翻译
  • 简明词典(词霸)
  • 柯林斯词典
  • 牛津词典
  • silence

    高中/CET4/CET6

    • [ˈsaɪləns]
    • [ˈsaɪləns]

    释义

    • 常用
    • 高考讲解
    • n.
      沉默,无言,无表示,无声,沉静,肃静,寂静,缄默; 无音信,失去联系,忘却,湮没,无表示,无音讯; [乐]停止;
    • vt.
      使安静; 使沉默; 压制;
    • int.
      (用以让人们安静)安静,静下来;

    大小写变形:Silence

  • 词态变化

    • 第三人称单数: silences;
    • 过去式: silenced;
    • 过去分词: silenced;
    • 现在分词: silencing;
  • 实用场景例句

    • 全部
    • 沉默
    • 无言
    • 无声
    • 沉静
    • 肃静
    • 寂静
    • 缄默
    • 无音讯
    • 停止
    • 使沉默
    • 压制

    There was an awkward silence.

    一阵令人尴尬的沉默。

    ——《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》

    Throughout his trial he maintained a dignified silence.

    在整个审讯过程中,他始终沉默以保持尊严。

    ——《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》

    You will now maintain radio silence.

    现在请保持无线电静默。

    ——柯林斯例句

    The Government has already closed down two newspapers in a bid to silence its critics.

    政府已经查禁了两家报纸,试图压制批评人士的言论。

    ——柯林斯例句

    It might, at last, silence the small but noisy intellectual clique.

    它可能最终会使这个聒噪的知识分子小圈子安静下来。

    ——柯林斯例句

    There was a brief, incredulous silence.

    有一段短暂的充满怀疑的沉默。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Then he bellowed "Silence!"

    然后他怒吼一声:“安静!”

    ——柯林斯例句

    "This is Malcolm," the girl said awkwardly, to fill the silence.

    女孩尴尬地说了句“这是马尔科姆”,打破了沉默。

    ——柯林斯例句

    They hurried about in dead silence, with anxious faces.

    他们匆匆地走来走去,一言不发,面露焦急之色。

    ——柯林斯例句

    There was an awkwardly long silence.

    有很长一段时间陷入了难堪的沉默。

    ——柯林斯例句

    They jogged in silence a while, faces lowered, out of step.

    他们低着头,一言不发地慢跑了一会儿,步伐也不一致。

    ——柯林斯例句

    They walked on in silence for a while.

    他们默默地走了一会儿。

    ——柯林斯例句

    The creaking of the hinges sounded very loud in that silence.

    在那片寂静之中,铰链吱吱嘎嘎的声音听起来很响。

    ——柯林斯例句

    There was dead silence but for a fly beating against the glass.

    当时一片寂静,只听见一只苍蝇不停地撞击着玻璃。

    ——柯林斯例句

    Now and then a bird's song broke in upon the silence of the wood.

    鸟鸣声不时打破林中的寂静.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    A patient throng was waiting in silence.

    一大群耐心的人在静静地等着.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    The deserted village was filled with a deathly silence.

    这个荒废的村庄死一般的寂静.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    She raised her finger to her lips as a sign of silence.

    她把手指放到嘴唇上以示安静.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    After a long silence, she broke into a laugh.

    她沉默了很久之后, 忽然笑了起来.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    A sudden howl pierced the silence.

    突然一声嗥叫划破了寂静.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    A profound silence prevailed over all.

    深沉的静默笼罩着一切.

    ——《简明英汉词典》

    Profound silence prevailed on the open countryside.

    四野茫茫,寂静无声.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    Forgive me for my long silence.

    请原谅我好久没给你写信.

    ——《现代英汉综合大词典》

    No one knew of these transactions , nor was he going to mention them to anyone else. He was like the dumb man eating the bitter herb; he had to suffer in silence.

    这件事谁也不知道, 他又不能对任何人提起, 真是哑巴吃黄连, 有苦说不出.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    Silence reigned in the hall.

    全场肃静.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    We should not pass over this disgraceful affair in silence.

    我们不应对这件可耻的事保持缄默.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    Night was deep and dead silence reigned everywhere.

    夜深人静,一片死寂.

    ——《现代汉英综合大词典》

    We interpreted his silence as a refusal.

    我们认为他的沉默就是拒绝.

    ——《现代英汉综合大词典》

    She stared him into silence.

    她瞪了他一眼,他就不说话了.

    ——《现代英汉综合大词典》

    收起实用场景例句
  • 真题例句

    • 全部
    • 高考

    A nurse who understands the healing (治愈) value of silence can use this understanding to assist in the care of patients from their own and from other cultures.

    2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    A silence in a conversation may also show stubbornness, or worry.

    2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    After a long silence, he said yes.

    2016年高考英语浙江卷(10月) 完形填空 原文

    For example, Russian, French, and Spanish persons may use silence to show agreement between parties about the topic under discussion.

    2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    However, Mexicans may use silence when instructions are given by a person in authority rather than be rude to that person by arguing with him or her.

    2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    I soon realized that the silence was not unpleasant.

    2017年高考英语全国卷1 完形填空 原文

    In still another use, persons in Asian cultures may view silence as a sign of respect, particularly to an elder or a person in authority.

    2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    In these cultures, silence is a call for reflection.

    2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    Into the complete silence of the waiting class came the teacher's sweet voice, "Good morning, children."

    2015年高考英语湖北卷 句子填空 原文

    Many native Americans value silence and feel it is a basic part of communicating among people, just as some traditional Chinese and thai persons do.

    2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    Now, I appreciate the silence and the new way of communication it opens.

    2017年高考英语全国卷1 完形填空 原文

    Nurses and other care-givers need to be aware of the possible meanings of silence when they come across the personal anxiety their patients may be experiencing.

    2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    Nurses should recognize their own personal and cultural construction of silence so that a patient's silence is not interrupted too early or allowed to go on unnecessarily.

    2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    Other cultures may use silence in other ways, particularly when dealing with conflicts among people or in relationships of people with different amounts of power.

    2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    Persons in other cultural groups value silence and view it as necessary for understanding a person's needs.

    2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    Silence may be viewed by some cultural groups as extremely uncomfortable; therefore attempts may be made to fill every gap 间隙 with conversation.

    2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    Silences may be thoughtful, or they may be empty when a person has nothing to say.

    2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    Speech is silver; silence is gold.

    2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读D 选项

    The meaning of silence varies among cultural groups.

    2016年高考英语全国卷1 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    We've all been there: in a lift, in line at the bank or on an airplane, surrounded by people who are, like us, deeply focused on their smartphones or, worse, struggling with the uncomfortable silence.

    2018年高考英语全国卷2 阅读理解 阅读D 原文

    With time, an uncomfortable silence grew between us.

    2015年高考英语陕西卷 完形填空 原文

    收起真题例句
  • 英英释义

    Noun

    • 1. the state of being silent (as when no one is speaking);

      "there was a shocked silence"

      "he gestured for silence"

    • 2. the absence of sound;

      "he needed silence in order to sleep"

      "the street was quiet"

    • 3. a refusal to speak when expected;

      "his silence about my contribution was surprising"

    • 4. the trait of keeping things secret

    Verb

    • 1. cause to be quiet or not talk;

      "Please silence the children in the church!"

    • 2. keep from expression, for example by threats or pressure;

      "All dissenters were silenced when the dictator assumed power"

    收起英英释义
  • 词根词缀

    后缀: -ence

    表名词,"性质,状态"

    • n.

      confluence 汇流

      con共同+flu流+ence性质,状态→共同流在一起→汇流

      dependence 依靠,依赖;信任,信赖;隶属

      depend依靠+ence性质,状态→n.依靠,依赖;信任,信赖;隶属

      despondence 沮丧,悲观

      de去掉+spond诺言+ence性质,状态→n.沮丧,悲观

      independence 独立,自主

      in不+depend依靠+ence性质,状态→n.独立,自主

      inference 推论

      infer推论+ence性质,状态→n.推论

      innocence 无害,天真,无罪

      in无+noc害+ence表名词→n.无害,天真,无罪

      insistence 坚持,强求

      insist坚持+ence性质,状态→n.坚持,强求

      negligence 疏忽,粗心

      neg没有+lig选择+ence性质,状态→没有选出→疏忽

      reverence 崇敬,敬礼

      revere尊敬,敬畏,崇敬+ence性质,状态→reverence

      silence 静,寂静,沉默,静默

      sil+ence性质,状态→n.静,寂静,沉默,静默

      truculence 凶猛,粗暴

      trucul凶猛+ence性质,状态→n.凶猛,粗暴

  • 词组搭配

    in silence

    without speech or other sound

    安静地,无声地

    we finished our meal in silence.

    我们静静地吃完了饭。

    silence is golden

    (proverb)it's often wise to say nothing

    (谚)沉默是金;什么话不说为好

    收起词组搭配
  • 同义词

    v.

    yourupnotitanotherbeoffquietmouthsilentshshutholdturntonguestillbeltwordwhistcanshushhisthush

    v.节制,使弱,缩小,减轻

    abaterelievealleviatedeadenlessentemperdullweakenbluntslackendiminishquenchdecreasemoderatelighten

    v.镇压,箝制,

    arrestputcurbstopsquelchkillgagthrottleinhibitstranglequashrepressmuzzlecrushrestraincensorprecludeslaychokequellsmotherdownsubduecutinterruptcheckpreventsquashmurderchasteninstiflesuppress

    n.保留,秘而不宣,胆怯,抑制

    reticencereservationshynessconstraintmeeknesstimiditybashfulnessreservediffidenceuncommunicativenesstimorousness

    n.埋没,隐居,模糊,不清楚

    darknessprivacyobscurityoblivion

    n.寂静,平静,安宁

    placiditynoiselessnesspeaceablenessreposeserenitystillnesscalmairstillquietpeacefulnesscalmnessquietudehushtranquillityrestdeadpeacequietness

    n.沉默,不言语,因惊奇而一言不发

    dumbnessinexpressivenessspeechlessnesstaciturnitymutismvoicelessnessmutenesswordlessness

    n.秘密,隐蔽,镇压

    suppressionsecrecyconcealmentsecretivenessstealthrepression

    downassuagecomposetranquillizepropitiateappeasetoneeasecalmsoftenmitigatesmoothquietsoft-pedalreconcileshushstillpacifysoothehush

    其他释义

    mufflelull

  • 反义词

    n.无声,寂静;沉默

    dinnoise

    其他释义

    speechnoise

  • 行业词典

    • 医学

      沉寂,静止:指处于静寂状态   

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