翻译
  • 简明词典(词霸)
  • 柯林斯词典
  • 牛津词典
  • retreat

    CET4/CET6/考研/GRE/TOEFL/IELTS

    • [rɪˈtriːt]
    • [rɪˈtriːt]

    释义

    • vi.
      撤退,后退; 撤销,作罢; (眼睛等)凹进; [航]向后倾斜;
    • n.
      撤回; 静居处; 引退期间; 静思,静修;

    大小写变形:Retreat

  • 词态变化

    • 第三人称单数: retreats;
    • 过去式: retreated;
    • 过去分词: retreated;
    • 现在分词: retreating;
  • 实用场景例句

    • 全部
    • 撤退
    • 后退
    • 撤回
    • 静修

    In June 1942, the British 8th Army was in full retreat.

    1942年6月,英国第八军全面撤退.

    ——柯林斯例句

    It's a retreat into the adolescence they never really had.

    这是对他们从不曾真正拥有的青春时代的回归.

    ——柯林斯例句

    Their soldiers had to retreat ignominiously after losing hundreds of lives.

    损失数百人之后,他们的士兵被迫灰溜溜地撤退。

    ——柯林斯例句

    I believe people should live in houses that allow them to retreat from the harsh realities of life.

    我认为人们所居住的房子应该能让他们远离残酷的现实生活。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Shell Cottage provides the perfect retreat from the hustle and bustle of London.

    谢尔农舍为想要躲避伦敦的忙碌喧嚣的人们提供了一个绝佳的休闲之所。

    ——柯林斯例句

    He spent yesterday hidden away in his country retreat.

    他昨天躲在了他乡下的静养地。

    ——柯林斯例句

    They say they will stay to rebuild their homes rather than retreat to refugee camps.

    他们说他们将留下重建家园而不是躲到难民营里。

    ——柯林斯例句

    They spent a week in ( a ) retreat.

    他们静修了一周.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    They decided to retreat lest they would be between two fires.

    他们决定撤退,否则就要受两面夹击.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    After several reverses the enemy was forced to retreat.

    几次失败后敌军被迫后撤.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    I made a tactful retreat before they started arguing.

    在他们开始争论前我机智地离开了.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Our troops cut off the enemy's retreat.

    我们的军队切断了敌人的退路.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    The soldiers were ordered to retreat to safer positions behind the lines.

    士兵们奉命撤退到后方较为安全的阵地上去.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Confronted by the angry strikers, the police had to retreat.

    面对愤怒的罢工者, 警察只好后退.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Housework is negatively valued as a retreat from a disliked alternative — employment work.

    家务劳动给消极地看作是逃避不喜欢的另一种选择——受雇工作.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    They knew when to attack and when to retreat.

    他们知道什么时候进攻和什么时候撤退.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    We covered his retreat with bursts of gunfire.

    我们集中火力掩护他撤退.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    The defeated army had to retreat hastily from the field of battle.

    败军被迫仓皇地从战场上撤退.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    He lives in a quiet retreat.

    他住在一个僻静的地方.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    There is every sign to show that the enemy will retreat.

    种种迹象表明敌人要退却.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    The enemy troops were in full retreat.

    敌军全线退却.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    The cat beat a hasty retreat when he saw the dog coming.

    猫看到狗来时,就很快溜之大吉了.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    He was not one to retreat but rather one who would take up the gauntlet.

    他不是一个想退却的人,倒是一个宁愿应战的人.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    Fronting water and with a hill at the back , this garden had a dense growth of evergreen trees and formed a " retreat away from the world " .

    这花园依山傍水,四面 苍松翠柏,绿树成荫,仿佛是 世外桃源.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    No retreat is allowed, only advance.

    只许前进,不许后退.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    The enemy were [ was ] forced to retreat.

    敌军被迫撤退.

    ——《现代英汉综合大词典》

    The army was in retreat to the west.

    部队正在向西后退.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    The enemy's retreat left marks of haste.

    敌军留下了仓皇退却的痕迹.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    The enemy's line of retreat was cut off.

    敌人的退路已被截断.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    收起实用场景例句
  • 真题例句

    • 全部
    • 六级
    • 考研

    However,while talking is largely subconscious and rapid, writing is deliberate and slow, Over time,writers took advantage of this and started crafting long-winded sentences such as this one:The whole engagement lasted above 12 hours, till the gradual retreat of the Persians was changed into a disorderly flight, of which the shameful example was given by the principal leaders and……" No one talks like that casually — or should

    出自-2014年6月阅读原文

    What distinguishes a depression from a harsh recession is paralyzing fear - fear of the unknown so great that it causes consumers, businesses, and investors to retreat and panic.

    出自-2013年6月阅读原文

    Why do consumers, businesses and investors retreat and panic in times of depression

    出自-2013年6月阅读原文

    Thirst grows for living unplugged More people are taking breaks from the connected life amid the stillness and quiet of retreats like the Jesuit Center in Wernersville, Pennsylvania

    出自-2012年12月阅读原文

    Moreover,the amateur tradition in music criticism has been in headlong retreat.

    出自-2010年考研阅读原文

    收起真题例句
  • 英英释义

    Noun

    • 1. (military) withdrawal of troops to a more favorable position to escape the enemy's superior forces or after a defeat;

      "the disorderly retreat of French troops"

    • 2. a place of privacy; a place affording peace and quiet
    • 3. (military) a signal to begin a withdrawal from a dangerous position
    • 4. (military) a bugle call signaling the lowering of the flag at sunset
    • 5. an area where you can be alone
    • 6. withdrawal for prayer and study and meditation;

      "a religious retreat"

    Verb

    • 1. pull back or move away or backward;

      "The enemy withdrew"

      "The limo pulled away from the curb"

    • 2. move away, as for privacy;

      "The Pope retreats to Castelgondolfo every summer"

    • 3. move back;

      "The glacier retrogrades"

    • 4. make a retreat from an earlier commitment or activity;

      "We'll have to crawfish out from meeting with him"

      "He backed out of his earlier promise"

      "The aggressive investment company pulled in its horns"

    收起英英释义
  • 词根词缀

    前缀: re-

    1. 表示"回,向后,相反,不"; 2. 表示"一再,重新"

    • adj.

      repugnant 令人厌恶的

      re回+pugn打+ant……的→[把人]打回去→[行为]令人厌恶的

      resonant 回响的;洪亮的

      re回,向后,相反,不+son声音+ant……的→声音回过来→回响的

      reverse 反转的,颠倒的

      re反+vers转+e→反转的

      resplendent 辉煌的

      re一再,重新+splend光辉+ent……的→再光辉→辉煌的

    • n.

      renegade 叛教者,叛徒

      re回,向后,相反,不+neg否认+ade个人或集体→反过来否认原的[党]→背叛者

      repeal 撤消;取消

      re回,向后,相反,不+peal驱动→反驱动→取消;参考:appeal呼吁

      reprobate 道德败坏之人

      re不+prob正直+ate人→不正直→败坏

      rest 其余,其他

      re向后+st站→立于后面者→其他的[人,物]

      recidivism 重新犯罪

      re一再,重新+cidiv掉下+ism行为,现象→再次掉入罪行

      repose 休息;躺下

      re一再,重新+pose放→再放下[工作]→休息

      resurgence 复兴,再起

      re一再,重新+surg升起,浪潮+ence表名词→重起浪潮→复兴

    • n.&v.

      reproach 责备,指责

      re回,向后,相反,不+proach接近→不接近→指责

      revolt 反叛

      re反+volt转→反过转→反叛

    • v.

      recall 回忆,回想;撤消,收回

      re回+call喊;想→回想

      reflect 回想;反射

      re回+flect弯曲→弯曲返回→反射

      relinquish 不再采取行动,放弃

      re回,向后,相反,不+linqu离开+ish表动词→离开不再要→放弃

      remove 移动,脱掉,调动,免职

      re回,向后,相反,不+mov运动,移动+e→移开,消除

      repel 驱除,击退

      re回,向后,相反,不+pel推→击退

      resent 忿恨,不满

      re反+sent感觉→反感→不满

      resist 反抗,抵抗

      re反+sist站→反着站→反抗

      retract 缩回;收回

      re回+tract拉→拉回,缩回

      retreat 后退,撤退

      re回+treat→v.后退,撤退

      rearrange 重新安排

      re一再,重新+arrange安排→v.重新安排

      reassure 消除某人疑虑

      re一再,重新+assure确保→v.消除某人疑虑

      recapitulate 重述;概括

      re一再,重新+capit头+ulate=ate表动词→重新把头拿出来→概括要点

      reclaim 取回,回收

      re一再,重新+claim喊→喊回来→取回,引申为开垦荒地

      recommend 赞扬;推荐

      re一再,重新+commend赞扬→一再赞扬

      refurbish 刷新;擦亮

      re一再,重新+furbish装饰→再装饰→刷新

      reincarnate 化生,转生

      re一再,重新+in入+carn肉+ate表动词→重新进入肉体→产生

      reinstate 重新恢复职位

      re一再,重新+in入+state国家,权力→重新进入权力

      reiterate 重申

      re一再,重新+iterate重说→反复重说

      represent 描述,表示,象征;代表;阐明

      re一再+present出席的;上演→一再上演,出席的→象征;代表

      reproduce 生殖;再现;繁殖;复制

      re一再,重新+produce生产,制造→v. 生殖;再现;繁殖;复制

      reverberate 起回声,反响

      re一再,重新+verber震动+ate表动词→重新震动→起回声

  • 词组搭配

    beat a retreat

    见 beat

    收起词组搭配
  • 同义词辨析

    retire, retreat, withdraw

    这些动词均含"退下,退却"之意。

    • retire: 指从公开或公共场合退下到私下场所,也指被免除职务或自动辞职、退役等。
    • retreat: 含消极意味,多指被迫采取退下或退却的行动。
    • withdraw: 侧重因某种原因而有意离开,常含礼貌、谦恭等理由。也指军队的撤退。
  • 同义词

    vi.倒退;撤退

    backfallreversewithdrawretire

    其他释义

    fortressprivacysecuritybackquitcellretirementshrinkinstitutionreactiondwellingreverserefugenestdenharborgofallresorthabitatdisappearanceebbwithdrawretiredeparture

  • 反义词

    n.撤退;退避

    accessadvance

    其他释义

    advance

  • 行业词典

    • 体育

      撤回   后退   退却   撤退   后撒   离开器械   

    • 法律

      收容所   

 京ICP备14035597号-3