翻译
  • 简明词典(词霸)
  • 柯林斯词典
  • 牛津词典
  • rough

    高中/CET4/CET6/考研/TOEFL/IELTS

    • [rʌf]
    • [rʌf]

    释义

    • 常用
    • 高考讲解
    • adj.
      粗糙的,崎岖不平的; 粗略的; 粗暴的; 危险的
    • n.
      草稿; 暴徒; (高尔夫球场的)深草区; 艰苦;高低不平的地面;未经加工的材料;粗糙的部分
    • adv.
      粗暴地; 粗野地
    • vt.
      过艰苦的生活; 使粗糙;粗暴对待;草拟
    • vi.
      举止粗野

    大小写变形:Rough

  • 词态变化

    • 比较级: rougher;
    • 最高级: roughest;
    • 名词: roughness;
  • 实用场景例句

    • 全部
    • 粗糙的
    • 崎岖不平的
    • 粗鲁的
    • 狂暴的
    • 汹涌的
    • 未经加工的
    • 粗暴地对待
    • 草拟
    • 艰难
    • 深草区
    • 粗暴地
    • 举止粗野

    This paint will adhere to any surface, whether rough or smooth.

    这种油漆能附着于任何粗糙或光滑的表面.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    The road is no good ; it's rough and full of holes.

    这条路坑坑洼洼的,太差劲了.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    She ganged up on me with those rough boys.

    她伙同那些粗野的男孩对付我.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    The farm woman's hands were rough with hand work.

    这个农妇常干粗活,手很粗糙.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    As the jewel was in the rough state , he had no idea what size it would be when cut.

    这块宝石未经琢磨, 他不知道加工后有多大.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    They knocked together two rough mailboxes with wooden boards.

    他们用木板草草地做成了两个粗糙的信箱.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    It is rough on him to work on Sunday.

    他星期天要工作真是不幸.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Face the rough weather of struggle and forge ahead.

    迎着斗争的风浪前进.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    It's just a very rough translation.

    这只是一篇非常粗糙的译稿.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Make a rough sketch before you draw.

    画画得先打个底子.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    Though the man I introduced to you last night looks somewhat boorish, he is a diamond in the rough.

    我昨天晚上介绍给你认识的那个人虽然看上去有点没礼貌, 可他是个外粗内秀的人.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    The car jolted badly over the rough road.

    汽车在崎岖的道路上颠得很厉害.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    It's hard to pilot a vessel in rough weather.

    在大风浪中为船舶引航是很困难的.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    The tanks moved easily over the rough road.

    坦克在崎岖的道路上通行无阻.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    The plan is yet in the rough.

    这计划还很粗糙.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    His manners are rough, but he is a kind man at heart.

    他虽然举止粗鲁, 但心地善良.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    The sea is rough.

    海上风浪很大.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    He girded for a rough fight.

    他准备做一场艰苦的战斗.

    ——《现代英汉综合大词典》

    The referee ruled him off for rough attitude.

    裁判员因他的态度粗暴而不准他参加比赛.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    I've made a rough draft of the letter.

    我已经写好这封信的草稿。

    ——《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》

    I can give you a rough estimate of the amount of wood you will need.

    我可以粗略估计一下你所需要的木材量。

    ——《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》

    She passed the needle through the rough cloth, back and forth.

    她一针一针地缝那块粗布。

    ——柯林斯例句

    The rough rock walls were like the sides of a deep canal.

    凸凹不平的石墙就像一条很深的运河的河岸。

    ——柯林斯例句

    A Moroccan fishing vessel and a South Korean cargo ship collided in rough seas.

    一艘摩洛哥渔船与一艘韩国货船在波涛汹涌的大海上相撞了。

    ——柯林斯例句

    As a rough guide, a horse needs 2.5 per cent of his body weight in food every day.

    马每天需要的食物相当于其体重的2.5%,这是一个大致的标准。

    ——柯林斯例句

    He nipped Billy's cheek with two rough fingers.

    他用两个粗糙的手指捏了捏比利的脸蛋。

    ——柯林斯例句

    The car wheels screeched as they curved and bounced over the rough broken ground.

    车轮在坑坑洼洼的路面上拐弯和颠簸时发出尖锐刺耳的声音。

    ——柯林斯例句

    It makes me so sad when I see young people begging or sleeping rough on the streets.

    我看到年轻人沿街乞讨、露宿街头,心里会非常难过。

    ——柯林斯例句

    It would have been rough justice had he been deprived of this important third European win.

    要是他被剥夺了这一意义重大的第三个欧洲冠军头衔,那对他简直是太不公平了。

    ——柯林斯例句

    收起实用场景例句
  • 真题例句

    • 全部
    • 四级
    • 高考
    • 考研

    However, Soren Andreasen, a social scientist at Dalberg Global Development Partners who supervised the writing of the report, defended it, saying that it was clear that the numbers were rough estimates.

    出自-2011年6月阅读原文

    Its rough estimates are meant to draw the attention of world leaders

    出自-2011年6月阅读原文

    I thought, "why don't they just try rolling the things" a square could be turned into a rough sort of wheel by attaching wooden poles to its sides, he realized.

    2015年高考英语四川卷 阅读理解 阅读E 原文

    The team practice, however was a rough start.

    2016年高考英语天津卷 完形填空 原文

    The trip they took me on was a rough one.

    2017年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 七选五 原文

    The rough guide to marketing success used to be that you got what you paid for.

    出自-2011年考研阅读原文

    收起真题例句
  • 英英释义

    Noun

    • 1. the part of a golf course bordering the fairway where the grass is not cut short

    Verb

    • 1. prepare in preliminary or sketchy form

    Adjective

    • 1. having or caused by an irregular surface;

      "trees with rough bark"

      "rough ground"

      "a rough ride"

      "rough skin"

      "rough blankets"

      "his unsmooth face"

      "unsmooth writing"

    • 2. (of persons or behavior) lacking refinement or finesse;

      "she was a diamond in the rough"

      "rough manners"

    • 3. not quite exact or correct;

      "the approximate time was 10 o'clock"

      "a rough guess"

      "a ballpark estimate"

    • 4. full of hardship or trials;

      "the rocky road to success"

      "they were having a rough time"

    • 5. violently agitated and turbulent;

      "boisterous winds and waves"

      "the fierce thunders roar me their music"- Ezra Pound

      "rough weather"

      "rough seas"

    • 6. unpleasantly harsh or grating in sound;

      "a gravelly voice"

    • 7. ready and able to resort to force or violence;

      "pugnacious spirits...lamented that there was so little prospect of an exhilarating disturbance"- Herman Melville

      "they were rough and determined fighting men"

    • 8. of the margin of a leaf shape; having the edge cut or fringed or scalloped
    • 9. not shaped by cutting or trimming;

      "an uncut diamond"

      "rough gemstones"

    • 10. not carefully or expertly made;

      "managed to make a crude splint"

      "a crude cabin of logs with bark still on them"

      "rough carpentry"

    • 11. not perfected;

      "a rough draft"

      "a few rough sketches"

    • 12. unpleasantly stern;

      "wild and harsh country full of hot sand and cactus"

      "the nomad life is rough and hazardous"

    Adverb

    • 1. with roughness or violence (`rough' is an informal variant for `roughly');

      "he was pushed roughly aside"

      "they treated him rough"

    • 2. with rough motion as over a rough surface;

      "ride rough"

    收起英英释义
  • 词组搭配

    bit of rough

    (informal)a male sexual partner whose toughness or lack of sophistication is a source of attraction

    (非正式)(以强壮和粗犷吸引人的)男性性伙伴

    in the rough

    in a natural state; without decoration or other treatment

    自然状态的;未加工的;原始的;粗糙的

    a diamond in the rough.

    一个未经琢磨的钻石。

    in difficulties

    在困境中

    even before the recession hit, the project was in the rough.

    甚至在遭受经济衰退袭击之前,这个项目已经处于困境了。

    rough and ready

    crude but effective

    粗糙但有效的,粗糙但尚能顶用的

    a rough-and-ready estimating method.

    一种粗糙但切实的估计方法。

    rough around the edges

    having a few imperfections

    有缺点的,有瑕疵的

    rough as bags

    (Austral./NZ informal)lacking refinement; coarse

    (澳/新西兰,非正式)缺少教养的;粗鄙的;鄙俗的

    the rough edge (或side) of one's tongue

    a scolding

    痛骂;辱骂

    you two stop quarrelling or you'll get the rough edge of my tongue.

    你们俩别争吵了,否则你们要挨我的痛骂。

    rough edges

    small imperfections in someone or something that is basically satisfactory

    小的瑕疵

    rough justice

    treatment that is not scrupulously fair or in accordance with the law

    大致公平合理的处置

    rough passage

    a journey over rough sea

    波涛汹涌的航程

    a rough ride

    a difficult time or experience

    艰难时期;艰难进程;艰难经历

    rebel shareholders are expected to &B{give} officials &B{a rough ride}.

    反叛的股东预计要把高级行政人员折腾一番。

    rough stuff

    boisterous or violent behaviour

    喧闹的行为;粗鲁的行为,暴力行为

    sleep rough

    (Brit.)sleep in uncomfortable conditions, typically out of doors

    (英)睡得难受(尤指露宿)

    take the rough with the smooth

    accept the difficult or unpleasant aspects of life as well as the good

    既能享乐也能吃苦;好事和坏事都受得了

    rough someone up

    (informal)beat someone up

    (非正式)用暴力对待,向…动粗;狠揍

    收起词组搭配
  • 同义词辨析

    hoarse, harsh, rough

    这些形容词均有"嘶哑的,沙哑的"之意。

    • hoarse: 指嘶哑刺耳的声音,通常因高声喊叫后嗓子失音所致。
    • harsh: 一般多指刺耳难听的声音。
    • rough: 指粗哑难听的声音。
    rough, coarse, harsh, rude, crude

    这些形容词均有"粗糙的"之意。

    • rough: 普通用词,指某物纹理不精细,或表面凹凸不平,不光滑。
    • coarse: 指某物质地粗糙低劣或编织、加工等不精细、精巧。也指人的言谈举止粗鲁,不文雅。
    • harsh: 指外表、性质、声音的粗糙、刺耳、刺目,强调使人不愉快的粗糙感。
    • rude: 指加工粗糙、不精细。也指某人的言行举止粗鲁无礼,缺乏修养。
    • crude: 主要指未经加工处理尚处于自然状态的物质;也可指人的言行粗鲁。
  • 同义词

    adj.不平的;蓬乱的

    scalyraggedjaggedcoarsebristlybumpyrockyruggedunevenharshscraggly

    adj.粗暴的;粗野的

    rudedifficultsnippysurlyfierceharshcurtseverecrudebrusquerowdytoughbluntgruff

    adj.粗糙的;表面不平的

    shaggyirregularcoarsebrokenbumpyunsmoothchoppyuneven

    其他释义

    wrinkledboisterousharshtoughgrimhoarseinclementexigentsnippyapproximatedrasticbrusquecoarseunfinishedbrokendifficultcausticchoppyshaggysurlyhardgruffunevenviolentuncultivatedabusiveirregularstrenuousfierceabrasivewickedstonyrowdycurtrudestormybluntcrudeangrybumpysevere

  • 反义词

    adj.粗糙的;不平的;粗暴的

    straightmildevensmoothgentlelevelsoft

    其他释义

    smoothmildplacid

  • 行业词典

    • 体育

      长草区   深草区   生杂草的障碍区域   巨浪   粗面   

    • 医学

      粗糙的:不光滑的   具有不规则的粗糙表面的   

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