• 简明
  • 柯林斯
  • 牛津
  • present


    • 英 [ˈpreznt]
    • 美 [ˈpreznt]


    • 常用
    • 高考讲解
    • adj.
      现在的,目前的; 现在时的; 出席的,在场的; 包含于…的
    • n.
      现在; 礼物
    • v.
      颁发,呈递; 带来,导致; (机会或问题)产生; 展示,呈现; 描述; 表现; 出席; 主持; 上演; 引见
  • 词态变化

    • 复数: presents;
    • 第三人称单数: presents;
    • 过去式: presented;
    • 过去分词: presented;
    • 现在分词: presenting;
  • 实用场景例句

    • 全部
    • 现在的
    • 目前的
    • 出席的
    • 现在时的
    • 现在
    • 礼物
    • 瞄准
    • 介绍
    • 出现
    • 提出
    • 赠送

    He has brought much of the present crisis on himself...



    ...the government's present economic difficulties...



    ...his struggle to reconcile the past with the present.



    ...continuing right up to the present...



    There is no way at present of predicting which individuals will develop the disease...



    At present children under 14 are not permitted in bars.



    ...Western European art from the period of Giotto to the present day.



    ...monastic music of the present day.



    The ministers had expressed the unanimous view that sanctions should remain in place for the present.



    Don't wait until New Year to resolve to organise your life. There's no time like the present.



    The president was not present at the meeting...



    Nearly 85 per cent of men are present at the birth of their children...



    This special form of vitamin D is naturally present in breast milk...



    One theory is that the infection has been present in humans for a very long time...



    The carpet was a wedding present from the Prime Minister...



    I bought a birthday present for my mother...



    The mayor presented him with a gold medal at an official city reception...



    Prince Michael of Kent presented the prizes...



    This presents a problem for many financial consumers...



    The future is going to be one that presents many challenges...



    Their colleagues insulted them whenever the opportunity presented itself...



    A further obstacle has presented itself, however.



    We spend the time collating and presenting the information in a variety of chart forms...



    We presented three options to the unions for discussion...



    The government has presented these changes as major reforms...



    The British like to present themselves as a nation of dog-lovers...



    ...all those tricks which would help him to present himself in a more confident way in public.



    The small group of onlookers presented a pathetic sight...



    In presenting a more professional image the party risks losing its individuality.



    She was told to present herself at the Town Hall at 11.30 for the induction ceremony...



  • 真题例句

    • 全部
    • 四级
    • 六级
    • 高考
    • 考研

    Where are you in the cycle of renewal: Are you actively preserving the present, or selectively forgetting the past, or boldly creating the future? What advice would Leah give you to move you ahead on your journey? Once we're on the path of growth, we can continually move through the seasons of transformation and renewal.


    That's why leaders continue to manage the present while building toward the big changes of the future.


    One simple check would be to program a robot to check the correct course of action with a human when presented with an unusual situation.


    Now a third and far more significant motivation presents itself: meeting these goals may be necessary to prevent the collapse of our civilization.


    They present their views clearly and explicitly.


    Central heating was present in every upper-and middle-class home by the second half of the 19th century.


    The ability to draw upon every available tool and insight—picked up from science, arts, and technology—to solve the problems of the future, and take advantage of the opportunities that present themselves, will be helpful to them and the United States


    What does the author say is the problem with present high school education?


    Similarly, the researchers say, being presented with junk food stimulates our desire to eat it.


    They're willing to do the hard work of identifying their valuable skills; be creative about where and how to look; learn how to present themselves to potential employers; and keep going, even after repeated rejections.


    We use a lot of ingredients that people wouldn't perhaps associate as British, but are presented in a British way.


    The Phoenix in Mid-Levels may not use British ingredients, but presents its dishes in a British way.


    Tell me, why do you want to leave your present job?


    Why does the man want to leave his present job


    The editor is amazed at how quickly Smith gets his stories—only minutes after they happen—but soon he's presented with a contract to sign.


    But if you know about past values, it helps you to understand the present and many of the older values are still strong today.


    He is ashamed of his present condition.


    Are you actively preserving the present, or selectively forgetting the past, or boldly creating the future?

    2017年6月四级真题(第二套)阅读 Section B

    For another, they present the project with a funny video because good visuals and a sense of humor improved success.

    2019年12月四级真题(第二套)阅读 Section C

    When you've got s peed limits, this creates situations that actually present dangers on the road.

    2016年6月四级真题(第二套)听力 Section B

    The British traveler Charles Thompson spoke for many Grand Tourists when in 1744 he described himself as being impatiently desirous of viewing a country so famous in history, a country which once gave laws to the world, and which is at present the greatest school of music and painting, contains the noblest productions of sculpture and architecture, and is filled with cabinets of rarities, and collections of all kinds of historical relics.


    Failure to address comprehensively the problem of greenhouse gas emissions, however, exposes all generations, present and future, to incalculable risks.


    They seem to be turning inward—generally in a pro-social manner, certainly with positive benefits for intimate relationships, but too often at the expense of a connection with the present and future world beyond, including the society they will one day inherit.


    We found that when we taught participants to ask What if? and How can? questions that nobody present would know the answer to and that would spark exploration, they engaged in better inquiry at the next exhibit − asking more questions, performing more experiments and making better inter pretations of their results.


    The biggest obstacle to energy transition is that the present energy system is too expensive to replace.


    "AI is hugely exciting," she said, "but it has limitations, which present grave dangers given uncritical use."

    2019年6月六级真题(第一套)阅读 Section C

    "The yield is never going to be high," Farrant says, so these plants will be targeted not at Iowa farmers trying to squeeze more cash out of high-yield fields, but subsistence farmers who need help to survive a drought like the present one in South Africa

    2018年6月六级真题(第一套)阅读 Section B

    "What our study suggests is that teenagers learn more quickly and more effectively when their peers are present than when they're on their own,'' Steinberg says.

    2018年6月六级真题(第二套)阅读 Section B

    "You hear that you shouldn't take all these photos and interrupt the experience, and it's bad for you, and we're not living in the present moment," says Kristin Dehl, associate professor of marketing at the University of Southern California Marshall Schoo

    2018年6月六级真题(第二套)阅读 Section C

    30 people were present, and all, except me, me from the island called McClure in the nation of nut.

    2018年12月六级真题(第一套)听力 Section C

    A lot of the government advertising has been about individual responsibility, but actually understanding that drinking is very much about the social activity and finding ways to help young people get home safely and not end up in hospital is one of the th

    2017年6月六级真题(第二套)听力 Section C

    And, unlike nutrients that are found only in few foods, protein is present in all foods.

    2019年12月六级真题(第二套)阅读 Section B

    I want to tell you about the past, present and future of the human population.

    2017年6月六级真题(第二套)听力 Section C

    In 2001, for example, the Environmental Protection Agenc restricted the type and amount of lead that could be present in paint and soil to homes and child-care facilities after concerns were raised about lead poisoning.

    2015年12月六级真题(第一套)阅读 Section A

    It studies these populations, in the past, present and future, using quantitative data and mathematical models as tools of analysis.

    2017年6月六级真题(第二套)听力 Section C

    Most hydrogen and oxygen atoms in water are stable, but traces of both elements are also present as heavier isotopes.

    2015年12月六级真题(第二套)听力 Section C

    One could therefore present Napoleon in terms of his desire to impress or Churchill in terms of his lonely gloom.

    2018年6月六级真题(第二套)阅读 Section B

    The bureau could easily present their data in more useful ways, but they have chosen not to.

    2019年6月六级真题(第一套)阅读 Section B

    The time investment can present other problems.

    2017年12月六级真题(第二套)阅读 Section B

    They seem to be turning inward—generally in a pro-social manner, certainly with positive benefits for intimate relationships, but too often at the expense of a connection with the present and future world beyond, including the society they will one day in

    2016年6月六级真题(第一套)阅读 Section B

    While the candle is being lit, a principle is recited; then each person present takes a turn to speak about the importance that principle has to himself or herself.

    2017年12月六级真题(第一套)听力 Section C

    As shown here, Lainey can become excited about reading when presented with literature on topics that interest her, and when the people around her model involvement in the reading process.

    2016年高考英语四川卷 完形填空 原文

    At present, the world has about 6800 languages.

    2018年高考英语全国卷I 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    At present, these technologies are still expensive, though.

    2019年高考英语全国卷I 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    Basically, it's "I've got to produce this product and then, at the end of year, present it to NASA".

    2019年高考英语全国卷2 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    CCM organizes a variety of events, including performances by the well-known lasalle quartet, CCM's philharmonic orchestra, and various groups of musicians presenting baroque through modern music.

    2016年高考英语全国卷3 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

    Gilbert, presented Dario's mother with a book of piano music by Chopin.

    2015年高考英语北京卷 完形填空 原文

    Guest speakers will also present prizes to the students.

    2014年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

    He made a bad decision, they said—at least as it was presented by Shakespeare—to take the lead in murdering julius caesar.

    2015年高考英语上海卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    He told us to consider the difference in the price "an early wedding present".

    2015年高考英语天津卷 完形填空 原文

    His black-and-white pictures present a world almost lost in time.

    2016年高考英语四川卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    How many languages are spoken by less than 6000 people at present?

    2018年高考英语全国卷I 阅读理解 阅读C 题设

    It presented a picture of a beagle.

    2015年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    Its position presents its own challenges.

    2015年高考英语湖北卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    Lin-Manuel Miranda wrote this musical about Alexander Hamilton,in which the birth of America is presented as an immigrant story.

    2019年高考英语全国卷3 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

    News of delayed reward will make readers suffer, or present a threat to them.

    2015年高考英语江苏卷 任务型阅读 题设

    The coming technological advancement presents a chance for cities and states to develop transportation systems designed to move more people, and more affordably.

    2018年高考英语北京卷 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    The Internet has made data abundant, all-present and far more valuable, changing the nature of data and competition.

    2017年高考英语江苏卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文

    The presenter will show how students can use Prezi to confidently present on a variety of topics, including introducing family, friends, and hobbies.

    2015年高考英语安徽卷 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

    The three letters present viewpoints on real source of road danger.

    2015年高考英语湖南卷 阅读理解 阅读A 题设

    To celebrate Asia heritage month, trendy New York is proud to present "Cheongsam night out--a date with Cheongsam beauties in Shanghai bund 1930".

    2015年高考英语广东卷 阅读理解 信息匹配 原文

    Using them without a trainer present is forbidden.

    2018年高考英语天津卷 阅读理解 阅读A 选项

    We will have a report on the present state of play.

    2015年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

    When your cat drops a dead bird at your feet, she isn't bringing you a present.

    2018年高考英语全国卷2 听力 原文

    Productions and the great Griffon present the play by Rajiv Joseph, in which an Origami artist invites a teenage talent and his teacher into her studio.

    2019年高考英语全国卷3 阅读理解 阅读A 原文

    The sobering aspect of Allen‘s book is that we have no one else to blame for our present condition except ourselves.


    Of course, the image of parenthood that celebrity magazines like Us Weekly and People present is hugely unrealistic, especially when the parents are single mothers like Bullock.


    The most glaring flaw of the social cure as it’s presented here is that it doesn’t work very well for very long.


    Two- and three-dimensional maps are helpful tools in planning excavations, illustrating how sites look, and presenting the results of archaeological research.


    You infer information you feel the writer has invited you to grasp by presenting you with specific evidence and clues.


    If you are unfamiliar with words or idioms, you guess at their meaning, using clues presented in the contest.


    What are the norms of your environment? What converys status? Who are your most important audiences? How do the people you respect and look up to present themselves? The better you understand the cultural context, the more control you can have over your impact.


    Plus, whatever image we present is magnified by social-media services like LinkedIn.


    No matter how formal or informal the work environment, the way you present yourself has an impact.


    Those realistic possibilities are highlighted in the study presented by David Graddol.


    The changes identified by David Graddol all present clear and major challenges to UK`s providers of English language teaching to people of other countries and to broader education business sectors.


    Happiness is not a point future and not a moment from the past, but a mindset that can be designed into the present.

    2015年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ

    How do the people you respect and look up to present themselves?

    2016年考研真题(英语一)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ

    If you are surrounded by problems and cannot stop thinking about the past, try to focus on the present moment.

    2015年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ

    Of course, the image of parenthood that celebrity magazines like US Weekly and People present is hugely unrealistic, especially when the parents are single mothers like Bullock.

    2011年考研真题(英语一)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ

    Parents don't have to be exquisitely present at all times, but there needs to be a balance and parents need to be responsive and sensitive to a child's verbal or nonverbal expressions of an emotional need.

    2017年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ

    Plus, whatever image we present is magnified by social-media services like Linkedin.

    2016年考研真题(英语一)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ

    Value the present moment and remember how fortunate you are to be alive.

    2015年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ

    You may feel guilt over your past, but you are poisoning the present with the things and circumstances you cannot change.

    2015年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ

  • 英英释义


    • 1. the period of time that is happening now; any continuous stretch of time including the moment of speech;

      "that is enough for the present"

      "he lives in the present with no thought of tomorrow"

    • 2. something presented as a gift;

      "his tie was a present from his wife"

    • 3. a verb tense that expresses actions or states at the time of speaking


    • 1. show or demonstrate something to an interested audience;

      "She shows her dogs frequently"

      "We will demo the new software in Washington"

    • 2. bring forward and present to the mind;

      "We presented the arguments to him"

      "We cannot represent this knowledge to our formal reason"

    • 3. perform (a play), especially on a stage;

      "we are going to stage `Othello'"

    • 4. hand over formally
    • 5. introduce;

      "This poses an interesting question"

    • 6. give, especially as a reward;

      "bestow honors and prizes at graduation"

    • 7. give as a present; make a gift of;

      "What will you give her for her birthday?"

    • 8. deliver (a speech, oration, or idea);

      "The commencement speaker presented a forceful speech that impressed the students"

    • 9. cause to come to know personally;

      "permit me to acquaint you with my son"

      "introduce the new neighbors to the community"

    • 10. represent in a painting, drawing, sculpture, or verbally;

      "The father is portrayed as a good-looking man in this painting"

    • 11. present somebody with something, usually to accuse or criticize;

      "We confronted him with the evidence"

      "He was faced with all the evidence and could no longer deny his actions"

      "An enormous dilemma faces us"

    • 12. formally present a debutante, a representative of a country, etc.
    • 13. recognize with a gesture prescribed by a miltary regulation; assume a prescribed position;

      "When the officers show up, the soldiers have to salute"


    • 1. temporal sense; intermediate between past and future; now existing or happening or in consideration;

      "the present leader"

      "articles for present use"

      "the present topic"

      "the present system"

      "present observations"

    • 2. spatial sense; being or existing in a specified place;

      "the murderer is present in this room"

      "present at the wedding"

      "present at the creation"

  • 词根词缀

    词根: sen

    1. =be,表示"存在,实质"; 2. =old,表示"老"

    • adj.

      essential 根本的,本质的


      present 在场的


      senile 年老的


      senior 年长的;地位较高的

      sen老+ior较……[的]→adj.年长的;地位较高的 n.[大学]四年级学生

    • n.

      presence 出席, 到场, 存在

      pre前+sen存在,实质+ence表名词→presence出席, 到场, 存在

      present 礼物,赠品;现在


      senate 参议院, 上院

      sen老+ate表名词→n.参议院, 上院

      senator 参议员

      senate[n.参议院, 上院]+or人→参议员

      senescence 老朽,衰老


      senior [大学]四年级学生

      sen老+ior较……[的]→adj.年长的;地位较高的 n.[大学]四年级学生

      seniority 资历

      senior[adj.年长的;地位较高的 n.[大学]四年级学生]+ity表名词→n.资历

      sir 先生, 阁下

      senior的缩写→n.先生, 阁下

    • v.

      present 赠送;上演;陈列


  • 词组搭配

    all present and correct

    used to indicate that not a single thing or person is missing


    (there is) no time like the present

    used to suggest that something should be done now rather than later


    ‘When do you want me to leave?’ ‘No time like the present.’.


    present company excepted

    excluding those who are here now


    these presents

    (Law, formal)this document

    (律 正式)本文件

    the premises outlined in red on the Plan annexed to these presents.


    present arms

    hold a rifle vertically in front of the body as a salute


    make a present of

    give as a gift


    he had made a present of a hacienda to the president.


    at present

    At the present time; right now.


    for the present

    For the time being; temporarily.


  • 同义词辨析

    gift, present, souvenir, tip


    • gift: 含义广,既可指真诚相送的礼物、赠品或生日、节日礼物,又可指捐赠的物品或捐款等。
    • present: 普通用词,指给亲朋好友的礼物,赠者与被赠者之间存在某种个人关系,所赠礼物一般不是很昂贵的。
    • souvenir: 指对人、物、地点或事件有纪念意义的礼物或纪念品。
    • tip: 指为酬谢他人服务而给的小费。
    give, accord, award, confer,grant, endow, present, bestow


    • give: 最普通用词,泛指将自己的东西给予他人,所给予的东西,物质或非物质的均可。
    • accord: 侧重所给予的是应得的或是恰当的,或是因某种原因而适于接受的。
    • award: 通常暗示所给予的东西是接受者应得的,而且给予者往往是具有裁判权力的。
    • confer: 通常指授予称号或学位等。
    • grant: 多指出于慷慨、怜悯或正义感而给予,并且通常是在被请求下给予。
    • endow: 指捐赠大量的钱作基金,也可指给予非物质的东西。
    • present: 指正式地给予或授予,通常伴有仪式进行。
    • bestow: 正式用词,指把某物作为礼物赠送于某人,也可作引申用。
    modern, contemporary, current, recent, present, up-to-date


    • modern: 指现代或近代,时期可长可短。也可指新颖、时髦的。
    • contemporary: 仅指当今这个时代,不涉及任何过去的时代。但可表示不同的人或物存在于同一时代。
    • current: 指目前存在和发生的。
    • recent: 表示新近的,最近的,时间的长短依据所修饰的人或物而定。
    • present: 是这些词中语气最强的一个。指现在正发生、起作用的。
    • up-to-date: 一般用于非正式场合,指很时新、能反映当前的最新发展。
    offer, present, propose, volunteer


    • offer: 最普通用词,多指主动提出或提供意见或东西等,但是否接受由对方自行决定。
    • present: 既可指提出意见建议等,又可指拿出某物供人欣赏或赠送。
    • propose: 指直接而主动地提出问题或建议等,也指在讨论或争辨中提出具体意见或建议。
    • volunteer与offer同义,侧重出于自愿,而不是受命做某事。
  • 同义词


  • 反义词


  • 行业词典

    • 医学


    • 法律

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    • 物理学