翻译
  • 简明词典(词霸)
  • 柯林斯词典
  • 牛津词典
  • near

    高中/CET4/CET6

    • [nɪə(r)]
    • [nɪr]

    释义

    • 常用
    • 高考讲解
    • adv.
      (空间)在近处; 在附近; (时间)临近; (程度)几乎;
    • prep.
      (表示程度)接近; (表示位置)靠近; (表示时间)将近; 接近于(某种状态);
    • adj.
      近的; 亲密的; 近似; (亲属关系)近亲;

    大小写变形:NEAR

  • 词态变化

    • 第三人称单数: nears;
    • 过去式: neared;
    • 现在分词: nearing;
    • 比较级: nearer;
    • 最高级: nearest;
    • 名词: nearness;
  • 实用场景例句

    • 全部
    • 在近处
    • 在附近
    • 临近
    • 几乎
    • 接近
    • 靠近
    • 将近
    • 接近于
    • 近的
    • 亲密的
    • 近似
    • 近亲

    Police found fragments of glass near the scene.

    警方在现场附近发现了玻璃碎片。

    ——《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》

    He should have won the match—it was a near miss.

    这场比赛本该是他赢的—真是功亏一篑。

    ——《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》

    a paved area near the back door

    后门旁一块石板地

    ——《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》

    Performance is lowest between 3 a.m. and 5 a.m., and reaches a peak near midday.

    凌晨3点至5点表现最差,近中午时分最好。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Near the end of Devonian times, thirty percent of all animal life vanished.

    在泥盆纪末期,30%的动物物种都灭绝了。

    ——柯林斯例句

    He was near to death after a car smash.

    他差点在一场撞车事故中丧命。

    ——柯林斯例句

    The restaurant is located near the cathedral.

    餐馆位于大教堂附近。

    ——柯林斯例句

    The controversy regarding vitamin C is unlikely to be resolved in the near future.

    关于维生素C的争议短期内不可能平息。

    ——柯林斯例句

    As the day set for departure drew near, I told my wife that I could not accompany them.

    起程的日子就要到了,我告诉妻子我不能陪他们了。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Within months his reputation spread near and far.

    没几个月他就远近闻名了。

    ——柯林斯例句

    She was believed to have died in near poverty on the French Riviera.

    据信她在法国里维埃拉去世时几乎身无分文。

    ——柯林斯例句

    "I actually live near Chester." — "Whereabouts?"

    “我实际上住在切斯特附近。”——“具体在哪里?”

    ——柯林斯例句

    They were unaware that war was near.

    他们不知道战争即将爆发.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    We had a few near misses in the first raid.

    在第一次袭击中,有几次我们都差一点就命中目标.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    I look forward to hearing from you in the near future.

    我盼望着不久收到你的信.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Singapore is near the equator.

    新加坡位于赤道附近.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Rose buds are near the burst.

    玫瑰花苞要绽放了.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    He must be getting near retiring age.

    他一定快到退休年龄了.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    The general decided to concentrate his forces near the capital.

    这位将军决定把他的部队集中在首都附近.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    He drove like a maniac. We had one near miss after another.

    他开车像个疯子, 我们一路上险象环生,与好几辆车险些相撞.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    People living near the airport are pushing for new rules about night flight.

    住在机场附近的人们正强烈要求制订出夜航班机的新规.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    I got there just after you'd left — such a near miss.

    我到那里时你刚好离开,只差一点儿我们就碰上了.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    He faced it out that he was nowhere near the spot when the crime was committed.

    他始终坚持案发时他不在现场附近.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    The two cars drew too near together, and crashed.

    这两辆小汽车靠得太近, 所以相撞了.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    A distant relative is not as good as a near neighbour.

    远亲不如近邻.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    The Yongding and Daqing rivers meet near Tianjin.

    永定河和大清河在天津附近合流.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    They didn't play volleyball near the window. They were afraid of breaking it.

    他们没在窗子附近打排球, 他们怕把窗子打破了.

    ——《用法词典》

    Is there a Ladies near here?

    附近有女厕所 吗 ?

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    It is near dinner time.

    快到吃晚饭的时间了.

    ——《现代英汉综合大词典》

    Is there any post office near here?

    附近有没有邮局?

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    收起实用场景例句
  • 真题例句

    • 全部
    • 四级
    • 六级
    • 高考
    • 考研

    The boat, traveling between Nicaragua’s Big Corn Island and LittleCorn Island turned over Saturday near the larger island.

    出自-2017年6月听力原文

    A friend recently took her mother to visit an expensive assisted living / nursing home near my town.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    The Tunisian government  said Monday that 45 people have  been killed after gunmen attacked  a town near the border with Libya.

    出自-2016年12月听力原文

    Rescue efforts were underway Thursday morning for 17 miners who were stuck in an elevator below ground at Cargill rock salt mine near Lansing, New York, according to Marcia Lynch, Public Information Officer at Tompkins County’s Emergency Response Department.

    出自-2016年12月听力原文

    Agricultural workers in green tea fields near Mt.

    出自-2016年12月听力原文

    A recent Harris poll revealed that 79% of Americans say they enjoy cooking and 30% love it; 14% admit to not enjoying kitchen work and just 7% won't go near the stove at all.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    RelayRides and SnapGoods match up owners and renters; smartphones with GPS let people see where the nearest rentable car is parked; social networks provide a way to check up on people and build trust; and online payment systems handle the billing

    出自-2013年12月阅读原文

    Display and sales restrictions: California has a rule prohibiting alcohol displays near the cash registers in gas stations, and in most places you can't buy alcohol at drive-through facilities.

    出自-2013年6月阅读原文

    And as it turns out, even today — with job growth near zero — over 4 million job hunters are being hired every month.

    出自-2012年12月阅读原文

    Experts believe the boxes from Air France Flight 447, which crashed near Brazil on June 1,2009, are in water nearly that deep, but statistics say they're still likely to turn up.

    出自-2010年6月阅读原文

    They were destroyed somewhere near Brazil

    出自-2010年6月阅读原文

    I need some information about some of the towns near here.

    出自-2013年12月听力原文

    They are near each other, aren't they

    出自-2013年12月听力原文

    Finally, on June 7, McLaughlin once again demonstrated his carelessness by knocking down several mailboxes near the edge of the company's parking lot.

    出自-2013年12月听力原文

    He has been working part-time in a school near Detroit.

    出自-2013年6月听力原文

    They set up cooking facilities near it

    出自-2013年6月听力原文

    Well, how about the French restaurant near the KFC?

    出自-2012年6月听力原文

    What does Chris hope for in the near future?

    出自-2011年12月听力原文

    I thought it would be nice to be near to the family.

    出自-2010年12月听力原文

    People used to live near people of different income levels; neighborhoods are now more segregated by income.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    The report focused on poor urban areas, where farms in or near cities supply relatively inexpensive food.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    Brazil opened a research station in 1984, but it was largely destroyed by a fire that killed two members of the navy in 2012, the same year that a diesel-laden Brazilian barge sank near the base.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    As if that were not enough, a Brazilian C-130 Hercules military transport plane has remained stranded near the runway of Chile's air base here since it crash-landed in 2014.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    Way up north in the Canadian Arctic, seabirds are picking up dangerous chemicals in the ocean and delivering them to ponds near where the birds live.

    出自-2016年12月听力原文

    People who live, hunt or fish near bird coloniesneed to be careful, the researchers say, The birds don’t mean to cause harm, but the chemicals they carry can cause major problems.

    出自-2016年12月听力原文

    But onlyif they operate at near capacity,otherwise, their overall efficiency is poor.

    出自-2015年12月听力原文

    Look at any global survey of gender equality and Sweden will be near the top.

    出自-2014年6月阅读原文

    Stacked near the checkout counters, and as colorful as a Fisher-Price toy, is a not-so-serious-looking power tool: a battery-operated saw-and-drill combination.

    出自-2013年6月阅读原文

    After all, more than 200 years separated Einstein from his nearest rival, Isaac Newton.

    出自-2010年12月阅读原文

    He will find a job near his home next year.

    出自-2013年6月听力原文

    Near the end of the 25 minutes she had set, Delia said she would take two more questions.

    出自-2012年12月听力原文

    What does Chris hope for in the near future?

    出自-2011年12月听力原文

    But assaults often occur on Friday and Saturday nights, near the bars downtown.

    出自-2011年6月听力原文

    The proof, which was published last week in Science, comes from a team of scientists from Uppsala University in Sweden and California Institute of Technology who drew deep holes near the edge of ice sheet.

    出自-2010年12月听力原文

    As the ceremony was nearing the end, I suddenly heard the head coach announcing, "the highest honor goes to Cathy!" looking around, he continued, "Cathy has inspired us with her will and enthusiasm."

    2016年高考英语天津卷 完形填空 原文

    By rail: the nearest station is Cark-in-cartmel with trains to Carnforth, Lancaster and Preston for connections to major cities & airports.

    2018年高考英语全国卷3 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

    Even as late as 1870 when their numbers had already become smaller, a flock believed to be 1 mile wide and 320 miles about 515 kilometers long was seen near cincinnati.

    2014年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    Even though the conference hall is near his apartment, he has to hurry a little if he wants to be punctual.

    2015年高考英语湖北卷 单项选择 原文

    Frogs living near brightly lit highways suffer nocturnal light levels that are as much as a million times brighter than normal, throwing nearly every aspect of their behavior out of joint, including their nighttime breeding choruses.

    2015年高考英语浙江卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    If you want to have a real orchard experience, try visiting the national fruit collection at brogdale, near faversham in kent.

    2016年高考英语全国卷3 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    In the near future, it's not just going to be the number you see on your screen that will be in doubt.

    2019年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    In these places patients can go to be near nature during their recovery.

    2019年高考英语全国卷I 阅读理解 七选五 原文

    It only has one bedroom, but it sounds nice, near lake street.

    2015年高考英语全国卷1 听力 原文

    Last year, I was assigned to work at an office near my mother's house, so I stayed with her for a month.

    2016年高考英语上海卷 语法填空 A 原文

    Much more progress will be made in the near future.

    2016年高考英语四川卷 阅读理解 阅读B 选项

    Naomi put a small recorder near the piano, starts and stops and mistakes.

    2019年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    New York City, for example, is near a large harbour at the mouth of the Hudson River.

    2018年高考英语全国卷3 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    No one is sure how the ancient Egyptians built the pyramids near Cairo.

    2015年高考英语四川卷 阅读理解 阅读E 原文

    The lockers are located in building 1 near the information desk and in building 3.

    2017年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

    The pony responsible was queuing up for some ice cream in the car park near Haytor, and perhaps thought I'd jumped in ahead of him.

    2015年高考英语湖北卷 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

    The snack bar is near the library.

    2015年高考英语上海卷 听力 选项

    The team hopes to make it to market in the near future.

    2019年高考英语全国卷I 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    Three days later, a hurricane hit the coast near cornwall.

    2015年高考英语陕西卷 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    Three weeks ago, I witnessed a small near-disaster a few miles west of here.

    2015年高考英语湖北卷 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

    We now realize how important family is and how important to be near them, especially when you're raining children.

    2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    When the war was near, Alia was worried that the fires of war would destroy the books, which are more precious to her than mountain of gold.

    2017年高考英语浙江卷(6月) 完形填空 原文

    Whenever you move to a new area, you should locate the fire alarm pull stations and the two exits nearest your room.

    2018年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

    While spain as a whole is heating up quickly, temperatures near the greenhouses have decreased.

    2017年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    Wilson will drive to the nearest store and purchase what's needed.

    2019年高考英语北京卷 完形填空 原文

    We have no land ethic yet, but we have at least drawn nearer the point of admitting that birds should continue as a matter of intrinsic right,regardless of the presence or absence of economic advantage to us.

    出自-2010年考研翻译原文

    That's one reason why we have launched Arc, a new publication dedicated to the near future.

    出自-2013年考研阅读原文

    In another case, American archaeologists Rene Million and George Cowgill spent years systematically mapping the entire city of Teotihuacan in the Valley of Mexico near what is now Mexico City.

    出自-2014年考研阅读原文

    收起真题例句
  • 英英释义

    Verb

    • 1. move towards;

      "We were approaching our destination"

      "They are drawing near"

      "The enemy army came nearer and nearer"

    Adjective

    • 1. not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances;

      "near neighbors"

      "in the near future"

      "they are near equals"

      "his nearest approach to success"

      "a very near thing"

      "a near hit by the bomb"

      "she was near tears"

      "she was close to tears"

      "had a close call"

    • 2. being on the left side;

      "the near or nigh horse is the one on the left"

      "the animal's left side is its near or nigh side"

    • 3. closely resembling the genuine article;

      "near beer"

      "a dress of near satin"

    • 4. giving or spending with reluctance;

      "our cheeseparing administration"

      "very close (or near) with his money"

      "a penny-pinching miserly old man"

    • 5. with or in a close or intimate relationship;

      "a good friend"

      "my sisters and brothers are near and dear"

    • 6. very close in resemblance;

      "sketched in an approximate likeness"

      "a near likeness"

    Adverb

    • 1. near in time or place or relationship;

      "as the wedding day drew near"

      "stood near the door"

      "don't shoot until they come near"

      "getting near to the true explanation"

      "her mother is always near"

      "The end draws nigh"

      "the bullet didn't come close"

      "don't get too close to the fire"

    • 2. (of actions or states) slightly short of or not quite accomplished; `near' is sometimes used informally for `nearly' and `most' is sometimes used informally for `almost';

      "the job is (just) about done"

      "the baby was almost asleep when the alarm sounded"

      "we're almost finished"

      "the car all but ran her down"

      "he nearly fainted"

      "talked for nigh onto 2 hours"

      "the recording is well-nigh perfect"

      "virtually all the parties signed the contract"

      "I was near exhausted by the run"

      "most everyone agrees"

    收起英英释义
  • 词根词缀

    词根: near

    =bind,表示"连接,邻近"

    • adj.

      nearby 附近的

      near近的+by旁边→adj.附近的 adv.附近

    • adj.&adv.

      near 亲近的[地], 亲密的[地]

      near连接,邻近→adj.&adv.亲近的[地], 亲密的[地]

    • adv.

      nearby 附近

      near近的+by旁边→adj.附近的 adv.附近

      nearly 几乎, 密切地

      near近的+ly表副词→adv.几乎, 密切地

  • 词组搭配

    near at hand

    within easy reach

    邻近,在近旁

    near enough

    sufficiently close to being the case for all practical purposes

    几乎一样,差不多

    one's nearest and dearest

    one's close friends and relatives

    最亲近的人

    so near and yet so far

    a rueful comment on someone's narrow failure to achieve an aim

    近在眼前远在天边;可望而不可及

    收起词组搭配
  • 同义词辨析

    close, near, nearby

    这些形容词均有"接近的"之意。

    • close: 语气强于near。指时间、地点或程度方面的接近,有紧靠、相邻的意味。
    • near: 语气弱于close,也指时间或空间上的接近,但无"紧接,接触"的含义。
    • nearby: 指距离上很近,近在咫尺。
  • 反义词

    adj.近的;接近的;几乎的

    remotedistantfar

    其他释义

    faraway

  • 行业词典

    • 体育

      左侧向后击球   左侧向前击球   

    • 哲学

      近平衡态   near-equilibrium state   

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