翻译
  • 简明词典(词霸)
  • 柯林斯词典
  • 牛津词典
  • irritate

    CET6/考研/GRE/TOEFL/IELTS

    • [ˈɪrɪteɪt]
    • [ˈɪrɪteɪt]

    释义

    • vt.
      刺激,使兴奋; 使发怒; 使感到不适; 使疼痛,使发炎;
    • vi.
      引起恼怒; 引起不愉快;
  • 词态变化

    • 第三人称单数: irritates;
    • 过去式: irritated;
    • 过去分词: irritated;
    • 现在分词: irritating;
    • 副词: irritatingly;
    • 名词: irritation;
    • 形容词: irritating;
  • 实用场景例句

    • 全部
    • 刺激

    Her uncritical acceptance of everything I said began to irritate me.

    我说什么她都不论对错一概接受,这倒惹我不耐烦起来。

    ——《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》

    Wear rubber gloves while chopping chillies as they can irritate the skin.

    切辣椒时要戴橡胶手套,因为辣椒会刺激皮肤。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Today, her chirping enthusiasms did not irritate Lily.

    今天她在丽莉耳旁叽叽喳喳说的那些热情话并没惹丽莉发火.

    ——辞典例句

    Don't irritate her, she's on a short fuse today.

    别惹她, 她今天动不动就发火.

    ——辞典例句

    In fact, almost all drugs irritate me.

    实际上, 差不多所有的药都刺激我.

    ——期刊摘选

    A nonflammable, sheet material. Fumes, if decomposed may irritate eyes, nose, and throat.

    是一种难燃的片状材料.当分解时产生的气体会刺激眼睛 、 鼻和咽喉.

    ——期刊摘选

    These new shoes irritate my toes.

    这双新鞋把我的脚趾夹痛了.

    ——期刊摘选

    There had been a good deal to irritate him, but this seemed much the worst.

    以前也曾有过许多令他恼火的事, 但是这次事件似乎是最糟糕不过的.

    ——期刊摘选

    Warning: Basil essential oil may irritate sensitive skin.

    警告: 罗勒精油会刺激敏感皮肤.

    ——期刊摘选

    Cigarette smoke irritate eyes and create a hazy film on the inside of your windshield.

    香烟会刺激你的眼睛而且会在挡风玻璃上制造一层朦胧的薄雾.

    ——期刊摘选

    Dirt, bacteria, and makeup left on overnight can irritate skin, clog pores , and trigger breakouts.

    超过一夜的灰尘, 细菌和化妆刺激皮肤, 堵塞毛孔.

    ——期刊摘选

    It can irritate the lungs and lowers resistance to respiratory infections such as flu.

    它会刺激肺部,降低呼吸道抵抗感染的能力,如流感.

    ——期刊摘选

    Why let her irritate you?

    干嘛为她招自己生气 呢 ?

    ——期刊摘选

    Daily use of ibuprofen can irritate the stomach.

    每天服用布洛芬会刺激胃.

    ——期刊摘选

    EYES: Dust may cause moderate eye irritation . Fumes may irritate eyes.

    眼睛: 粉末将导致中等程度眼睛过敏.

    ——期刊摘选

    I do not want to irritate anything or anybody.

    我不想给任何事情任何人带来影响.

    ——期刊摘选

    Exce medication can irritate surrounding skin.

    过量药物可能刺激周围皮肤.

    ——期刊摘选

    Her effusive manner of greeting her friends finally began to irritate them.

    她向朋友们打招呼时那种过于热情的方式到头来使他们感到不是滋味.

    ——期刊摘选

    Commonly, interactive products irritate us because they aren't considerate, not because they lack features.

    通常, 具有交互性质的产品惹恼我们的不是因为它们缺了哪些功能,而是不体贴.

    ——期刊摘选

    Skincare products of inferior quality may irritate sensitive skin.

    劣质护肤品会刺激敏感的肌肤.

    ——期刊摘选

    Tune into your hearing and notice which sounds irritate you.

    协调你的听觉并注意什么声音使你感到不舒服.

    ——期刊摘选

    Never draw fire, it will irritate the rest of your formation.

    不要吸引对方开火, 那会使你幸存的战友很恼火.

    ——期刊摘选

    Harry Potter: Honestly, you know, I gauge she was play to irritate you.

    哈利·波特: “说实话, 你知道, 我想她已经开始骚扰你了. ”

    ——期刊摘选

    But the latter, at least, might irritate Colombians too.

    但是后一种做法, 很有可能, 至少会把哥伦比亚人民也惹怒.

    ——期刊摘选

    The salesman says the new detergent ? won't irritate eyes or skin.

    为了不让他更生气,她强忍泪水.

    ——期刊摘选

    A: Because they irritate the shit out of you.

    因为他们让你想去大便.

    ——期刊摘选

    EYES: Adhesive may cause moderate eye irritation . Fumes may irritate eyes.

    眼睛: 胶粘剂可能导致中等程度眼睛过敏.

    ——期刊摘选

    收起实用场景例句
  • 真题例句

    • 全部
    • 四级
    • 六级

    He is irritated at having to wait for Jane.

    出自-2011年6月听力原文

    They practically beg a user to ignore the long-suffering professor struggling to pass on accumulated wisdom from the front of the room - a prospect that teachers find most irritating and students view as, well, inevitable.

    出自-2013年6月阅读原文

    It can forge better relationships and help you cope with life, or it can be corrosive eating away your self-esteem and irritating others.

    出自-2013年12月听力原文

    I had an old aunt who used to throw cups of tea at people when she was particularly irritated.

    出自-2011年6月听力原文

    To prove that she was really irritated with her husband

    出自-2011年6月听力原文

    收起真题例句
  • 英英释义

    Verb

    • 1. cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations;

      "Mosquitoes buzzing in my ear really bothers me"

      "It irritates me that she never closes the door after she leaves"

    • 2. excite to an abnormal condition, of chafe or inflame;

      "Aspirin irritates my stomach"

    • 3. excite to some characteristic action or condition, such as motion, contraction, or nervous impulse, by the application of a stimulus;

      "irritate the glands of a leaf"

    收起英英释义
  • 词根词缀

    前缀: ir-

    1. 表示"使……,成为,进入,再"; 2. 放在同辅音词根前表示"不,无"

    • adj.

      irrespective 不顾的, 不考虑的, 无关的

      ir不,无+respective各自的→adj.不顾的, 不考虑的, 无关的

      irrational 不合理的

      ir不,无+rational合理的→adj.不合理的

      irregular 不规则的

      ir不,无+regular规则的→adj.不规则的

      irrelative 无关的

      ir不,无+relative相关的→adj.无关的

      irreproadchable 无可指责的

      ir不,无+reproachable能被指责的→adj.无可指责的

      irresistible 不可抗拒的

      ir不,无+resistible可抗拒的→adj.不可抗拒的

      irresolute 无决断力的

      ir不,无+resolute果断的→adj.无决断力的

      irrefutable 无可反驳的

      ir不,无+refutable可反驳的→adj.无可反驳的

      irrevocable 不可取消的

      ir不,无+revocable可取消的→adj.不可取消的

    • n.

      irruption 闯入,冲入

      ir使……,成为,进入,再+rupt断+ion表名词→打断[别人]→闯入

      irregularity 不规则,无规律

      ir不+regularity整齐, 匀称→n.不规则,无规律

    • v.

      irrigate 灌溉,修水利

      ir使……,成为,进入,再+rig水+ate表动词→进水→灌溉

      irritate 激怒;刺激

      ir使……,成为,进入,再+rit擦+ate表动词→进入磨擦→激怒

      irradiate 使明亮,生辉

      ir使……,成为,进入,再+radi光线+ate表动词→发光→生辉

  • 同义词辨析

    bother, disturb, trouble, annoy, irritate, vex

    这些动词均有"使人不安或烦恼"之意。

    • bother: 指使人烦恼而引起的紧张不安或感到不耐烦。
    • disturb: 较正式用词,多用被动态。指拢乱,使人不能平静或妨碍别人工作、思维或正常秩序,是程度较深的烦恼。
    • trouble: 指给人在行动上带来不便或在身心上造成痛苦。
    • annoy: 强调因被迫忍受令人不快、讨厌的事而失去平静或耐心,多指一时的打拢或恼怒。
    • irritate: 语气比annoy强得多,指激怒,使发怒,多指一种短时间的反应。
    • vex: 侧重指因不断的干扰而引起的烦恼,有时含激怒的意味。
    provoke, irritate, aggravate

    这些动词均含"激怒"之意。

    • provoke: 指激起某人强烈的愤怒,以致令人作出反应。
    • irritate: 通常指因受到不愉快的刺激而失去耐性,变得烦燥或恼怒。
    • aggravate: 口语用词。指因长时间的反复言行而引起不快、烦躁或恼怒。
  • 同义词

    vt.使烦恼;激怒

    infuriateannoymaddenstiragitatefomentprovokevexinstigateangerinciteup

    vt.使痛苦

    chafegratepainhurtwoundsorerubmake

    其他释义

    provokeinflamemaddendispleasehurtharrowagitategrateangerspiterankleupexasperatepainrubchafeinstigatestirwoundskininfuriateannoydisturbaggravateworryvexfomentincitenettle

  • 反义词

    vt.使恼怒;刺激

    calmappease

    其他释义

    appeasepacifycalm

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