- 英[tu , tə]
- 美[tu , tə]
- prep.向，朝着; 到; 关于; 属于
- adv.朝一个方向的; 到某种状态; 关闭
- infinitive marker（表示目的或意图）,（表示结果）,（表示原因）,（表示想做或让做的事情）,（表示已知或转述的事情）,（表示一个动作紧跟另一动作）,必须；一定；应该
The new employees were presented to the rest of the staff.
It is possible to cure psoriasis.
They were ready to die , if necessary, for their country.
So you think we ought to wait here? — Precisely.
那么你认为我们应该在这儿等 吗 ?——对.
Everybody was delighted to see her.
Take the letter to him [ her ; them ].
把信给 人家 送去.
Figure the situation to yourself, what can I do?
He leaped on to the platform with a thump.
We have many patterns in stock for you to choose from.
Have we got to the zoo yet?
我们到动物园了 吗 ?
Your behavior is causing our name to be dragged through the mud.
They advised the peasants on how to use the machine.
I shall have to read up on this subject if I am to give a talk about it.
It is vain to resist.
She relayed the information to us.
When money falls in value, there is no encouragement to save.
Please remember me to your parents.
Today I really swam to my heart's content . I did 3,000 metres at a stretch.
The process of adjustment to life in another country can be very difficult.
Television allows viewers to experience an event without any loss of immediacy.
Events conspired to produce great difficulties for us.
The fence is strategically sited to prevent anyone getting onto the beach.
They came to an accord that profits should be shared equally.
A cause of action has accrued when the right to sue has become vested.
We found him to be the right sort of timber.
The workers are reluctant to be ordered around by the employers.
We have the steel to get this job done.
She steered the conversation to more general topics.
They just handed the game to the other team on a plate.
to relaxto matureto harvestto reflectIt is more meaningful than other stages of life.
an accelerating speeda shift to city centersa new focus on small citiesan ever-increasing demandPeople can live without private cars.
Your identity has been formed; you've built up your resources; and now you have the chance to take the big risks precisely because your foundation is already secure.
While it may sound like an advantage to many, people with this rare condition often find their unusual ability burdensome.
While consumers are spending less on toilet paper, they remain fussy – in theory at least – when it comes to paper quality.
Where do the seeds of change come from? The Native American Indians have a saying: Pay attention to the whispers so you won't have to hear the screams.
Where are you in the cycle of renewal: Are you actively preserving the present, or selectively forgetting the past, or boldly creating the future? What advice would Leah give you to move you ahead on your journey? Once we're on the path of growth, we can continually move through the seasons of transformation and renewal.
When you can quote a specific number like a fifth of the patients were able to quit, that's compelling.
When we acquire new information, the brain automatically tries to incorporate ( ' , 合并) it within existing information by forming associations.
When people tend to forget.
When it's time to make the leap, they take action and immediately drop what's no longer serving their purpose.
When Leah made the commitment to change, she primed herself to new opportunities she may otherwise have overlooked.
What could have been considered the beginning of a descent is now a potential turning point—the turning point you are most equipped to take full advantage of.
What contributes to forgetting.
We recently caught up with yoga entrepreneur Leah Zaccaria, who put herself through the fire of change to completely reinvent herself.
Viewing the past in high definition can make it very difficult to get over pain and regret.
Veiseh began to remember the details of his everyday experiences after he met his first young love.
Urbanization – migration away from the suburbs and to the city center – will be the biggest real estate trend in 2015, according to a new report.
True to her word, she was correct almost every time.
Traditional Ukrainian decorated eggs also spoke to those fears.
Toilet paper manufacturers compete with one another to improve product quality.
To ensure employees' commitment, it is advisable to give them more flexibility as to where and how they work.
This type of memory ( ' , where you are trying to remember new, but similar information) is particularly vulnerable to interference.
This process improves access to relevant information, without old memories interfering.
This means they often have to make a special effort to lay the past to rest.
This is hard to achieve when, as is now the case in many big firms, a large proportion of staff are temporary contractors.
They prefer cheap toilet paper to recycled toilet paper.
They need to rid their minds of sentimentalism ( ' , 感情用事): the most successful teams have leaders who are able to set an overall direction and take immediate action.
They need to keep teams small and focused: giving in to pressure to be more inclusive is a guarantee of dysfunction.
They need to immunise teams against group-think: Hackman argued that the best ones contain deviants ( ' , 离经叛道者) who are willing to do something that may be upsetting to others.
They give priority to relationships, as careers often recede ( ' , 逐渐淡化).
They feel attached to the suburban environment.
They are simply unable to make it.
These teams are gaining more power to run their own affairs.
There's something about their delicate nature that appeals to me, says New Yorker cartoonist Roz Chast.
The tradition, dating back to 300 B.C., was later incorporated into the Christian church.
The run has been taken; now is the time to leap.
The report's writers state that America's failure to invest in infrastructure impacts not only the health of the real-estate market, but also our ability to remain globally competitive.
The report says America's urbanization will continue to be the most significant issue affecting the industry, as cities across the country imitate the walkability and transit-oriented development making cities like New York and San Francisco so successful.
The report refers to this as the coming of the 18-hour city, and uses the term to refer to cities like Houston, Austin, Charlotte, and Nashville, which are positioning themselves as highly competitive, in terms of livability, employment offerings, and recreational and cultural facilities.
The millennials ( ' , 千禧一代) who will soon make up half the workforce in rich countries were raised from nursery school onwards to work in groups.
The middle-aged person, Barth continued, can see death in the distance, but moves with a measured haste to get big new things done while there is still time.
The least that can be concluded from this research is that companies need to think harder about managing teams.
The fashion for teams is also spreading from the usual corporate suspects ( ' , such as GE and IBM) to some more unusual ones.
The elaborate patterns were believed to offer protection against evil.
The absorption helps them to establish strong foundations for recollection, says Patihis, and the fantasy proneness means that they revisit those memories again and again in the coming weeks and months.
The Cleveland Clinic, a hospital operator, has reorganised its medical staff into teams to focus on particular treatment areas; consultants, nurses and others collaborate closely instead of being separated by speciality ( ' , 专业) and rank.
That's why leaders continue to manage the present while building toward the big changes of the future.
Team-building skills are in short supply: Deloitte reports that only 12% of the executives they contacted feel they understand the way people work together in networks and only 21% feel confident in their ability to build cross-functional teams.
Successful team leaders know exactly where the team should go and are able to take prompt action.
Steering through change and facing obstacles brings us face to face with our fears.
Soon after, she knew she had to make a bold move to fully commit to her new future.
Some team members find it hard to agree on questions like membership and the team's purpose.
Some scholars think teamwork may not always be reliable, despite its potential to work wonders.
Some people with HSAM find it very hard to get rid of unpleasant memories.
Some people are absorbed in the past but not open to new memories, but that's not the case for me.
Small signs may indicate great changes to come and therefore merit attention.
Six months out, more people who had quit abruptly had stuck with it—more than one-fifth of them, compared to about one-seventh in the other group.
Shoppers in the UK are spending less money on toilet paper to save money, research has shown.
She recalls:One day a man I worked with, Ryan, who had his office next to mine, said, Leah, let's go look at this space on Queen Anne .
She can add multiple details to the design to communicate her idea.
Several years ago, she became interested in eggs and learned the traditional Ukrainian technique to draw her very modern characters.
Seventy-four percent of the respondents surveyed report a good to excellent expectation of real-estate profitability in 2015.
Regardless of your stated preference, if you're ready to quit, quitting abruptly is more effective, says Dr.
Readiness to take advantage of new opportunities will make it easier to create one's desired future.
Profound changes in the workforce are making teams trickier to manage.
Product transitions used to take five or seven years; now they take one or two.
Previous behavioural studies have shown that learning new information can lead to forgetting.
People with HSAM often have to make efforts to avoid focusing on the past.
People with HSAM have the same memory as ordinary people when it comes to impersonal information.
People rarely manage to quit the first time they try.
People in both groups used nicotine ( ' , 尼古丁) patches before they quit, in addition to a second form of nicotine replacement, like gum or spray.
Overall, almost three in five people say they try to limit their usage of paper – including facial tissue and kitchen roll – to save money.
One had to quit abruptly on a given day, going from about a pack a day to zero.
One ancient form of egg art comes to us from Ukraine.
On the plus side, it allows you to relive the most transformative and enriching experiences.
Office managers knock down walls to encourage team building.
Of course I was scared, yet I had this strong sense of I have to do this.
Not everyone with a tendency to fantasise will develop HSAM, though, so Patihis suggests that something must have caused them to think so much about their past.
Normal forgetting may even be a safety mechanism to ensure our brain doesn't become too full.
Needless to say, people like Veiseh are of great interest to neuroscientists ( ' , 神经科学专家) hoping to understand the way the brain records our lives.
My memory is like a library of video tapes, walk-throughs of every day of my life from waking to sleeping, he explains.
Most roads, bridges, transit, water systems, the electric grid, and communications networks were installed 50 to 100 years ago, and they are largely taken for granted until they fail.
More and more Britons buy recycled toilet paper to protect the environment.
Maybe some experience in their childhood meant that they became obsessed ( ' , 着迷) with calendars and what happened to them, says Patihis.
Many more people with HSAM started to contact researchers due to the mass media.
Luxurious features add much to the price.
Loosely managed teams can become hotbeds of distraction—employees routinely complain that they can't get their work done because they are forced to spend too much time in meetings or compelled to work in noisy offices.
Leigh Thompson of Kellogg School of Management in Illinois warns that, Teams are not always the answer—teams may provide insight, creativity and knowledge in a way that a person working independently cannot; but teamwork may also lead to confusion, delay and poor decision-making.
Leah's interest in yoga prompted her to make a firm decision to reshape her life.
Leah's growth spurred her to open her second studio—and it wasn't for the money.
Leah reflects on one incident that triggered her fears, when her investors threatened to shut her down: I was probably up against the most fear I've ever had, she says.
Leah reflects on a time she listened to the whispers: About the time my daughter was five years old, I started having a sense that ‘this isn't right.
It is more important to those with a longer lifespan.
It is likely to change the narrative of one's life.
It is likely to be a critical turning point in one's life.
It has led to a lot of debate.
It gives them the encouragement, I think, to really go for it, Ferreira says.
It facilitates our access to relevant information.
It didn't take long for magazines and documentary film-makers to come to understand her total recall, and thanks to the subsequent media interest, a few dozen other subjects ( ' , including Veiseh) have since come forward and contacted the team at the University of California, Irvine.
deprive colleges of the right to manage their facilitiesmake workers less motivated in performing dutiesrender a number of campus workers joblesslead to the privatization of campus facilitiesThe outsourcing plan is not yet finalized.
Yet there are recent signs that the gap could be starting to shrink.
Yet later on, the more affluent children end up in college and on the way to the middle class, while working-class children tend to struggle.
Writing in the journal, the scientists describe how the storks from Germany were clearly affected by the presence of waste sites, with four out of six birds that survived for at least five months overwintering on rubbish dumps in northern Morocco, instead of migrating to the Sahel.
Working-class parents teach their children to be obedient and show respect to adults.
Working-class children are happier, more independent, complain less and are closer to family members, Ms.
Within Italy, the great focus was Rome, whose ancient ruins and more recent achievements were shown to every Grand Tourist.
White parents are more likely than others to read to their children daily, as are married parents.
While these numbers are still being validated by the state, we feel any adjustments they might suggest will be immaterial, Morgan wrote to the presidents.
While many birds travelled along well-known routes to warmer climates, others stopped short and spent the winter on landfills, feeding on food waste, and the multitudes of insects that thrive on the dumps.
While alternative estimates of the damage from carbon emissions differ, and it's especially hard to reckon the likely costs of possible catastrophic climate events, most estimates suggest substantial negative effects.
What the designers of American sportswear proved was that fashion is a genuine design art, answering to the demanding needs of service.
Well-off families are ruled by calendars, with children enrolled in ballet, soccer and after-school programs, according to a new Pew Research Center survey.
We're trying to create that pathway.
We want to reach parents who are not plugged into the system, said Zaharopol.
We need very broad participation to fully address the global tragedy that results when countries fail to take into account the negative impact of their carbon emissions on the rest of the world.
We live today indebted to McCardell, Cashin, Hawes, Wilkins, and Maxwell, and other women who liberated American fashion from the confines of Parisian design.
Unless renewables become cheap enough that substantial carbon deposits are left underground for a very long time, if not forever, the planet will likely be exposed to potentially catastrophic climate risks.
Unfortunately, the current low prices for oil, gas, and coal may provide little incentive for research to find even cheaper substitutes for those fuels.
To promote sales of its products by lowering prices.
To match the growing demand, services are springing up to make it easier to publish research products online and enable other researchers to discover and cite them.
To focus more on beauty products than clothing.
To be more competitive in sales of beauty products.
Thus was born the idea of the Grand Tour, a practice which introduced Englishmen, Germans, Scandinavians, and also Americans to the art and culture of France and Italy for the next 300 years.
This prompted the company to cut its forecasts for the full fourth quarter.
They try to develop their skills through close supervision and organized activities, and teach children to question authority figures and navigate elite institutions.
They have led some birds to give up on migration.
They have forced white storks to search for safer winter shelters.
They gradually lose the habit of migrating in winterThey prefer rubbish dumps far away to those at home.
They could buy unique souvenirs there to take back home.
They catered to the taste of the younger generation.
They cannot be attributed to weather only.
They are taught to be compliant and respectful to adults.
They are not attracted to the rubbish dumps on their migration routes.
They are more likely to grow up in neighborhoods that their parents say aren't great for raising children, and their parents worry about them getting shot, beaten up or in trouble with the law.
They are more likely to be at risk of dying.
These math circles cost nothing, or they're very cheap for students to get involved in, but you have to know about them, said Rusczyk.
These likely persistent forces, like the growth of shale ( ' , 页岩) oil, point to a low for long scenario.
These designers established the modem dress code, letting playsuits and other activewear outfits suffice for casual clothing, allowing pants to enter the wardrobe, and prizing rationalism and versatility in dress, in contradiction to dressing for an occasion or allotment of the day.
There are usually two parents, who spend a lot of time reading to children and worrying about their anxiety levels and hectic schedules.
There are benefits to both approaches.
There are also dozens of summer camps—many attached to universities—that aim to prepare elite math students.
The state's facilities management project team is still in the process of developing its business justification and expects to have that completed and available to the public at the end of February, Martin said.
The spread of epidemics to their homeland.
The retail giant said the poor financial performance this year has pushed it to begin implementing $400 million in cost-cutting measures.
The reason is that when carbon is priced, those emissions reductions that are least costly to implement will happen first.
The potential harm to the ecosystem.
The most recent one took place last week in Washington, D.C.Students join a team through their schools, which provide a volunteer coach and pay a nominal fee to send students to regional and state competitions.
The hope is that the success of COP 21 opens the door to future international agreement on carbon prices.
The essential place to visit, however, was Italy.
The dynamic adjustment to low oil prices may, however, be different this time around.
The design objective and the business commitment were to sportswear, and the distinctive traits were problemsolving ingenuity and realistic lifestyle applications.
The cycle continues: Poorer parents have less time and fewer resources to invest in their children, which can leave children less prepared for school and work, which leads to lower earnings.
The current low fossil fuel price environment will thus certainly delay the energy transition from fossil fuel to clean energy sources.
The consumer was ultimately to be mentioned as well, especially by the likes of Dorothy Shaver, who could point to the sales figures at Lord & Taylor.
The company pledged to cut 600 back-office positions, though some 150 workers in those roles would be reassigned to other jobs.
The challenge is if certain types of people are doing something, it's difficult for other people to break into it, said Po-Shen Loh, the head coach of last year's winning U.S.Math Olympiad team.
The achievement gap between children from high- and lowincome families is 30-40% larger among children born in 2001 than those born 25 years earlier, according to Mr.
The Math Olympiad Summer Training Program is a three-week math camp held by the Mathematical Association of America that leads straight to the international championship and is free for those who make it.
The British traveler Charles Thompson spoke for many Grand Tourists when in 1744 he described himself as being impatiently desirous of viewing a country so famous in history, a country which once gave laws to the world, and which is at present the greatest school of music and painting, contains the noblest productions of sculpture and architecture, and is filled with cabinets of rarities, and collections of all kinds of historical relics.
The 224 students who make it to the national competition get an all-expenses-paid trip.
Tennessee's technical and community colleges will not outsource ( ' , 外包) management of their facilities to a private company, a decision one leader said was bolstered by an analysis of spending at each campus.
Teachers in low-income urban and rural areas with no history of participating in math competitions may not know about advanced-math opportunities like MathCounts—and those who do may not have support or feel trained to lead them.
Students use forums to chat, play games, and solve problems together at no cost, or they can pay a few hundred dollars to take courses with trained teachers.
Students may take advantage of online resources to learn to solve math problems.
Students in university towns may also have access to another lever for involvement in accelerated math: math circles.
Students attend after-school clubs, summer camps, online forums and classes and university-based math circles, to prepare for the competitions.
Students apply to the program directly through their schools.
Some communities have agreed to share online—geneticists, for example, post DNA sequences at the GenBank repository ( ' , 库), and astronomers are accustomed to accessing images of galaxies and stars from, say, the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, a telescope that has observed some 500 million objects—but these remain the exception, not the rule.
Social scientists say the differences arise in part because low-income parents have less money to spend on music class or preschool, and less flexible schedules to take children to museums or attend school events.
Since there were few museums anywhere in Europe before the close of the eighteenth century, Grand Tourists often saw paintings and sculptures by gaining admission to private collections, and many were eager to acquire examples of Greco-Roman and Italian art for their own collections.
Researchers in Germany used miniature GPS tags to track the migrations of 70 white storks ( ' , 鹳) from different sites across Europe and Asia during the first five months of their lives.
Repositories are essential to scientific research.
Publishing data and code allows your science to be reproducible.
Pricing carbon proves the most economical way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Policymakers should not allow low energy prices to derail the clean energy transition.
People used to live near people of different income levels; neighborhoods are now more segregated by income.
Participation grows through friends and networks and if you realize that's how they're growing, you can start to take action and bring in other students, he said.
Open data sharing is most important to medical science.
Open data sharing is conducive to scientific advancement.
One of the largest feeders for high school math competitions—including those that eventually lead to the IMO—is a middle school program called MathCounts.
Oil prices are expected to remain lower for longer.
None of the chain's stores in the Washington metropolitan area are to be closed.
Natural gas and coal—also fossil fuels—have similarly seen price declines that look to be long-lived.
Most people would love to get students from more underserved populations, but they just can't get them in the door.
Most affluent parents enroll their children in preschool or day care, while low-income parents are more likely to depend on family members.
Most Grand Tourists, however, stayed for briefer periods and set out with less scholarly intentions, accompanied by a teacher or guardian, and expected to return home with souvenirs of their travels as well as an understanding of art and architecture formed by exposure to great masterpieces.
Morgan said those findings—which included data from the system's 13 community colleges, 27 technical colleges and six universities—were part of the decision not to move forward with Governor Bill Haslam's proposal to privatize management of state buildings in an effort to save money.
Morgan said last week that he would retire at the end of January because of the governor's proposal to split off six universities of the Board of Regents system and create separate governing boards for each of them.
Morgan notified the Haslam administration of his decision to opt out in a letter sent last week.
Moreover, nonparticipation by nations, if sufficiently widespread, can undermine the political will of participating countries to act.
More than a quarter of children live in single-parent households—a historic high, according to Pew—and these children are three times as likely to live in poverty as those who live with married parents.
Middle school is an important age because students have enough math capability to solve advanced problems, but they haven't really decided what they want to do with their lives, said Loh.
Meanwhile, Macy's has simply struggled to lure consumers who are more interested in spending on travel or dining out than on new clothes or accessories.
Math circles provide students with access to advanced-math training by university professors.
Martin said officials were still working to analyze the data from the Board of Regents.
Many have argued that the women designers of this time were able to project their own clothing values into a new style.
Many aristocrats began to move into Roman-style villas.
Macy's has been moving aggressively to try to remake itself for a new era of shopping.
London was a frequent starting point for Grand Tourists, and Paris a compulsory destination; many traveled to the Netherlands, some to Switzerland and Germany, and a very few adventurers to Spain, Greece, or Turkey.
"I thought it would be useful for him to learn Chinese at an early age" Joseph Stocke, the managing director of a company, says of his 2-year old son.
2014年高考英语全国卷2 阅读理解 阅读C 原文
It is wise to take a day off to rest.
2015年高考英语全国卷2 阅读理解 七选五 原文
A bar graph has two axes and uses bars to show amounts.
2015年高考英语浙江卷 阅读理解 阅读B 原文
A build-it-yourself solar still is one of the best ways to obtain drinking water in areas where the liquid is not readily available.
2017年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读D 原文
A cat's mom also brings home things to her children to help them practice hunting.
2018年高考英语全国卷2 听力 原文
A coach may read a sports story for its threat value: he may have to play that team next week.
2015年高考英语江苏卷 任务型阅读 原文
A code uses symbols to replace words, phrases, or sentences.
2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 七选五 原文
A company showed a new voice technology able to produce such a convincing human-sounding voice that it was able to speak to a receptionist.
2019年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文
A cousin to the watched-pot wait is the forced wait.
2017年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文
A decade of data breaches (数据侵入) of personal information has led to a situation where scammers can easily learn your mother's name, and far more.
2019年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文
A few students hesitated to start.
2016年高考英语全国卷2 阅读理解 阅读B 原文
A few times each year, an inspector arrived to look over the entire light station.
2015年高考英语湖南卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文
A good neighbor is also one who likes to help out in small ways.
2018年高考英语浙江卷 阅读理解 七选五 原文
A graph gives the reader a picture to interpret.
2015年高考英语浙江卷 阅读理解 阅读B 原文
A grasp of how to manage color in your spaces is one of the first steps to creating rooms you'll love to live in.
2018年高考英语全国卷I 阅读理解 七选五 原文
A great American, James Madison, referred to: "the capacity of mankind for self-government."
2015年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文
A great decline in young work force is likely to occur in China, for instance.
2017年高考英语江苏卷 任务型阅读 原文
A housekeeper is to clean up the kitchen.
2015年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读A 选项
A latest study on the college job market showed that employers wanted to hire 22% fewer graduates this year than last.
2016年高考英语全国卷1 听力 原文
A legend, also called a key, is a guide to the symbols and colors used in the graph.
2015年高考英语浙江卷 阅读理解 阅读B 原文
A line graph looks similar to a bar graph, but instead of bars, it plots points and connects them with a line.
2015年高考英语浙江卷 阅读理解 阅读B 原文
A listener in China, Wang ming, who is about to get an engineering degree, wants to know how American college graduates find jobs.
2016年高考英语全国卷1 听力 原文
A lunchtime escape allows her to keep a boss from tapping her on the shoulder.
2019年高考英语全国卷2 阅读理解 阅读C 原文
A machine with a specific purpose has another quality, one that we usually associate with living things: a wish to preserve its own existence.
2017年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文
A man owes his success to his family support.
2018年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读A 选项
A man should learn suitable ways to deal with life.
2019年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读D 选项
A man should try to satisfy people around him.
2019年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读D 选项
A month before my first marathon, one of my ankles was injured and this meant not running for two weeks, leaving me only two weeks to train.
2018年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读A 原文
A month before the marathon, the author made up his mind to run.
2018年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读A 题设
A musher named Kaasen had to brave this storm.
2016年高考英语北京卷 完形填空 原文
A neighborhood girl I'd played with millions of times appeared with the exact same basket fixed to her shiny, new bike that already had all the bells and whistles.
2016年高考英语浙江卷（6月） 阅读理解 阅读D 原文
A new collection of photos brings an unsuccessful antArctic voyage back to life.
2016年高考英语全国卷2 阅读理解 阅读D 原文
A new commodity brings about a highly profitable, fast-growing industry, urging antitrust反垄断regulators to step in to check those who control its flow.
2017年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文
A nurse who understands the healing (治愈) value of silence can use this understanding to assist in the care of patients from their own and from other cultures.
2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读D 原文
A photography exhibition held by Han Media to celebrate its founding in New York city on April 24, featuring three emerging Chinese photographers; yingxi Michael Shi, Haiyin lin and liming Guan, whose works have appeared in publications such as Vogue.
2015年高考英语广东卷 阅读理解 信息匹配 原文
A railway link to Amsterdam in 1874 attracted rich traders from Amsterdam to Hilversum.
2015年高考英语湖北卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文
A recent trend has been to encourage employees to use their own initiative, to make decisions on their own without asking managers first.
2016年高考英语上海卷 完形填空 原文
A restaurant in Spain uses a foodie to "re-create forms and pieces" of food that are "exactly the same, " freeing cooks to complete other tasks.
2018年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文
A rethink is required - and as a new approach starts to become apparent, two ideas stand out.
2017年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文
A retired engineer, 76-year-old Wilson has been offering free rides to college students for the past eight years.
2019年高考英语北京卷 完形填空 原文
A safe number of interviews to conduct is about six to ten.
2017年高考英语浙江卷（6月） 阅读理解 七选五 原文
A scientist working at her lab bench and a six-old baby playing with his food might seem to have little in common.
2016年高考英语浙江卷（6月） 阅读理解 阅读C 原文
A story showing people's generosity should be emailed to the editor at susan@sws.
2015年高考英语陕西卷 阅读理解 阅读A 题设
A strong link is found between two species when a predator sticks to one prey species.
2019年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读C 题设
A Swiss study reported that while the weight of electronic goods represented by precious metals was relatively small in comParison to total waste, the concentration of gold and other precious metals was higher in so-called e-waste than in nature.
2015年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读B 原文
A taste for meat is actually behind the change: an important part of its corn is used to feed chickens, pigs, and cattle.
2018年高考英语全国卷2 语法填空 原文
A teacher can open up a new world to students.
2015年高考英语重庆卷 阅读理解 阅读A 选项
A teacher who wants to learn on-line teaching is expected to arrive by 2:00 pm.
2015年高考英语安徽卷 阅读理解 阅读A 题设
A team of researchers trained three rhesus monkeys to associate 26 clearly different symbols consisting of numbers and selective letters with 0-25 drops of water or juice as a reward.
2019年高考英语全国卷3 阅读理解 阅读D 原文
A thoughtful official passed on some of the copies to the park authorities on the assumption that they might make a nice blow-up for one of the visitors' centers.
2019年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读B 原文
A Toronto man is offering a free round-the-world air to the right woman.
2017年高考英语全国卷3 完形填空 原文
A week went by, a woman called to speak to Alice.
2015年高考英语重庆卷 完形填空 A 原文
A week-long celebration leads up to an exciting tomato battle as the highlight of the week's events.
2015年高考英语福建卷 阅读理解 阅读A 原文
A year ago, when I was awaiting to hear the results of my college applications, I often went to websites for some type of insider look on what college would be like.
2016年高考英语浙江卷（6月） 阅读理解 七选五 原文
A year later, I reached my goal: I lost 150 pounds and raised $50,000! I feel that I've been given a second life to devote to something that is meaningful and enormous.
2017年高考英语天津卷 完形填空 原文
A youth is to be regarded with respect.
2019年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读B 选项
About thirty percent of the world's exports of tea makes its way to London.
2015年高考英语全国卷1 听力 原文
According to a new survey (调查) by the national sleep foundation, 51% of kids aged 10 to 18 go to bed at 10 pm or later on school nights, even though they have to get up early.
2017年高考英语浙江卷（6月） 阅读理解 阅读B 原文
According to a paper in 2011 by Mr Hsiang and co-authors, civil conflict is related to El nino's harmful effects.
2016年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文
According to a recent study, four out of ten people under 35 years old are planning to downshift from stressful jobs to a slower pace of life.
2015年高考英语上海卷 听力 原文
According to a review of evidence in a medical journal, runners live three years longer than non-runners.
2018年高考英语全国卷I 语法填空 原文
According to Anderson, before 1970, Americans had little idea about environmental problems.
2014年高考英语全国卷2 阅读理解 阅读B 题设
According to Hume, some works of art can exist for centuries because they appeal to unchanging features of human nature.
2015年高考英语重庆卷 阅读理解 阅读E 题设
According to Jennifer Debruyn, the next step of the study is to find out the source of the enzyme.
2018年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读C 题设
According to Johnsen, avoiding absorption is actually easy.
2015年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文
According to life in likes, as children grew, they became more anxious to get more public approval.
2018年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文
According to London underground, only 40 percent of travelers walk the full length of long escalators, leaving the majority at the bottom as they wait to get on to the "standing "side.
2016年高考英语上海卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文
According to some developmental psychologists, a baby's play is somehow similar to a scientist's experiment.
2016年高考英语浙江卷（6月） 阅读理解 阅读C 题设
According to some researchers, we can use firewalls to avoid robots' affecting the world.
2017年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读D 题设
According to sparrow, we are not becoming people with poor memories as a result of the Internet.
2015年高考英语安徽卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文
According to the analysis of Babbitt's team, old desktop monitors and box TVs with cathode ray tubes are the worst devices with their energy consumption and contribution to greenhouse gas emissions more than doubling during the 1992 to 2007 window.
2018年高考英语全国卷I 阅读理解 阅读D 原文
According to the author, attention should be paid to how driverless cars can help deal with transportation-related problems.
2018年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读D 题设
According to the author, fish are most likely to be found in shallow water under waterside trees.
2015年高考英语广东卷 阅读理解 阅读B 题设
According to the author, polluting industries should fight against carbon pollution.
2017年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读D 题设
According to the author, the unconscious mind may help us find the right solution.
2016年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读D 题设
According to the author, the woman was probably enjoying herself.
2017年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读B 题设
According to the card, if you are unable to go, you can contact Alice's mother.
2015年高考英语四川卷 阅读理解 阅读A 题设
According to the code, visitors should act with care and respect.
2015年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读A 题设
According to the Dallas area cultural advocacy coalition, arts agencies employ more than 10, 000 people as full-or part-time employees or independent contractors.
2018年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 填空题 原文
According to the Overseas Development Institute Odi, however, just 12% of disaster-relief funding in the past two decades has gone on reducing risks in advance, rather than recovery and rebuilding afterwards.
2016年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文
According to the passage, children's fear and dislike of books may result from being made to read aloud before others.
2015年高考英语浙江卷 阅读理解 阅读A 题设
According to the passage, human being are used to living in the day light.
2015年高考英语浙江卷 阅读理解 阅读C 题设
According to the passage, sharing bread can help to develop unity.
2015年高考英语安徽卷 阅读理解 阅读E 题设
According to the passage, the Adelmans set up "movers and Shakespeares" to give advice on leadership by analysing Shakespeare's plays.
2015年高考英语上海卷 阅读理解 阅读C 题设
According to the passage, why did snowmen become a phenomenon in the middle ages?
2015年高考英语上海卷 阅读理解 阅读A 题设
According to the report's key findings, the proportion who say they ‘hardly ever' read for fun has gone from 8 percent of 13-year-olds.
2018年高考英语全国卷2 阅读理解 阅读C 原文
According to the text, the mice fed with daytime milk were more anxious.
2016年高考英语四川卷 阅读理解 阅读D 题设
According to the world bank, China accounts for about 30 percent of total global fertilizer consumption.
2018年高考英语全国卷2 语法填空 原文
According to US government reports, emissions (排放) from cars and trucks have dropped from 10.
2014年高考英语全国卷2 阅读理解 阅读B 原文
Across Britain, burnt toast will be served to mothers in bed this morning as older sons and daughters rush to deliver their supermarket bunches of flowers.
2015年高考英语四川卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文
Actually I'm going to meet with professor smith at ten past two.
2016年高考英语全国卷2 听力 原文
Actually, there's something interesting to see in every corner of Paris: the old buildings, neighborhoods, and the historical monuments.
2017年高考英语浙江卷（11月） 听力 原文
Adaptation to climate change is challenging.
2017年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读D 选项
Additionally, group exercise creates a community feel and the shared common goal motivates participants to work hard.
2015年高考英语福建卷 阅读理解 阅读E 原文
Adjusting to an upright position was quite a challenge, especially when the bones had to support an extra-large skull.
2019年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 任务型阅读 原文
Admission is at normal charges and you don't need to book.
2015年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读A 原文
Adolescents enter high school with great excitement but are soon looking forward to graduation.
2014年高考英语全国卷1 完形填空 原文
Adults understand what it feels like to be flooded with objects.
2018年高考英语全国卷3 阅读理解 阅读D 原文
After a while she seemed content to leave her husband over at the cemetery.
2017年高考英语浙江卷（11月） 阅读理解 阅读A 原文
After all, if we adapt in that way, we may avoid the need to change in so many others.
2017年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文
While it is easy to ignore in our contact with them the effect of our acts upon their disposition, it is not so easy as in dealing with adults.
We are thus led to distinguish, within the broad educational process which we have been so far considering, a more formal kind of education -- that of direct tuition or schooling.
These groups mainly rely for instilling needed dispositions into the young upon the same sort of association which keeps the adults loyal to their group.
The need of training is too evident; the pressure to accomplish a change in their attitude and habits is too urgent to leave these consequences wholly out of account.
Since our chief business with them is to enable them to share in a common life we cannot help considering whether or no we are forming the powers which will secure this ability.
Religious associations began, for example, in the desire to secure the favor of overruling powers and to ward off evil influences; family life in the desire to gratify appetites and secure family perpetuity; systematic labor, for the most part, because of enslavement to others, etc.
While few crafts men or farmers, let alone dependents and servants, left literary compositions to be analyzed, it is obvious that their views less fully intellectualized.
When the competitive environment pushed our ancestors to achieve that potential, they could in turn afford more education.
When our ancestors were hunters and gatherers 10,000 years ago, they didn’t have time to wonder much about anything besides finding food.
What is the real relationship between education and economic development? We have to suspect that continuing economic growth promotes the development of education even when governments don’t force it.
We are fortunate that is it, because new educational systems there and putting enough people through them to improve economic performance would require two or three generations.
To take this approach to the New Englanders normally mean to start with the Puritans’ theological innovations and their distinctive ideas about the church-important subjects that we may not neglect.
Thus poor countries might not be able to escape their poverty traps without political changes that may be possible only with broader formal education.
They also focused on important rituals that appeared to preserve a people’s social structure, such as initiation ceremonies that formally signify children’s entrance into adulthood.
The findings of a research institution have consistently shown that workers in all countries can be trained on the job to achieve radical higher productivity and, as a result, radically higher standards of living.
Supporters of the theory viewed culture as a collection of integrated parts that work together to keep a society functioning.
Some attributed virtually every important cultural achievement to the inventions of a few, especially gifted peoples that, according to diffusionists, then spread to other cultures.
So it seems antithetical to talk about habits in the same context as creativity and innovation.
Researchers in the late 1960 covered that humans are born with the capacity to approach challenges in four primary ways: analytically, procedurally, relationally ( ' , or collaboratively) and innovatively.
Our main end was to catch fish.
Other anthropologists believed that cultural innovations, such as inventions, had a single origin and passed from society to society.
Only when humanity began to get its food in a more productive way was there time for other things.
Most tests require collecting cells by webbing saliva in the mouth and sending it to the company for testing.
More than two dozen companies sell DNA tests Directly to the public , ranging in price from a few hundred dollars to more than $2500.
More than 60,000 people have purchased the PTKs since they first become available without prescriptions last years, according to Doug Fog, chief operating officer of Identigene, which makes the over-the-counter kits.
Mean while , many settles had slighter religious commitments than Dane’s, as one clergyman learned in confronting folk along the coast who mocked that they had not come to the New world for religion.
In order to study particular cultures as completely as possible, he became skilled in linguistics, the study of languages, and in physical anthropology, the study of human biology and anatomy.
In his work, he attempted to show how all aspects of culture changed together in the evolution of societies.
In addition, the computer programs a company uses to estimate relationships may be patented and not subject to peer review or outside evaluation.
Historical particularism, which emphasized the uniqueness of all cultures, gave new direction to anthropology.
Historical particularism became a dominant approach to the study of culture in American anthropology, largely through the influence of many students of Boas.
Durkheim proposed that religious beliefs functioned to reinforce social solidarity.
DNA testing is also the latest rage many passionate genealogists-and supports businesses that offer to search for a family's geographic roots.
Critics also argue that commercial genetic testing is only as good as the reference collections to which a sample is compared.
But in keeping with our examination of southern intellectual life, we may consider the original Puritans as carriers of European culture adjusting to New world circumstances.
But don't bother trying to kill off old habits; once those ruts of procedure are worn into the hippocampus, they're there to stay.
Boas felt that the culture of any society must be understood as the result of a unique history and not as one of many cultures belonging to a broader evolutionary stage or type of culture.
Besides the ninety or so learned ministers who came to Massachusetts church in the decade after 1629,There were political leaders like John Winthrop, an educated gentleman, lawyer, and official of the Crown before he journeyed to Boston.
Among the most popular : paternity and kinship testing , which adopted children can use to find their biological relatives and families can use to track down kids put for adoption.
All tests require a potential candidate with whom to compare DNA.
All he needs to do is shell our $30 for paternity testing kit ( ' , PTK) at his local drugstore - and another $120 to get the results.
According to the standard history of American philosophy, nowhere else in colonial America was “So much important attached to intellectual pursuits.”
According to many books and articles, New England’s leaders established the basic themes and preoccupations of an unfolding, dominant Puritan tradition in American intellectual life.
A lack of formal education, however, doesn't constrain the ability of the developing world's workforce to substantially improve productivity for the forested future.
Yet these creatures are members of the biotic community and, if its stability depends on its integrity, they are entitled to continuance.
When one of these noneconomic categories is threatened and, if we happen to love it, we invent excuses to give it economic importance.
We have no land ethic yet, but we have at least drawn nearer the point of admitting that birds should continue as a matter of intrinsic right,regardless of the presence or absence of economic advantage to us.
To sum up: a system of conservation based solely on economic self-interest is hopelessly lopsided It tends to ignore, and thus eventually to eliminate, many elements in the land community that lack commercial value, but that are essential to its healthy functioning.
The evidence had to be economic in order to be valid.
Some species of trees have been"read out of the party"by economics-minded foresters because they grow too slowly, or have too low a sale value to pay as timber crops.
Scientists jumped to the rescue with some distinctly shaky evidence to the effect that insects would eat us up if birds failed to control them.
Moreover, some have been found to have a valuable function in building up soil fertility.
It is painful to read these roundabout accounts today.
It is only in recent years that we hear It is only in recent years that we hear the more honest argument that predators are members of the community, and that no special interest has the right to exterminate them for the sake of a benefit ,real or fancied ,to itself.
In Europe, where forestry is ecologically more advanced, the noncommercial tree species are recognized as members of the native forest community, to be preserved as such, within reason.
Here again, evidence had to be economic in order to be valid.
At the beginning of the century songbirds were supposed to be disappearing.
“So few authors have brains enough or literary gift enough to keep their own end up in journalism,” Newman wrote,“that I am tempted to define‘journalism’ as‘a term of contempt applied by writers who are not read to writers who are'.
Yet only one of his books is now in print, and his vast body of writings on music is unknown save to specialists.
Yet it is precisely these non-celebrity influentials who,according to the two-step-flow theory,are supposed to drive social epidemics by influcencing their friends and colleagues directly.
We are even farther removed from the unfocused newspaper review published in England between the turn of the 20th century and the eve of World War Ⅱ, at a time when newsprint was dirt-cheap and stylish arts criticism was considered an ornament to the publications in which it appeared.
Unfortunately, banks’ lobbying now seems to be working.
To read such books today is to marvel at the fact that their learned contents were once deemed suitable for publication in general-circulation dailies.
To get the system working again, losses must be recognized and dealt with.
This development is boosting wholesale demand from the food service segment by 4 to 5 percent a year across Europe, compared with growth in retail demand of 1 to 2 percent.
They tend to keep a tighter hold on their purse and consider eating at home a realistic alternative.
These rules say they must value some assets at the price a third party would pay, not the price managers and regulators would like them to fetch.
These men believed in journalism as a calling,and were proud to be published in the daily press.
These gave banks more freedom to use models to value illiquid assets and more flexibility in recognizing losses on long-term assets in their income statement.
Theirs was a serious business, and even those reviewers who wore their learning lightly,like George Bernard Shaw and Ernest Newman,could be trusted to know what they were about.
Their rules, moan the banks, have forced them to report enormous losses, and it’s just not fair.
The theory also seems to explain the sudden and unexpected popularity of people was wearing, promoting or developing whatever it is before anyone else paid attention.
The supposed importance of influentials derives from a plausible sounding but largely untested theory called the “two step flow of communication”: Information flows from the media to the influentials and from them to everyone else.
The judges on the Federal circuit are “reacting to the anti-patient trend at the supreme court” ,says Harole C.
The first and more important is the consumer's growing preference for eating out: the consumption of food and drink in places other than homes has risen from about 32 percent of total consumption in 1995 to 35 percent in 2000 and is expected to approach 38 percent by 2005.
The details may be unknowable, but the independence of standard-setters, essential to the proper functioning of capital markets, is being compromised.
The IASB says it does not want to act without overall planning, but the pressure to fold when it completes it reconstruction of rules later this year is strong.
The Federal circuit issued an unusual order stating that the case would be heard by all 12 of the court’s judges, rather than a typical panel of three, and that one issue it wants to evaluate is weather it should” reconsider” its state street Bank ruling.
That ruling produced an explosion in business-method patent filings, initially by emerging internet companies trying to stake out exclusive rights to specific types of online transactions.
Such food service operators range from snack machines to large institutional catering ventures, but most of these businesses are known in the trade as “horeca”： hotels, restaurants and cafes.
Retailers that master the intricacies of wholesaling in Europe may well expect to rake in substantial profits thereby.
Retail sales of food and drink in Europe’s largest markets are at a standstill, leaving European grocery retailers hungry for opportunities to grow.
Now the nation's top patent court appears completely ready to scale back on business-method patents, which have been controversial ever since they were first authorized 10 years ago.
Moreover, average overall margins are higher in wholesale than in retail; wholesale demand from the food service sector is growing quickly as more Europeans eat out more often; and changes in the competitive dynamics of this fragmented industry are at last making it feasible for wholesalers to consolidate.
Later, move established companies raced to add such patents to their files, if only as a defensive move against rivals that might bent them to the punch.
It is difficult to the point of impossibility for the average reader under the age of forty to imagine a time when high-quality arts criticism could be found in most big-city newspapers.
In other words, it is up to the buyer, rather than the seller, to decide what to buy.
In fact,they don’t seem to be required of all.
However, none of these requirements should deter large retailers ( ' , and even some large food producers and existing wholesalers) from trying their hand, for those that master the intricacies of wholesaling in Europe stand to reap considerable gains.
He was knighted in 1967, the first music critic to be so honored.
For example, wholesale food and drink sales came to $268 billion in France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom in 2000—more than 40 percent of retail sales.
For a social epidemic to occur,however,each person so affected,must then influence his or her own acquaintances,who must in turn influence theirs,and so on;and just how many others pay attention to each of these people has little to do with the initial influential.
Demand comes mainly from two sources: independent mom-and-pop grocery stores which, unlike large retail chains, are too small to buy straight from producers, and food service operators that cater to consumers when they don’t eat at home.
Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit said it would use a particular case to conduct a broad review of business-method patents.
But by giving in to critics now they are inviting pressure to make more concessions.
But almost all have ignored the big, profitable opportunity in their own backyard: the wholesale food and drink trade, which appears to be just the kind of market retailers need.
Building on the basic truth about interpersonal influence,the researchers studied the dynamics of social influence by conducting thousands of computer simulations of populations manipulating a number of variables relating to people’s ability to influence others and their tendency to be influenced.
And dead markets partly reflect the paralysis of banks which will not sell assets for fear of booking losses, yet are reluctant to buy all those supposed bargains.
America’s new plan to buy up toxic assets will not work unless banks mark assets to levels which buyers find attractive.
All in all, this clearly seems to be a market in which big retailers could profitably apply their gigantic scale, existing infrastructure, and proven skills in the management of product ranges, logistics, and marketing intelligence.
ought, to, should
ought to： 侧重反映客观情况，多在涉及法律、道义、责任、义务或原则时使用。
should： 侧重自己的主观看法，语气比ought to稍弱一些。
- to do
They made quite a to-do about the broken window.
- urge to purge
Max felt the urge to purge and ran for the john.
- take it to the street
The debate was quiet for a time, then they took it to the street.
Come on, don't take it to the street!
- on a hiding to nothing
l know they are on a hiding to nothing.
- see eye to eye
Gary and Walter see eye to eye on this question.
I cannot see eye to eye with him.
- able to cut something
He is not able to cut his responsibilities like we thought.
Do you think you're able to cut it?
- to d off
I' m not just to'd off! I' m enraged.
- all to cock
The reply was all to cock to me.
You're all to cock! You've done it wrong again !
I'm all to cock!
- down to the wire
We went right down to the wire on that one.
It came down to the wire before I turned the proposal in.
- tell somebody what to with
She told me rudely what to do with my proffered assistance.
- up to the knocker
He didn't feel up to the knocker.
He was prepared up to the knocker.
- up to scratch
I'm afraid this story isn't quite up to scratch.
- enough to choke a horse
His ego is big enough to choke a horse.
A: Does he have money? B: Enough to choke a horse.
- hep to the jive
As the days rolled on I commenced getting hep to the jive.
- way to go.
That's the way to go. You guys built the airport so quickly.
- go to denmark
- earth to
Earth to Fred! Are you asleep? Say something, Fred!
- wise to
The cops are wise to the plan.
I'mwise to Lefty. He's a spy.
- to die for
We had a beautiful room at the hotel and the service was to die for.
- bet london to a brick
You can bet London to a brick that it'll rain tomorrow.
- go to the mat
They soon stopped sparring and went to the mat.
The union may go to the mat with the management over wages.
- give somebody five fingers to
John put out his hand for me to give me five.
Hey，give that guy five over here for a minute, will ya?
- nothing to write home about
I got a little bit of a raise this year，but it was nothing to write home about.
His pitch was nothing to write home about.
- taken to the cleaners
These investors had been taken to the cleaners.
- put the wood to somebody
Why can' t Mayor Barry put the wood to school administrators and demand more caring than this?
- pray to the porcelain god
I think I'd better go home and pray to the porcelain god.
- tough egg to crack
I wish Jill wasn't such a tough nut to crack.
This problem is a tough egg to crack.
Getting them all here on time will be a tough nul to crack.
- not able to hold a candle to
The cake from the bakery is not able to hold a candle to the one that Grandmonther made.
- have a bone to pick with
They had a bone to pick with neighbouring villages.
The ambassador had a bone to pick with the student demonstrations.
- smell to heaven
This kitchen smells to high heaven. What besides garlic are you cooking?
Something's wrong here. Somebody blabbed. This setup smells to heaven.
- when push comes to shove
When push comes to shove，you know I'll be on your side.
- Do I have to paint (you) a picture. (=Do I have to draw you a picture?)
Do I have to draw you a picture or you can visualize this?
- come up to the wire
The project is coming up to the wire and we're a bit nervous.
- to go
Do you want it to go,or will you eat it here?
- to do