- adj.已建立的; 已设立的; 已制定的; 确定的;
- v.建立（ establish的过去式和过去分词）; 确定; [植物学]使（植物）定植; 使成为;
As Downing claims, and as we noted above, reading is best established when the child has an intimate knowledge of the language.
Medical tests established that she was not their own child.
He established himself as a session musician.
That link is an established medical fact.
Within a short space of time a group of complete unknowns had established a wholly original form of humour.
Financial stress is well established as a chief reason for divorce.
These developments represented a major change in the established order.
The technical superiority of laser discs over tape is well established.
After much legal disputation our right to resign was established.
Public general hospital originated in the almshouse infirmaries established as early as colonial times by local governments to care for the poor.
Established practices are difficult to modify.
Degree courses have traditionally focused on the established great writers of the past.
When he had established a flourishing business , he was bought out by a larger concern.
No motive for the killing has yet been established.
The theory is not yet scientifically established.
There were some mediate contacts between the two countries before their diplomatic relation was established.
By the end of the war, the prince had established total supremacy over all his rivals.
He was appointed to the newly established Department of the Environment.
They established themselves between the Danube and Greece.
Its first ironworks was established in 1715.
The fact was established after investigation.
He established an alibi to the charge of murder.
By conciliation, cooperation is established.
He established his son in business.
He established himeself as a tailor.
It cannot be regarded as definitely established.
The company established itself firmly in business.
It is a newly planted tree and it has not established yet.
He established a new style of leadership.
Suburban high schools were established in the hope of increasing economic efficiency.
It was established by Norman Vincent Peale.
Since the early 1990s, several clinics have been established in the U.S. to treat heavy Internet users.
Steven Kayne, who has just taken over and established bicycle shop.
Angeleno who came to the US six years ago, and is now an established businessman with three restaurants in town.
The government also established a stockpile (贮存) of oil as a short-term buffer (缓冲) against future shortages.
Instead of protecting speech and encouraging diversity and innovative thinking, the tenure system often stifles(压制)them: younger professors must win the approval of established colleagues for tenure, encouraging like-mindedness and sometimes inhibiting the free flow of ideas.
Its meaning was clarified when it was established in Australia.
A dog's eating habit requires regular training before it is properly established.
2019年高考英语天津卷 单项填空 原文
As executives with banks, consulting firms, established law firms, and major corporations, many are now well on their way to impressive careers.
2015年高考英语浙江卷 完形填空 原文
Developers, and established large farmers makes owning one's own land unattainable for many new farmers.
2018年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文
The change to a media economy started in 1920, when the nederlandse seintoestellen fabriek nsf established a radio factory in hiversum.
2015年高考英语湖北卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文
The purchase price could also be a signal that an established company is buying a new-born threat.
2017年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文收起真题例句
1. brought about or set up or accepted; especially long established;
"the established social order"
"distrust the constituted authority"
"a team established as a member of a major league"
"enjoyed his prestige as an established writer"
"an established precedent"
"the established Church"
2. securely established;
"an established reputation"
"holds a firm position as the country's leading poet"
3. settled securely and unconditionally;
"that smoking causes health problems is an accomplished fact"
4. shown to be valid beyond a reasonable doubt;
"the established facts in the case"
5. conforming with accepted standards;
"a conventional view of the world"
6. introduced from another region and persisting without cultivation
the Established Church
the Church of England or of Scotland