翻译
  • 简明词典(词霸)
  • 柯林斯词典
  • 牛津词典
  • severe

    高中/CET4/CET6/考研/GRE/IELTS

    • [sɪˈvɪə(r)]
    • [sɪˈvɪr]

    释义

    • 常用
    • 高考讲解
    • adj.
      十分严重的; 极为恶劣的; 严厉的; 苛刻的; 艰难的; 简朴的
  • 词态变化

    • 比较级: severer;
    • 最高级: severest;
    • 副词: severely;
    • 名词: severity;
  • 实用场景例句

    • 全部
    • 严峻的
    • 严厉的
    • 剧烈的
    • 苛刻的

    According to the assessor's statement, the fire damage was not severe.

    根据估价员的估计, 火灾损失并不严重.

    《简明英汉词典》

    Severe damage witnessed the destructive force of the storm.

    严重的损失表明了这场暴风雨巨大的破坏力.

    《简明英汉词典》

    His dishonest behaviour came under severe censure.

    他的不诚实行为受到了严厉指责.

    《简明英汉词典》

    The hurricane inflicted severe damage on the island.

    飓风给这个岛造成了严重的损失.

    《简明英汉词典》

    There is a severe shortage of fuel.

    燃料严重短缺.

    《简明英汉词典》

    The general had a severe manner.

    那位将军态度严肃.

    《简明英汉词典》

    The pace was too severe to be kept up for long.

    跟上这步伐太难了,无法持久.

    《简明英汉词典》

    Underneath his rather severe manner, he is really very kindhearted.

    他待人态度相当严厉, 但心地确实十分善良.

    《简明英汉词典》

    In the face of a severe crisis relating to international reserves, the government devalued the currency twice.

    面对国际储备的严重危机, 政府实施了两次货币贬值.

    《简明英汉词典》

    The most severe weather is yet to come.

    最冷的天气还在后头呢.

    《简明英汉词典》

    The pain was severe, but tolerable.

    疼痛剧烈, 但尚能忍受.

    《现代英汉综合大词典》

    It was objected that this severe measure might hurt people's feelings.

    有人提出反对,说这个严厉的措施可能伤害人们的感情.

    《现代英汉综合大词典》

    The building industry is experiencing a severe downturn in its workload.

    建筑业正经历工程量的严重滑坡.

    《简明英汉词典》

    Many severe colds undermined the old man's health.

    多次严重的感冒损害了老人的健康.

    《简明英汉词典》

    Was his mother too severe on him?

    他的母亲是不是对他太严厉了?

    《简明英汉词典》

    The trees were killed off by the severe winter.

    在严寒的冬天,这些树相继被冻死.

    《简明英汉词典》

    Costs will have to be kept down if severe public censure is to be avoided.

    要避免公众严厉的指责就得维持低成本.

    《简明英汉词典》

    Severe cold turned our ears pink.

    严寒冻红了我们的耳朵.

    《简明英汉词典》

    That dress looks too severe on you.

    那衣服穿在你身上太朴素了.

    《简明英汉词典》

    a severe asthma attack

    哮喘严重发作

    《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》

    Intensive farming in the area has caused severe degeneration of the land.

    这个地区的集约化农业使得土壤严重贫瘠化。

    《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》

    She suffered from severe depression after losing her job.

    她失业后患了严重的抑郁症。

    《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》

    The severe conditions hampered attempts to pull the vessel free of the rig.

    恶劣的天气情况使得把那艘船拉离钻塔的努力很难奏效。

    柯林斯例句

    The recession may already be severe enough to ordain structural change.

    这次经济衰退可能已经严重到必须进行体制变革的地步了。

    柯林斯例句

    In a news release, the company said it had experienced severe financial problems.

    在新闻稿中,该公司表示自己遭遇了严重的财务问题。

    柯林斯例句

    He has been fined five thousand pounds and given a severe reprimand.

    他被罚款5,000英镑,并受到了严厉斥责。

    柯林斯例句

    State police say that high tides and severe flooding have damaged beaches.

    州警方称,高潮位和严重的水灾冲坏了海滩。

    柯林斯例句

    His death dealt a severe blow to the army's morale.

    他的死严重打击了军队的士气。

    柯林斯例句

    In very severe cases, bunions may be surgically removed.

    在非常严重的情况下,拇趾囊肿可能需要通过外科手术切除掉。

    柯林斯例句

    收起实用场景例句
  • 真题例句

    • 全部
    • 四级
    • 六级
    • 高考
    • 考研

    As demand for food rises faster than supplies are growing, the resulting food-price inflation puts severe stress on the governments of many countries.

    出自-2016年6月阅读原文

    When Jonathan Swift proposed, in 1729, that the people of Ireland eat their children, he insisted it would solve three problems at once: feed the hungry masses, reduce the population during a severe depression, and stimulate the restaurant business.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    This can result in severe penalties that continue long after punishment is completed.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    They receive severe penalties for committing minor offenses.

    出自-2015年12月阅读原文

    The impact of a salary cut is probably less severe for a scientist in the early stages of a career.

    出自-2010年12月阅读原文

    There's a flip side, however, as partners are more likely to become ill or die in the couple of years following their spouse's death, and caring for a spouse with mental disorder can leave you with some of the same severe problems.

    出自-2010年12月阅读原文

    For example, 10 bacteria or less of an especially deadly strain of bacteria can cause severe illness and death in people with compromised immune systems.

    2018年12月四级真题(第三套)阅读 Section B

    Wells are much more reliable sources of freshwater, and California is hoping that these deep wells may be the answer to their severe water shortage.

    2018年12月四级真题(第一套)阅读 Section C

    In the past, health experts warned us that the day would come in which it would become very difficult to provide medical care for even common problems such as lung infection or severe sour throat.

    出自-2017年6月听力原文

    Uncommonly severe droughts brought on by global climate changes have led to forest-eating wildfires from Australia to Indonesia, but nowhere more acutely than in the Amazon.

    出自-2013年6月阅读原文

    When James realized how severe her illness was, she knew she had better hurry up and live life.

    出自-2013年12月听力原文

    The most important warning is this: if you have severe symptoms and they don't go away, go down!

    出自-2012年12月听力原文

    By noting where the most severe earthquake in U. S. history occurred.

    出自-2010年6月听力原文

    Since he was speaking in the Midwest, he decided to begin by noting that the most severe earthquake in American history took place not in California or Alaska but at New Madrid, Missouri in

    出自-2010年6月听力原文

    But insurance will be cold comfort following the failure on October 31st of VSS Enterprise, resulting in the death of one pilot and the severe injury to another.

    2015年12月六级真题(第二套)阅读 Section C

    In adults, excessive use of some pain-killing drugs may cause severe kidney damage.

    2017年12月六级真题(第二套)听力 Section C

    Rather than adding other metals, they developed a complex mechanical process involving repeated heating and very severe mechanical deformation, known as temp-forming.

    2019年6月六级真题(第三套)阅读 Section A

    If you take the medicine more than three times a week, you may get a rebound headache, which is far more severe than tension headaches.

    2015年高考英语湖北卷 听力 原文

    Symptoms of it include a headache that is constant but not severe, and a pain at the back of your head and the neck.

    2015年高考英语湖北卷 听力 原文

    They could still invalidate Fourth Amendment protections when facing severe, urgent circumstances, and they could take reasonable measures to ensure that phone data are not erased or altered while a warrant is pending.

    出自-2015年考研阅读原文

    The French measures, however, rely too much on severe punishment to change a culture that still regards beauty as skin-deep – and bone-showing.

    出自-2016年考研阅读原文

    Even among those who got a cold, the ones who felt greater social support and received more frequent hugs had less severe symptoms.

    2017年考研真题(英语一)完形填空 Section Ⅰ

    The French measures, however, rely too much on severe punishment to change a culture that still regards beauty as skin-deep–and bone-showing.

    2016年考研真题(英语一)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ

    They could still invalidate Fourth Amendment protections when facing severe, urgent circumstances, and they could take reasonable measures to ensure that phone data are not erased or altered while waiting for a warrant.

    2015年考研真题(英语一)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ

    收起真题例句
  • 英英释义

    Adjective

    • 1. intensely or extremely bad or unpleasant in degree or quality;

      "severe pain"

      "a severe case of flu"

      "a terrible cough"

      "under wicked fire from the enemy's guns"

      "a wicked cough"

    • 2. very strong or vigorous;

      "strong winds"

      "a hard left to the chin"

      "a knockout punch"

      "a severe blow"

    • 3. severely simple;

      "a stark interior"

    • 4. unsparing and uncompromising in discipline or judgment;

      "a parent severe to the pitch of hostility"- H.G.Wells

      "a hefty six-footer with a rather severe mien"

      "a strict disciplinarian"

      "a Spartan upbringing"

    • 5. causing fear or anxiety by threatening great harm;

      "a dangerous operation"

      "a grave situation"

      "a grave illness"

      "grievous bodily harm"

      "a serious wound"

      "a serious turn of events"

      "a severe case of pneumonia"

      "a life-threatening disease"

    • 6. very bad in degree or extent;

      "a severe worldwide depression"

      "the house suffered severe damage"

    收起英英释义
  • 词根词缀

    词根: sever

    =earnest,表示"诚恳"

    • adj.

      severe 严厉的;剧烈的,严重的,严峻的,艰难的

      sever诚恳+e→严肃的

    • v.

      asseverate 郑重声明,断言

      as一再+sever诚恳+ate表动词→一再诚恳表示→郑重声明

      persevere 坚持,坚忍,不屈不挠

      per始终+sever诚恳+e→始终诚恳→坚持不懈

  • 同义词辨析

    earnest, serious, grave, severe, solemn, sober

    这些形容词均有"严肃的"之意。

    • earnest: 指严肃,认真,含诚恳和热情意味。
    • serious: 指具有关键、严肃或严重意义的事情。
    • grave: 侧重严肃和尊严,需要认真思考,含令人担忧意味。
    • severe: 指面孔的严肃,法律的严厉,伤病的严重。着重严厉性,无丝毫温情。
    • solemn: 指人表情或场景气氛严肃,侧重威严名印象深刻。
    • sober: 侧重因控制或抑制自己的感情而表现出的庄重。
  • 同义词

    adj.严厉的;苛刻的

    harshstringentsternstrictroughaustere

    其他释义

    acidulousdrasticafflictivedisastrousaustereblueexigentrigorousinclementoppressivesharpvehementintenseacidcuttingwickedstringentfussyviolentexactinghardironcensoriousharshstonycausticsterngrievousstrictrough

  • 反义词

    adj.凛冽的;严厉的

    mildindulgentlenient

    其他释义

    meekclementlenientgenerousgentle

  • 行业词典

    • 法律

      严厉的   

 京ICP备14035597号