翻译
  • 简明词典(词霸)
  • 柯林斯词典
  • 牛津词典
  • scratch

    高中/CET4/CET6/考研/TOEFL/IELTS

    • [skrætʃ]
    • [skrætʃ]

    释义

    • 常用
    • 高考讲解
    • vt.
      擦,刮; 擦痛,擦伤; 在…处搔痒; 抓破;
    • vi.
      发出刮擦声; 擦红,擦伤; 搔痒; 抓,扒;
    • n.
      擦,刮; 刮擦声; 搔痕; 乱写乱画;
    • adj.
      打草稿用的,随便写用的; 碰巧的,侥幸的; 东拼西凑的; 平等比赛的;

    大小写变形:Scratch

  • 词态变化

    • 复数: scratches;
    • 第三人称单数: scratches;
    • 过去式: scratched;
    • 过去分词: scratched;
    • 现在分词: scratching;
  • 实用场景例句

    • 全部
    • 擦伤
    • 抓破
    • 搔痒
    • 刮擦声

    We had only two weeks to tour Malaysia, which was hardly enough time to scratch the surface.

    我们只有两周的时间游览马来西亚,连走马观花都来不及。

    ——柯林斯例句

    My mother always made me feel I wasn't coming up to scratch.

    母亲总是使我觉得自己不够优秀。

    ——柯林斯例句

    The old man lifted his cardigan to scratch his side.

    老人撩起开襟毛衣挠了挠身体的一侧。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Knives will scratch the worktop.

    小刀会在工作台上留下划痕。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Scratch my back—I've got an itch.

    帮我挠挠背——有点痒。

    ——柯林斯例句

    It's just a scratch. Stop whining.

    只是刮了一道,别埋怨了。

    ——柯林斯例句

    He usually preferred to train up a crew of enthusiastic young sailors from scratch.

    他通常更喜欢从零开始对一班满怀热情的年轻船员从头到脚进行训练。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Building a home from scratch can be both exciting and challenging.

    建立一个全新的家庭既让人兴奋又富于挑战。

    ——柯林斯例句

    A beard doesn't scratch, it just tickles.

    下巴上的胡子不刮人,就是叫人痒痒。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Don't be a cry baby. That tiny scratch can hardly hurt at all.

    不要一碰就哭, 那么一点伤根本就不怎么痛.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Don't be a baby and cry over that little scratch.

    别那么孩子气,擦破点皮就哭个不停.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    The suggestion is that they should start from scratch.

    提出的建议是,他们从头开始.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    His dog just gives a scratch at the door when it wants to come in.

    他的狗想进来时就用爪子抓门.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Scratch my name out please.

    请把我的名字划掉.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    I hope you are not going to scratch me.

    我希望你不会把我的名字从比赛中划去.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    We had to scratch two players from the team because of damaged knee joints.

    有两名选手膝关节受伤,我们只好不让他们参加比赛.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    There's no need to make a song and dance about a tiny scratch on the car.

    没有必要为汽车上的一点刮痕而唠叨个没完.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Scratch the subject of defence and acronyms, abbreviations, and buzzwords fly out.

    话题触及国防,缩合字, 缩写字和行话就满天飞.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    It's completely ruined, so we'll have to start from scratch.

    它完全毁了, 我们只好从头做起.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Her performance wasn't up to scratch.

    她的演奏没达到水准.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    The reform has hardly made a scratch upon the cuticle of affairs.

    改革几乎还没有触到事物的表皮.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    This essay is so short that it can only scratch the surface of the topic.

    这篇文章很短,只能对这一问题作肤浅的探讨.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    One can hardly believe that this paper mill was started from scratch only a few years ago.

    很难相信这个造纸厂仅仅是在几年前白手起家办起来的.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    To make an investigation one , should go into matters deeply, not just scratch the surface.

    做调查工作不能蜻蜓点水, 要深入实际.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    That cat will scratch you with its claws.

    那猫会用爪子抓你的.

    ——《现代英汉综合大词典》

    Scratch yourself if you itch.

    如果你感到痒,就搔好了.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    It's only a scratch.

    只是擦破了点油皮儿.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    A : Hey , dude, can you scratch my back?

    ( 嘿, 哥们, 帮我挠挠背好 吗 ?)

    ——期刊摘选

    There is just time for a scratch dinner before we have to catch the train.

    我们赶搭火车之前,只能匆匆吃一顿饭.

    ——期刊摘选

    收起实用场景例句
  • 真题例句

    • 全部
    • 四级

    Real criticism is not meant to find obvious mistakes, so if she found any—the type I could have found on my own—I had to start from scratch.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    From scratch.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    He didn't want to start from scratch.

    出自-2012年6月听力原文

    收起真题例句
  • 英英释义

    Noun

    • 1. an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off
    • 2. a depression scratched or carved into a surface
    • 3. informal terms for money
    • 4. dry mash for poultry
    • 5. a harsh noise made by scraping;

      "the scrape of violin bows distracted her"

    • 6. poor handwriting
    • 7. an indication of damage

    Verb

    • 1. cause friction;

      "my sweater scratches"

    • 2. cut the surface of; wear away the surface of
    • 3. scrape or rub as if to relieve itching;

      "Don't scratch your insect bites!"

    收起英英释义
  • 词组搭配

    scratch a — and find a —

    used to suggest that an investigation of someone or something soon reveals their true nature

    [指揭露某人(或某事)真面目的调查]除去…的假象你将发现…的本质

    they believe that if you scratch a homophobe, you'll probably find a racist.

    他们确信如果你剥去一个厌恶同性恋者的外衣,一个种族主义者的真面目就会暴露无遗。

    scratch one's head

    (informal)think hard in order to find a solution to something

    (非正式)冥思苦想问题的解答

    scratch the surface

    deal with a matter only in the most superficial way

    浅尝;触及表面

    research has only scratched the surface of the paranormal.

    研究仅涉及超正常范围的表面。

    initiate the briefest investigation to discover something concealed

    进行简短调查

    they have a boring image but scratch the surface and it's fascinating.

    它们有种令人生厌的形象,可是一旦调查起来,却很令人着迷。

    up to scratch

    up to the required standard; satisfactory

    达到标准;令人满意的

    her German was not up to scratch.

    她的德语还不行。

    you scratch my back and I'll scratch yours

    (proverb)if you do me a favour, I'll return it

    (谚)你帮我,我帮你;投我以桃,报之以李

    from scratch

    From the very beginning.

    最开始的

    up to scratch【非正式用语】

    Meeting the requirements.

    符合要求的

    In fit condition.

    状态良好的

    收起词组搭配
  • 同义词

    vt.擦;刮;划出,刻出

    scrapescoreengravecutscarmarkgraze

    其他释义

    scrapescribblemarkwritingscoregrazescrawlcutsketchscarengrave

  • 行业词典

    • 体育

      没有让步的   退出比赛   

    • 医学

      搔抓:以指甲或锐利或粗糙不平的工具轻擦表面,尤指用于搔痒   搔抓音   划痕:在皮表制作浅表刺痕   

    • 法律

      擦伤   划痕   

  • 常用俚语

    • up to scratch
      够水平的,满意的,合格,处于良好状态的

      I'm afraid this story isn't quite up to scratch.

      我看这篇报道恐怕未必合用。

    • from scratch
      从零开始,从点滴做起,白手起家

      We had to do it all again, from scratch.

      我们只好全部再做一遍,从头开始。

      His from-scratch enterprise failed in his ventures.

      他白手起家的企业投机失败了。

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