翻译
  • 简明词典(词霸)
  • 柯林斯词典
  • 牛津词典
  • understand

    高中/CET4/CET6

    • [ˌʌndəˈstænd]
    • [ˌʌndərˈstænd]

    释义

    • 常用
    • 高考讲解
    • vt.& vi.
      懂,理解
    • vt.
      了解; 默认; 听说; 领会
  • 词态变化

    • 第三人称单数: understands;
    • 过去式: understood;
    • 过去分词: understood;
    • 现在分词: understanding;
  • 实用场景例句

    • 全部
    • 理解
    • 了解
    • 默认
    • 听说
    • 领会

    Most of the students understand English well.

    这些学生中大多数通晓英语.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    Then he spoke slowly, but I could not understand him.

    后来,他说话说得慢了, 但是我还是听不懂他的话.

    ——《用法词典》

    Do you understand the working of this machine?

    你懂这部机器是怎样工作的 吗 ?

    ——《现代英汉综合大词典》

    He explained and explained, but I still couldn't understand.

    他说了又说, 我还是不懂.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    I can never understand why Mary said nothing about her wrongs.

    我毫不理解玛丽说她什么也没有做错.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    He does not understand finance at all.

    他对财务一窍不通.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    He gesticulated wildly as he tried to make her understand.

    他使劲向她做着手势,试图让她明白.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    He consulted the workers to understand the technical process.

    他询问工人,想了解技术上的程序.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Don't always rely on others to understand and sympathize.

    不要老是指望别人的理解和同情.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    She didn't understand and so I said it again.

    她没懂,我又说了一遍.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    He doesn't understand me, or at any rate not fully.

    他並不了解我, 至少是了解得不全面.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    His indistinct speech makes it impossible to understand him.

    他口齿不清,无法听懂他的意思.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    It's hard to understand the colloquial idioms of a foreign language.

    外语里的口头习语很难懂.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    I can't understand a word you're saying. Can't you speak the Queen's English?

    你说的我一个字也不明白,你不会说标准英语 吗 ?

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    You don't understand the poetry of life.

    你不理解生活的诗意.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    My wife doesn't understand me.

    我的妻子不了解我.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    I don't understand a modern day account of the Holy Trinity.

    我对现代的基督教三位一体的解释不理解.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    A baby can only receive sense impressions, but it can not understand them.

    婴儿只能接受感官方面的印象, 而不能理解.

    ——《用法词典》

    Only now did he understand the full complexity of the problem.

    直到现在他才明白这一问题的全部复杂性.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    You have to explain it in terms that the man on the Clapham omnibus would understand.

    你必须用老百姓能理解的语言来解释这事.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    What did you understand him to say?

    你认为他说的是什么意思 呢 ?

    ——《现代英汉综合大词典》

    We understand that you'll be returning next year.

    我们知道你打算明年回来.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    This classical poem is hard to understand.

    这首古诗很费解.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    That's just an approximation, you understand.

    你知道那仅仅是近似值。

    ——《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》

    I couldn't understand a sodding thing!

    我他妈的一点儿都搞不懂!

    ——《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》

    People are supposed to mix, do you understand?

    人们应该互相交际,你明白吗?

    ——柯林斯例句

    What I did for you was free, gratis, you understand?

    我为你所做的一切都是免费的,无偿的,你明白吗?

    ——柯林斯例句

    With his owlish face, it is easy to understand why he was called "The Professor".

    看看那张严肃而又睿智的猫头鹰脸,就不难理解他为什么被称为“教授”了。

    ——柯林斯例句

    "You don't understand," he breathed.

    “你不明白。”他低声说道。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Not all doctors truly understand the reproductive cycle.

    并非所有的医生都真正了解生殖周期。

    ——柯林斯例句

    收起实用场景例句
  • 真题例句

    • 全部
    • 四级
    • 六级
    • 高考
    • 考研

    Team-building skills are in short supply: Deloitte reports that only 12% of the executives they contacted feel they understand the way people work together in networks and only 21% feel confident in their ability to build cross-functional teams.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    Needless to say, people like Veiseh are of great interest to neuroscientists ( ' , 神经科学专家) hoping to understand the way the brain records our lives.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    It didn't take long for magazines and documentary film-makers to come to understand her total recall, and thanks to the subsequent media interest, a few dozen other subjects ( ' , including Veiseh) have since come forward and contacted the team at the University of California, Irvine.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    to see whether people's personality affects their life span to find out if one's lifestyle has any effect on their health to investigate the role of exercise in living a long lifeto examine all the factors contributing to longevity They have a good understanding of evolution.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    You are not really going to be able to understand all of the dimensions of this plan.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    What government has not yet found is the political will to put that understanding into full practice with a sequence of smart schooling that provides the early foundation.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    The findings shed light on normal age-related changes in mental function, which could aid in understanding the process of dementia ( ' , 痴呆), according to the researchers.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    According to an ancient Greek philosopher, it is impossible for us to understand every aspect of our life.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    When turning work into a game, it is necessary to understand what makes games interesting.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    They understood that even geniuses have to work hard.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    The principle is about understanding what is motivating to this group of players, which requires some understanding of psychology.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    Gamification is about understanding what it is that makes games engaging and what game designers do to create a great experience in games, and taking those learnings and applying them to other contexts such as the workplace and education, explains Kevin Werbach, a gamification expert who teaches at the Wharton School of Business at the University of Pennsylvania in the United States.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    They are hardly understood by the public.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    Once you have worthy opponents, set some ground rules so everyone understands responsibilities and boundaries.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    Here's what I've come to understand.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    They got a better understanding of early human civilization.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    Most Grand Tourists, however, stayed for briefer periods and set out with less scholarly intentions, accompanied by a teacher or guardian, and expected to return home with souvenirs of their travels as well as an understanding of art and architecture formed by exposure to great masterpieces.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    By making the effort to organize and label files so others can understand them, scientists become more organized and better disciplined themselves, thus avoiding confusion later on.

    出自-2017年6月阅读原文

    You need to understand as a citizen and as a tax payer and as a voter what’s really behind the arguments.

    出自-2017年6月听力原文

    You are here to understand thinking better and to think better yourself.

    出自-2017年6月听力原文

    Poverty has been understood in many different ways.

    出自-2017年6月听力原文

    Most feel that their parents understand them, and they believe their family is the No.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    Any doctor who has wrestled with multiple forms from different insurers, or patients who have tried to understand their own parade of statements, know that simplification ought to save money.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    What you must understand is that those supplements, especially in some eastern cultures, are part of a medical practice tradition.

    出自-2016年6月听力原文

    In fact, they are prescribed and they’regiven at a certain level, a dosage that is understood by a practitioner who’s been trained.

    出自-2016年6月听力原文

    a basis for explaining human genetic diversityan aid to understanding different populationsan explanation for social and cultural differencesa term to describe individual human characteristicsmodern genetics research is likely to fuel racial conflictsrace is a poorly defined marker of human genetic diversityrace as a biological term can explain human genetic diversitygenetics research should consider social and cultural variablesit is absolutely necessary to put race aside in making diagnosisit is important to include social variables in genetics researchracial categories for genetic diversity could lead to wrong clinical predictionsdiscrimination against black people may cause negligence in clinical treatmentThey be more precise with the language they use.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    While we argue phasing out racial terminology ( ' , 术语 ) in the biological sciences, we also acknowledge that using race as a political or social category to study racism, although filled with lots of challenges, remains necessary given our need to understand how structural inequities and discrimination produce health disparities ( ' , 差异 ) between groups, Yudell said.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    We have to understand and think about the implications, and balance these great innovations with the potential downsides they naturally carry with them.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    Michael Yudell, a professor of public health at Drexel University in Philadelphia, said that modern genetics research is operating in a paradox: on the one hand, race is understood to be a useful tool to illuminate human genetic diversity, but on the other hand, race is also understood to be a poorly defined marker of that diversity.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    E.B.Du Bois was concerned that race was being used as a biological explanation for what he understood to be social and cultural differences between different populations of people.

    出自-2016年12月阅读原文

    When you hear people speaking of making a rapid transition toward any type of energy, whether it is a switch from coal to nuclear power, or a switch from gasoline-powered cars to electric cars, or even a switch from an incandescent to a fluorescent light, understanding energy system inertia and momentum can help you decide whether their plans are feasible.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    We need to understand what motivates people, what it is that allows them to make change, says Professor Neil Adger, of the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research in Norwich.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    To find effective solutions to climate change, it is necessary to understand what motivates people to make change.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    Now, she attributes much of her understanding of college to that: But once I got to campus, it was a completely different ball game that no one really prepared me for.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    In physics, moving objects have two characteristics relevant to understanding the dynamics of energy systems: inertia and momentum.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    If we can help to direct students to more of these types of campuses and help students to understand them to be realistic and accessible places, have them apply to these schools at greater frequency and ultimately get in and enroll, we are going to raise the success rate, Rubinoff said, citing a variety of colleges ranging from large state institutions to smaller private schools.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    For this to happen, he suggests the multi-cultural managers exhibit understanding of their own and others’cultural influences and limitations.

    出自-2015年12月听力原文

    As you make reading a regular part of your life, you'll make more connections, stay more focused and understand the text better.

    2017年高考英语浙江卷(11月) 阅读理解 七选五 原文

    A nurse who understands the healing (治愈) value of silence can use this understanding to assist in the care of patients from their own and from other cultures.

    2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    Adults understand what it feels like to be flooded with objects.

    2018年高考英语全国卷3 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    And I could not understand the news on the television or movies or anything like this.

    2018年高考英语全国卷I 听力 原文

    As a child, Adeline couldn't understand why the medal was so significant.

    2019年高考英语浙江卷 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

    As expected, I got a roasting, but I now understand why I need discipline.

    2017年高考英语天津卷 阅读表达 原文

    As I got a little older, I began to understand what my dad really meant.

    2015年高考英语广东卷 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    But as the 200th anniversary of his birth approaches, it is possible—and important for our own culture—to understand how he made himself a lasting one.

    2018年高考英语浙江卷 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

    But those who truly understand the economic impact and can work to change the patterns can create a wide range of career possibilities.

    2018年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 填空题 原文

    Daydreams are often very simple and direct, quite unlike sleep dreams, which may be hard to understand.

    2015年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 单项填空 选项

    Dinner ended only after we had a clear understanding of at least half a dozen such facts.

    2015年高考英语福建卷 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    First, understand that some opportunities for daydreaming are better than others.

    2015年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 单项填空 原文

    For example, when I'm writing a textbook, it has become second nature to check a dozen definitions of a key term, which helps me dig into the core and understand its meaning.

    2016年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 任务型阅读 原文

    Furthermore, as many teachers agree, children understand far more when parents watch TV with them, explaining new words and ideas.

    2015年高考英语广东卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    He found its title easy to understand.

    2015年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读C 选项

    Help executives to understand Shakespeare's plays better.

    2015年高考英语上海卷 阅读理解 阅读C 选项

    How different is our mean-spirited, picky insistence that every child get every last little scrap of "understanding" that can be dug out of a book.

    2015年高考英语浙江卷 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

    How we understand things has a lot to do with what we feel.

    2015年高考英语北京卷 单项填空 原文

    I am not going to ask you questions to find out whether you understand the books or not.

    2015年高考英语浙江卷 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

    I understand it is eight hundred dollars a month.

    2018年高考英语全国卷I 听力 原文

    If you don't understand something, you may research, study, and talk to other people until you figure it out.

    2017年高考英语北京卷 单项填空 原文

    If you understand enough of a book to enjoy it and want to go on reading it, that's enough for me.

    2015年高考英语浙江卷 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

    Instead, babies may form an understanding of object support through repeated experiments and then build on this knowledge to learn even more about how objects interact.

    2016年高考英语浙江卷(6月) 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    It starts with looking inside yourself and understanding who you are with respect to the natural world and how you approach the gardening process.

    2016年高考英语全国卷2 阅读理解 七选五 原文

    It won an Oscar in 2006, and if you watch it, you'll understand why.

    2015年高考英语上海卷 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    It's almost never good to start a meeting with general comments such as:"I didn't understand what you said about [main topic of the course] "or "I couldn't understand any of your lectures last week."

    2015年高考英语浙江卷 阅读理解 主旨概括 原文

    Listening is thus an active, not a passive, behavior consisting of hearing, understanding and remembering.

    2015年高考英语浙江卷 单项填空 原文

    Most of us, if we know even a little about where our food comes from, understand that every bite put into our mouths was formerly alive.

    2015年高考英语浙江卷 单项填空 原文

    One traditional belief about television is that it reduces a child's ability to think and to understand the world.

    2015年高考英语广东卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    Other organisations such as banks ask customers to sign long contracts they may not read or understand, but Miller believes social media requires special attention because it is so new.

    2016年高考英语上海卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    Persons in other cultural groups value silence and view it as necessary for understanding a person's needs.

    2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    Reading involves understanding every little piece of information.

    2015年高考英语浙江卷 阅读理解 阅读A 选项

    Scientists have also turned to nonhumans to increase understanding of attraction.

    2015年高考英语上海卷 完形填空 原文

    She couldn't understand why some people had to live their lives without shelter or enough food.

    2017年高考英语北京卷 完形填空 原文

    She'd look at me with those sad brown eyes of hers, beam her need, and then wait, trusting I would understand — which, strangely, I almost always did.

    2015年高考英语浙江卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    Studying babies' play may lead to a better understanding of science.

    2016年高考英语浙江卷(6月) 阅读理解 阅读C 选项

    That relief is coupled with a deep understanding of why the same people keep coming back for more: connecting to the community as you freely give your time, money, skills, or services provides a real joy.

    2019年高考英语全国卷2 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    The first group of people understood that the computer would save the information.

    2015年高考英语安徽卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    The governments argue that this will help foreigners better join the society and promote understanding across cultures.

    2017年高考英语浙江卷(6月) 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    The intelligent transport team at newcastle university have turned an electric car into a mobile laboratory named "drivelab" in order to understand the challenges faced by older drivers and to discover where the key stress points are.

    2017年高考英语全国卷3 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    The language in their contracts is usually harder to understand.

    2016年高考英语上海卷 阅读理解 阅读C 选项

    The language was simple, so simple I could plainly understand its meaning, yet it was still beautiful.

    2016年高考英语上海卷 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

    The music allowed me to learn that teaching is about sharing and respect, tears and smiles, the knowing and the unknown and, most of all, an understanding of each other.

    2015年高考英语湖南卷 完形填空 原文

    The photo on the bedroom wall enables the author to better understand the shared passion for beauty.

    2017年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读B 题设

    The second group did not understand the information.

    2015年高考英语安徽卷 阅读理解 阅读C 选项

    The second group understood that the computer would not save it.

    2015年高考英语安徽卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    They also help him understand that people must cooperate and work toward common goals.

    2016年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    They have found that some sayings can help people understand the ideas of good design.

    2016年高考英语上海卷 选词填空 原文

    To be exact, other people can extend our intelligence and help us understand and adjust our emotions.

    2016年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 任务型阅读 原文

    To do so, it should help to understand why people undertake volunteer work and what keeps their interest in the work.

    2015年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    To help our audience have a better understanding of this extreme weather, we have invited prof.

    2017年高考英语全国卷1 听力 原文

    To select volunteers, you may need to understand the motivations of the people you wish to attract.

    2015年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    TV Ears is so comfortable that Jack forgets he has them on ! he can once again hear and understand the dialogue.

    2015年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    Understand the value of connecting animals and children.

    2016年高考英语浙江卷(6月) 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    Understanding history is vital to understanding ourselves as a people and as a nation.

    2019年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

    Understanding how others feel can be a challenge for kids.

    2014年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 七选五 原文

    Understanding technological trends is very important for correctly designing economic policies, both at the national and the international levels, and for making the right career choices at the individual level.

    2019年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    Understanding these reasons will control our own anger if we are willing to evaluate ourselves with a critical eye.

    2018年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 七选五 原文

    Wang's works show a deep understanding of modern architecture and a good knowledge of traditions.

    2018年高考英语全国卷3 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    We're taught to read because it's necessary for much of human understanding.

    2019年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    When it comes to adaptation, it is important to understand that climate change is a process.

    2017年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    You can use your active reading skills to analyze and understand graphs just like any other text.

    2015年高考英语浙江卷 阅读理解 阅读B 原文

    The New England colonies were the scenes of important episodes in the pursuit of widely understood ideals of civility and virtuosity.

    出自-2009年考研阅读原文

    Boas felt that the culture of any society must be understood as the result of a unique history and not as one of many cultures belonging to a broader evolutionary stage or type of culture.

    出自-2009年考研阅读原文

    Big retailers must understand these differences before they can identify the segments of European wholesaling in which their particular abilities might unseat smaller but entrenched competitors.

    出自-2010年考研阅读原文

    It’s hard to imagine that many people are dumb enough to want children just because Reese and Angelina make it look so glamorous: most adults understand that a baby is not a haircut.

    出自-2011年考研阅读原文

    To filter out what is unique from what is shared might enable us to understand how complex cultural behavior arose and what guides it in evolutionary or cognitive terms.

    出自-2012年考研翻译原文

    Her critique of the lameness of many pubic-health campaigns is spot-on: they fail to mobilize peer pressure for healthy habits, and they demonstrate a seriously flawed understanding of psychology.

    出自-2012年考研阅读原文

    By all accounts he was a freethinking person, and a courageous one, and I find courage an essential quality for the understanding, let alone the performance, of his works.

    出自-2014年考研翻译原文

    What motivated him, we were to understand, was his zeal for “fundamental fairness”—protecting the taxpayer, controlling spending and ensuring that only the most deserving claimants received their benefits.

    出自-2014年考研阅读原文

    Surveys and test samples have also become important for understanding the larger landscapes that contain archaeological sites.

    出自-2014年考研阅读原文

    The purpose of editing the News of the World was not to promote reader understanding to be fair in what was written or to betray any common humanity.

    出自-2015年考研阅读原文

    He has failed to understand that monarchies have largely survived because they provide a service – as non-controversial and non-political heads of state.

    出自-2015年考研阅读原文

    When we don't understand the value of mental health and we don't know how to gain access to it, mental health will remain hidden from us.

    出自-2016年考研翻译原文

    What are the norms of your environment? What converys status? Who are your most important audiences? How do the people you respect and look up to present themselves? The better you understand the cultural context, the more control you can have over your impact.

    出自-2016年考研阅读原文

    Understand the context.

    出自-2016年考研阅读原文

    In their eagerness to build bigger telescopes, they forgot that science is the only way of understanding the world.

    出自-2017年考研阅读原文

    Good governance rests on an understanding of the inherent worth of each individual.

    出自-2017年考研阅读原文

    收起真题例句
  • 英英释义

    Verb

    • 1. know and comprehend the nature or meaning of;

      "She did not understand her husband"

      "I understand what she means"

    • 2. perceive (an idea or situation) mentally;

      "Now I see!"

      "I just can't see your point"

      "Does she realize how important this decision is?"

      "I don't understand the idea"

    • 3. make sense of a language;

      "She understands French"

      "Can you read Greek?"

    • 4. believe to be the case;

      "I understand you have no previous experience?"

    • 5. be understanding of;

      "You don't need to explain--I understand!"

    收起英英释义
  • 同义词辨析

    know, learn, comprehend, understand

    这些动词都含"懂,知道,明了"之意。

    • know: 普通用词,多指通过学习、经验或他人传播而得到知识,含直接知道的意味。
    • learn: 通常指通过他人而获得消息或情况,侧重从不知到知的变化过程。
    • comprehend: 侧重熟悉了解的过程。
    • understand: 指对事物已有彻底的认识,不仅知其性质、含义和细节,而且了解其内外的关系。
    understand, comprehend, appreciate, apprehend, grasp

    这些动词均有"理解"之意。

    • understand: 指对事物已有彻底的认识,不仅知其性质、含义和细节,而且了解其内外的关系。
    • comprehend: 较正式用词,指对较复杂的事物能透彻理解其意义。
    • appreciate: 语气较弱,指对某事物或意义有充分的理解。着重有能力领悟或觉察。
    • apprehend: 指知道某事物或某观念的大概意义,但未能理解其内涵意义,暗含一知半解意味。
    • grasp: 从本义抓紧、抓住,引申作"理解、掌握"。
  • 同义词

    vt.理解;懂;熟谙

    followgraspcomprehendappreciaterealizeconceiveknow

    其他释义

    sympathizethinkdeducediscerngraspfollowdigestcompassknowconceiverecognizeappreciatesensepenetratefathomtakecomprehendassumerealize

  • 反义词

    vt.理解;懂

    misunderstand

    其他释义

    misunderstand

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