

      负担   义务   责任   

    • 电工

      负荷   

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