翻译
  • 简明词典(词霸)
  • 柯林斯词典
  • 牛津词典
  • reference

    高中/CET4/CET6/考研/IELTS

    • [ˈrefrəns]
    • [ˈrefrəns]

    释义

    • 常用
    • 高考讲解
    • n.
      参考; 参考书; 提及,涉及; 证明人,介绍人;
    • v.
      引用; 参照;
  • 词态变化

    • 复数: references;
    • 第三人称单数: references;
    • 过去式: referenced;
    • 过去分词: referenced;
    • 现在分词: referencing;
  • 实用场景例句

    • 全部
    • 参考
    • 参考书
    • 提及
    • 涉及
    • 证明人
    • 介绍人
    • 引用
    • 参照

    The matter, they decided, lay outside the commission's terms of reference.

    他们认定这个问题不在委员会受托权限之内。

    ——《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》

    Read these notes carefully and keep them for future reference.

    仔细阅读这些注释并将其保留下来以备将来之用。

    ——柯林斯例句

    He wrote a reference for him, describing his reliability and trustworthiness as "above questioning".

    他为他写了封推荐信,称他为人可靠与值得信赖这两点是“毋庸置疑的”。

    ——柯林斯例句

    It was very conveniently situated just across the road from the City Reference Library.

    它就在市工具书图书馆的马路对面,十分便利。

    ——柯林斯例句

    He made only a veiled reference to international concerns over human rights issues.

    他只是含蓄地提到了国际社会对人权问题的关注。

    ——柯林斯例句

    No reference to their existence appears in any literature of the period.

    这一时期的文学作品中都没有提及他们的存在。

    ——柯林斯例句

    It was an oblique reference to his mother.

    这影射到了他的母亲。

    ——柯林斯例句

    The crowd chanted "No Poll Tax", a reference to the government's new local taxation system.

    人群高呼“不要人头税”,指的是政府新确立的地方税收制度。

    ——柯林斯例句

    I'm calling in reference to your series on prejudice.

    我打电话是要谈谈你写的有关“偏见”的系列文章。

    ——柯林斯例句

    I am writing with reference to your article on salaries for scientists.

    我写此信是为了回应你那篇探讨科学家薪水的文章。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Do we still have any fixed point of reference in the teaching of English?

    我们在英语教学上还有固定不变的参考标准吗?

    ——柯林斯例句

    No direct reference was made to the call by the Foreign Office minister.

    没有直接提及外交部长的拜访。

    ——柯林斯例句

    This might be done without reference to Parliament.

    这件事情也许可以绕过国会直接进行。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Make a note of the reference number shown on the form.

    把表格上的编码记下来。

    ——柯林斯例句

    We spent days going through all related reference material.

    我们花了好多天功夫查阅所有有关的参考资料.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    I like to have my reference books within my reach.

    我喜欢把参考书放到伸手可取的地方.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    An Ordnance Survey grid reference gives the position of a place to within 100 metres.

    全国地形测量局的地图坐标标示某地的位置精确到100米以內.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    This test is to be taken by all pupils without reference to age or grade.

    这次测验的对象是全体小学生,不论年龄和年级.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    The headmaster supplied him with a reference.

    校长给他提供证明人.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Avoid any reference to his illness.

    千万别提起他的病.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Keep the dictionary at your elbow so you can use it for reference anytime.

    把这本字典留在你手边,以便随时可以参考.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    The library contains a large number of foreign language reference books.

    图书馆有大量的外文参考书.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    It has many omissions ; even so, it is quite a useful reference book.

    那本书有许多遗漏之处, 即使如此, 尚不失为一本有用的参考书.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    No reference books are to be taken out of the reading room without permission.

    本阅览室参考书不得私自携出.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    This article can be read for reference.

    这篇文章可参阅.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    The booklet is very practical and handy of reference.

    这本小册子很实用,而且便于查考.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    The above views may or may not be correct, they are only for your reference.

    以上看法不一定符合实际, 仅供你们参考.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    My opinion hasn't been well thought out and is only for your reference.

    我的意见很不成熟,只是供你参考.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    In studying current affairs you might read this article for reference.

    学习时事可以参看这篇文章.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    This card should be kept on file for reference.

    此卡应存案备查.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    收起实用场景例句
  • 真题例句

    • 全部
    • 四级
    • 六级
    • 高考
    • 考研

    She criticized me when I included little-known references and professional jargon ( ' , 行话 ).

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    The research references studies of people's behavior with food and alcohol and results of alcohol restrictions, and then lists five regulations that the researchers think might be promising if applied to junk foods.

    出自-2013年6月阅读原文

    Can you give me any references?

    出自-2013年6月听力原文

    Here, the important aspect is to compare with an appropriate reference group.

    出自-2012年12月阅读原文

    Is that the reference library?

    出自-2013年12月听力原文

    Present a new letter of reference.

    出自-2012年12月听力原文

    A list of references must be included.

    2019年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

    However, a pocket dictionary doesn't contain enough entries to be adequate for college reference homework.

    2015年高考英语湖南卷 任务型读写 原文

    However, we are not all using the same reference standard to weigh risks and rewards.

    2016年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读E 原文

    If you need more help, I'll be over there, at the reference desk.

    2016年高考英语浙江卷(10月) 听力 原文

    Critics also argue that commercial genetic testing is only as good as the reference collections to which a sample is compared.

    出自-2009年考研阅读原文

    On display here are various fantasy elements whose reference, at some basic level, seems to be the natural world.

    出自-2013年考研翻译原文

    It is this implicit or explicit reference to nature that fully justifies the use of word garden though in a “liberated” sense, to describe these synthetic constructions.

    出自-2013年考研翻译原文

    In effect, you try to reconstruct the likely meanings or effects that any given sentence, image or reference might have had: These might be the ones the author intended.

    出自-2015年考研阅读原文

    Ideally, different kinds of reading inform each other, and act as useful reference points for and counterbalances to one another.

    出自-2015年考研阅读原文

    收起真题例句
  • 英英释义

    Noun

    • 1. a remark that calls attention to something or someone;

      "she made frequent mention of her promotion"

      "there was no mention of it"

      "the speaker made several references to his wife"

    • 2. a short note recognizing a source of information or of a quoted passage;

      "the student's essay failed to list several important citations"

      "the acknowledgments are usually printed at the front of a book"

      "the article includes mention of similar clinical cases"

    • 3. an indicator that orients you generally;

      "it is used as a reference for comparing the heating and the electrical energy involved"

    • 4. a book to which you can refer for authoritative facts;

      "he contributed articles to the basic reference work on that topic"

    • 5. a formal recommendation by a former employer to a potential future employer describing the person's qualifications and dependability;

      "requests for character references are all to often answered evasively"

    • 6. the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression; the class of objects that an expression refers to;

      "the extension of `satellite of Mars' is the set containing only Demos and Phobos"

    • 7. the act of referring or consulting;

      "reference to an encyclopedia produced the answer"

    • 8. a publication (or a passage from a publication) that is referred to;

      "he carried an armful of references back to his desk"

      "he spent hours looking for the source of that quotation"

    • 9. the relation between a word or phrase and the object or idea it refers to;

      "he argued that reference is a consequence of conditioned reflexes"

    Verb

    • 1. refer to;

      "he referenced his colleagues' work"

    收起英英释义
  • 词根词缀

    词根: fer

    =bring/carry,表示"带来,拿来"

    • adj.

      aquiferous 含水的, 蓄水的

      aqui水+fer带来,拿来+ous……的→带来水的

      different 不同的

      differ[v.不同]+ent表形容词→adj.不同的

      fertile 肥沃的,富饶的;能繁殖的

      fert=fer带来,拿来+ile能……的→能带来粮食→肥沃的

      floriferous 有花的,开花的,多花的,花盛开的

      flori=flor花+fer带来,拿来+ous……的→带来花→有花的

      indifferent 冷漠的

      in不+different不同的→同与不同的"事不关已" →冷漠的

      inferable 能推理的, 能推论的

      infer[v.推论,推断]+able能……的→adj.能推理的, 能推论的

      inferential 推论性的

      infer[v.推论,推断]+ent+ial……的→adj.推论性的

      odoriferous 有香味的,芳香的

      odori=odor气味+fer带来,拿来+ous……的→带来气味的

      referable 可归[起]因于……的, 可归入……的; 与……有关的

      refer[v.参考,查询;提到,引用,涉及;提交,上呈]+able能……的→能提到的,能找到原因的→可归于……

      sufferable 可容忍的,可忍耐的

      suffer[v.受苦]+able能……的→adj.可容忍的,可忍耐的

      transferable 可转让的

      transfer[n.&v.转移;转换;转让;过户;迁移;改乘]+able能……的→adj.可转让的

    • n.

      aquifer 含水土层, 蓄水层

      aqui水+fer带来,拿来→n.含水土层, 蓄水层

      conference [正式]会议;讨论,商谈

      confer[v.商讨;授予,颁给[勋衔,学位等]]+ence表名词→n.[正式]会议;讨论,商谈

      conferment 给予, 商量, 授予

      con共同+fer带来,拿来+ment表名词→共同带来东西→给予[奖品等]

      conifer 针叶树

      coni松果+fer带来,拿来→带来松果的树→针叶树

      coniferous 针叶树的,松类的,结球果的

      conifer[n.针叶树]+ous……的→n.针叶树的,松类的,结球果的

      deference 敬意,尊重

      defer敬从+ence表名词→n.敬意,尊重

      deferment 推迟;延迟

      defer推迟+ment表名词→n.推迟;延迟

      difference 不同

      differ[v.不同]+ence表名词→n.不同

      ferry 摆渡;渡船;渡口

      fer带来,拿来+ry状态,性质→带来带去

      fertility 肥沃,丰饶

      fertile[adj.肥沃的,富饶的;能繁殖的]+ity表名词→n.肥沃,丰饶

      fertilizer [fertiliser]肥料

      fertilize[v.使受精;施肥于,使肥沃]+er表名词→n.[fertiliser]肥料

      offer 出价,提议,意图

      of一再+fer带来,拿来→一再带来→提供

      offering 报盘,提供的货物

      offer[v.提供,提议,出现 n.出价,提议,意图]+ing表名词→n.报盘,提供的货物

      preference [for,to]偏爱,喜爱;优惠;优先选择

      prefer[v.[to]更喜欢,宁愿]+ence表名词→n.[for,to]偏爱,喜爱;优惠;优先选择

      proffer 提议,建议

      pro向前+ffer=fer带来,拿来→带到前面去→贡献出来

      referee [足球等]裁判员

      refer[v.参考,查询;提到,引用,涉及;提交,上呈]+ee人→被双方提及的人→裁判

      reference 提及,涉及;参考,参考书目;证明书[人]

      refer[v.参考,查询;提到,引用,涉及;提交,上呈]+ence表名词→n.提及,涉及;参考,参考书目;证明书[人]

      referendum 公民投票,居民投票

      refer[v.参考,查询;提到,引用,涉及;提交,上呈]+endum表名词→提出[候选人]→选举

    • n.&v.

      transfer 转移;转换;转让;过户;迁移;改乘

      trans变换,交换+fer带→转移过去→转学,转移

    • v.

      confer 商讨;授予,颁给[勋衔,学位等]

      con共同+fer带来,拿来→共同带来观点

      defer 敬从

      de加强+fer带来,拿来→一再带来敬意

      differ 不同

      dif不同+fer带来→带来不同→不同

      differentiate 区分,区别;[使]不同

      different[adj.不同的]+iate做→v.区分,区别;[使]不同

      ferry 摆渡;渡运[人,车或物等]

      fer带来,拿来+ry状态,性质→带来带去

      fertilize 使受精;施肥于,使肥沃

      fertile[adj.肥沃的,富饶的;能繁殖的]+ize表动词→v.使受精;施肥于,使肥沃

      infer 推论,推断

      in进入+fer带来,拿来→带来[意义]→推断

      offer 提供,提议,出现

      of一再+fer带来,拿来→一再带来→提供

      prefer [to]更喜欢,宁愿

      pre先+fer带来→预先就带来→更喜欢

      proffer 献出,赠送

      pro向前+ffer=fer带来,拿来→带到前面去→贡献出来

      refer 参考,查询;提到,引用,涉及;提交,上呈

      re向后+fer带来,拿来→向后回过头来[看]已经带来的→参考,查询

      suffer 受苦

      suf下面+fer带→带到下面去→受苦

  • 词组搭配

    for future reference

    for use at a later date

    以供日后参考

    she lodged this idea in the back of her mind for future reference.

    她把这个想法记在心里供日后参考。

    terms of reference

    the scope and limitations of an activity or area of knowledge

    委托范围;委托权限

    the minister will present a plan outlining the inquiry's terms of reference.

    大臣将提出一份概述调查委托范围的计划。

    with (或 in) reference to

    in relation to; as regards

    关于,就…而论

    war can only be explained with reference to complex social factors.

    战争只能用复杂的社会因素来解释。

    收起词组搭配
  • 同义词

    n.关联,与...有关

    bearingrelevancerespectrelationregardconcerncorrelation

    n.划归给

    imputationintimationassignmentimplicationblameattributioncredit

    n.提及,举例

    mentionillustrationinstancequotationsuggestioncitationallusionspecificationnotice

    n.断言,证明

    statementallegationcertificationgoodendorsementtestimonialwitnessevidencewordaffirmation

    n.表示,指示

    indicatordirectionindicationkey

    其他释义

    thingrecommendationcredentialconnectiondependenceconnotation

  • 行业词典

    • 哲学

      指称   

    • 法律

      保证人   

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