- adj.大量的; 结实的，牢固的; 重大的
The country bought a substantial number of weapons.
Those workers have built many substantial buildings in the recent years.
There was a substantial growth of industry and foreign trade increased as a result.
The walls were substantial and did not fall.
By careful strategy she negotiated a substantial pay rise.
They made substantial changes to the arrangements.
With mother earning and his elder children drawing substantial wages father is seldom the dominant figure that he still was at the beginning of the century.
In his will he made a substantial bequest to his wife.
The two stories were in substantial agreement.
Substantial damages were paid in recompense.
She is preparing a substantial meal against his return.
The matter is substantial.
substantial sums of money
Substantial numbers of rank and file members ignored their union's advice.
I got substantial damages. It took two years, mind you.
Most tennis is played on hard courts, but a substantial amount is played on clay.
The social services account for a substantial part of public spending.
Workers in big firms receive a substantial part of their pay in the form of bonuses and overtime.
There is a substantial payback in terms of employee and union relations.
Students were paid substantial sums of money to do nothing all day but lie in bed.
The West must back up its verbal support with substantial economic aid.
The radio station has to include a substantial proportion of classical music.
It can be counted a success, in that it has built up substantial sales.
New products and production processes are transferred to the developing countries only after a substantial amount of time has lapsed.
The British film industry could not pay its way without a substantial export market.
There has been a substantial amount of factionalism within the movement.
The party has just lost office and with it a substantial number of seats.
They are making substantial claims for improved working conditions.
Indeed, we have made substantial progress in some parts of the world on at least one of these—the distribution of family-planning services and the associated shift to smaller families.
gives the owner substantial tax benefits
She sold the restaurant with a substantial profit.
If all four bills pass as written, they would represent a substantial update of michigan's 2013 law that allowed the testing of self-driving vehicles in limited conditions.
2019年6月四级真题（第一套）阅读 Section A
It is proof that taxes on sugary drinks can win substantial support outside super-liberal areas.
2019年12月四级真题（第一套）阅读 Section C
While alternative estimates of the damage from carbon emissions differ, and it's especially hard to reckon the likely costs of possible catastrophic climate events, most estimates suggest substantial negative effects.
Unless renewables become cheap enough that substantial carbon deposits are left underground for a very long time, if not forever, the planet will likely be exposed to potentially catastrophic climate risks.
The International Monetary Fund calculates that countries can generate substantial fiscal revenues by eliminating fossil fuel subsidies and levying carbon charges that capture the domestic damage caused by emissions.
This means that there could be an extra three billion mouths to feed by the end of the century, a period in which substantial changes are anticipated in the wealth, calorie intake and dietary preferences of people in developing countries across the world.
Copyright laws differ from country to country, but in general protection extends for the duration of an author's life and for a substantial period afterwards, thus allowing the author's heirs to benefit.
Bangladesh also has achieved substantial results.
2016年6月六级真题（第二套）听力 Section C
They moved in after big success in the textile industry and aided a substantial textile industry in Hilversum.
2015年高考英语湖北卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文
Retailers that master the intricacies of wholesaling in Europe may well expect to rake in substantial profits thereby.
“We estimate that either eliminating a substantial labour-rights concern, such as child labour, or increasing corporate giving by about 20% results in fines that generally are 40% lower than the typical punishment for bribing foreign officials,” says one researcher.
"We estimate that either eliminating a substantial labour-rights concern, such as child labour, or increasing corporate giving by about 20% results in fines that generally are 40% lower than the typical punishment for bribing foreign officials," says one
2016年考研真题（英语一）阅读理解 Section Ⅱ
In its latest survey of CEO pay, The Wall Street Journal finds that "a substantial part" of executive pay is now tied to performance.
2019年考研真题（英语一）阅读理解 Section Ⅱ收起真题例句
1. fairly large;
"won by a substantial margin"
2. being the essence or essential element of a thing;
3. having substance or capable of being treated as fact; not imaginary;
"the substantial world"
"a mere dream, neither substantial nor practical"
"most ponderous and substantial things"- Shakespeare
4. providing abundant nourishment;
"a hearty meal"
"good solid food"
"ate a substantial breakfast"
5. of good quality and condition; solidly built;
"a solid foundation"
"several substantial timber buildings"