翻译
  • 简明词典(词霸)
  • 柯林斯词典
  • 牛津词典
  • suffer

    高中/CET4/CET6/考研/IELTS

    • [ˈsʌfə(r)]
    • [ˈsʌfər]

    释义

    • 常用
    • 高考讲解
    • vi.
      受痛苦; 受损害; 变糟; 变差;
    • vt.
      忍受; 容忍; 容许; 遭受;
  • 词态变化

    • 第三人称单数: suffers;
    • 过去式: suffered;
    • 过去分词: suffered;
    • 现在分词: suffering;
  • 实用场景例句

    • 全部
    • 受痛苦
    • 受损害
    • 忍受
    • 容忍
    • 容许
    • 遭受

    His wife would not be able to cope and might suffer a nervous breakdown.

    他的妻子将无法接受,也许会精神崩溃。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Of course, the British will suffer such daily stresses patiently.

    当然,英国人将会耐心地承受这些日常压力。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Air bombardment raised criticism on the humanitarian grounds that innocent civilians might suffer.

    空袭遭到了批评,因为从人道主义的立场来看,无辜的平民可能会受到伤害。

    ——柯林斯例句

    It was unfair that he should suffer so much.

    他受这么多苦,太冤枉了。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Many kids suffer from acne and angst.

    许多年轻人都会受到青春痘和焦虑的困扰。

    ——柯林斯例句

    I suffer badly from cold sores and dread them appearing on my wedding day.

    我的唇疱疹很严重,我真担心它会在我的婚礼上发作。

    ——柯林斯例句

    It is obvious that Syria will suffer most from this change of heart.

    很明显,这一态度的转变对叙利亚的影响最大。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Many air travellers suffer puffy ankles and feet during long flights.

    很多坐飞机出行的旅客在长途飞行中脚踝和脚会浮肿。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Without a major boost in tourism, the economy will suffer even further.

    旅游业如果没有大的起色,经济状况会每况愈下。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Inevitably those who suffer the most are the mothers and children.

    妇女和儿童必然是最遭罪的。

    ——柯林斯例句

    He suggested that we suffer delusions of grandeur as a football nation.

    他暗示我们妄自尊大地以为自己是个足球民族。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Refugees settling in Britain suffer from a number of problems.

    在英国定居的难民面临很多问题。

    ——柯林斯例句

    When the days shorten in winter some people suffer depression.

    冬季天短,有些人会变得抑郁消沉。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Outsiders will continue to suffer the most blatant discrimination.

    外来人员会继续受到最露骨的歧视。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Men also have hair dryers and, if they suffer from baldness, they use a growth stimulator, buy hairpieces, or have hair transplanted from the hirsute part of the scalp to the bare areas.

    男士也有他们的吹风机,而且如果他们秃顶的话, 还会用毛发生长剂 、 买假发, 或者把头发从密集的地方移植到谢顶的地方.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    How can you suffer such insolence?

    你怎么能容忍这种蛮横的态度?

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    It was a progressive disease and he would suffer more and more.

    病情逐渐加剧,他将忍受越来越大的痛苦.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    If you slap your face until it's swollen in an effort to look imposing, you'll suffer for sure.

    打肿脸充胖子, 吃亏的是自己.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    If you knock the ball with your hand in football, you will suffer a penalty.

    如果在踢足球时你用手碰到球, 你将受到处罚.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    A country ruled by an iron hand is doomed to suffer.

    被铁腕人物统治的国家定会遭受不幸的.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    They believe he will suffer damnation for his sins.

    他们相信他会因他的罪孽而遭厄运的.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    He doesn't suffer fools gladly so he's hardly the best person to be instructor on the beginner's course.

    他对傻里傻气的人没有耐心,因此他不太适合做基础课教师.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    No one knew of these transactions , nor was he going to mention them to anyone else. He was like the dumb man eating the bitter herb; he had to suffer in silence.

    这件事谁也不知道, 他又不能对任何人提起, 真是哑巴吃黄连, 有苦说不出.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    I can not suffer you to be idle.

    我不能让你偷懒.

    ——《现代英汉综合大词典》

    " As long as I am here, I won't let the child suffer,'she said.

    她说道, “ 只要有我在, 就不能让孩子受苦.”

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    收起实用场景例句
  • 真题例句

    • 全部
    • 四级
    • 六级
    • 高考
    • 考研

    And although their memories are vast, they are still likely to suffer from false memories.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    A reasonable assumption—don't families struggle to avoid nursing homes and suffer real guilt if they can't? In the initial results, assisted living residents did paint the most positive picture.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    People suffering from sleep loss are at an increased risk from obesity, psychological problems and car crashes.

    出自-2016年6月听力原文

    One reason is that more countries are big oil producers now, so the nations suffering from the price drop account for a larger share of the global economy.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    If everyone around you has similar views, your work will suffer from confirmation bias ( ' , 偏颇 ).

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    Other industries have suffered even more.

    出自-2013年6月阅读原文

    They want their patients to suffer less.

    出自-2012年12月阅读原文

    For those who have suffered failures in business, Steve Jobs's life experience serves as.

    出自-2012年12月阅读原文

    psychiatrist (心理医生) at the University of California, San Diego, said older people are more likely to suffer from broken sleep, while younger people are better at sleeping efficiently straight through the night.

    出自-2011年6月阅读原文

    unmarried people are likely to suffer in later life

    出自-2010年12月阅读原文

    About 6% of respondents reported that "their relationships suffered because of excessive Internet use.

    出自-2010年6月阅读原文

    We aren't suffering from a shortage of needed skills; we're suffering from a lack of policy resolve.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    So the evidence contradicts the claim that we're mainly suffering from structural unemployment.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    They suffer from depression without showing any symptoms.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    The most climate-vulnerable countries in the world have contributed very little to creating the global disease from which they now suffer the most.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    Research finds that if employees suffer from high stress, they will be less motivated, less productive and more likely to quit.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    On the flip side, there are many forced riders, who are suffering from the climate change impacts despite having scarcely contributed to the problem.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    In America today, even teenagers suffer from stress, and their problem is even more serious than grown-ups'.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    The prolonging of patients' suffering.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    Are people suffering from gadget overload? Are they exhausted by the consumer equivalent of the brain fatigue—information overload—that is caused by constant updates of devices and online media?As you are probably aware, the latest job markets news isn’t good: Unemployment is still more than 9 percent, and new job growth has fallen close to zero.

    出自-2015年12月听力原文

    Back in the good old days—say, two years ago, when the last of my children suffered the ordeal (折磨)—a high-school student applying to college could procrastinate all the way to New Year's Day of their senior year, assuming they could withstand the parental pestering (烦扰).

    出自-2013年12月阅读原文

    They suffer great losses in stocks, property and other assets.

    出自-2013年6月阅读原文

    Milkman says, "that these extracurricular jobs were an effort on the part of the workers to regain their dignity after suffering the degradation of repetitive assembly line work in the factory.

    出自-2013年6月阅读原文

    Native low-skilled workers suffer most from the competition of foreign labor.

    出自-2011年6月阅读原文

    Why do native low-skilled workers suffer most from illegal immigration

    出自-2011年6月阅读原文

    Most pop singers suffer from three things: lack of training, overuse and abuse of the voice, especially when they are young.

    出自-2013年6月听力原文

    Nearly nine million Americans alone suffer from the illness

    出自-2013年6月听力原文

    A tough man can tolerate suffering.

    2019年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读D 选项

    A young English teacher saved the lives of 30 students when he took control of a bus after its driver suffered a serious heart attack.

    2017年高考英语浙江卷(11月) 完形填空 原文

    All around her, people were suffering, especially the elderly.

    2016年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    Cathy suffered some terrible illness in her early childhood.

    2016年高考英语天津卷 完形填空 原文

    Frogs living near brightly lit highways suffer nocturnal light levels that are as much as a million times brighter than normal, throwing nearly every aspect of their behavior out of joint, including their nighttime breeding choruses.

    2015年高考英语浙江卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    He suffers a lot from his disability.

    2015年高考英语四川卷 阅读理解 阅读B 选项

    If a neighbor suffers an illness, offer to do the grocery shopping.

    2018年高考英语浙江卷 阅读理解 七选五 原文

    If we go somewhere and I ask him to leave the phone at home, he suffers from withdrawal symptoms.

    2015年高考英语上海卷 语法填空 B 原文

    If you are not going to suffer this problem, then I suggest that the next time you go to your mum's home for dinner, get a few cooking tips from her.

    2018年高考英语浙江卷 语法填空 原文

    It certainly was, Paris had suffered a sudden heart failure.

    2017年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

    Little kids and the elderly are the ones who have suffered the most from this extreme heat wave.

    2017年高考英语全国卷1 听力 原文

    News of delayed reward will make readers suffer, or present a threat to them.

    2015年高考英语江苏卷 任务型阅读 题设

    Obviously you are suffering from jet lag.

    2015年高考英语重庆卷 完形填空 B 原文

    On what occasion does a person probably suffer from performance fatigue?

    2016年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读D 题设

    One of the most important factors that influenced their satisfaction as volunteers was the amount of suffering they experienced in their volunteer positions.

    2015年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    Poor countries suffer less from droughts economically.

    2016年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读C 选项

    She suffered a lot of defeats at the previous track meets.

    2016年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读D 选项

    Six months after suffering our defeat on the spring practice field, we won our first game and our second, and continued to improve.

    2018年高考英语天津卷 完形填空 原文

    Still, I suffered the rest of my school days in public schools.

    2016年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读E 原文

    The 65-year-old Steve Goodwin was found suffering from early alzheimer's.

    2019年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    The astronauts will suffer from a carbon-dioxide headache when they exercise in one place for a long time.

    2015年高考英语湖北卷 阅读理解 阅读D 题设

    The elderly were free from suffering.

    2016年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读B 选项

    The loss of big trees was greatest in areas where trees had suffered the greatest water shortage.

    2019年高考英语浙江卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    They conclude that when task interdependence is high, team performance will suffer when there is too much talent, while individual talent will have positive effects on team performance when task interdependence is lower.

    2019年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 七选五 原文

    This tension between what we feel we can have and " what we're seemingly able to have is the niggling suffering, the anxiety we feel.

    2015年高考英语福建卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    Those who refuse to take that risk selfishly make others suffer.

    2017年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    Whether we've been suffer from, lied to, misled, or cheated on, there are different levels of losing trust.

    2015年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 七选五 原文

    With no rains for over a year, the city is suffering from unusually hot weather.

    2017年高考英语全国卷1 听力 原文

    First, they can shut things down without suffering much in the way of consequences.

    出自-2012年考研阅读原文

    But many within the public sector suffer under the current system, too.

    出自-2012年考研阅读原文

    One could interpret much of the work of Beethoven by saying that suffering is inevitable, but the courage to fight it renders life worth living.

    出自-2014年考研翻译原文

    It is not by chance that the Funeral March is not the last movement of the Eroica Symphony, but the second, so that suffering does not have the last word.

    出自-2014年考研翻译原文

    The TSA cannot continue diverting resources into underused PreCheck lanes while most of the traveling public suffers in unnecessary lines.

    出自-2017年考研阅读原文

    收起真题例句
  • 英英释义

    Verb

    • 1. undergo or be subjected to;

      "He suffered the penalty"

      "Many saints suffered martyrdom"

    • 2. undergo (as of injuries and illnesses);

      "She suffered a fracture in the accident"

      "He had an insulin shock after eating three candy bars"

      "She got a bruise on her leg"

      "He got his arm broken in the scuffle"

    • 3. endure (emotional pain);

      "Every time her husband gets drunk, she suffers"

    • 4. put up with something or somebody unpleasant;

      "I cannot bear his constant criticism"

      "The new secretary had to endure a lot of unprofessional remarks"

      "he learned to tolerate the heat"

      "She stuck out two years in a miserable marriage"

    • 5. get worse;

      "His grades suffered"

    • 6. feel pain or be in pain
    • 7. feel physical pain;

      "Were you hurting after the accident?"

    • 8. undergo or suffer;

      "meet a violent death"

      "suffer a terrible fate"

    • 9. feel unwell or uncomfortable;

      "She is suffering from the hot weather"

    • 10. be given to;

      "She suffers from a tendency to talk too much"

    • 11. be set at a disadvantage;

      "This author really suffers in translation"

    收起英英释义
  • 词根词缀

    词根: fer

    =bring/carry,表示"带来,拿来"

    • adj.

      aquiferous 含水的, 蓄水的

      aqui水+fer带来,拿来+ous……的→带来水的

      different 不同的

      differ[v.不同]+ent表形容词→adj.不同的

      fertile 肥沃的,富饶的;能繁殖的

      fert=fer带来,拿来+ile能……的→能带来粮食→肥沃的

      floriferous 有花的,开花的,多花的,花盛开的

      flori=flor花+fer带来,拿来+ous……的→带来花→有花的

      indifferent 冷漠的

      in不+different不同的→同与不同的"事不关已" →冷漠的

      inferable 能推理的, 能推论的

      infer[v.推论,推断]+able能……的→adj.能推理的, 能推论的

      inferential 推论性的

      infer[v.推论,推断]+ent+ial……的→adj.推论性的

      odoriferous 有香味的,芳香的

      odori=odor气味+fer带来,拿来+ous……的→带来气味的

      referable 可归[起]因于……的, 可归入……的; 与……有关的

      refer[v.参考,查询;提到,引用,涉及;提交,上呈]+able能……的→能提到的,能找到原因的→可归于……

      sufferable 可容忍的,可忍耐的

      suffer[v.受苦]+able能……的→adj.可容忍的,可忍耐的

      transferable 可转让的

      transfer[n.&v.转移;转换;转让;过户;迁移;改乘]+able能……的→adj.可转让的

    • n.

      aquifer 含水土层, 蓄水层

      aqui水+fer带来,拿来→n.含水土层, 蓄水层

      conference [正式]会议;讨论,商谈

      confer[v.商讨;授予,颁给[勋衔,学位等]]+ence表名词→n.[正式]会议;讨论,商谈

      conferment 给予, 商量, 授予

      con共同+fer带来,拿来+ment表名词→共同带来东西→给予[奖品等]

      conifer 针叶树

      coni松果+fer带来,拿来→带来松果的树→针叶树

      coniferous 针叶树的,松类的,结球果的

      conifer[n.针叶树]+ous……的→n.针叶树的,松类的,结球果的

      deference 敬意,尊重

      defer敬从+ence表名词→n.敬意,尊重

      deferment 推迟;延迟

      defer推迟+ment表名词→n.推迟;延迟

      difference 不同

      differ[v.不同]+ence表名词→n.不同

      ferry 摆渡;渡船;渡口

      fer带来,拿来+ry状态,性质→带来带去

      fertility 肥沃,丰饶

      fertile[adj.肥沃的,富饶的;能繁殖的]+ity表名词→n.肥沃,丰饶

      fertilizer [fertiliser]肥料

      fertilize[v.使受精;施肥于,使肥沃]+er表名词→n.[fertiliser]肥料

      offer 出价,提议,意图

      of一再+fer带来,拿来→一再带来→提供

      offering 报盘,提供的货物

      offer[v.提供,提议,出现 n.出价,提议,意图]+ing表名词→n.报盘,提供的货物

      preference [for,to]偏爱,喜爱;优惠;优先选择

      prefer[v.[to]更喜欢,宁愿]+ence表名词→n.[for,to]偏爱,喜爱;优惠;优先选择

      proffer 提议,建议

      pro向前+ffer=fer带来,拿来→带到前面去→贡献出来

      referee [足球等]裁判员

      refer[v.参考,查询;提到,引用,涉及;提交,上呈]+ee人→被双方提及的人→裁判

      reference 提及,涉及;参考,参考书目;证明书[人]

      refer[v.参考,查询;提到,引用,涉及;提交,上呈]+ence表名词→n.提及,涉及;参考,参考书目;证明书[人]

      referendum 公民投票,居民投票

      refer[v.参考,查询;提到,引用,涉及;提交,上呈]+endum表名词→提出[候选人]→选举

    • n.&v.

      transfer 转移;转换;转让;过户;迁移;改乘

      trans变换,交换+fer带→转移过去→转学,转移

    • v.

      confer 商讨;授予,颁给[勋衔,学位等]

      con共同+fer带来,拿来→共同带来观点

      defer 敬从

      de加强+fer带来,拿来→一再带来敬意

      differ 不同

      dif不同+fer带来→带来不同→不同

      differentiate 区分,区别;[使]不同

      different[adj.不同的]+iate做→v.区分,区别;[使]不同

      ferry 摆渡;渡运[人,车或物等]

      fer带来,拿来+ry状态,性质→带来带去

      fertilize 使受精;施肥于,使肥沃

      fertile[adj.肥沃的,富饶的;能繁殖的]+ize表动词→v.使受精;施肥于,使肥沃

      infer 推论,推断

      in进入+fer带来,拿来→带来[意义]→推断

      offer 提供,提议,出现

      of一再+fer带来,拿来→一再带来→提供

      prefer [to]更喜欢,宁愿

      pre先+fer带来→预先就带来→更喜欢

      proffer 献出,赠送

      pro向前+ffer=fer带来,拿来→带到前面去→贡献出来

      refer 参考,查询;提到,引用,涉及;提交,上呈

      re向后+fer带来,拿来→向后回过头来[看]已经带来的→参考,查询

      suffer 受苦

      suf下面+fer带→带到下面去→受苦

    前缀: suf-

    等在同辅音词根前表示"在下面;随后"

    • adj.

      sufficient 足够的

      suf在下面;随后+fici做+ent……的→在下面先做好,用的时候→足够的

    • n.

      suffix 后缀

      suf在下面;随后+fix固定→在后面固定→后缀

    • v.

      suffer 受苦

      suf在下面;随后+fer带→带到下面去→受苦

      suffocate 窒息

      suf在下面;随后+foc喉咙+ate表动词→把[手]放喉咙下→窒息

      suffuse 弥漫,染遍

      suf在下面;随后+fuse流→流下去→流遍,染遍

  • 词组搭配

    not suffer fools gladly

    be impatient or intolerant towards people one regards as foolish or unintelligent

    对蠢人没有耐心,无法忍受蠢人

    收起词组搭配
  • 同义词辨析

    stand, bear, endure, tolerate, suffer, abide, withstand

    这些动词均含"忍受"之意。

    • stand: 口语用词,常可与bear换用,但前者侧重指经受得起,后者强调容忍,是普通用语。
    • endure: 书面用词,指长时间忍受痛苦和不幸,着重体力或意志力的坚强不屈服。
    • tolerate: 指以自我克制的态度,对待令人反感或厌恶的东西,含默认宽容意味。
    • suffer: 通常指非自愿或被迫忍受各种痛苦、困难或不快,强调受到苦难。
    • abide: 指忍受长期的痛苦或折磨,强调耐心和屈从。多用于否定句和疑问句中。
    • withstand: 指因具有一定实力、权力或能力而能忍受某种情况。
    undergo, experience, sustain, suffer

    这些动词均有"经历,经受,遭受"之意。

    • undergo: 多指经受艰难、痛苦、不愉快或危险等事。
    • experience: 指亲身经受或体验某事。
    • sustain: 指遭受痛苦或承受负担。
    • suffer常可与sustain通用,尤指受到损害或伤害。
  • 同义词

    vt.忍受,遭受;经历

    tolerateendurestandundergobearexperience

    其他释义

    taketolerateailundergofeelmoanhaveendureexperiencestandwrithelaborbearsustain

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