翻译
  • 简明词典(词霸)
  • 柯林斯词典
  • 牛津词典
  • hard

    高中/CET4/CET6/考研/IELTS

    • [hɑːd]
    • [hɑːrd]

    释义

    • adj.
      困难的; 硬的; 有力的; 努力的;
    • adv.
      努力地; 猛力地; 严重地; 沉重地;

    大小写变形:HARDHard

  • 词态变化

    • 比较级: harder;
    • 最高级: hardest;
    • 名词: hardness;
  • 实用场景例句

    • 全部
    • 困难的
    • 硬的
    • 有力的
    • 努力的
    • 努力地
    • 猛力地
    • 严重地
    • 沉重地

    Why do you leave all the hard work up to your mother?

    你为什么把所有难做的事都留给你母亲?

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    This job entails a lot of hard work.

    这项工作需要十分努力.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Is it hard to bear with criticism?

    忍受批评困难 吗 ?

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    I don't want to go for a walk on such a hot day — it's too much like hard work for me.

    我不想在这样的大热天去散步——我简直吃不消.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    He's been working hard all day.

    他辛劳地工作了一天.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    You can drive a hard bargain in the free market.

    在自由市场上你可使劲地讨价还价.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    They were so deeply involved in the matter that they found it hard to pull out.

    他们在那个问题上陷得太深,难以自拔.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Hard work will be demanded of students in this course.

    这门课要求学生们勤奋学习.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    I really had a hard time in the second round, the man I played against was too much for me.

    在第二局中我陷入苦战, 我的对手太厉害了.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    You'll have to train hard before the next match.

    在下一场比赛之前你必须好好锻炼.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    It's hard to understand the colloquial idioms of a foreign language.

    外语里的口头习语很难懂.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Push your hand against the door as hard as you can to make It'shut.

    用手使劲推门,把它关上.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    If you don't work hard, you'll end up nowhere.

    如不努力工作, 你就一事无成.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    He's the sort of person who thrives on hard work.

    他是那种以刻苦工作为乐的人.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    The belief that one should work hard is ingrained in our culture.

    人人都应该努力工作这个信念在我们的文化中根深蒂固.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    It was a long hard pull for him to get to the top of his position.

    他费了九牛二虎之力终于爬上了最高位置.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    He not only studies hard but also works well.

    他不仅学习努力,而且认真工作.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Her health was the forfeIt'she paid for working too hard.

    她的健康的丧失是辛劳过度所致.

    ——《现代英汉综合大词典》

    Don't give me a hard time, boys. I'm trying to study.

    别捣蛋, 伙计们, 我要学习了.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    He fought many hard battles and achieved notable merits , but he remains humble in spirits.

    他参加过许多战役,立下了汗马功劳, 但他仍然很谦虚.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    Hard words break no bones.

    [谚]直言无害.

    ——《现代英汉综合大词典》

    Why didn't she say a word? Is there anything in her mind that she finds it hard to disclose?

    为什么她一言不发,是不是有什么难言之隐?

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    My lot is a hard one.

    我的命运坎坷.

    ——《现代英汉综合大词典》

    He was completely spent after two weeks of hard labor.

    艰苦劳动两周后,他已经疲惫不堪了.

    ——《现代英汉综合大词典》

    I found it hard to go up the slope.

    我觉得上坡吃力.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    She pressed the patient a bit too hard when she gave him an injection.

    她打针时手重了些.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    The bad newshiteveryone hard.

    噩耗使每个人都受到了沉重打击.

    ——《现代英汉综合大词典》

    Hard work is the best antidote to mischief.

    繁忙的工作是防止为非作歹的最好方法.

    ——《现代英汉综合大词典》

    It's hard to pilot a vessel in rough weather.

    在大风浪中为船舶引航是很困难的.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    He industriously engages in unostentatious hard work.

    他勤勤恳恳,埋头苦干.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    收起实用场景例句
  • 真题例句

    • 全部
    • 四级
    • 六级
    • 高考
    • 考研

    You feel the same emotions – it is just as raw, just as fresh… You can't turn off that stream of memories, no matter how hard you try.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    This is hard to achieve when, as is now the case in many big firms, a large proportion of staff are temporary contractors.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    The least that can be concluded from this research is that companies need to think harder about managing teams.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    Some team members find it hard to agree on questions like membership and the team's purpose.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    Some people with HSAM find it very hard to get rid of unpleasant memories.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    It can be very hard to forget embarrassing moments, says Donohue.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    In fact, there is almost no hard evidence for midlife crisis other than a few small pilot studies conducted decades ago, Barbara Hagerty writes in her new book, Life Reimagined.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    If it is hard enough to define a team's membership, agreeing on its purpose is harder still.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    Auto makers and tech companies are working hard to offer the first true selfdriving car.

    出自-2017年6月听力原文

    What about supply? The three environmental trends—the shortage of fresh water, the loss of topsoil and the rising temperatures—are making it increasingly hard to expand the world's grain supply fast enough to keep up with demand.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    Since industrialization, maintaining such a slow cultural metabolism has been much harder, with the long midday meal shrinking to whatever could be stuffed into a lunch bucket or bought at a food stand.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    Patterns of childhood eating can be hard to break when we're adults, which may mean that kids of depressed moms end up dying younger.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    Does assisted living really mark a great improvement over a nursing home, or has the industry simply hired better interior designers? Are nursing homes as bad as people fear, or is that an out-moded stereotype ( ' , 固定 看法 )? Can doing one's homework really steer families to the best places? It is genuinely hard to know.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    We can cultivate a growth mind-set in children by telling success stories that emphasize hard work and love of learning.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    They understood that even geniuses have to work hard.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    They thought that a person with talent or intelligence did not need to work hard to do well.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    They had negative views of effort, believing that having to work hard was a sign of low ability.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    They find it ever harder to cope with sugar-induced health problems.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    The mastery-oriented children, on the other hand, think intelligence is not fixed and can be developed through education and hard work.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    The author's experiment shows that students with a fixed mind-set believe having to work hard is an indication of low ability.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    In fact, vaguely-stated possibilities of winning a prize were more effective than options with hard odds included.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    In addition, they held hard work in high regard.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    How do we transmit a growth mind-set to our children? One way is by telling stories about achievements that result from hard work.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    Confronted by a setback such as a disappointing test grade, students with a growth mind-set said they would study harder or try a different strategy.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    Another group of helpless children who were simply rewarded for their success on easier problems did not improve their ability to solve hard math problems.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    Why do so many Americans eat tons of processed food, the stuff that is correctly called junk ( ' , 垃圾 ) and should really carry warning labels? It's not because fresh ingredients are hard to come by.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    The assumption is that children shouldn't chat in the classroom because it hinders hard work; instead, they should learn to delay gratification ( ' , 快乐 ) so that they can pursue abstract goals, like going to college.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    Should a woman who possessed a small amount of drugs years ago be permanently unable to be licensed as a nurse?These laws are also counterproductive, since they make it harder for people with criminal records to find housing or land a job, two key factors that reduce backsliding.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    Passionate, energetic debate does not require anger and hard feelings to be effective.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    Its success is hard to copy anywhere else.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    Instead of trying to get children to work hard, why not focus on getting them to take pleasure in meaningful, productive activity, like making things, working with others, exploring ideas, and solving problems? These focuses are not so different from the things in which they delight.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    Could you reproduce Silicon Valley elsewhere, or is there something unique about it?It wouldn't be surprising if it were hard to reproduce in other countries, because you couldn't reproduce it in most of the US either.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    Considering that the government's standards are not nearly ambitious enough, the picture is clear: by not cooking at home, we're not eating the right things, and the consequences are hard to overstate.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    Building on a child's ability to feel joy, rather than pushing it aside, wouldn't be that hard.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    Administrators seem to believe that only hard work will lead children to their educational goals.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    While alternative estimates of the damage from carbon emissions differ, and it's especially hard to reckon the likely costs of possible catastrophic climate events, most estimates suggest substantial negative effects.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    Most American parents say they are not concerned about their children's grades as long as they work hard.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    Whether this is right, and if so where and when the ecological axe will fall, is hard to determine with any precision—which is why governments and financial institutions are only beginning to bring such risks into their economic calculations.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    The changes would have to be approved or rejected as a whole by Congress, making it hard for narrow-interest lobbies to bend lawmakers to their will.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    Here are some of the important proposals in the House and Senate bills to try to address those problems, and why it is hard to know how well they will work.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    Changes in policy would be approved or rejected as a whole so that lobbyists would find it hard to influence lawmakers.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    But finding hard evidence to support the thesis is not so easy.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    With several monitoring stations operating in Antarctica, Russia is trying hard to counter America's dominance in the field of worldwide navigational facilities.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    Some countries have had a hard time here.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    It is hard to say whether it is good or bad.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    Companies are pushing it hard but make it almost overwhelming even to dip a toe in the water for the average consumer, because there are so many compatibility issues to think about.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    And it is hard not to think: Are we in an innovation lull ( ' , 间歇期 )?In some ways, the answer is yes.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    Americans are working longer and harder hours than ever before.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    The outer layers of the volcano were worn away until the hard core stood completely exposed.

    出自-2016年12月听力原文

    That’s what hard-working men and women say to justify their lavish vacations, big stereo systems or regular restaurant meals.

    出自-2016年12月听力原文

    Whether it's a sports team or a presidential campaign, everybody relishes having the big momentum, because it makes them harder to stop or change direction.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    There is no doubt that spaceflight entails risks, and to pioneer a new mode of travel is to face those risks, and to reduce them with the benefit of hard-won experience.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    So a heavy object, like a football player moving at a high speed, has a lot of momentum — that is, once be is moving, it is hard to change his state of motion.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    No matter how hard you try, you can't turn something that large on a dime ( ' , 10 美分硬币 ),or even a few thousand dimes.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    It is easy to change a light bulb, sure, but it is harder to change the bulb and its fixture.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    It has tried hard to satisfy students' various needs.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    Inequality is dangerous, he argued, not merely because it doesn't look good to have a large gap between the rich and the poor, but because inequality itself destroys upward mobility, making it harder for the poor to escape from poverty.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    Despite mournful polar bears and charts showing carbon emissions soaring, most people find it hard to believe that global warming will affect them personally.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    As recent graduates can testify, the job market isn't kind to candidates who can't demonstrate genuine competence, along with a well-cultivated willingness to work hard.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    A number of prominent economists have also argued that it's harder for the poor to climb the economic ladder today because the rungs(横档) in that ladder have grown farther apart.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    Additionally, group exercise creates a community feel and the shared common goal motivates participants to work hard.

    2015年高考英语福建卷 阅读理解 阅读E 原文

    And I went into a speech about how hard I worked and the gains I was making.

    2016年高考英语江苏卷 完形填空 原文

    But alternative explanations are hard to find.

    2017年高考英语江苏卷 单项填空 原文

    But sometimes it seems too hard to leave the sofa.

    2019年高考英语全国卷I 听力 原文

    By feeding the ponies, tourists increase the risk of them getting hit by a car, and make them harder to gather during the area's annual pony drift (迁移).

    2015年高考英语湖北卷 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

    By then, Steve was having a hard time remembering the names of some of his friends.

    2019年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    Changing levels of body chemicals called hormones not only make teenagers' bodies develop adult characteristics, but also make it hard for teenagers to fall asleep before 11 pm.

    2017年高考英语浙江卷(6月) 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    Credibility is hard to earn but easy to lose, and the problem is only going to get harder from here on out.

    2019年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    Dad sat me down and said, "Alice, I know it's hard, but it's all about persistence (坚持不懈)."

    2017年高考英语天津卷 阅读表达 原文

    Daydreams are often very simple and direct, quite unlike sleep dreams, which may be hard to understand.

    2015年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 单项填空 选项

    Exciting! But it was hard work.

    2019年高考英语全国卷2 听力 原文

    Finally, that hard work paid off and now the water in the river is cleaner than ever.

    2014年高考英语全国卷1 语法填空 原文

    Hard work is necessary in one's achievements.

    2016年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读D 选项

    Having your grandchildren far away is hard, especially knowing your adult child is struggling, but giving up the life you know may be harder.

    2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    Her years of hard work have finally been acknowledged after a customer nominated her to be cheshire's woman of the year.

    2019年高考英语全国卷2 语法填空 原文

    His son tried hard to finish homework.

    2016年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读B 选项

    However, Helene did not want her daughters to always work in the family business because she thought it was too hard.

    2015年高考英语安徽卷 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    However, it is also hard to keep a code book secret for long.

    2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 七选五 原文

    I find it hard to stop! Dancing reminds me I'm alive.

    2018年高考英语全国卷3 阅读理解 七选五 原文

    I have thought long and hard about it and it's true.

    2016年高考英语浙江卷(6月) 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    I rode hard and fast home to tell my mother about this disaster.

    2016年高考英语浙江卷(6月) 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    If Tononi's theory is right, it would explain why, when we miss a night's, we find it harder the next day to concentrate and learn new information — our brains may have smaller room for new experiences.

    2017年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 七选五 原文

    If we work hard,we will find a way out.

    2016年高考英语天津卷 答案 选项

    If you are already making the time to exercise, it is good indeed! with such busy lives, it can be hard to try and find the time to work out.

    2018年高考英语全国卷2 阅读理解 七选五 原文

    I'm still having a hard time with the language.

    2017年高考英语浙江卷(11月) 听力 原文

    In his introduction, he made it clear that our credits would be hard-earned.

    2018年高考英语全国卷I 完形填空 原文

    In return, we expect students to work hard.

    2017年高考英语天津卷 单项填空 原文

    In such a situation, I work as hard as I can-then let the unconscious take over.

    2016年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    It also asked mothers about the challenges they face, with 80 percent making emotional demand as the hardest thing about motherhood.

    2015年高考英语四川卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    It enables her to work hard.

    2019年高考英语全国卷2 阅读理解 阅读B 选项

    It is very hard to break a code without the code book.

    2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 七选五 选项

    It's a hard business review of your product.

    2019年高考英语全国卷2 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    Its difficulties appear so great that, however hard we work, we fail again and again.

    2016年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    It's even harder to provides energy.

    2019年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 任务型阅读 原文

    It's hard to predict when driverless cars will be everywhere on our roads.

    2018年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    It's harder than we expect to follow a new course.

    2015年高考英语福建卷 阅读理解 阅读D 选项

    It's not all that hard to build an advanced and large vocabulary.

    2017年高考英语浙江卷(11月) 语法填空 原文

    Looking back on your day, you will find it hard to deny that a horseback safari is as close as you will ever come to answering the call of the wild.

    2015年高考英语重庆卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    Lots of people find it hard to get up in the morning and put the blame on the alarm clock.

    2017年高考英语全国卷3 阅读理解 七选五 原文

    Managing the family budget must have been a very hard task, but she made it look effortless.

    2016年高考英语浙江卷(6月) 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    Many people are working hard to preserve these ponies, and trying to come up with plans to find a sustainable future for one of dartmoor's most financially-troubled elements.

    2015年高考英语湖北卷 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

    Mary has been working really hard on his book and thinks he'll have finished it by Friday.

    2015年高考英语陕西卷 单项填空 原文

    No matter how attractive they look in the store, once I get them home they're unfailingly dry, hard, and tasteless.

    2015年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    On a summer evening in beijing in 2008, all those long, hard hours of work and commitment finally bore fruit.

    2016年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    One afternoon, I was crossing the field to go home and saw Miller stuck going over a fence—which wasn't hard to climb if you had both arms.

    2016年高考英语全国卷3 完形填空 原文

    One should learn to enjoy hard times.

    2015年高考英语浙江卷 阅读理解 阅读D 选项

    People speak very fast and it's hard to get them to repeat things.

    2017年高考英语浙江卷(11月) 听力 原文

    People, in general, are less warm here and it's hard to make friends.

    2017年高考英语浙江卷(11月) 听力 原文

    She had a hard time finishing the required reading tasks.

    2015年高考英语浙江卷 阅读理解 阅读A 选项

    She practiced hard and finally made it.

    2016年高考英语天津卷 完形填空 原文

    She says these activities at bedtime can get kids all excited and make it hard for them to calm down and sleep.

    2017年高考英语浙江卷(6月) 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    She showed the girls it was hard to break the tied chopsticks.

    2015年高考英语安徽卷 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    Some immigrant advocates worry that as hard financial times make it more difficult for natives to keep jobs, such measures will become more a vehicle for intolerance than integration.

    2017年高考英语浙江卷(6月) 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    That night, hurricane sandy attacked the east coast, and rockaway was hit especially hard.

    2016年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    The dark-colored road surface makes the youngsters hard to be noticed.

    2019年高考英语全国卷I 听力 原文

    The language in their contracts is usually harder to understand.

    2016年高考英语上海卷 阅读理解 阅读C 选项

    The students have been working hard on their lessons and their efforts will be rewarded success in the end.

    2016年高考英语北京卷 单项选择 原文

    The task was so hard, and Steve, angry and upset, said he was quitting.

    2019年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    The team are working hard to analyze the problem so that they can find the best solution.

    2015年高考英语湖北卷 单项选择 原文

    The Winns soon discovered that daily hiking in their 50s is a lot harder than they remember it was in their 20s.

    2018年高考英语江苏卷 完形填空 原文

    They are hard to get rid of.

    2019年高考英语全国卷2 阅读理解 阅读D 选项

    They find it hard to make changes.

    2014年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读C 选项

    They recognize there's something missing in their lives, but it's hard to step off the track.

    2015年高考英语浙江卷 完形填空 原文

    Thinking hard about it, I came to realize that my team might not be the number one team in georgia, but they were depending on me.

    2018年高考英语天津卷 完形填空 原文

    This isn't as hard as it sounds, and it is far better than any other method because you improve your vocabulary while reading an interesting piece of literature.

    2017年高考英语浙江卷(11月) 语法填空 原文

    Though I worked as hard as before, I felt no fatigue.

    2016年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    Today, it's hard to find a public school, university, or law school that does not have such a kind of program.

    2014年高考英语全国卷2 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    When a reader selects delayed reward news, he pulls himself into the world of surrounding reality to which he can adapt himself only by hard work.

    2015年高考英语江苏卷 任务型阅读 原文

    When Grylls heard about Nicholas' amazing deeds, he was super impressed that Nicholas had made it since he knew better than anyone how hard Nicholas had to work to stay alive.

    2015年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

    Working hard to get a bigger opportunity.

    2016年高考英语四川卷 阅读理解 阅读B 选项

    Your dad works very hard at the bank.

    2015年高考英语湖北卷 听力 原文

    One reason why it is hard to design and teach such courses is that they cut across the insistence by top American universities that liberal-arts education and professional education should be kept separate, taught in different schools.

    出自-2011年考研阅读原文

    It’s hard to imagine that many people are dumb enough to want children just because Reese and Angelina make it look so glamorous: most adults understand that a baby is not a haircut.

    出自-2011年考研阅读原文

    Even though the day-to-day experience of raising kids can be soul-crushingly hard, Senior writes that “the very things that in the moment dampen our moods can later be sources of intense gratification and delight.

    出自-2011年考研阅读原文

    The hardest task that television asks of anyone is to turn the power off after he has turned it on.

    出自-2012年考研阅读原文

    Law-school debt means that they have to work fearsomely hard.

    出自-2014年考研阅读原文

    It is financially terrifying, psychologically embarrassing and you know that support is minimal and extraordinarily hard to get.

    出自-2014年考研阅读原文

    It is hard, the state argues, for judges to assess the implications of new and rapidly changing technologies.

    出自-2015年考研阅读原文

    It’s a really hard thing to do and it’s a tremendous luxury that BuzzFeed doesn’t have a legacy business,” Peretti remarked.

    出自-2016年考研阅读原文

    Likewise,automation should eventually boost productivity, stimulate demand by driving down prices, and free workers from hard, boring work.

    出自-2018年考研阅读原文

    收起真题例句
  • 英英释义

    Adjective

    • 1. not easy; requiring great physical or mental effort to accomplish or comprehend or endure;

      "a difficult task"

      "nesting places on the cliffs are difficult of access"

      "difficult times"

      "a difficult child"

      "found himself in a difficult situation"

      "why is it so hard for you to keep a secret?"

    • 2. metaphorically hard;

      "a hard fate"

      "took a hard look"

      "a hard bargainer"

      "a hard climb"

    • 3. not yielding to pressure or easily penetrated;

      "hard as rock"

    • 4. very strong or vigorous;

      "strong winds"

      "a hard left to the chin"

      "a knockout punch"

      "a severe blow"

    • 5. characterized by toilsome effort to the point of exhaustion; especially physical effort;

      "worked their arduous way up the mining valley"

      "a grueling campaign"

      "hard labor"

      "heavy work"

      "heavy going"

      "spent many laborious hours on the project"

      "set a punishing pace"

    • 6. of speech sounds
    • 7. of a drinker or drinking; indulging intemperately;

      "does a lot of hard drinking"

      "a heavy drinker"

    • 8. having undergone fermentation;

      "hard cider"

    • 9. having a high alcoholic content;

      "hard liquor"

    • 10. unfortunate or hard to bear;

      "had hard luck"

      "a tough break"

    • 11. dried out;

      "hard dry rolls left over from the day before"

    Adverb

    • 1. with effort or force or vigor;

      "the team played hard"

      "worked hard all day"

      "pressed hard on the lever"

      "hit the ball hard"

      "slammed the door hard"

    • 2. with firmness;

      "held hard to the railing"

    • 3. earnestly or intently;

      "thought hard about it"

      "stared hard at the accused"

    • 4. causing great damage or hardship;

      "industries hit hard by the depression"

      "she was severely affected by the bank's failure"

    • 5. slowly and with difficulty;

      "prejudices die hard"

    • 6. indulging excessively;

      "he drank heavily"

    • 7. into a solid condition;

      "concrete that sets hard within a few hours"

    • 8. very near or close in space or time;

      "it stands hard by the railroad tracks"

      "they were hard on his heels"

      "a strike followed hard upon the plant's opening"

    • 9. with pain or distress or bitterness;

      "he took the rejection very hard"

    • 10. to the full extent possible; all the way;

      "hard alee"

      "the ship went hard astern"

      "swung the wheel hard left"

    收起英英释义
  • 词根词缀

    词根: hard

    表示"硬,艰难"

    • adj.

      hardy 强壮的,耐劳的

      hard硬,艰难+y……的→adj.强壮的,耐劳的

    • adj.&adv.

      hard 硬的[地],坚固的[地]; 困难的[地]

      hard硬,艰难→adj.&adv.硬的[地],坚固的[地]; 困难的[地]

    • adv.

      hardly 刚刚, 几乎不, 仅, 严厉的, 艰辛的

      hard硬,艰难+ly……地→adv.刚刚, 几乎不, 仅, 严厉的, 艰辛的

    • n.

      hardness 硬, 硬度, 艰难, 难度

      hard硬,艰难+ness性质,状态→n.硬, 硬度, 艰难, 难度

      hardware 五金器具,金属制品;[计算机]硬件

      hard硬,艰难+ware物件→硬件→五金器具,金属制品

    • v.

      harden 使变硬

      hard硬,艰难+en表动词→v.使变硬 v.变硬

  • 词组搭配

    be hard on

    treat or criticize (someone) severely

    严厉对待;苛待;苛责

    you're being too hard on her.

    你对她太严厉了。

    be difficult for or unfair to

    使受苦;对…不公平

    I think the war must have been hard on her.

    我想战争一定使她吃了不少苦。

    be likely to hurt or damage

    对…有害

    the monitor flickers, which is hard on the eyes.

    显示器闪烁不定,这对眼睛有害。

    be hard put (to it)

    [usu. with infinitive]find it very difficult

    觉得…很难;很难做到

    you'll be hard put to find a better compromise.

    你很难找到比这更好的折衷办法。

    give someone a hard time

    (informal)deliberately make a situation difficult for someone

    (非正式)有意为难某人

    go hard with

    (dated)turn out to (someone's) disadvantage

    (旧)对…不利

    it would go hard with the poor.

    这会对穷人不利。

    hard as nails

    it would go hard with the poor.

    这会对穷人不利。

    hard at it

    (informal)busily working or occupied

    (非正式)忙得不可开交

    they were hard at it with brooms and mops.

    他们忙着用扫帚和拖把打扫卫生。

    hard by

    close to

    靠近

    he lived hard by the cathedral.

    他住得离大教堂很近。

    hard done by

    (Brit.)harshly or unfairly treated

    (英)被虐待;受到不公平对待

    she would be justified in feeling hard done by.

    要是她觉得受到了虐待,这完全有道理。

    hard feelings

    [usu. with negative]feelings of resentment

    怨恨

    there are no hard feelings and we wish him well.

    我们一点不怨恨,我们希望他好。

    hard going

    difficult to understand or enjoy

    难理解的,难懂的;缺少乐趣的

    the studying is at times hard going.

    研究有时是很困难的。

    hard hit

    badly affected

    受到严重影响,受到严重打击

    Trinidad had been hard hit by falling oil prices.

    特立尼达受到石油价格下跌的严重打击。

    hard luck (或 lines)

    (Brit. informal)used to express sympathy or commiserations

    (英,非正式)[用于表示同情、怜悯、遗憾、可惜]真可惜;真遗憾

    if you don't like it then hard luck.

    如果你不喜欢它,那真是可惜。

    a hard nut to crack

    (informal)a person or thing that is difficult to understand or influence

    (非正式)棘手之人(或事)

    hard on ( 或 upon)

    close to; following soon after

    紧跟着

    hard on the heels of Wimbledon comes the Henley Regatta.

    温布尔登网球赛之后紧跟着就是亨里赛舟会。

    收起词组搭配
  • 同义词辨析

    difficult, hard

    这两个形容词均有"困难"之意。

    • difficult比hard较为正式,侧重需要特别的能力、智力、判断力、技巧或勇气才能克服障碍。也可指深奥或抽象的难题。
    • hard: 含义广,通俗用词,与easy相对,泛指任何难理解,不好处理或不易做的事。
    firm, hard, solid

    这些形容词都可表示"坚定的,结实的"之意。

    • firm: 侧重指质地坚硬、不易切割或有弹性,一旦变形会很快恢复原形。
    • hard: 侧重有抗拒压力或拉力的性质,但不一定有弹性。
    • solid: 着重质地紧密、坚实和无间隙,含有在外部压力下仍可保持原有形状的意味。
  • 同义词

    adj.严厉的;严格的

    unyieldingsternstrictinflexible

    adj.严酷的;讨厌的

    unpleasantcallousharshsevereugly

    adj.困难的;艰难的

    ruggeddifficulttoughroughcomplicatedarduous

    adj.硬的,坚固的

    strongfirmstonysolidrigid

    adv.努力地

    witheffortlaboriouslystrenuouslyvigor

    其他释义

    troublesomeironstonysevereruggedsternsoftresistantrigideasypainfulstiffharshstrenuouslyrigorousuglymarbleexactingfirmunyieldingexigenttoughafflictivestrictwickedcalloussolidformidablewretchedunpleasantinflexiblestrenuousrelentlessviolentroughdifficultsimple

  • 反义词

    adj.艰难的;硬的;严厉的

    gentlesoftmildeasylightsimplelimptender

    其他释义

    meekkindheartedconvenientgenerous

  • 行业词典

    • 物理学

      硬球散射   hard-sphere scattering   硬球势   hard-sphere potential   硬[磁]泡   [magnetic] bubble   

  • 常用俚语

    • hard stuff
      [黑社会用语]钱(尤指不义之财)

      I don't want any hard stuff. I've never tak-en a bribe from anyone.

      我不要不义之财。我从没收过人家的贿赂。

      烈性酒

      The troubles the hard stuff inflicts on men with no defense against it.

      烈性酒对人体所造成的无法抵挡的危害。

      (总称)硬毒品(指易上瘾的烈性毒品)
    • hard coin
      巨款

      Old Freddie is earning some hard coin these days.

      老弗雷迪近来在赚大钱。

    • hard rocker
      勘探者,矿工

      Fred worked as a hard-rocker and made a fortune.

      弗雷德做过矿工并且发了一笔财。

 京ICP备14035597号-3