翻译
  • 简明词典(词霸)
  • 柯林斯词典
  • 牛津词典
  • firm

    高中/CET4/CET6/考研/TOEFL

    • [fɜːm]
    • [fɜːrm]

    释义

    • 常用
    • 高考讲解
    • n.
      商号; 公司
    • adj.
      坚固的; 稳固的; 强有力的; 坚定的; 不会更改的; 忠实的
    • v.
      培土; 使坚固; 稳步上涨

    大小写变形:FIRM

  • 词态变化

    • 复数: firms;
    • 第三人称单数: firms;
    • 过去式: firmed;
    • 过去分词: firmed;
    • 现在分词: firming;
  • 实用场景例句

    • 全部
    • 坚固的
    • 坚定的
    • 坚决的
    • 严格的
    • 确定的
    • 商号
    • 商行
    • 公司
    • 企业
    • 坚定地
    • 稳固地
    • 变坚实

    The firm signed on fifty more workers last week.

    上星期该公司签约增雇50名工人.

    《现代汉英综合大词典》

    This firm is just a front for their illegal trade in diamonds.

    这家公司不过是他们进行非法钻石交易的一个幌子.

    《简明英汉词典》

    You have made great contributions to our firm.

    你对公司做了很大贡献.

    《简明英汉词典》

    Mr. Smith's firm incorporated with others last year.

    去年史密斯公司与别家合并了.

    《现代英汉综合大词典》

    He kept a firm hold on my arm as he helped me over the fence.

    他有力地拉着我的手臂,帮我越过栅栏.

    《简明英汉词典》

    This foreign firm has little [ not much ] means .

    这家外国商行没有多大 资力.

    《现代汉英综合大词典》

    The firm is too small to contend against large international companies.

    这家公司太小,无法与国际性的大公司竞争.

    《简明英汉词典》

    The firm closed business for the time of the holiday.

    该商号节日期间歇业.

    《现代汉英综合大词典》

    The firm is too small to contend against [ with ] large international companies.

    这家公司太小,无法与国际性的大公司 抗争.

    《现代汉英综合大词典》

    His muscles are very firm.

    他的肌肉很结实.

    《简明英汉词典》

    He is a valuable acquisition to our firm.

    他是我们公司新来的得力雇员.

    《简明英汉词典》

    I wrote to the head of the firm concerning Robert.

    我曾就罗伯特的问题写信给公司的主管.

    《简明英汉词典》

    The government must act to firm prices up.

    政府必须采取措施稳定物价.

    《简明英汉词典》

    His father's death left him behind the wheel of the firm.

    他父亲去世了,由他掌管这家公司.

    《简明英汉词典》

    A dictator must have a firm hand.

    独裁者的手段是很厉害的.

    《简明英汉词典》

    The firm closed business for the Christmas holiday.

    该公司圣诞节停止营业.

    《现代汉英综合大词典》

    Our firm has just struck a difficult patch.

    我们的公司刚遭厄运.

    《简明英汉词典》

    The firm is snowed under with work.

    这家公司工作过忙.

    《简明英汉词典》

    We have dealt with that firm for many years.

    我们与那家公司有多年的生意往来.

    《简明英汉词典》

    The firm has less money and fewer staff than last year.

    公司的资金和人员都比去年少了.

    《简明英汉词典》

    The firm conveys goods to all parts of the country.

    这个公司向全国各地发送货物.

    《简明英汉词典》

    My husband travels for a firm.

    我丈夫替一家公司作旅行推销.

    《简明英汉词典》

    The boss was a firm believer in developing strong teamwork.

    老板对培育坚强团队精神的重要性深信不疑.

    《简明英汉词典》

    The firm openly traded in arms.

    这家公司公然进行武器交易.

    《简明英汉词典》

    His spade cleaved the firm sand with a satisfying crunch.

    他的锹凿开了坚实的砂土,发出令人舒心的嘎扎声.

    《简明英汉词典》

    The company has now amalgamated with another local firm.

    这家公司现在已与当地一家公司合并了。

    《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》

    a summer intern at a law firm

    暑假在法律事务所实习的学生

    《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》

    The ground was dry and firm underfoot.

    脚下踩的土地又干又硬。

    《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》

    What struck me about the firm is how genuinely friendly and informal it is.

    该公司的真诚、友好和不拘小节深深打动了我。

    柯林斯例句

    Companies tend to favour the lawyer who has trained with a good quality City firm.

    各公司往往偏爱那些在伦敦金融城的大律师事务所受过培训的律师。

    柯林斯例句

    收起实用场景例句
  • 真题例句

    • 全部
    • 四级
    • 六级
    • 高考
    • 考研

    This is hard to achieve when, as is now the case in many big firms, a large proportion of staff are temporary contractors.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    Leah's interest in yoga prompted her to make a firm decision to reshape her life.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    After graduating with a degree in business and accounting, she joined a public accounting firm, married, bought a house, put lots of stuff in it, and had a baby.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    In that moment of clarity Leah made an important leap, conquering her inner resistance to change and making a firm commitment to take bigger steps.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    She is a firm supporter of pre-K.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    As I was considering all this, a press release from a respected research firm crossed my desk, announcing that the five-star rating system that Medicare developed in 2008 to help families compare nursing home quality also has little relationship to how satisfied its residents or their family members are.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    It met with firm opposition from the food industry.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    According to the firm’s vice-president of Marketing and Sales, We benefited from low expectations.

    出自-2015年12月听力原文

    As I was considering all this, a press release from a respected research firm crossed my desk, announcing that the five-star rating system that Medicare developed in 2008 to help families compare nursing home quality also has little relationship to how sa

    2016年6月四级真题(第三套)阅读 Section B

    In that moment of clarity Leah made an important leap, conquering her inner resistance to change and making a firm commitment to take bigger steps.

    2017年6月四级真题(第二套)阅读 Section B

    I've got a second interview with that big foreign accountancy firm in the city center.

    2017年6月四级真题(第一套)听力 Section B

    While cereal remains a firm favourite among breakfast consumers in the UK and US, a recent investigation into the sugar content of "adult" breakfast cereals found that some cereals contain more than three-quarters of the recommended daily amount of free s

    2019年12月四级真题(第三套)阅读 Section B

    That is bad news for any firm that may hope that smartwatches can make up ground for maturing smartphone and tablet markets.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    Many top firms will not even look at applications from those who lack a 2.1

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    It did not escape notice that a lobbying firm set up by Lynton Crosby, David Cameron's election campaign director, had previously acted for Philip Morris International.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    And when it comes to the hyper-connected super-smart world that technology firms are painting for us, it seems that consumers are growing more uneasy about handing over the massive amounts of consumer data needed to provide the personalized, customized solutions that companies need to improve their services.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    If supervisors do not acknowledge such outstanding performance, employees may either lose their enthusiasm and reduce their effort or search for a new job at a firm that will reward them for high performance.

    出自-2013年12月阅读原文

    Some law firms now use artificial intelligence software to scan and read mountains of legal documents, work that previously was performed by highly-paid human lawyers.

    出自-2012年12月阅读原文

    What benefit does the woman say their firm can get by sponsoring the Theater Company?

    出自-2013年6月听力原文

    No, I think they are just asking all the firms in tongue for as much money as they think they'll give.

    出自-2013年6月听力原文

    Case studies of children who were isolated from others reveal that they lack a firm self-concept, and their mental and psychological development is severely hindered by lack of language.

    出自-2010年6月听力原文

    In an interview last year with The Economist, George Whitesides, chief executive of space-tourism firm virgin Galactic, was placing his company in the latter category.

    2015年12月六级真题(第二套)阅读 Section C

    In reflection, my firm belief in the power of the brand was naive, not to mention a bit snobby.

    2018年6月六级真题(第三套)阅读 Section B

    That is bad news for any firm that may hope that smart watches can make up ground for maturing smartphone and tablet markets.

    2016年12月六级真题(第二套)阅读 Section B

    The partnership benefits both sides by allowing unconventional partners for example, two companies from two different industries to work together on a specific aspect of the value chain, like, in this example, an engine firm with an accessory one.

    2019年6月六级真题(第二套)阅读 Section B

    They did use an invitation-only photo sharing platform so that friends and family, including those far away, could see the photos, but they stood firm, simply refusing to put their child's photos on other social media platforms.

    2018年12月六级真题(第三套)阅读 Section B

    As executives with banks, consulting firms, established law firms, and major corporations, many are now well on their way to impressive careers.

    2015年高考英语浙江卷 完形填空 原文

    Bradford sold the building and land to a local development firm, which plans to build a shopping complex on the land where the theater is located.

    2017年高考英语全国卷3 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    Breaking up firms like Google into five small ones would not stop remaking themselves: in time, one of them would become great again.

    2017年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    By paying attention to firms' data assets, antitrust regulators could avoid the size trap.

    2017年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读C 题设

    Google's idea is popular among data firms.

    2017年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读C 选项

    His friend started a firm in London.

    2019年高考英语全国卷2 听力 原文

    I tried being firm, but it didn't work.

    2015年高考英语重庆卷 完形填空 A 原文

    Instead, he says, firms should provide a plain-English version of their terms.

    2016年高考英语上海卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    Our generation once joined hands and stood firm at times of national emergency.

    2016年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    She had a firm intention within herself to be the best she could be.

    2016年高考英语天津卷 完形填空 原文

    She said social media firms were exposing children to major emotional risks, with some youngsters starting secondary school ill-equipped to cope with the tremendous pressure they faced online.

    2018年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    Social media firms would conduct a survey on the kitemark scheme.

    2016年高考英语上海卷 阅读理解 阅读C 选项

    That's the message from a group of members of the UK government who have been examining how social media firms like Linkedin gather and use social media data.

    2016年高考英语上海卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    The most valuable firms are Google, Amazon, Facebook and Microsoft.

    2017年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    The shock and anger when a social media firm does something with data that people don't expect, even if users have apparently permission, show that the current situation isn't working.

    2016年高考英语上海卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    They now need to take into account the extent of firms' data assets when assessing the impact of deals.

    2017年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    Under such circumstances, smart firms need to find ways to let their employees have enough flexibility to manage their time efficiently.

    2016年高考英语浙江卷(10月) 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    When Sandra Day O'Connor finished third in her class at stanford law school, in 1952, she could not find work at a law firm because she was a woman.

    2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

    DNT does not seem an obviously huge selling point for windows 8-though the firm has compared some of its other products favourably with Google's on that count before.

    出自-2013年考研阅读原文

    There is pressure for change from within the profession, but opponents of change among the regulators insist that keeping outsiders out of a law firm isolates lawyers from the pressure to make money rather than serve clients ethically.

    出自-2014年考研阅读原文

    In fact, allowing non-lawyers to own shares in law firms would reduce costs and improve services to customers, by encouraging law firms to use technology and to employ professional managers to focus on improving firms’ efficiency.

    出自-2014年考研阅读原文

    Except in the District of Columbia, non-lawyers may not own any share of a law firm.

    出自-2014年考研阅读原文

    Their analysis ruled out the possibility that it was firms’ political influence, rather than their CSR stand, that accounted for the leniency: Companies that contributed more to political campaigns did not receive lower fines.

    出自-2016年考研阅读原文

    The study found that, among prosecuted firms, those with the most comprehensive CSR programmes tended to get more lenient penalties.

    出自-2016年考研阅读原文

    The largest firms in America and Britain together spend more than $15 billion a year on CSR, according to an estimate by EPG, a consulting firm.

    出自-2016年考研阅读原文

    Soon after Sketches by Boz appeared, a publishing firm approached Dickens to write a story in monthly installments, as a backdrop for a series of woodcuts by the ten-famous artist Robert Seymour, who had originated the idea for the story.

    出自-2017年考研阅读原文

    "They're harder to find and they have job offers," says Jay Dunwell, president of Wolverine Coil Spring, a family owned firm.

    2017年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ

    Although a correlation between them leaving and subsequent bad performance at the firm is suggestive, it does not mean that such directors are always jumping off a sinking ship.

    2011年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ

    At its peak in 2007, it was worth some $65 billion, reckons Clare McAndrew, founder of Arts Economics, a research firm—double the figure five years earlier.

    2010年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ

    But the researchers believe that outside directors have an easier time of avoiding a blow to their reputations if they leave a firm before bad news breaks, even if a review of history shows they were on the board at the time any wrongdoing occurred.

    2011年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ

    Except in the district of Columbia, non-lawyers may not own any share of a law firm.

    2014年考研真题(英语一)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ

    Soon after Sketches by Bozappeared, a publishing firm approached Dickens to write a story in monthly installments, as a backdrop for a series of woodcuts by the then-famous artist Robert Seymour, who had originated the idea for the story.

    2017年考研真题(英语一)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ

    These terms are also intended to infuse work with meaning—and, as Rakesh Khurana, another professor, points out, increase allegiance to the firm.

    2015年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ

    收起真题例句
  • 英英释义

    Noun

    • 1. members of a business organization that owns or operates one or more establishments;

      "he worked for a brokerage house"

    Verb

    • 1. become taut or tauter;

      "Yur muscles will firm when you exercise regularly"

      "the rope tautened"

    • 2. make taut or tauter;

      "tauten a rope"

    Adjective

    • 1. marked by firm determination or resolution; not shakable;

      "firm convictions"

      "a firm mouth"

      "steadfast resolve"

      "a man of unbendable perseverence"

      "unwavering loyalty"

    • 2. not soft or yielding to pressure;

      "a firm mattress"

      "the snow was firm underfoot"

      "solid ground"

    • 3. strong and sure;

      "a firm grasp"

      "gave a strong pull on the rope"

    • 4. not subject to revision or change;

      "a firm contract"

      "a firm offer"

    • 5. (of especially a person's physical features) not shaking or trembling;

      "his voice was firm and confident"

      "a firm step"

    • 6. not liable to fluctuate or especially to fall;

      "stocks are still firm"

    • 7. securely established;

      "an established reputation"

      "holds a firm position as the country's leading poet"

    • 8. marked by the tone and resiliency of healthy tissue;

      "firm muscles"

    • 9. pleasingly firm and fresh and making a crunching noise when chewed;

      "crisp carrot and celery sticks"

      "a firm apple"

      "crunchy lettuce"

    • 10. securely fixed in place;

      "the post was still firm after being hit by the car"

    • 11. unwavering in devotion to friend or vow or cause;

      "a firm ally"

      "loyal supporters"

      "the true-hearted soldier...of Tippecanoe"- Campaign song for William Henry Harrison

      "fast friends"

    Adverb

    • 1. with resolute determination;

      "we firmly believed it"

      "you must stand firm"

    收起英英释义
  • 词根词缀

    词根: firm

    =firm,表示"坚定"

    • adj.

      affirmative 赞成的,肯定的

      affirm[v.肯定]+ative……的→adj.赞成的,肯定的

      confirmed 坚固的;习惯的,积习的

      confirm[v.坚定;证实]+ed……的→adj.坚固的;习惯的,积习的

      firm 坚定的,坚决的

      firm坚定→adj.坚定的,坚决的

      infirm 弱的,虚弱的,柔弱的

      in不+firm坚定→adj.弱的,虚弱的,柔弱的

    • n.

      infirmary 医院,疗养院;医务室

      infirm虚弱的+ary场所→虚弱人呆的地方

    • v.

      affirm 肯定

      af一再+firm坚定→肯定

      confirm 坚定;证实

      con全部+firm坚定→v.坚定;证实

  • 词组搭配

    be on firm ground

    be sure of one's facts or secure in one's position, especially in a discussion

    (尤指讨论中)理直气壮

    a firm hand

    strict discipline or control

    严格的约束(或管制);铁腕

    收起词组搭配
  • 同义词辨析

    company, corporation, firm

    这些名词均可表示"公司"之意。

    • company: 多指生产或销售产品的公司、商号,也可指经办服务性项目的公司。
    • corporation: 多指一个人拥有或多人联办的大公司,也指在其它地区或国家拥有分公司的公司。
    • firm: 含义广泛,可指公司、商行或商号。规模可大可小,经营、管理的人员可多可少。
    firm, stable, steady

    这些形容词都有"稳固的"之意。

    • firm: 指牢固不可动摇或意志、信仰的坚定。
    • stable: 多指根基牢固,平衡良好,也指性格或位置等的稳定,不可移动或改变。
    • steady: 指保持平衡不动摇。用于有形物时,指没有根基的稳固,也指动中的稳。
    firm, hard, solid

    这些形容词都可表示"坚定的,结实的"之意。

    • firm: 侧重指质地坚硬、不易切割或有弹性,一旦变形会很快恢复原形。
    • hard: 侧重有抗拒压力或拉力的性质,但不一定有弹性。
    • solid: 着重质地紧密、坚实和无间隙,含有在外部压力下仍可保持原有形状的意味。
  • 同义词

    stationaryenterprisefixedsolidcompanyunyieldingbusinessrigidimmovablesecureinflexible

  • 反义词

    flabbyflimsyfragilelooseweak

  • 行业词典

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